Macrhybopsis storeriana - (Kirtland, 1845)
Silver Chub
Synonym(s): Hybopsis storeriana
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Macrhybopsis storeriana (Kirtland, 1845) (TSN 163870)
French Common Names: méné à grandes écailles
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.101653
Element Code: AFCJB53040
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Fishes - Bony Fishes - Minnows and Carps
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Actinopterygii Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Macrhybopsis
Genus Size: C - Small genus (6-20 species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B91ROB01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Macrhybopsis storeriana
Taxonomic Comments: Removed from the genus Hybopsis and placed in the resurrected genus Macrhybopsis by Mayden (1989) and Coburn and Cavender (1992); this change was adopted in the 1991 AFS checklist (Robins et al. 1991).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 18Aug2015
Global Status Last Changed: 18Sep1996
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N5 (05Dec1996)
Nation: Canada
National Status: N5 (12Feb2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (S5), Arkansas (S4), Georgia (S2), Illinois (S5), Indiana (S4), Iowa (SNR), Kansas (S3), Kentucky (S4S5), Louisiana (S4), Michigan (S1), Minnesota (SNR), Mississippi (S4), Missouri (S5), Nebraska (S4), New York (SH), North Dakota (SNR), Ohio (S4), Oklahoma (S4), Pennsylvania (S4), South Dakota (S2), Tennessee (S5), Texas (S3), West Virginia (S3), Wisconsin (S3)
Canada Manitoba (S5), Ontario (S2)

Other Statuses

Canadian Species at Risk Act (SARA) Schedule 1/Annexe 1 Status: SC (05Jun2003)
Implied Status under the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC):E,NAR
Comments on COSEWIC: The species was considered a single unit and designated Special Concern in April 1985. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Split into two populations in May 2012.
IUCN Red List Category: LC - Least concern

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Lake Erie drainage, Ontario, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Michigan; Assiniboine River, Manitoba; Red River drainage, Manitoba, south to Minnesota; Mississippi River basin, New York, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia west to Minnesota, Nebraska, Kansas, and Oklahoma, and south to Gulf Coast; Gulf Coast drainages from Mobile Bay basin, Alabama, to Lake Pontchartrain drainage, Louisiana; isolated population in Brazos River drainage, Texas; common but seldom in large populations (Page and Burr 1991).

Number of Occurrences:  
Number of Occurrences Comments: This species is represented by a large number of subpopulations and locations.

Population Size Comments: Total adult population size is unknown but relatively large.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Localized threats may exist, but on a range-wide scale no major threats are known.

Short-term Trend Comments: Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain but likely relatively stable or slowly declining.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Lake Erie drainage, Ontario, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Michigan; Assiniboine River, Manitoba; Red River drainage, Manitoba, south to Minnesota; Mississippi River basin, New York, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia west to Minnesota, Nebraska, Kansas, and Oklahoma, and south to Gulf Coast; Gulf Coast drainages from Mobile Bay basin, Alabama, to Lake Pontchartrain drainage, Louisiana; isolated population in Brazos River drainage, Texas; common but seldom in large populations (Page and Burr 1991).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
Endemism: occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MI, MN, MO, MS, ND, NE, NY, OH, OK, PA, SD, TN, TX, WI, WV
Canada MB, ON

