Lythrurus umbratilis - (Girard, 1856)
Redfin Shiner
Synonym(s): Notropis umbratilis
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Lythrurus umbratilis (Girard, 1856) (TSN 163861)
French Common Names: méné pâle
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.104422
Element Code: AFCJB52080
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Fishes - Bony Fishes - Minnows and Carps
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Actinopterygii Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Lythrurus
Genus Size: C - Small genus (6-20 species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B91ROB01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Lythrurus umbratilis
Taxonomic Comments: Removed from genus Notropis and placed in genus (formerly subgenus) Lythrurus by Mayden (1989) and Coburn and Cavender (1992); this change was adopted in the 1991 AFS checklist (Robins et al. 1991).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 09Feb2016
Global Status Last Changed: 18Sep1996
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N5 (05Dec1996)
Nation: Canada
National Status: N4 (09Feb2016)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Arkansas (S4), Illinois (S5), Indiana (S5), Iowa (S4), Kansas (S5), Kentucky (S4S5), Louisiana (S5), Michigan (S4), Minnesota (S3), Mississippi (S5), Missouri (SNR), New York (S1S2), Ohio (S4), Oklahoma (S5), Pennsylvania (S2), Tennessee (S5), Texas (S2), West Virginia (S3), Wisconsin (S2)
Canada Ontario (S4)

Other Statuses

Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC): Not at Risk (01Apr1988)
Comments on COSEWIC: Reason for Designation: Restricted in Canada to southern Ontario which is part of the extreme northern edge of the species' range, populations are low in numbers but stable and reproducing.

Status History: Designated Not at Risk in April 1988. More recently (2015) considered a low priority candidate for re-assessment.

IUCN Red List Category: LC - Least concern

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Widespread in Mississippi and Ohio valleys and in southern Great Lakes tributaries, north to southeastern Minnesota, southern Ontario, and western New York, south to Mississippi, Louisiana, and eastern Texas; Gulf drainages west of the Mississippi River to San Jacinto River, Texas; common, locally abundant (Page and Burr 1991). Subspecies umbratilis: Missouri, Arkansas, and upper Salt river drainages, Missouri, eastern Kansas, eastern Oklahoma, and northwestern Arkansas. Subspecies cyanocephalus: remainder of range, with intergradation in the lower Salt River, Missouri, and Arkansas River tributaries, western Arkansas (Page and Burr 1991, Lee et al. 1980).

Number of Occurrences:  
Number of Occurrences Comments: This species is represented by a large number of subpopulations and locations.

Population Size Comments: Total adult population size is unknown but relatively large.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Localized threats may exist, but on a range-wide scale no major threats are known.

Short-term Trend Comments: See Noltie (1989) for information on status in Canada.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Widespread in Mississippi and Ohio valleys and in southern Great Lakes tributaries, north to southeastern Minnesota, southern Ontario, and western New York, south to Mississippi, Louisiana, and eastern Texas; Gulf drainages west of the Mississippi River to San Jacinto River, Texas; common, locally abundant (Page and Burr 1991). Subspecies umbratilis: Missouri, Arkansas, and upper Salt river drainages, Missouri, eastern Kansas, eastern Oklahoma, and northwestern Arkansas. Subspecies cyanocephalus: remainder of range, with intergradation in the lower Salt River, Missouri, and Arkansas River tributaries, western Arkansas (Page and Burr 1991, Lee et al. 1980).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
Endemism: occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AR, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MI, MN, MO, MS, NY, OH, OK, PA, TN, TX, WI, WV
Canada ON

