Matelea flavidula - (Chapman) Woods.
Carolina Milkvine
Other English Common Names: Yellow Carolina Milkvine
Other Common Names: yellow Carolina milkvine
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Matelea flavidula (Chapman) Woods. (TSN 30373)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.128378
Element Code: PDASC0A0C0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Dogbane Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Gentianales Apocynaceae Matelea
Check this box to expand all report sections:
Concept Reference
Help
Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Matelea flavidula
Conservation Status
Help

NatureServe Status

Global Status: G3?
Global Status Last Reviewed: 08Feb2013
Global Status Last Changed: 08Feb2013
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by calculator
Rounded Global Status: G3 - Vulnerable
Reasons: Restricted to the coastal plain of the southeastern United States, in Alabama, Florida, Georgia and South Carolina. Apparently rare throughout its range. More information on its status in Tennessee, North Carolina, and Mississippi is needed, recent records from those states are lacking.
Nation: United States
National Status: N3?

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (SNR), Florida (S1), Georgia (S3?), Mississippi (SNR), North Carolina (SNR), South Carolina (SNR), Tennessee (SNR)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Ranging from eastern South Carolina south to southern Georgia and northern Florida (Wunderlin 1998, Weakley 2000) and Alabama. It has been reported from North Carolina, Tennessee, and Mississippi (Kartesz 1999), but the documentation is poor.

Area of Occupancy: 6-125 4-km2 grid cells
Area of Occupancy Comments: The number of currently extant occurrences is unclear (EO data in the NatureServe central database as of November 2012).

Number of Occurrences: 6 - 80
Number of Occurrences Comments: In Florida, it is known from very few records, and is considered endangered (Ward et al. 2003). There are recent records from Georgia (Drew et al. 1998, Echols and Zomlefer 2010) and South Carolina (Payne 2010).

Population Size Comments: The number of currently extant occurrences is unclear (EO data in the NatureServe central database as of November 2012). It is listed as endangered in Florida (Ward et al. 2003).

Number of Occurrences with Good Viability/Integrity: Few to some (4-40)
Viability/Integrity Comments: The number of currently extant occurrences is unclear (EO data in the NatureServe central database as of November 2012).

Overall Threat Impact: Medium - low
Overall Threat Impact Comments: May be threatened by logging, erosion, and insecticides that are detrimental to the small flies that are thought to pollinate this species.

Short-term Trend: Decline of 10-30%

Long-term Trend: Decline of 30-50%

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
Help
Global Range: Ranging from eastern South Carolina south to southern Georgia and northern Florida (Wunderlin 1998, Weakley 2000) and Alabama. It has been reported from North Carolina, Tennessee, and Mississippi (Kartesz 1999), but the documentation is poor.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, FL, GA, MS, NC, SC, TN

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
FL Gadsden (12039), Jackson (12063), Washington (12133)
GA Decatur (13087)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Lower Ochlockonee (03120003)+, Lower Chattahoochee (03130004)+, Lower Flint (03130008)+, Apalachicola (03130011)+, St. Andrew-St. Joseph Bays (03140101)+, Lower Choctawhatchee (03140203)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
Help
Basic Description: A perennial herb. Stem climbing, trailing, or sprawling, vinelike. Leaves opposite, widely ovate or ovate-oblong, cordate. Corolla rotate; petals yellow or green.
Diagnostic Characteristics: The yellow or green flower color is distinctive (Radford et al. 1968), corolla lobes spreading, rotate (Wunderlin 1998).
Habitat Comments: Moist, nutrient-rich forests (Weakley, 1996), wooded slopes (Radford et al. 1968).
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Help
Management Summary
Help
Stewardship Overview: Site will need protection from clearcutting (loss of forest cover and associated erosion), but canopy gaps may promote flowering and fruiting. Invasive plants are a threat, and may need to be controlled in order to reduce their competition with this unusual vine. The amount of light (coming through the tree canopy) which promotes good seed production could replicated at sites that have not flowered or produced seed recently. Conversion of sites to agriculture, or commercial or residential development are uses that may destroy plants.
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Viability
Help
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
Help
Authors/Contributors
Help
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 08Feb2013
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Nordman, C. (2013)
Management Information Edition Date: 12Feb2013
Management Information Edition Author: Nordman, C.

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Drew, M. B., L. K. Kirkman, and A. K. Gholson, Jr. 1998. The vascular flora of Ichauway, Baker County, Georgia: A remnant longleaf pine/wiregrass ecosystem. Castanea 63:1-24.

  • Echols, S.L. and W.B. Zomlefer. 2010. Vascular Plant Flora of the Remnant Blackland Prairies in Oaky Woods Wildlife Management Area, Houston County, Georgia. Castanea 75 (1): 78-100.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.

  • Kartesz, J.T., and C. Meacham. 1998a. Unpublished review draft of Floristic Synthesis, 8 Jan. 1998. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, NC.

  • Payne, D. C. 2010. A survey of the vascular flora of Beaufort County, South Carolina: relicts and remnants. M.S. thesis, Clemson University.

  • RADFORD, A., H. AHLES AND C. BELL. 1968 MANUAL OF THE VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS. THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS CHAPEL HILL. 1183 PP + LXI.

  • Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Univ. North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC. 1183 pp.

  • Ward, D.B., D.F. Austin, N.C. Coile. 2003. Endangered and Threatened Plants of Florida, Ranked in Order of Rarity. Castanea 68(2): 160-174.

  • Weakley, A.S. 1996. Flora of the Carolinas and Virginia: working draft of 23 May 1996. The Nature Conservancy, Southeast Regional Office, Southern Conservation Science Dept., Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Unpaginated.

  • Weakley, A.S. 2000. Flora of the Carolinas and Virginia: working draft of May 15, 2000. Unpublished draft, The Nature Conservancy, Southern Resource Office.

  • Wunderlin, R.P. 1998. Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida. University Press of Florida: Gainesville, Florida. 806 pp.

Use Guidelines & Citation

Use Guidelines and Citation

The Small Print: Trademark, Copyright, Citation Guidelines, Restrictions on Use, and Information Disclaimer.

Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of March 2019.
Note: This report was printed on

Trademark Notice: "NatureServe", NatureServe Explorer, The NatureServe logo, and all other names of NatureServe programs referenced herein are trademarks of NatureServe. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 2019 NatureServe, 2511 Richmond (Jefferson Davis) Highway, Suite 930, Arlington, VA 22202, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation for data on website including State Distribution, Watershed, and Reptile Range maps:
NatureServe. 2019. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE."

Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/birdDistributionmapsmetadatav1.pdf.

Full metadata for the Mammal Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/mammalsDistributionmetadatav1.pdf.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:
  1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
  2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
  3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
  4. No graphics available from this server can be used, copied or distributed separate from the accompanying text. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel, or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of NatureServe. No trademark owned by NatureServe may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from NatureServe. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any NatureServe copyright.
Information Warranty Disclaimer: All documents and related graphics provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. NatureServe hereby disclaims all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. NatureServe makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. NatureServe may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, NatureServe makes no commitment to update the information contained herein. Since the data in the central databases are continually being updated, it is advisable to refresh data retrieved at least once a year after its receipt. The data provided is for planning, assessment, and informational purposes. Site specific projects or activities should be reviewed for potential environmental impacts with appropriate regulatory agencies. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program(s) or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area (see Visit Local Programs).

Feedback Request: NatureServe encourages users to let us know of any errors or significant omissions that you find in the data through (see Contact Us). Your comments will be very valuable in improving the overall quality of our databases for the benefit of all users.