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
GA Bartow (13015), Floyd (13115), Gordon (13129), Murray (13213), Whitfield (13313)
KS Cowley (20035), Douglas (20045), Kingman (20095), Sedgwick (20173), Sumner (20191), Wyandotte (20209)
MI Macomb (26099)*, Monroe (26115), St. Clair (26147)*, Wayne (26163)
MO Andrew (29003)*, Atchison (29005), Barry (29009)*, Bates (29013)*, Boone (29019), Buchanan (29021), Callaway (29027), Carroll (29033), Cass (29037)*, Chariton (29041), Clark (29045)*, Clay (29047), Cole (29051), Cooper (29053), Daviess (29061)*, Franklin (29071), Gasconade (29073), Gentry (29075), Grundy (29079)*, Harrison (29081)*, Henry (29083)*, Hickory (29085)*, Holt (29087), Howard (29089), Jackson (29095), Jefferson (29099), Lafayette (29107), Lewis (29111), Lincoln (29113), Livingston (29117), Macon (29121)*, Marion (29127), Mercer (29129)*, Moniteau (29135), Montgomery (29139), New Madrid (29143), Nodaway (29147)*, Osage (29151), Perry (29157), Pike (29163), Platte (29165), Putnam (29171)*, Ralls (29173), Ray (29177), Saline (29195), Schuyler (29197)*, Scotland (29199)*, St. Charles (29183), St. Clair (29185)*, St. Louis (29189), St. Louis (city) (29510), Stone (29209), Sullivan (29211)*, Vernon (29217)*, Warren (29219)
NY Erie (36029)*
PA Beaver (42007), Erie (42049)*
SD Bon Homme (46009), Brule (46015), Lincoln (46083), Lyman (46085), Union (46127)
WI Adams (55001), Buffalo (55011), Columbia (55021), Crawford (55023), Dane (55025), Grant (55043), Green (55045), Iowa (55049), La Crosse (55063), Lafayette (55065)*, Pepin (55091), Pierce (55093), Price (55099)*, Richland (55103), Rock (55105), Sauk (55111), Trempealeau (55121), Vernon (55123)
WV Brooke (54009), Cabell (54011), Hancock (54029), Jackson (54035), Marshall (54051), Mason (54053), Ohio (54069), Pleasants (54073), Wetzel (54103), Wood (54107)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Conasauga (03150101)+, Coosawattee (03150102)+, Oostanaula (03150103)+, Etowah (03150104)+, Upper Coosa (03150105)+, Middle Coosa (03150106), Lower Coosa (03150107), Lower Tallapoosa (03150110), Upper Alabama (03150201), Cahaba (03150202), Middle Alabama (03150203), Lower Alabama (03150204), Upper Tombigbee (03160101), Buttahatchee (03160103), Tibbee (03160104), Luxapallila (03160105), Middle Tombigbee-Lubbub (03160106), Sipsey (03160107), Noxubee (03160108), Locust (03160111), Lower Black Warrior (03160113), Middle Tombigbee-Chickasaw (03160201), Sucarnoochee (03160202), Lower Tambigbee (03160203), Mobile - Tensaw (03160204), Upper Chickasawhay (03170002), Lower Chickasawhay (03170003), Upper Leaf (03170004), Lower Leaf (03170005), Pascagoula (03170006), Black (03170007), Upper Pearl (03180001), Middle Pearl-Strong (03180002), Middle Pearl-Silver (03180003), Lower Pearl. Mississippi (03180004), Bogue Chitto (03180005)
04 Lake Michigan (04060200)*, Lake St. Clair (04090002)+*, Clinton (04090003)+*, Detroit (04090004)+, Huron (04090005), Ottawa-Stony (04100001)+*, Cedar-Portage (04100010), Sandusky (04100011)*, Huron-Vermilion (04100012)*, Black-Rocky (04110001)*, Ashtabula-Chagrin (04110003)*, Grand (04110004), Chautauqua-Conneaut (04120101), Buffalo-Eighteenmile (04120103)+, Lake Erie (04120200)+