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
IA Buchanan (19019), Butler (19023), Chickasaw (19037)*, Clayton (19043)*, Fayette (19065)*, Hardin (19083)*, Mitchell (19131)
MN Dodge (27039), Fillmore (27045), Goodhue (27049), Mower (27099), Olmsted (27109), Wabasha (27157)*
NY Erie (36029), Niagara (36063), Orleans (36073)
PA Crawford (42039), Erie (42049), Indiana (42063)*, Mercer (42085)*
WI Barron (55005)*, Brown (55009)*, Columbia (55021), Dane (55025)*, Dodge (55027), Dunn (55033)*, Fond Du Lac (55039)*, Green (55045), Jackson (55053)*, Jefferson (55055)*, Kenosha (55059)*, Manitowoc (55071)*, Milwaukee (55079), Monroe (55081)*, Oconto (55083)*, Ozaukee (55089), Portage (55097)*, Racine (55101)*, Rock (55105), Sauk (55111)*, Shawano (55115)*, Trempealeau (55121)*, Washington (55131), Waukesha (55133)*, Waupaca (55135), Waushara (55137), Wood (55141)
WV Cabell (54011), Calhoun (54013), Doddridge (54017), Gilmer (54021), Ritchie (54085), Roane (54087), Tyler (54095), Wirt (54105), Wood (54107)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
04 Manitowoc-Sheboygan (04030101)+*, Duck-Pensaukee (04030103)+, Upper Fox (04030201)+*, Wolf (04030202)+, Little Calumet-Galien (04040001), Pike-Root (04040002)+*, Milwaukee (04040003)+, Shiawassee (04080203), Ottawa-Stony (04100001), St. Joseph (04100003), St. Marys (04100004), Upper Maumee (04100005), Tiffin (04100006), Auglaize (04100007), Blanchard (04100008), Lower Maumee (04100009), Cedar-Portage (04100010), Sandusky (04100011), Huron-Vermilion (04100012), Black-Rocky (04110001), Cuyahoga (04110002)*, Ashtabula-Chagrin (04110003), Grand (04110004), Chautauqua-Conneaut (04120101)+, Buffalo-Eighteenmile (04120103)*, Niagara (04120104)+, Oak Orchard-Twelvemile (04130001)+
05 Middle Allegheny-Tionesta (05010003), French (05010004)+, Tygart Valley (05020001), Upper Ohio (05030101)*, Shenango (05030102)+, Mahoning (05030103)*, Upper Ohio-Wheeling (05030106)*, Little Muskingum-Middle Island (05030201)+, Upper Ohio-Shade (05030202), Little Kanawha (05030203)+, Hocking (05030204), Tuscarawas (05040001)*, Mohican (05040002)*, Walhonding (05040003), Muskingum (05040004), Wills (05040005)*, Lower Kanawha (05050008)+, Upper Scioto (05060001), Lower Scioto (05060002), Lower Guyandotte (05070102)+, Tug (05070201), Big Sandy (05070204), Upper Great Miami (05080001), Raccoon-Symmes (05090101), Twelvepole (05090102), Little Scioto-Tygarts (05090103)*, Little Sandy (05090104), Ohio Brush-Whiteoak (05090201), Licking (05100101), South Fork Licking (05100102), Lower Kentucky (05100205), Upper Green (05110001), Middle Green (05110003), Rough (05110004), Lower Green (05110005), Pond (05110006), Upper Wabash (05120101), Salamonie (05120102), Mississinewa (05120103), Eel (05120104), Middle Wabash-Deer (05120105), Tippecanoe (05120106), Wildcat (05120107), Middle Wabash-Little Vermilion (05120108), Vermilion (05120109), Sugar (05120110), Middle Wabash-Busseron (05120111), Embarras (05120112), Lower Wabash (05120113), Little Wabash (05120114), Skillet (05120115), Upper White (05120201), Lower White (05120202), Eel (05120203), Driftwood (05120204), Flatrock-Haw (05120205), Upper East Fork White (05120206), Muscatatuck (05120207), Lower East Fork White (05120208), Patoka (05120209), Lower Cumberland (05130205), Red (05130206), Silver-Little Kentucky (05140101), Salt (05140102), Rolling Fork (05140103), Lower Ohio-Little Pigeon (05140201), Highland-Pigeon (05140202), Lower Ohio-Bay (05140203), Saline (05140204), Tradewater (05140205), Lower Ohio (05140206)
