Notropis shumardi - (Girard, 1856)
Silverband Shiner
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Notropis shumardi (Girard, 1856) (TSN 163417)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.105958
Element Code: AFCJB28870
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Fishes - Bony Fishes - Minnows and Carps
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Actinopterygii Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Notropis
Genus Size: D - Medium to large genus (21+ species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B91ROB01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Notropis shumardi
Taxonomic Comments: MtDNA data indicate that N. candidus and N. shumardi are not members of the monophyletic subgenus Notropis (Bielawski and Gold 2001).

Includes N. BRAZOSENSIS, formerly regarded as a distinct species (Lee et al. 1980).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 17Sep1996
Global Status Last Changed: 17Sep1996
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N5 (05Dec1996)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Arkansas (S2?), Illinois (S2), Indiana (S3), Iowa (SX), Kansas (SH), Kentucky (S4S5), Louisiana (S3S4), Mississippi (S5), Missouri (SNR), Nebraska (SU), Oklahoma (S2), South Dakota (S1), Tennessee (S5), Texas (S4)

Other Statuses

IUCN Red List Category: LC - Least concern

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent: 200,000-2,500,000 square km (about 80,000-1,000,000 square miles)
Range Extent Comments: Range includes large rivers of the Missouri-Mississippi basin (mainly Missouri, Mississippi, Illinois, lower Ohio, Arkansas, and Red rivers), from central Illinois and South Dakota to the Gulf of Mexico; Gulf slope drainages, Texas, from Trinity River to Lavaca River; one record from the Pearl River, Mississippi (Page and Burr 2011).

Number of Occurrences: 21 - 80
Number of Occurrences Comments: This species is represented by a fairly large number of subpopulations and locations.

Population Size: 100,000 to >1,000,000 individuals
Population Size Comments: Total adult population size is unknown but relatively large. Overall, this species is regarded as fairly common (Page and Burr 2011). In Missouri, it is farily common in the lower Mississippi River but rare elsewhere in the state (Pflieger 1997). The species is common in the mainstem mississippi river in Tennessee (Etnier and Starnes 1993).

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Localized threats may exist, but on a range-wide scale no major threats are known. Presumably, impoundments have eliminated the species from large areas of the range in the Missouri River and elsewhere.

Short-term Trend: Decline of <30% to relatively stable
Short-term Trend Comments: Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain but likely relatively stable or slowly declining. This species is regarded as apparently secure in Mississippi (Ross 2001).

Long-term Trend: Decline of 10-50%
Long-term Trend Comments: Species apparently has been extirpated from much of the northern portion of the range, particularly in the Missouri River.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: (200,000-2,500,000 square km (about 80,000-1,000,000 square miles)) Range includes large rivers of the Missouri-Mississippi basin (mainly Missouri, Mississippi, Illinois, lower Ohio, Arkansas, and Red rivers), from central Illinois and South Dakota to the Gulf of Mexico; Gulf slope drainages, Texas, from Trinity River to Lavaca River; one record from the Pearl River, Mississippi (Page and Burr 2011).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
Endemism: endemic to a single nation

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AR, IAextirpated, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MO, MS, NE, OK, SD, TN, TX