05 Lower Monongahela (05020005), Upper Ohio (05030101)+, Mahoning (05030103)*, Upper Ohio-Wheeling (05030106)+, Little Muskingum-Middle Island (05030201)+, Upper Ohio-Shade (05030202)+, Little Kanawha (05030203), Hocking (05030204), Muskingum (05040004)*, Lower Kanawha (05050008), Lower Scioto (05060002), Tug (05070201), Upper Levisa (05070202), Big Sandy (05070204), Lower Great Miami (05080002)*, Whitewater (05080003), Raccoon-Symmes (05090101)+, Little Scioto-Tygarts (05090103), Little Sandy (05090104), Ohio Brush-Whiteoak (05090201), Little Miami (05090202)*, Middle Ohio-Laughery (05090203), Licking (05100101), North Fork Kentucky (05100201), Middle Fork Kentucky (05100202), South Fork Kentucky (05100203), Upper Kentucky (05100204), Lower Kentucky (05100205), Upper Green (05110001), Middle Green (05110003), Rough (05110004)*, Lower Green (05110005), Tippecanoe (05120106), Middle Wabash-Little Vermilion (05120108), Vermilion (05120109)*, Middle Wabash-Busseron (05120111), Embarras (05120112)*, Lower Wabash (05120113), Little Wabash (05120114)*, Lower White (05120202), Eel (05120203), Lower East Fork White (05120208), Patoka (05120209), Upper Cumberland-Lake Cumberland (05130103), Upper Cumberland-Cordell Hull (05130106), Caney (05130108), Lower Cumberland-Old Hickory Lake (05130201), Lower Cumberland-Sycamore (05130202), Stones (05130203), Lower Cumberland (05130205), Red (05130206), Silver-Little Kentucky (05140101), Salt (05140102), Rolling Fork (05140103), Blue-Sinking (05140104), Lower Ohio-Little Pigeon (05140201), Highland-Pigeon (05140202), Lower Ohio-Bay (05140203), Lower Ohio (05140206)
06 Lower French Broad (06010107), Watts Bar Lake (06010201), Middle Tennessee-Chickamauga (06020001), Guntersville Lake (06030001), Wheeler Lake (06030002), Lower Elk (06030004), Pickwick Lake (06030005), Lower Tennessee-Beech (06040001), Buffalo (06040004), Kentucky Lake (06040005), Lower Tennessee (06040006)
07 Middle Minnesota (07020007), Lower Minnesota (07020012), Lower St. Croix (07030005)+, Rush-Vermillion (07040001)+, Buffalo-Whitewater (07040003)+, Trempealeau (07040005)+, La Crosse-Pine (07040006)+, Jump (07050004)+*, Lower Chippewa (07050005)+, Coon-Yellow (07060001)+, Grant-Little Maquoketa (07060003)+, Turkey (07060004)*, Apple-Plum (07060005)+, Maquoketa (07060006), Castle Rock (07070003)+, Baraboo (07070004)+, Lower Wisconsin (07070005)+, Kickapoo (07070006)+*, Copperas-Duck (07080101), Lower Wapsipinicon (07080103)*, Flint-Henderson (07080104), South Skunk (07080105)*, Skunk (07080107), Middle Iowa (07080208), Lower Iowa (07080209), Pecatonica (07090003)+, Sugar (07090004)+, Lower Rock (07090005), Middle Des Moines (07100004), North Raccoon (07100006)*, South Raccoon (07100007)*, Lake Red Rock (07100008)*, Lower Des Moines (07100009)+*, Bear-Wyaconda (07110001)+, North Fabius (07110002)+, South Fabius (07110003)+, The Sny (07110004)+, Salt (07110007)+*, Cuivre (07110008)+, Peruque-Piasa (07110009)+, Chicago (07120003)*, Upper Illinois (07120005), Lower Illinois-Senachwine Lake (07130001), Lower Illinois-Lake Chautauqua (07130003), Mackinaw (07130004), Spoon (07130005), Lower Sangamon (07130008)*, La Moine (07130010), Lower Illinois (07130011), Cahokia-Joachim (07140101)+, Big (07140104)+, Upper Mississippi-Cape Girardeau (07140105)+, Middle Kaskaskia (07140202)*, Shoal (07140203), Lower Kaskaskia (07140204)*
08 Lower Mississippi-Memphis (08010100)+, Bayou De Chien-Mayfield (08010201), North Fork Forked Deer (08010204), Lower Mississippi-Helena (08020100), New Madrid-St. Johns (08020201)+, Lower St. Francis (08020203), Lower White-Bayou Des Arc (08020301), Lower White (08020303), Lower Arkansas (08020401), Lower Mississippi-Greenville (08030100), Little Missouri (08040103), Lower Ouachita-Bayou De Loutre (08040202), Lower Saline (08040204), Lower Red (08040301), Bayou Macon (08050002), Lower Mississippi-Natchez (08060100), Lower Big Black (08060202), Homochitto (08060205), Amite (08070202), Tickfaw (08070203)