06 Pickwick Lake (06030005), Bear (06030006), Lower Tennessee-Beech (06040001)*, Kentucky Lake (06040005), Lower Tennessee (06040006)
07 Le Sueur (07020011), Cannon (07040002), Zumbro (07040004)+, Trempealeau (07040005)+*, La Crosse-Pine (07040006)+*, Black (07040007)+*, Root (07040008)+, Red Cedar (07050007)+, Upper Iowa (07060002)+, Grant-Little Maquoketa (07060003), Turkey (07060004)+, Apple-Plum (07060005), Maquoketa (07060006)+, Castle Rock (07070003)+, Baraboo (07070004)+, Lower Wisconsin (07070005)+*, Copperas-Duck (07080101)*, Upper Wapsipinicon (07080102), Lower Wapsipinicon (07080103)*, South Skunk (07080105)*, Upper Cedar (07080201)+, Shell Rock (07080202)*, Winnebago (07080203)*, West Fork Cedar (07080204)+, Middle Cedar (07080205)+, Upper Iowa (07080207)+, Upper Rock (07090001)+, Crawfish (07090002)+, Pecatonica (07090003)+, Sugar (07090004)+, Lower Rock (07090005), Kishwaukee (07090006), Green (07090007), Middle Des Moines (07100004)*, North Raccoon (07100006)*, Lake Red Rock (07100008)*, North Fabius (07110002), South Fabius (07110003), The Sny (07110004), North Fork Salt (07110005), South Fork Salt (07110006), Salt (07110007), Cuivre (07110008), Peruque-Piasa (07110009), Kankakee (07120001), Iroquois (07120002), Des Plaines (07120004)+, Upper Illinois (07120005), Upper Fox (07120006)+, Lower Fox (07120007), Lower Illinois-Senachwine Lake (07130001), Vermilion (07130002), Mackinaw (07130004), Spoon (07130005), Upper Sangamon (07130006), South Fork Sangamon (07130007), Lower Sangamon (07130008), Salt (07130009), La Moine (07130010), Lower Illinois (07130011), Macoupin (07130012), Cahokia-Joachim (07140101), Meramec (07140102), Bourbeuse (07140103), Big (07140104), Upper Mississippi-Cape Girardeau (07140105), Big Muddy (07140106), Whitewater (07140107), Cache (07140108), Upper Kaskaskia (07140201), Middle Kaskaskia (07140202)*, Shoal (07140203), Lower Kaskaskia (07140204)
08 Lower Mississippi-Memphis (08010100), Bayou De Chien-Mayfield (08010201), Upper Hatchie (08010207), Wolf (08010210), New Madrid-St. Johns (08020201), Upper St. Francis (08020202), Lower St. Francis (08020203), Little River Ditches (08020204), L'anguille (08020205), Lower White-Bayou Des Arc (08020301), Cache (08020302), Big (08020304), Little Tallahatchie (08030201), Tallahatchie (08030202), Yocona (08030203), Coldwater (08030204), Yalobusha (08030205), Upper Yazoo (08030206), Big Sunflower (08030207), Ouachita Headwaters (08040101), Upper Ouachita (08040102), Little Missouri (08040103), Lower Ouachita-Smackover (08040201), Lower Ouachita-Bayou De Loutre (08040202), Upper Saline (08040203), Lower Saline (08040204), Bayou Bartholomew (08040205), Bayou D'arbonne (08040206), Lower Ouachita (08040207), Lower Red (08040301), Castor (08040302), Dugdemona (08040303), Little (08040304), Boeuf (08050001), Bayou Macon (08050002), Tensas (08050003), Upper Big Black (08060201), Lower Big Black (08060202), Bayou Pierre (08060203), Coles Creek (08060204), Homochitto (08060205), Buffalo (08060206), Bayou Sara-Thompson (08070201), Bayou Teche (08080102), Upper Calcasieu (08080203), Whisky Chitto (08080204), West Fork Calcasieu (08080205)
10 Independence-Sugar (10240011), Platte (10240012)*, One Hundred and Two (10240013)*, Lower Smoky Hill (10260008), Upper North Fork Solomon (10260011)*, Upper Kansas (10270101), Middle Kansas (10270102), Delaware (10270103), Lower Kansas (10270104), Upper Grand (10280101), Thompson (10280102), Lower Grand (10280103), Upper Chariton (10280201), Lower Chariton (10280202), Little Chariton (10280203), Upper Marais Des Cygnes (10290101), Lower Marais Des Cygnes (10290102), Little Osage (10290103), Marmaton (10290104), Harry S. Missouri (10290105), Sac (10290106), Pomme De Terre (10290107), South Grand (10290108), Lake of the Ozarks (10290109), Niangua (10290110), Lower Osage (10290111), Upper Gasconade (10290201), Big Piney (10290202), Lower Gasconade (10290203), Lower Missouri-Crooked (10300101), Lower Missouri-Moreau (10300102), Lamine (10300103), Blackwater (10300104), Lower Missouri (10300200)