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
KS Atchison (20005)*
NE Douglas (31055)*, Sarpy (31153)*
OK Bryan (40013), Choctaw (40023), Major (40093), McCurtain (40089), Tulsa (40143)
SD Bon Homme (46009)*, Charles Mix (46023), Clay (46027)*, Gregory (46053), Hughes (46065)*, Hutchinson (46067), Stanley (46117)*, Sully (46119)*, Union (46127)*, Yankton (46135)
TX Austin (48015), Bastrop (48021)*, Baylor (48023)*, Bosque (48035)*, Bowie (48037)*, Brazoria (48039), Brazos (48041), Burleson (48051), Burnet (48053)*, Cass (48067)*, Chambers (48071), Cherokee (48073), Falls (48145)*, Fayette (48149)*, Fort Bend (48157), Franklin (48159), Grimes (48185)*, Harris (48201)*, Hill (48217)*, Jackson (48239)*, Jasper (48241)*, Lavaca (48285)*, Liberty (48291), Madison (48313), Marion (48315)*, McLennan (48309)*, Milam (48331)*, Newton (48351), Palo Pinto (48363)*, Polk (48373)*, Red River (48387), Robertson (48395)*, San Jacinto (48407)*, Smith (48423)*, Somervell (48425)*, Travis (48453)*, Tyler (48457)*, Waller (48473), Washington (48477), Wharton (48481)*, Wood (48499)*
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Lower Pearl. Mississippi (03180004)
05 Lower Green (05110005), Middle Wabash-Busseron (05120111), Lower Cumberland (05130205), Highland-Pigeon (05140202), Lower Ohio-Bay (05140203), Lower Ohio (05140206)
07 The Sny (07110004), Upper Illinois (07120005), Lower Illinois-Senachwine Lake (07130001), Lower Illinois-Lake Chautauqua (07130003), Lower Illinois (07130011)*, Cahokia-Joachim (07140101), Upper Mississippi-Cape Girardeau (07140105), Big Muddy (07140106)*, Upper Kaskaskia (07140201), Lower Kaskaskia (07140204)*
08 Lower Mississippi-Memphis (08010100), Lower Mississippi-Helena (08020100), New Madrid-St. Johns (08020201), Lower Mississippi-Greenville (08030100), Lower Red (08040301), Lower Mississippi-Natchez (08060100), Buffalo (08060206), Lower Mississippi-Baton Rouge (08070100)*, Atchafalaya (08080101)*
10 Lower Lake Oahe (10130105)+*, Fort Randall Reservoir (10140101)+, Lower James (10160011)+, Lewis and Clark Lake (10170101)+, Vermillion (10170102)+*, Blackbird-Soldier (10230001), Big Papillion-Mosquito (10230006)+*, Tarkio-Wolf (10240005), Independence-Sugar (10240011)+, Middle Kansas (10270102)*, Delaware (10270103), Lower Kansas (10270104), Lower Missouri-Moreau (10300102), Lower Missouri (10300200)
11 Lower Cimarron-Eagle Chief (11050001)+, Lower Cimarron-Skeleton (11050002)+, Polecat-Snake (11110101)+, Robert S. Kerr Reservoir (11110104), Frog-Mulberry (11110201)*, Dardanelle Reservoir (11110202), Lower Arkansas-Maumelle (11110207), Bois D'arc-Island (11140101)+, Blue (11140102)+, Pecan-Waterhole (11140106)+, Upper Little (11140107)+*, Mountain Fork (11140108)+*, Lower Little (11140109)+*, Mckinney-Posten Bayous (11140201), Middle Red-Coushatta (11140202), Lower Red-Lake Iatt (11140207), Lower Sulphur (11140302)+, Cross Bayou (11140304), Caddo Lake (11140306)+*
12 Middle Sabine (12010002)+*, Lower Sabine (12010005)+, Lower Neches (12020003)+*, Upper Angelina (12020004)+, Lower Trinity-Kickapoo (12030202)+*, Lower Trinity (12030203)+, West Fork San Jacinto (12040101), Spring (12040102), Buffalo-San Jacinto (12040104)+*, Austin-Oyster (12040205)+, Middle Brazos-Millers (12060101)+*, Middle Brazos-Palo Pinto (12060201)+, Middle Brazos-Lake Whitney (12060202)+*, Bosque (12060203)+*, North Bosque (12060204)+*, Lower Brazos-Little Brazos (12070101)+, Yegua (12070102)+*, Navasota (12070103)+, Lower Brazos (12070104)+, Little (12070204)+*, Austin-Travis Lakes (12090205)+*, Lower Colorado-Cummins (12090301)+, Lower Colorado (12090302)+, San Bernard (12090401)+, Lavaca (12100101), Navidad (12100102)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed (based on multiple information sources) Help
Ecology & Life History
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Reproduction Comments: Probably spawns in late spring or summer.
Habitat Type: Freshwater
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Riverine Habitat(s): BIG RIVER, Low gradient, MEDIUM RIVER, Moderate gradient, Pool
Habitat Comments: Characteristically in flowing pools and runs of large turbid rivers over mixed sand, gravel, silt, and mud bottom.
Length: 7 centimeters
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Small Cyprinids

Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Occurrences are based on evidence of historical presence, or current and likely recurring presence, at a given location. Such evidence minimally includes collection or reliable observation and documentation of one or more individuals (including eggs and larvae) in appropriate habitat.
Separation Barriers: Dam lacking a suitable fishway; high waterfall; upland habitat. For some species (e.g., slender chub), an impoundment may constitute a barrier. For others (e.g., flame chub) a stream larger than 4th order may be a barrier.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Justification: Data on dispersal and other movements generally are not available. In some species, individuals may migrate variable distances between spawning areas and nonspawning habitats.

Separation distances (in aquatic kilometers) for cyprinids are arbitrary but reflect the presumption that movements and appropriate separation distances generally should increase with fish size. Hence small, medium, and large cyprinids, respectively, have increasingly large separation distances. Separation distance reflects the likely low probability that two occupied locations separated by less than several kilometers of aquatic habitat would represent truly independent populations over the long term.

Because of the difficulty in defining suitable versus unsuitable habitat, especially with respect to dispersal, and to simplify the delineation of occurrences, a single separation distance is used regardless of habitat quality.

Occupied locations that are separated by a gap of 10 km or more of any aquatic habitat that is not known to be occupied represent different occurrences. However, it is important to evaluate seasonal changes in habitat to ensure that an occupied habitat occurrence for a particular population does not artificially separate spawning areas and nonspawning areas as different occurrences simply because there have been no collections/observations in an intervening area that may exceed the separation distance.