09 Upper Red (09020104), Grand Marais-Red (09020306)
10 Fort Randall Reservoir (10140101)+, Lewis and Clark Lake (10170101)+, Lower Big Sioux (10170203)+, Rock (10170204)*, Middle Platte-Buffalo (10200101), Middle Platte-Prairie (10200103), Lower Platte-Shell (10200201), Lower Platte (10200202), Upper Elkhorn (10220001), Lower Elkhorn (10220003), Floyd (10230002)*, Little Sioux (10230003)*, Big Papillion-Mosquito (10230006)*, Keg-Weeping Water (10240001)+, West Nishnabotna (10240002)*, East Nishnabotna (10240003)*, Nishnabotna (10240004)+, Tarkio-Wolf (10240005)+, West Nodaway (10240009)*, Nodaway (10240010)+, Independence-Sugar (10240011)+, Upper Republican (10250004), Lower Republican (10250017), Upper Saline (10260009)*, Upper Kansas (10270101), Middle Kansas (10270102), Lower Kansas (10270104)+, Upper Grand (10280101)+, Thompson (10280102)+, Lower Grand (10280103)+, Upper Chariton (10280201)+, Lower Chariton (10280202)+*, Little Chariton (10280203)+, Lower Marais Des Cygnes (10290102)+, Harry S. Missouri (10290105)+*, Pomme De Terre (10290107)+*, South Grand (10290108)+*, Lower Osage (10290111)+, Lower Gasconade (10290203)+, Lower Missouri-Crooked (10300101)+, Lower Missouri-Moreau (10300102)+, Lamine (10300103)+, Lower Missouri (10300200)+
11 Beaver Reservoir (11010001)+*, James (11010002)+, Bull Shoals Lake (11010003)*, Upper White-Village (11010013), Little Red (11010014)*, Middle Arkansas-Slate (11030013)+, South Fork Ninnescah (11030015)+, Ninnescah (11030016)+, Lower Cimarron (11050003), Black Bear-Red Rock (11060006), Middle Verdigris (11070103), Middle Neosho (11070205), Spring (11070207), Lower Neosho (11070209), Robert S. Kerr Reservoir (11110104), Frog-Mulberry (11110201), Dardanelle Reservoir (11110202), Lake Conway-Point Remove (11110203), Petit Jean (11110204), Cadron (11110205)*, Lower Arkansas-Maumelle (11110207), Blue-China (11130102), Farmers-Mud (11130201), Lake Texoma (11130210), Bois D'arc-Island (11140101), Pecan-Waterhole (11140106), Lower Little (11140109), Mckinney-Posten Bayous (11140201), Middle Red-Coushatta (11140202), Lower Red-Lake Iatt (11140207), Cross Bayou (11140304)
12 Spring (12040102), Lower Brazos-Little Brazos (12070101)
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed (based on multiple information sources) Help
Ecology & Life History
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Reproduction Comments: Spawns late May to July in north. Few live beyond age 3.
Habitat Type: Freshwater
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Riverine Habitat(s): BIG RIVER, Low gradient, MEDIUM RIVER, Moderate gradient, Pool
Lacustrine Habitat(s): Shallow water
Special Habitat Factors: Benthic
Habitat Comments: Sand-, silt-, and sometimes gravel-bottomed pools and backwaters of small to large rivers, lakes (Page and Burr 1991). Mostly in large, often silty rivers. May move into gravelly streams with clearer water if river becomes excessively silted. May move into shallows during day. Winters in deep holes in Mississippi River. In some lakes, usually in water less than 10 m deep. In lakes, probably spawns in open waters.
Adult Food Habits: Invertivore
Immature Food Habits: Invertivore
Food Comments: Eats various insects, crustaceans, and molluscs; feeds mostly at or near bottom (Becker 1983). Adults eat mayfly nymphs, molluscs, DAPHNIA, gammarids, and small fish. Young of year eat copepods, tendipedid larvae and pupae, and DAPHINIA.
Length: 23 centimeters
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Medium Cyprinids

Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Occurrences are based on evidence of historical presence, or current and likely recurring presence, at a given location. Such evidence minimally includes collection or reliable observation and documentation of one or more individuals (including eggs and larvae) in appropriate habitat.
Separation Barriers: Dam lacking a suitable fishway; high waterfall; upland habitat.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 15 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 15 km
Separation Justification: Data on dispersal and other movements generally are not available. In some species, individuals may migrate variable distances between spawning areas and nonspawning habitats.

Separation distances (in aquatic kilometers) for cyprinids are arbitrary but reflect the presumption that movements and appropriate separation distances generally should increase with fish size. Hence small, medium, and large cyprinids, respectively, have increasingly large separation distances. Separation distance reflects the likely low probability that two occupied locations separated by less than many kilometers of aquatic habitat would represent truly independent populations over the long term.

Because of the difficulty in defining suitable versus unsuitable habitat, especially with respect to dispersal, and to simplify the delineation of occurrences, a single separation distance is used regardless of habitat quality.

Occupied locations that are separated by a gap of 15 km or more of any aquatic habitat that is not known to be occupied represent different occurrences. However, it is important to evaluate seasonal changes in habitat to ensure that an occupied habitat occurrence for a particular population does not artificially separate spawning areas and nonspawning areas as different occurrences simply because there have been no collections/observations in an intervening area that may exceed the separation distance.

Date: 21Sep2004
Author: Hammerson, G.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 05Oct1993
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Hammerson, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Allen, C. R., S. Demarais, and R. S. Lutz. 1994. Red imported fire ant impact on wildlife: an overview. The Texas Journal of Science 46(1):51-59.

  • Anderson, Allison A., C. Hubbs, K. O. Winemiller, and R. J. Edwards. 1995. Texas freshwater fish assemblages following three decades of environmental change. The Southwest Naturalist 40(3):314-321.

  • Becker, G. C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. Univ. Wisconsin Press, Madison. 1052 pp.

  • CROSS, F.B., AND J.T. COLLINS. 1975. FISHES IN KANSAS. UNIV. KANS. MUS.NAT.HIST., PUB.ED.SERIES NO.3.

  • CROSS, F.B.1967.HANDBOOK OF FISHES IN KANSAS. E. RAYMOND HALL.UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY, LAWRENCE, KANSAS.

  • Carlson, Douglas M. 1998. Species Accounts for the rare fishes of New York. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Fish, Wildlife and Marine Resources. Bureau of Fisheries, Endangered Fish Project. 95pp.

  • Coburn, M. M., and T. M. Cavender. 1992. Interrelationships of North American cyprinid fishes. Pages 328-373 in R.L. Mayden, editor. Systematics, historical ecology, and North American freshwater fishes. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. xxvi + 969 pp.

  • Cooper, E.L. 1983. Fishes of Pennsylvania. Penn State Univ. Press, University Park, PA.

  • Dextrase, A.J. 1997. COSSARO Candidate V,T,E Species Evaluation Form for Silver Chub (Macrhybopsis storeriana). Unpublished report prepared for Committee on the Status of Species at Risk in Ontario (COSSARO), Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. 4 pp.

  • Douglas, Neil H. 1974. Freshwater fishes of Louisiana. Claitor's publ. div. Baton Rouge, Louisiana. 443 pp.

  • Etnier, David A. and Wayne C. Starnes. 1993. The Fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville. 681 pp.

  • General Status, Environment Canada. 2015. Manitoba fish species and subnational ranks proposed by DFO.

  • Kinney, E.C. 1954. A life history of the silver chub, Hybopsis storeriana (Kirtland), in western Lake Erie with notes on associated species. Dissertation Abstracts 20(6):1978-1980. Vol. 35. Part II. 30759.

  • METTEE, M.F., P.E. O'NIEL, AND J.M. PIERSON. 1996. FISHES OF ALABAMA AND THE MOBILE BASIN. OXMOOR HOUSE, INC., BIRMINGHAM, AL. 820PP.

