Megaceryle torquata - (Linnaeus, 1776)
Ringed Kingfisher
Other Common Names: Martim-Pescador-Grande
Synonym(s): Ceryle torquata (Linnaeus, 1776) ;Ceryle torquatus (Linnaeus, 1776) ;Megaceryle torquatus (Linnaeus, 1776)
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Megaceryle torquata (Linnaeus, 1766) (TSN 178109)
French Common Names: Martin-pęcheur ŕ ventre roux
Spanish Common Names: Martín Pescador de Collar, Martín Pescador Grande
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.105138
Element Code: ABNXD01010
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Birds - Other Birds
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Aves Coraciiformes Alcedinidae Megaceryle
Genus Size: B - Very small genus (2-5 species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1998. Check-list of North American birds. Seventh edition. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C. [as modified by subsequent supplements and corrections published in The Auk]. Also available online: http://www.aou.org/.
Concept Reference Code: B98AOU01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Ceryle torquata
Taxonomic Comments: Megaceryle was formerly (AOU 1993, 1998) treated as a subgenus of Ceryle Boie, but is returned to earlier generic status (AOU 1957) on the basis of evidence from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA (Moyle 2006). Includes 3 weakly differentiated subspecies, torquatus, stictipennis, and stellata.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 12Sep2007
Global Status Last Changed: 02Dec1996
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N3 (19Mar1997)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Texas (S3B)

Other Statuses

IUCN Red List Category: LC - Least concern

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: RESIDENT: from southern Sinaloa, Nuevo Leon, and southern Texas south through most of South America (migratory in southern South America); also in the Lesser Antilles. Occasionally wanders northward to central Texas in northern fall and winter (AOU 1983). To 1100 m in Honduras, 1300 m in Panama, and 1500 m in Guatemala, but uncommon much above 500 m (Fry and Fry 1992). See Fry and Fry (1992) for descriptions of the ranges of the 3 weakly differentiated subspecies.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: RESIDENT: from southern Sinaloa, Nuevo Leon, and southern Texas south through most of South America (migratory in southern South America); also in the Lesser Antilles. Occasionally wanders northward to central Texas in northern fall and winter (AOU 1983). To 1100 m in Honduras, 1300 m in Panama, and 1500 m in Guatemala, but uncommon much above 500 m (Fry and Fry 1992). See Fry and Fry (1992) for descriptions of the ranges of the 3 weakly differentiated subspecies.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
NOTE: The maps for birds represent the breeding status by state and province. In some jurisdictions, the subnational statuses for common species have not been assessed and the status is shown as not-assessed (SNR). In some jurisdictions, the subnational status refers to the status as a non-breeder; these errors will be corrected in future versions of these maps. A species is not shown in a jurisdiction if it is not known to breed in the jurisdiction or if it occurs only accidentally or casually in the jurisdiction. Thus, the species may occur in a jurisdiction as a seasonal non-breeding resident or as a migratory transient but this will not be indicated on these maps. See other maps on this web site that depict the Western Hemisphere ranges of these species at all seasons of the year.
Endemism: occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States TX

Range Map
Note: Range depicted for New World only. The scale of the maps may cause narrow coastal ranges or ranges on small islands not to appear. Not all vagrant or small disjunct occurrences are depicted. For migratory birds, some individuals occur outside of the passage migrant range depicted. For information on how to obtain shapefiles of species ranges see our Species Mapping pages at www.natureserve.org/conservation-tools/data-maps-tools.

Range Map Compilers: NatureServe, 2002

Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: A kingfisher.
Reproduction Comments: Known egg laying months: about March in Texas, about January in Tamaulipas, April-May in Belize, about March-May in Panama, February and June in Suriname, April in Trinidad, August in Guyana, and about November in southern Chile (Fry and Fry 1992). Clutch size 3-6 (commonly 4-5). Incubation 22 days or more, by both sexes in turn. Young tended by both parents, leave nest at 33-38 days when able to fly strongly. Generally nests solitarily, but "colonies" of several to 150 pairs have been reported from the Orinoco River, Venezuela (Fry and Fry 1992).
Ecology Comments: Basically solitary.
Non-Migrant: Y
Locally Migrant: Y
Long Distance Migrant: N
Mobility and Migration Comments: Nonmigratory except in southern South America; present at Isla Grande (Tierra del Fuego) from November to March, winters north to Valparaiso and Buenos Aires (Fry and Fry 1992).
Estuarine Habitat(s): Herbaceous wetland, Lagoon, River mouth/tidal river, Scrub-shrub wetland
Riverine Habitat(s): BIG RIVER, CREEK, Low gradient, MEDIUM RIVER
Lacustrine Habitat(s): Shallow water
Palustrine Habitat(s): HERBACEOUS WETLAND, Riparian
Special Habitat Factors: Burrowing in or using soil
Habitat Comments: Lakes, rivers, streams, lagoons, and coastal regions (AOU 1983). Wide slow-flowing rivers, lowland lakes, marshes, estuaries, brackish coastal lagoons, mangroves, and sometimes open beaches; also sometimes ricefields, reservoirs, canals, water gardens in cities, and Chilean fiords (Fry and Fry 1992). In Colombia and Bolivia, frequents primarily open habitat along the edges of lakes and streams (Remson 1990). BREEDING: Nests in a horizontal burrow dug in a steep earth or sand bank usually along a river but occasionally in erosion gullies and road cuts well away from water.
Adult Food Habits: Piscivore
Immature Food Habits: Piscivore
Food Comments: Eats mainly fishes (up to about 20 cm long), also sometimes frogs, small aquatic reptiles, insects, and salamanders (Fry and Fry 1992), obtained by plunging into water often from an overhanging branch. Concentrates dives in the first 2 meters from shoreline (Remson 1990). Usually forages in heavily wooded places, but has been seen fishing on reefs 1 km offshore (Fry and Fry 1992).
Adult Phenology: Diurnal
Immature Phenology: Diurnal
Length: 41 centimeters
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Kingfishers

