Morone mississippiensis - Jordan and Eigenmann, 1887
Yellow Bass
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Morone mississippiensis Jordan and Eigenmann in Eigenmann, 1887 (TSN 167683)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.104718
Element Code: AFCQA01030
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Fishes - Bony Fishes - Other Bony Fishes
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Actinopterygii Perciformes Moronidae Morone
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B91ROB01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Morone mississippiensis
Taxonomic Comments: Formerly placed in the genus Roccus. The family Percichthyidae was recognized by Robins et al. (1991) as possibly polyphyletic but was retained for convenience.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 20Sep1996
Global Status Last Changed: 20Sep1996
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N5 (05Dec1996)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alabama (S5), Arizona (SNA), Arkansas (S4), Illinois (S3S4), Indiana (S4), Iowa (S4), Kentucky (S4S5), Louisiana (S5), Minnesota (S3), Mississippi (S5), Missouri (SNR), Oklahoma (S3?), Tennessee (S5), Texas (S5), Wisconsin (S4)

Other Statuses

IUCN Red List Category: LC - Least concern

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Lake Michigan and Mississippi River basins from Minnesota and Wisconsin south to the Gulf, east to western Indiana and eastern Tennessee, west to western Iowa and eastern Oklahoma; on Gulf Slope in lower Mobile Bay drainage, Alabama, and from Pearl River drainage, Louisiana, to Galveston Bay drainage, Texas; introduced elsewhere in U.S; fairly common (Page and Burr 1991).

Number of Occurrences:  
Number of Occurrences Comments: This species is represented by a large number of subpopulations and locations.

Population Size Comments: Total adult population size is unknown but relatively large.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Localized threats may exist, but on a range-wide scale no major threats are known.

Short-term Trend Comments: Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain but likely relatively stable or slowly declining.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Lake Michigan and Mississippi River basins from Minnesota and Wisconsin south to the Gulf, east to western Indiana and eastern Tennessee, west to western Iowa and eastern Oklahoma; on Gulf Slope in lower Mobile Bay drainage, Alabama, and from Pearl River drainage, Louisiana, to Galveston Bay drainage, Texas; introduced elsewhere in U.S; fairly common (Page and Burr 1991).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map
Endemism: endemic to a single nation

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, AZexotic, IA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MN, MO, MS, OK, TN, TX, WI