Date: 21Sep2004
Author: Hammerson, G.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 19Feb2013
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Hammerson, G.
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 02Sep1993
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Hammerson, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Allen, C. R., S. Demarais, and R. S. Lutz. 1994. Red imported fire ant impact on wildlife: an overview. The Texas Journal of Science 46(1):51-59.

  • Anderson, Allison A., C. Hubbs, K. O. Winemiller, and R. J. Edwards. 1995. Texas freshwater fish assemblages following three decades of environmental change. The Southwest Naturalist 40(3):314-321.

  • Bielawski, J. P., and J. P. Gold. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of cyprinid fishes in subgenus Notropis inferred from nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrially encoded cytochrome b gene. Copeia 2001:656-667.

  • CROSS, F.B., AND J.T. COLLINS. 1975. FISHES IN KANSAS. UNIV. KANS. MUS.NAT.HIST., PUB.ED.SERIES NO.3.

  • CROSS, F.B.1967.HANDBOOK OF FISHES IN KANSAS. E. RAYMOND HALL.UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY, LAWRENCE, KANSAS.

  • Douglas, Neil H. 1974. Freshwater fishes of Louisiana. Claitor's publ. div. Baton Rouge, Louisiana. 443 pp.

  • Etnier, D. A., and W. C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, Tennessee. xiv + 681 pp.

  • Etnier, David A. and Wayne C. Starnes. 1993. The Fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville. 681 pp.

  • GILBERT,C.R.,AND R.M.BAILEY.1962.SYNONOMY,CHARACTERS,AND DISTRIBUTION OF THE AMERICAN CYPRINID FISH NOTROPIS SHUMARDI. COPEIA, 4:807-819.DEC.31.

  • Gerking, Shelby D. 1945. Distribution of Fishes of Indiana. In Investigations of Indiana Lakes and Streams. 3(1): 1-137. Indiana Department of Conservation, Division of Fish and Game, Indianapolis and Department of Zoology, Indiana University, Bloomington.

  • Nelson, J. S., E. J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Perez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, and J. D. Williams. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. 386 pp.

  • PFLIEGER,W.L.1975. THE FISHES OF MISSOURI. SULLIVAN, MARK. MISSOURI DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION.

  • Page, L. M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, N. E. Mandrak, R. L. Mayden, and J. S. Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Seventh edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. 432 pp.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 2011. Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Second edition. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston. xix + 663 pp.

  • Pflieger, W. L. 1997a. The fishes of Missouri. Revised edition. Missouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City. vi + 372 pp.

  • ROSS, STEPHEN T. 1996. INLAND FISHES OF MISSISSIPPI. SELECTED SPECIES ACCOUNTS. COAUTHORED WITH W.M. BRENNEMAM, W.T. SLACK, M.T. O'CONNELL, AND T.L. PETERSON. ILLUSTRATED BY D.G. ROSS. DRAFT COPY.

  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.

  • Ross, S. T. (with W. M. Brennaman, W. T. Slack, M. T. O'Connell, and T. L. Peterson). 2001a. The Inland Fishes of Mississippi. University Press of Mississippi: Mississippi. xx + 624 pp.

  • Simon, Thomas P. 2011. Fishes of Indiana. Indiana University Press. Bloomington, 345 pp.

  • Suttkus, R.D. 1980. Notropis candidus, a new cyprinid fish from the Mobile Bay basin, and a review of the nomenclatural history of Notropis shumardi (Girard). Bulletin of the Alabama Museum of Natural History, No. 5.

References for Watershed Distribution Map
  • Burr, B. M., and M. L. Warren, Jr. 1986a. Distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Kentucky Nature Preserves Commission, Scientific and Technical Series No. 4, Frankfort, Kentucky. 398 pp.

  • Cross, F. B., and J. T. Collins. 1995. Fishes in Kansas. Second Edition, revised. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History. xvii + 315 pp.

  • Douglas, N. H. 1974. Freshwater fishes of Louisiana. Claitor's Publishing Division, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. 443 pp.

  • Harlan, J. R., E. B. Speaker, and J. Mayhew. 1987. Iowa fish and fishing. Iowa Conservation Commission, Des Moines, Iowa. 323 pp.

  • Lee, D. S., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister, and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina. i-x + 854 pp.

  • Pflieger, W. L. 1975. The fishes of Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation. Columbia, Missouri. viii + 343 pp.

  • Robison, H. W. and T. M. Buchanan. 1988. Fishes of Arkansas. The University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, Arkansas. 536 pp.

  • Ross, S. T., and W. M. Brenneman. 1991. Distribution of freshwater fishes in Mississippi. Freshwater Fisheries Report No. 108. D-J Project Completion Report F-69. Mississippi Department of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries and Parks. Jackson, Mississippi. 548 pp.

  • Smith, P. W. 1979. The fishes of Illinois. University of Illinois Press, Urbana. 314 pp.

  • State Natural Heritage Data Centers. 1996a. Aggregated element occurrence data from all U.S. state natural heritage programs, including the Tennessee Valley Authority, Navajo Nation and the District of Columbia. Science Division, The Nature Conservancy.

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