11 Middle White (11010004), Upper Black (11010007), Current (11010008), Lower Black (11010009), Spring (11010010), Eleven Point (11010011), Strawberry (11010012), Upper White-Village (11010013), Little Red (11010014), Middle Arkansas-Slate (11030013), Upper Walnut River (11030017), Lower Walnut River (11030018), Lower Cimarron (11050003), Kaw Lake (11060001), Black Bear-Red Rock (11060006), Upper Verdigris (11070101), Fall (11070102), Middle Verdigris (11070103), Elk (11070104), Lower Verdigris (11070105), Caney (11070106), Bird (11070107), Neosho headwaters (11070201), Upper Cottonwood (11070202), Lower Cottonwood (11070203), Upper Neosho (11070204), Middle Neosho (11070205), Lake O' the Cherokees (11070206), Spring (11070207), Elk (11070208)*, Lower Neosho (11070209), Lower Canadian-Walnut (11090202), Little (11090203), Lower Canadian (11090204), Lower North Canadian (11100302), Deep Fork (11100303), Polecat-Snake (11110101), Dirty-Greenleaf (11110102), Illinois (11110103), Robert S. Kerr Reservoir (11110104), Poteau (11110105), Frog-Mulberry (11110201), Dardanelle Reservoir (11110202), Lake Conway-Point Remove (11110203), Petit Jean (11110204), Cadron (11110205), Fourche La Fave (11110206), Lower Arkansas-Maumelle (11110207), Bois D'arc-Island (11140101), Blue (11140102), Muddy Boggy (11140103), Clear Boggy (11140104), Kiamichi (11140105), Pecan-Waterhole (11140106), Upper Little (11140107), Mountain Fork (11140108), Lower Little (11140109), Mckinney-Posten Bayous (11140201)*, Middle Red-Coushatta (11140202), Loggy Bayou (11140203), Bodcau Bayou (11140205), Bayou Pierre (11140206), Lower Red-Lake Iatt (11140207), Saline Bayou (11140208), Black Lake Bayou (11140209), Cross Bayou (11140304)
12 Toledo Bend Reservoir (12010004), Lower Sabine (12010005), Lower Angelina (12020005), Upper West Fork Trinity (12030101), Lower Trinity-Kickapoo (12030202)
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed (based on multiple information sources) Help
Ecology & Life History
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Reproduction Comments: Spawns in spring and summer (late April or early May to late August in Mississippi). Sexually mature usually in 2nd or 3rd summer in Wisconsin, in 1 year in Mississippi. Life-span seldom exceeds 3 summers in Wisconsin, 1.5 years in Mississippi (Becker 1983, Matthews and Heins 1984).
Habitat Type: Freshwater
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Riverine Habitat(s): CREEK, High gradient, Low gradient, MEDIUM RIVER, Moderate gradient, Pool
Special Habitat Factors: Benthic
Habitat Comments: Headwaters, creeks, and small to medium rivers in varied ecological settings, from slow-flowing bayous to high-gradient upland streams. Basically a pool-dwelling species, often in turbid water. Spawns usually over centrarchid nests.
Adult Food Habits: Herbivore, Invertivore
Immature Food Habits: Herbivore, Invertivore
Food Comments: Eats aquatic and terrestrial insects and other small invertebrates as available. Seems to feed extensively on filamentous algae at times (Becker 1983).
Length: 7 centimeters
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Small Cyprinids

Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Occurrences are based on evidence of historical presence, or current and likely recurring presence, at a given location. Such evidence minimally includes collection or reliable observation and documentation of one or more individuals (including eggs and larvae) in appropriate habitat.
Separation Barriers: Dam lacking a suitable fishway; high waterfall; upland habitat. For some species (e.g., slender chub), an impoundment may constitute a barrier. For others (e.g., flame chub) a stream larger than 4th order may be a barrier.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Justification: Data on dispersal and other movements generally are not available. In some species, individuals may migrate variable distances between spawning areas and nonspawning habitats.

Separation distances (in aquatic kilometers) for cyprinids are arbitrary but reflect the presumption that movements and appropriate separation distances generally should increase with fish size. Hence small, medium, and large cyprinids, respectively, have increasingly large separation distances. Separation distance reflects the likely low probability that two occupied locations separated by less than several kilometers of aquatic habitat would represent truly independent populations over the long term.

Because of the difficulty in defining suitable versus unsuitable habitat, especially with respect to dispersal, and to simplify the delineation of occurrences, a single separation distance is used regardless of habitat quality.

Occupied locations that are separated by a gap of 10 km or more of any aquatic habitat that is not known to be occupied represent different occurrences. However, it is important to evaluate seasonal changes in habitat to ensure that an occupied habitat occurrence for a particular population does not artificially separate spawning areas and nonspawning areas as different occurrences simply because there have been no collections/observations in an intervening area that may exceed the separation distance.

Date: 21Sep2004
Author: Hammerson, G.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 05Oct1993
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Hammerson, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Smith, C.L. 1985. The Inland Fishes of New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Albany, NY. 522pp.

  • Snelson, F. F., Jr. and W. L. Pflieger. 1975. Redescription of the redfin shiner, Notropis umbratilis, and its subspecies in the central Mississippi River basin. Copeia 1975(2):231-249.

  • WINEMILLER, KIRK O. 1991. ECOMORPHOLOGICAL DIVERSIFICATION IN LOWLAND FRESHWATER FISH ASSEMBLAGES FROM FIVE BIOTIC REGIONS. ECOL. MONOGR. 61(4):345-365.

  • Wisconsin Department of Natural Resoures.  2013.  Wisconsin's endangered and threatened species list [web page].  Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison.  <http://dnr.wi.gov/topic/endangeredresources/etlist.html>.  Accessed 09 May 2013.

References for Watershed Distribution Map
  • Becker, G. C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. 1,052 pp.

  • Burr, B. M., and M. L. Warren, Jr. 1986a. Distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Kentucky Nature Preserves Commission, Scientific and Technical Series No. 4, Frankfort, Kentucky. 398 pp.

  • Cooper, E. L. 1983. Fishes of Pennsylvania and the northeastern United States. Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park. 243 pp.

  • Cross, F. B., and J. T. Collins. 1995. Fishes in Kansas. Second Edition, revised. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History. xvii + 315 pp.

  • Douglas, N. H. 1974. Freshwater fishes of Louisiana. Claitor's Publishing Division, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. 443 pp.

  • Fago, D. 2000. Relative abundance and distribution of fishes in Wisconsin. Fish Distribution Database to year 2000. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

  • Harlan, J. R., E. B. Speaker, and J. Mayhew. 1987. Iowa fish and fishing. Iowa Conservation Commission, Des Moines, Iowa. 323 pp.

  • Lee, D. S., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister, and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina. i-x + 854 pp.

  • Master, L. L. and A. L. Stock. 1998. Synoptic national assessment of comparative risks to biological diversity and landscape types: species distributions. Summary Report submitted to Environmental Protection Agency. The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, VA. 36 pp.

  • Pflieger, W. L. 1975. The fishes of Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation. Columbia, Missouri. viii + 343 pp.

  • Robison, H. W. and T. M. Buchanan. 1988. Fishes of Arkansas. The University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, Arkansas. 536 pp.

  • Ross, S. T., and W. M. Brenneman. 1991. Distribution of freshwater fishes in Mississippi. Freshwater Fisheries Report No. 108. D-J Project Completion Report F-69. Mississippi Department of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries and Parks. Jackson, Mississippi. 548 pp.

  • Smith, C. L. 1983. Fishes of New York (maps and printout of a draft section on scarce fishes of New York). Unpublished draft.

  • Smith, C. L. 1985. The inland fishes of New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Albany, New York, xi + 522 pp.

  • Smith, P. W. 1979. The fishes of Illinois. University of Illinois Press, Urbana. 314 pp.

  • Stauffer, J. R., Jr., J. M. Boltz, and L. R. White. 1995. The fishes of West Virginia. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 146:1-389.

  • Trautman, M. B. 1981. The fishes of Ohio. Second edition. Ohio State University Press, Columbus, Ohio. 782 pp.

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