  • Mandrak, N. E. and Holm, E. 2000. Updated status of the silver chub, (Macrhybopasis storeriana), in Canada. (Draft COSEWIC report).

  • Mandrak, N.E., and E. Holm. 2000. Updated Status of the Silver Chub, Macrhybopsis storeriana, in Canada. DRAFT report to the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). 19 pp + figures + appendices.

  • Mayden, R. L. 1989. Phylogenetic studies of North American minnows, with emphasis on the genus Cyprinella (Teleostei: Cypriniformes). University of Kansas Museum of Natural History Miscellaneous Publication (80):1-189.

  • Nelson, J. S., E. J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Perez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, and J. D. Williams. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. 386 pp.

  • PFLIEGER,W.L.1975. THE FISHES OF MISSOURI. SULLIVAN, MARK. MISSOURI DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION.

  • Page, L. M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, N. E. Mandrak, R. L. Mayden, and J. S. Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Seventh edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. 432 pp.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 2011. Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Second edition. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston. xix + 663 pp.

  • Page, LM, H.Espinoza-Perez, L.Findley, C.Gilbert, R. Lea, N. Mandrak, R.Mayden and J.Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, 7th edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Parker, B., P. McKee and R.R. Campbell. 1987. Status of the Silver Chub, Hybopsis storeriana, in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 101(2): 190-194.

  • Parker, B., P. McKee, and R.R. Campbell. [1985]. Status report on the silver chub, Macrhybopsis storeriana, in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. 6 pp.

  • Parker, B., and R.R. Campbell. 1987. Status of the silverchub, Hybopsis storeriana, Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 101:190-194.

  • ROSS, STEPHEN T. 1996. INLAND FISHES OF MISSISSIPPI. SELECTED SPECIES ACCOUNTS. COAUTHORED WITH W.M. BRENNEMAM, W.T. SLACK, M.T. O'CONNELL, AND T.L. PETERSON. ILLUSTRATED BY D.G. ROSS. DRAFT COPY.

  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.

  • Scott, W. B., and E. J. Crossman. 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Bulletin 184. 966 pp.

  • Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman. 1979. Freshwater Fishes of Canada. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa. 966 pp.

  • Simon, Thomas P. 2011. Fishes of Indiana. Indiana University Press. Bloomington, 345 pp.

  • Smith, C.L. 1985. The Inland Fishes of New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Albany, NY. 522pp.

  • Werner, R.G. 1980. Freshwater fishes of New York State. N.Y.: Syracuse University Press. 186 pp.

References for Watershed Distribution Map
  • Becker, G. C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. 1,052 pp.

  • Boschung, H. T., and R. L. Mayden. 2004. Fishes of Alabama. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 960 pp.

  • Burr, B. M., and M. L. Warren, Jr. 1986a. Distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Kentucky Nature Preserves Commission, Scientific and Technical Series No. 4, Frankfort, Kentucky. 398 pp.

  • Cooper, E. L. 1983. Fishes of Pennsylvania and the northeastern United States. Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park. 243 pp.

  • Cross, F. B., and J. T. Collins. 1995. Fishes in Kansas. Second Edition, revised. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History. xvii + 315 pp.

  • Douglas, N. H. 1974. Freshwater fishes of Louisiana. Claitor's Publishing Division, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. 443 pp.

  • Etnier, D. A., and W. C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, Tennessee. xiv + 681 pp.

  • Fago, D. 2000. Relative abundance and distribution of fishes in Wisconsin. Fish Distribution Database to year 2000. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

  • Harlan, J. R., E. B. Speaker, and J. Mayhew. 1987. Iowa fish and fishing. Iowa Conservation Commission, Des Moines, Iowa. 323 pp.

  • Lee, D. S., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister, and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina. i-x + 854 pp.

  • Master, L. L. and A. L. Stock. 1998. Synoptic national assessment of comparative risks to biological diversity and landscape types: species distributions. Summary Report submitted to Environmental Protection Agency. The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, VA. 36 pp.

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