Minuartia cismontana - R.J. Meinke & P.F. Zika
Cismontane Stitchwort
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Minuartia cismontana R.J. Meinke & P.F. Zika (TSN 507728)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.821595
Element Code: PDCAR0G150
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Pink Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Caryophyllales Caryophyllaceae Minuartia
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.
Concept Reference Code: B99KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Minuartia cismontana
Taxonomic Comments: First collected in 1880, but overlooked and not described as a distinct species until 1992 (Meinke and Zika 1992). This species is not addressed by Kartesz (1994) or Hickman (1993), but is accepted by Kartesz (1999) and will be included in the second edition of The Jepson Manual (Baldwin et al. 2009).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G3G4
Global Status Last Reviewed: 04Mar2009
Global Status Last Changed: 04Mar2009
Rounded Global Status: G3 - Vulnerable
Reasons: Widely but sporadically distributed from the southern foothills of the Cascade Mountains in Oregon to central California, on the lower slopes of the Cascades, Sierra Nevada, and Coast Ranges. A foothill to low montane species occurring in dry woodlands and chaparral, often on serpentine. Apparently not especially rare in California; generally uncommon and local (though can be locally common where it occurs) in Oregon. Approximately 50 sites have been documented, but more likely exist.





Nation: United States
National Status: NNR

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States California (SNR), Oregon (SNR)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Populations are widely but sporadically distributed from the southern foothills of the Cascade Mountains in Oregon south to central California (San Luis Obispo County), on the lower slopes of the Cascades, Sierra Nevada, and Coast Ranges (Meinke and Zika 1992).

Number of Occurrences: 21 - 300
Number of Occurrences Comments: Approximately 50 herbarium specimens are known (Meinke and Zika 1992, Consortium of California Herbaria 2009), but this is likely an underestimate of the number of occurrences, as the species has not been thoroughly searched for throughout its range.

Population Size Comments: Apparently not rare in California; generally uncommon and local (though can be locally common where it occurs) in Oregon (Meinke and Zika 1992).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Populations are widely but sporadically distributed from the southern foothills of the Cascade Mountains in Oregon south to central California (San Luis Obispo County), on the lower slopes of the Cascades, Sierra Nevada, and Coast Ranges (Meinke and Zika 1992).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States CA, OR

Range Map
No map available.

Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: An erect ephemeral annual 5-25 cm tall with stiff, wiry stems and branches. Leaves are few and scattered. Flowers occur one at a time (not in groups) at the end of dichotomous branches and have four clear white petals. Blooms late April-mid June.
Diagnostic Characteristics: Similar to M. californica and M. pusilla; distinguished chiefly by its stiffly erect habit, elongate pedicels and internodes, narrowly attenuate and prominently nerved sepals, hyaline sepal apices, and petals that equal or only slightly exceed the calyx (Meinke and Zika 1992). Normally flowers later than Minuartia californica and is found at higher elevations (Meinke and Zika 1992).
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Barrens, Forest/Woodland, Shrubland/chaparral, Woodland - Mixed
Habitat Comments: A foothill to low montane species, occurring on slopes and ridges in sites that are moist in spring but apparently dry out by late spring or early summer. Plant communities include dry woodland and chaparral. In Oregon, appears restricted to serpentine outcrops; in California, often occurs on serpentine and is considered a weak serpentine indicator. In Oregon, common associates include Agoseris heterophylla, Alchemilla occidentalis, Allium parvum, Calochortus tolmiei, Cerastium arvense, Epilobium minutum, Minuartia douglasii, Sagina occidentalis, Silene hookeri, Calochortus umpquaensis, and Phacelia capitata. (100-)400-1700 m.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 04Mar2009
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Gravuer, K.

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Baldwin, B., T.J. Rosatti, and M. Wetherwax (eds.). 2009. Second Edition of The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California DRAFT Treatments for public viewing. Available online: http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/jepsonmanual/review/ . Accessed 2009.

  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: Higher plants of California. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA. 1400 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.

  • Meinke, R.J. and P.F. Zika. 1992. A new annual species of Minuartia (Caryophyllaceae) from Oregon and California. Madrono 39(4):288-300.

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