Minuartia godfreyi - (Shinners) McNeill
Godfrey's Stitchwort
Other Common Names: Godfrey's stitchwort
Synonym(s): Arenaria godfreyi Shinners ;Mononeuria paludicola (Fernald & B.G. Schubert) Dillenberger & Kadereit
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Minuartia godfreyi (Shinners) McNeill (TSN 19996)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.156512
Element Code: PDCAR0G0D0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Pink Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Caryophyllales Caryophyllaceae Minuartia
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Minuartia godfreyi
Taxonomic Comments: Treated by Kartesz (1994 checklist) and some other recent authors in the genus Minuartia; some older works treat this as Arenaria godfreyi.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G1
Global Status Last Reviewed: 01Sep2011
Global Status Last Changed: 05Jan1990
Rounded Global Status: G1 - Critically Imperiled
Reasons: A rare regional endemic with very few, irregular, widely scattered occurrences in the southeastern U.S. Somewhat cryptic; additional occurrences may be found with more inventory effort. The major threat to this species is habitat destruction, which is the main driver of its decline.
Nation: United States
National Status: N1

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (SH), Florida (S1), Georgia (SH), North Carolina (S1), South Carolina (SX), Tennessee (S1)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Wide range but very few known extant populations within this range, from Middle Tennessee to coastal North Carolina to Florida.

Area of Occupancy: 3-500 4-km2 grid cells
Area of Occupancy Comments: Minuartia godfreyi is contained in 17, 2 km sq grid cells (NatureServe element occurrence data 2011).

Number of Occurrences: 6 - 20

Population Size Comments: NatureServe element occurrence data 2011.

Number of Occurrences with Good Viability/Integrity: Very few (1-3)

Overall Threat Impact: High
Overall Threat Impact Comments: The primary threat to this species is habitat destruction; a major roadside renovation could destroy occurrences. Minuartia godfreyi is extremely rare throughout its range; the destruction of forests and wetlands and the conversion of natural forests to commercial forests threaten this species (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002).

Short-term Trend: Decline of 10-30%
Short-term Trend Comments: Minuartia godfreyi is known from very few widely scattered populations. It potentially could be found in additional calcareous marsh or herbaceous wetland sites within its known range.

Long-term Trend: Decline of 30-50%
Long-term Trend Comments: Many of the historical populations have disappeared or are no longer extant.

Intrinsic Vulnerability Comments: While high rates of seed production have been recorded at some populations, many of these populations no longer are known to exist, apparently the narrow habitat needs and the limited dispersal ability have limited the resilience of Arenaria godfreyi.

Environmental Specificity: Very narrow. Specialist or community with key requirements scarce.
Environmental Specificity Comments: Minuartia godfreyi occurs in open herbaceous marsh wetlands which are unusual habitats.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Wide range but very few known extant populations within this range, from Middle Tennessee to coastal North Carolina to Florida.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, FL, GA, NC, SCextirpated, TN

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AL Pickens (01107)*
FL Taylor (12123)
NC Craven (37049), Jones (37103)*
SC Horry (45051)*
TN Carter (47019), Johnson (47091), Lewis (47101)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Lower Neuse (03020204)+, Coastal Carolina (03040208)+*, Econfina-Steinhatchee (03110102)+, Middle Tombigbee-Lubbub (03160106)+*
06 South Fork Holston (06010102)+, Watauga (06010103)+, Buffalo (06040004)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: A prostrate, perennial herb, growing 1-4 dm tall. Leaves are linear and 10-35 mm long. Flowers are axillary. Petals are 6-10 mm long. Blooms in April.
Technical Description: "Plants short-lived perennial or winter annual. Taproots filiform. Stems erect or ascending, arising from mats of slender, prostrate or ascending, wintering stems, green, 10-40 cm, occasionally stipitate-glandular at nodes, internodes of all stems 1-3 times as long as leaves. Leaves sometimes overlapping proximally, connate proximally, with loose, herbaceous sheath 0.2-0.4 mm; blade widely spreading to erect, green, 1-veined abaxially, flat, narrowly elliptic (proximal petiolate blades) to linear (remaining cauline blades), 8-30 0.5-3 mm, flexuous, margins not thickened, scarious, occasionally stipitate-glandular, apex green, acute to acuminate, shiny, glabrous; axillary leaves absent. Inflorescences 3-5(-7)-flowered, open, leafy cymes; bracts linear to lanceolate, herbaceous. Pedicels 1-5 cm, sparsely glandular. Flowers: hypanthium disc-shaped; sepals 3-veined, lanceolate (herbaceous portion linear-lanceolate to lanceolate), 3.5-5 mm, not enlarging in fruit, apex often purple, acute, not hooded, stipitate-glandular; petals oblong-spatulate, 2.5-3 times as long as sepals, apex rounded, shallowly notched. Capsules on stipe ca. 0.2 mm, ovoid, 4 mm, shorter than sepals. Seeds black, suborbiculate to reniform, radicle obscure, laterally compressed, 0.6-0.8 mm, muriculate-papillate" (FNA 2005).