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
MN Houston (27055), Wabasha (27157), Winona (27169)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Lower Alabama (03150204), Upper Tombigbee (03160101), Upper Black Warrior (03160112), Lower Tambigbee (03160203), Mobile - Tensaw (03160204), Mobile Bay (03160205), Mississippi Coastal (03170009), Lower Pearl. Mississippi (03180004)*
05 Vermilion (05120109), Embarras (05120112)*, Lower Wabash (05120113), Little Wabash (05120114), Lower Cumberland (05130205), Lower Ohio-Bay (05140203), Lower Ohio (05140206)
06 Holston (06010104), Lower French Broad (06010107), Watts Bar Lake (06010201), Lower Little Tennessee (06010204), Lower Clinch (06010207), Middle Tennessee-Chickamauga (06020001), Sequatchie (06020004), Guntersville Lake (06030001), Wheeler Lake (06030002), Lower Elk (06030004), Pickwick Lake (06030005), Lower Tennessee-Beech (06040001), Kentucky Lake (06040005)
07 Rush-Vermillion (07040001), Buffalo-Whitewater (07040003)+, La Crosse-Pine (07040006)+, Coon-Yellow (07060001)+, Upper Iowa (07060002), Grant-Little Maquoketa (07060003), Apple-Plum (07060005), Maquoketa (07060006), Lower Wisconsin (07070005), Copperas-Duck (07080101), Upper Wapsipinicon (07080102)*, Flint-Henderson (07080104), South Skunk (07080105), Shell Rock (07080202)*, West Fork Cedar (07080204), Middle Cedar (07080205), Lower Cedar (07080206)*, Upper Iowa (07080207)*, Middle Iowa (07080208)*, Upper Rock (07090001), Lower Rock (07090005), North Raccoon (07100006)*, Lake Red Rock (07100008), Lower Des Moines (07100009)*, Bear-Wyaconda (07110001), North Fabius (07110002), The Sny (07110004), Cuivre (07110008), Peruque-Piasa (07110009)*, Chicago (07120003), Des Plaines (07120004), Upper Illinois (07120005), Upper Fox (07120006), Lower Fox (07120007), Lower Illinois-Senachwine Lake (07130001), Lower Illinois-Lake Chautauqua (07130003), Upper Sangamon (07130006)*, Lower Sangamon (07130008)*, Salt (07130009), Lower Illinois (07130011)*, Cahokia-Joachim (07140101), Upper Mississippi-Cape Girardeau (07140105), Big Muddy (07140106), Middle Kaskaskia (07140202)*, Lower Kaskaskia (07140204)*
08 Lower Mississippi-Memphis (08010100), Bayou De Chien-Mayfield (08010201), Obion (08010202), Lower Mississippi-Helena (08020100), New Madrid-St. Johns (08020201), Lower St. Francis (08020203), Little River Ditches (08020204), Lower White-Bayou Des Arc (08020301), Cache (08020302), Lower White (08020303), Big (08020304), Lower Arkansas (08020401), Bayou Meto (08020402), Lower Mississippi-Greenville (08030100), Yalobusha (08030205), Deer-Steele (08030209), Lower Ouachita-Smackover (08040201), Lower Ouachita-Bayou De Loutre (08040202), Lower Saline (08040204), Bayou Bartholomew (08040205), Bayou D'arbonne (08040206), Lower Red (08040301), Dugdemona (08040303), Boeuf (08050001), Bayou Macon (08050002), Lower Mississippi-Natchez (08060100), Buffalo (08060206), Lower Mississippi-Baton Rouge (08070100), Tangipahoa (08070205), Lower Grand (08070300), Mermentau (08080202), West Fork Calcasieu (08080205), Lower Mississippi-New Orleans (08090100), Eastern Louisiana Coastal (08090203)
10 Floyd (10230002)*, Upper Grand (10280101)*, Lower Grand (10280103), Lower Missouri-Moreau (10300102), Lower Missouri (10300200)
11 Upper White-Village (11010013), Polecat-Snake (11110101), Lake Conway-Point Remove (11110203), Lower Arkansas-Maumelle (11110207), Lake Texoma (11130210), Bois D'arc-Island (11140101), Pecan-Waterhole (11140106), Lower Little (11140109), Mckinney-Posten Bayous (11140201), Bodcau Bayou (11140205), Lower Red-Lake Iatt (11140207), Lower Sulphur (11140302), Caddo Lake (11140306)
12 Toledo Bend Reservoir (12010004), Lower Sabine (12010005)*, Chambers (12030109), Buffalo-San Jacinto (12040104), East Galveston Bay (12040202)
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed (based on multiple information sources) Help
Ecology & Life History
Help
Reproduction Comments: Spawns in spring; eggs hatch in 4-6 days at 21 C; sexually mature at age III (Becker 1983).
Habitat Type: Freshwater
Non-Migrant: Y
Locally Migrant: Y
Long Distance Migrant: N
Mobility and Migration Comments: Commonly migrates into tributary streams to spawn (Becker 1983).
Riverine Habitat(s): BIG RIVER, Low gradient, MEDIUM RIVER, Pool
Lacustrine Habitat(s): Deep water, Shallow water
Habitat Comments: Moderately common in quiet pools and backwaters of small to large rivers, lakes, and reservoirs; prefers wide expanses of open water free of weeds; mostly restricted to lowland areas. Spawns in tributary streams or in lake over gravel or rock reefs in water 0.6-1.0 m deep. Eggs slowly sink.
Adult Food Habits: Invertivore, Piscivore
Immature Food Habits: Invertivore, Piscivore
Food Comments: Schools and feeds in midwater or near surface on small crustaceans, insects, and fishes (Lee et al. 1980).
Length: 28 centimeters
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Help
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Delineation
Help
Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Occurrences are based on evidence of historical presence, or current and likely recurring presence, at a given location. Such evidence minimally includes collection or reliable observation and documentation of one or more individuals (including eggs and larvae) in appropriate habitat.
Mapping Guidance: Occupied locations that are separated by a gap of 10 km or more of any aquatic habitat that is not known to be occupied represent different occurrences. However, it is important to evaluate migrations and seasonal changes in habitat to ensure that spawning areas and nonspawning areas for a single population are not artificially segregated as different occurrences simply because there have been no collections/observations in an intervening area that may exceed the separation distance.
Separation Barriers: Dam lacking a suitable fishway; high waterfall; upland habitat.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Justification: Separation distance is arbitrary. Because of the difficulty in defining suitable versus unsuitable habitat, especially with respect to dispersal, and to simplify the delineation of occurrences, a single separation distance is used regardless of habitat quality.
Date: 25Jun2001
Author: Hammerson, G.
Population/Occurrence Viability
Help
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
Help
Authors/Contributors
Help
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 05Aug1993
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Hammerson, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Hatch, J. T., G. L. Phillips, and K. P. Schmidt. In preparation. The fishes of Minnesota.