Use Class: Breeding
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Evidence of historical breeding, or current and likely recurring breeding, at a given location, minimally a reliable observation of one or more breeding pairs in appropriate habitat. Be cautious about creating EOs for observations that may represent single breeding events outside the normal breeding distribution.
Separation Barriers: None.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Justification: Separation distance based on the territories and foraging ranges of the Belted Kingfisher. Foraging in that species is usually within 1.6 km of nest, up to 8 km (Cornwell 1963). Lakeside territories average 0.8 km of shoreline, up to 2.4 km; river territories average 2.4 to 4.8 km of river length (Salyer and Lagler 1946).
Inferred Minimum Extent of Habitat Use (when actual extent is unknown): .8 km
Inferred Minimum Extent Justification: Based on an average lakeside territory of Belted Kingfisher (Salyer and Lagler 1946).
Date: 13Nov2001
Author: Cannings, S.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 26May1994
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): HAMMERSON, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Allen, C. R., S. Demarais, and R. S. Lutz. 1994. Red imported fire ant impact on wildlife: an overview. The Texas Journal of Science 46(1):51-59.

  • American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1957. The A.O.U. Check-list of North American Birds, 5th ed. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore, MD. 691 pp.

  • American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1983. Check-list of North American Birds, 6th edition. Allen Press, Inc., Lawrence, Kansas. 877 pp.

  • American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1998. Check-list of North American birds. Seventh edition. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C. [as modified by subsequent supplements and corrections published in The Auk]. Also available online: http://www.aou.org/.

  • American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 2004. Forty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds. The Auk 121(3):985-995.

  • American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 2007. Forty-eighth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds. The Auk 124(3):1109-1115.

  • Bent, A.C. 1940. Life histories of North American cuckoos, goatsuckers, hummingbirds, and their allies. Part I. U.S. National Museum Bulletin 176. 244 pp.

  • BirdLife International. 2004b. Threatened birds of the world 2004. CD ROM. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK.

  • Braun, M. J., D. W. Finch, M. B. Robbins, and B. K. Schmidt. 2000. A field checklist of the birds of Guyana. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

  • Cornwell, G. W. 1963. Observation on the breeding biology and behavior of a nesting population of belted kingfishers. Condor 65:426-431.

  • Dickinson, E.C. (Editor). 2003. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 3rd edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. 1039 pp.

  • Forshaw, J. M., and W. T. Cooper. 1983. Kingfishers and related birds. Vol. 1. Alcedinidae, Ceryle to Cittura. Landsdowne Editions, Sydney.

  • Fry, C. H., and K. Fry. 1992. Kingfishers, bee-eaters & rollers: a handbook. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, New Jersey. 324 pp. [344 pp.?]

  • Harrison, C. 1978. A Field Guide to the Nests, Eggs and Nestlings of North American Birds. Collins, Cleveland, Ohio.

  • Harrison, H. H. 1979. A field guide to western birds' nests. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 279 pp.

  • Howell, S. N. G., and S. Webb. 1995. A guide to the birds of Mexico and northern Central America. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

  • Moyle, R. G. 2006. A molecular phylogeny of kingfishers (Alcedinidae) with insights into early biogeographic history. Auk 123:487-499.

  • Parker III, T. A., D. F. Stotz, and J. W. Fitzpatrick. 1996. Ecological and distributional databases for neotropical birds. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

  • Raffaele, H., J. Wiley, O. Garrido, A. Keith, and J. Raffaele. 1998. A guide to the birds of the West Indies. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. 511 pp.

  • Rappole, J.H., and G.W. Blacklock. 1994. Birds of Texas: A field guide. Texas A&M University Press, College Station.

  • Remson, J. V. 1990. Community ecology of neotropical kingfishers. Univ. California Publ. Zool. 124.

  • Ridgely, R. S. 2002. Distribution maps of South American birds. Unpublished.

  • Ridgely, R. S. and J. A. Gwynne, Jr. 1989. A Guide to the Birds of Panama. 2nd edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, USA.

  • Salyer, J. C., II, and K. F. Lagler. 1946. The eastern belted kingfisher, MEGACERYLE ALCYON ALCYON (Linneaus), in relation to fish management. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 76:97-117.

  • Sibley, C.G., and B.L. Monroe, Jr. 1990. Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT. xxiv + 1111 pp.

  • Sibley, D. A. 2000a. The Sibley guide to birds. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

  • Stiles, F. G. and A. F. Skutch. 1989. A guide to the birds of Costa Rica. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA. 511 pp.

  • Terres, J. K. 1980. The Audubon Society encyclopedia of North American birds. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

  • Zook, J. L. 2002. Distribution maps of the birds of Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. Unpublished.

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Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
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Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

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