Diagnostic Characteristics: Similar to other Minuartia but stems arise from mats of low-prostrate overwintering stems. Petals are oblong-spatulate versus obovate (FNA 2005).
Duration: PERENNIAL
Palustrine Habitat(s): HERBACEOUS WETLAND
Habitat Comments: Moist slopes of creek banks, roadside ditches, and tidal freshwater marshes. Delta post oak flatwoods, wet saline prairies, open mesic meadows.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary
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Stewardship Overview: Protect sites from drainage or other alterations of the hydrology and also the open herbaceous marsh needs to be maintained, these plants are not known from wet forests, only herbaceous wetlands.
Species Impacts: Several populations are wet roadside ditches or roadside wetlands in areas which have a calcareous or circumneutral substrate. The management of these roadside populations is important for the conservation of these populations.
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 26Sep2011
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Nordman, Carl.
Management Information Edition Date: 19Sep2011
Management Information Edition Author: Nordman, C.
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 18Sep2011
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Nordman, Carl.

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • CLEWELL, ANDRE F. 1985. GUIDE TO THE VASCULAR PLANTS OF THE FLORIDA PANHANDLE. UNIV. PRESSES OF FLORIDA, GAINESVILLE, FL. 605 PP.

  • Center for Biological Diversity. 2010. Petition to list 404 aquatic, riparian and wetland species from the southeastern United States as threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act. Petition submitted to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

  • Clewell, A.F. 1985. Guide to vascular plants of the Florida panhandle. Florida State Univ. Press, Tallahassee, Florida. 605 pp.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2004. Flora of North America, vol. 5 Magnoliophyta: Caryophyllidae, part 2. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxiii + 690 pp.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2005. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 5. Magnoliophyta: Caryophyllidae: Caryophyllales, Polygonales, and Plumbaginales. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. vii + 656 pp.

  • KRAL, R. 1983.A REPORT ON SOME RARE,THREATENED,OR ENDANGEREDFOREST-RELATED VASCULAR PLANTS OF THE SOUTH.VOL I ISOETACEAETHROUGH EUPHORBIACEAE;VOL II AQUIFOLIACEA THROUGH ASTERACEAE& GLOSSARY.USDA FOREST SERV,SE REG.,ATL,GA. TECH PUBL R8-TP2

  • Kartesz, J. T. 1991. Synonym names from 1991 checklist, as extracted by Larry Morse, TNC, June 1991.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kral, R. 1983c. A report on some rare, threatened, or endangered forest-related vascular plants of the South. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service Technical Publication R8-TP2, Athens, GA. 1305 pp.

  • Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project. 2002. A partnership between the U.S. Forest Service-Region 8, Natural Heritage Programs in the Southeast, NatureServe, and independent scientists to develop and review data on 1300+ regionally and locally rare species in the Southern Appalachian and Alabama region. Database (Access 97) provided to the U.S. Forest Service by NatureServe, Durham, North Carolina.

  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2011m. Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; partial 90-day finding on a petition to list 404 species in the southeastern United States as endangered or threatened. Federal Register 76(187):59836-59862.

  • WUNDERLIN, RICHARD P. 1982. GUIDE TO THE VASCULAR PLANTS OF CENTRAL FLORIDA. UNIV. PRESSES OF FLA., TAMPA, ST. PETERSBURG, FT. MEYERS, SARASOTA

  • Weakley, A.S. 1996. Flora of the Carolinas and Virginia: working draft of 23 May 1996. The Nature Conservancy, Southeast Regional Office, Southern Conservation Science Dept., Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Unpaginated.

  • Weakley, A.S. 2015. Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Working Draft of 21 May 2015. University of North Carolina Herbarium (NCU), North Carolina Botanical Garden, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Online. Available: www.herbarium.unc.edu/FloraArchives/WeakleyFlora_2015-05-29.pdf (Accessed 2015).

  • Wunderlin, R.P. 1982. Guide to the vascular plants of central Florida. Univ. Presses Florida, Gainesville. 472 pp.

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