  • Hatch, J. T., K. P. Schmidt, D. P. Siems, J. C. Underhill, R. A. Bellig, and R. A. Baker. 2003. A new distributional checklist of Minnesota fishes, with comments on historical occurrence. Journal of the Minnesota Academy of Science 67:1-17.

  • Nelson, J. S., E. J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Perez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, and J. D. Williams. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. 386 pp.

  • Page, L. M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, N. E. Mandrak, R. L. Mayden, and J. S. Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Seventh edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. 432 pp.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 2011. Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Second edition. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston. xix + 663 pp.

  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.

  • Schmidt, K. P., and N. Proulx. 2009. Status and critical habitat of rare fish species in the Mississippi River from the Coon Rapids Dam to the Iowa border. Final report submitted to the State Wildlife Grants Program, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 29 pp.

References for Watershed Distribution Map
  • Becker, G. C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. 1,052 pp.

  • Boschung, H. T., and R. L. Mayden. 2004. Fishes of Alabama. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 960 pp.

  • Burr, B. M., and M. L. Warren, Jr. 1986a. Distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Kentucky Nature Preserves Commission, Scientific and Technical Series No. 4, Frankfort, Kentucky. 398 pp.

  • Douglas, N. H. 1974. Freshwater fishes of Louisiana. Claitor's Publishing Division, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. 443 pp.

  • Etnier, D. A., and W. C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, Tennessee. xiv + 681 pp.

  • Fago, D. 2000. Relative abundance and distribution of fishes in Wisconsin. Fish Distribution Database to year 2000. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

  • Harlan, J. R., E. B. Speaker, and J. Mayhew. 1987. Iowa fish and fishing. Iowa Conservation Commission, Des Moines, Iowa. 323 pp.

  • Lee, D. S., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister, and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina. i-x + 854 pp.

  • Mettee, M. F., P. E. O'Neil, and J. M. Pierson. 1996. Fishes of Alabama and the Mobile Basin. Oxmoor House, Birmingham, Alabama. 820 pp.

  • Pflieger, W. L. 1975. The fishes of Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation. Columbia, Missouri. viii + 343 pp.

  • Robison, H. W. and T. M. Buchanan. 1988. Fishes of Arkansas. The University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, Arkansas. 536 pp.

  • Ross, S. T., and W. M. Brenneman. 1991. Distribution of freshwater fishes in Mississippi. Freshwater Fisheries Report No. 108. D-J Project Completion Report F-69. Mississippi Department of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries and Parks. Jackson, Mississippi. 548 pp.

  • Smith, P. W. 1979. The fishes of Illinois. University of Illinois Press, Urbana. 314 pp.

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