Lythrurus fasciolaris - (Gilbert, 1891)
Scarlet Shiner
Other English Common Names: Rosefin Shiner, Scarletfin Shiner
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Lythrurus fasciolaris (Gilbert, 1891) (TSN 201928)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.103006
Element Code: AFCJB52090
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Fishes - Bony Fishes - Minnows and Carps
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Actinopterygii Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Lythrurus
Genus Size: C - Small genus (6-20 species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Dimmick, W. W., K. L. Fiorino, and B. M. Burr. 1996. Reevaluation of the Lythrurus ardens (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) complex with recognition of three evolutionary species. Copeia 1996:813-823.
Concept Reference Code: A96DIM01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Lythrurus fasciolaris
Taxonomic Comments: Also known as "scarletfin shiner" and "rosefin shiner."

Removed from genus Notropis and placed in genus (formerly subgenus) Lythrurus by Mayden (1989) and Coburn and Cavender (1992); this change was adopted in the 1991 and 2004 AFS checklists (Robins et al. 1991, Nelson et al. 2004). Lythrurus was retained as a subgenus by Snelson (1990).

Two subspecies were recognized by Snelson (1990): ardens from Atlantic slope drainages and New River system of Kanawha drainage, and fasciolaris from the remainder of the Ohio basin. Snelson (1990) found no strong support for the recognition of the Tar and Neuse populations ("matutinus") as a distinct subspecies or species. Dimmick et al. (1996) examined morphological and allozymic variation and concluded that L. ardens should be divided into three species, L. ardens, L. fasciolaris, and L. matutinus. These changes were adopted by Nelson et al. (2004).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 31Jan1997
Global Status Last Changed: 31Jan1997
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Ranges from Ohio to northern Alabama and northern Georgia; raised from subspecies status in 1996.
Nation: United States
National Status: N5 (27Feb2006)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (S4), Georgia (S3), Illinois (SX), Indiana (S4), Kentucky (S4S5), Mississippi (S2S3), Ohio (S4), Tennessee (S5)

Other Statuses

IUCN Red List Category: LC - Least concern

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Ohio River basin from Muskingum River drainage in Ohio, where it may have been introduced, and the Tygarts Creek system in Kentucky downstream to the Green River drainage of Kentucky; widespread in upland portions of Tennessee and Cumberland drainages in Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia; becomes increasingly rare and spotty in Ridge and Valley province at headwaters of Tennessee drainage in Virginia and Tennessee; also in several sites in close proximity in Locust Fork watershed of Black Warrior River system (Tombigbee drainage) in Alabama, where it may be introduced; formerly not uncommon in Ohio River tributaries in southeastern Indiana, and there is an old record from southern Illinois (Snelson 1990, Dimmick et al. 1996).

Number of Occurrences:  
Number of Occurrences Comments: This species is represented by a large number of subpopulations and locations.

Population Size Comments: Total adult population size is unknown but relatively large.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Localized threats may exist, but on a range-wide scale no major threats are known.

Short-term Trend Comments: Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain but likely relatively stable or slowly declining.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Ohio River basin from Muskingum River drainage in Ohio, where it may have been introduced, and the Tygarts Creek system in Kentucky downstream to the Green River drainage of Kentucky; widespread in upland portions of Tennessee and Cumberland drainages in Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia; becomes increasingly rare and spotty in Ridge and Valley province at headwaters of Tennessee drainage in Virginia and Tennessee; also in several sites in close proximity in Locust Fork watershed of Black Warrior River system (Tombigbee drainage) in Alabama, where it may be introduced; formerly not uncommon in Ohio River tributaries in southeastern Indiana, and there is an old record from southern Illinois (Snelson 1990, Dimmick et al. 1996).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
Endemism: endemic to a single nation

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, GA, ILextirpated, IN, KY, MS, OH, TN

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
GA Catoosa (13047), Dade (13083), Walker (13295), Whitfield (13313)
MS Tishomingo (28141)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Locust (03160111)
05 Licking (05040006), Upper Scioto (05060001), Lower Scioto (05060002), Paint (05060003), Upper Great Miami (05080001), Lower Great Miami (05080002), Whitewater (05080003), Little Scioto-Tygarts (05090103), Ohio Brush-Whiteoak (05090201), Little Miami (05090202), Middle Ohio-Laughery (05090203), Licking (05100101), North Fork Kentucky (05100201), Middle Fork Kentucky (05100202), South Fork Kentucky (05100203), Upper Kentucky (05100204), Lower Kentucky (05100205), Upper Green (05110001), Barren (05110002), Middle Green (05110003), Rough (05110004), Pond (05110006), Upper Cumberland (05130101), Rockcastle (05130102), Upper Cumberland-Lake Cumberland (05130103), South Fork Cumberland (05130104), Obey (05130105), Upper Cumberland-Cordell Hull (05130106), Collins (05130107), Caney (05130108), Lower Cumberland-Old Hickory Lake (05130201), Lower Cumberland-Sycamore (05130202), Stones (05130203), Harpeth (05130204), Lower Cumberland (05130205), Red (05130206), Silver-Little Kentucky (05140101), Salt (05140102), Rolling Fork (05140103), Blue-Sinking (05140104), Lower Ohio-Bay (05140203)*
06 North Fork Holston (06010101), Holston (06010104), Upper Clinch (06010205), Powell (06010206), Lower Clinch (06010207), Emory (06010208), Middle Tennessee-Chickamauga (06020001)+, Sequatchie (06020004), Guntersville Lake (06030001), Wheeler Lake (06030002), Upper Elk (06030003), Lower Elk (06030004), Pickwick Lake (06030005)+, Bear (06030006)+, Lower Tennessee-Beech (06040001), Upper Duck (06040002), Lower Duck (06040003), Buffalo (06040004), Kentucky Lake (06040005)
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed (based on multiple information sources) Help
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: A small fish.
Diagnostic Characteristics: See Dimmick et al. (1996).
Habitat Type: Freshwater
Non-Migrant: Y
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Riverine Habitat(s): CREEK, High gradient, MEDIUM RIVER, Moderate gradient, Pool, Riffle
Special Habitat Factors: Benthic
Habitat Comments: Rocky pools and runs of headwaters, creeks, and small rivers with moderate flow and usually gravel and rubble bottoms. Absent from high elevation trout streams (Snelson 1990). In clear water with little or no silt deposits. In deeper quiet pools in midwinter. Spawns in faster currents of riffles and pools, often over nests of chubs.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Small Cyprinids

Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Occurrences are based on evidence of historical presence, or current and likely recurring presence, at a given location. Such evidence minimally includes collection or reliable observation and documentation of one or more individuals (including eggs and larvae) in appropriate habitat.
Separation Barriers: Dam lacking a suitable fishway; high waterfall; upland habitat. For some species (e.g., slender chub), an impoundment may constitute a barrier. For others (e.g., flame chub) a stream larger than 4th order may be a barrier.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Justification: Data on dispersal and other movements generally are not available. In some species, individuals may migrate variable distances between spawning areas and nonspawning habitats.

Separation distances (in aquatic kilometers) for cyprinids are arbitrary but reflect the presumption that movements and appropriate separation distances generally should increase with fish size. Hence small, medium, and large cyprinids, respectively, have increasingly large separation distances. Separation distance reflects the likely low probability that two occupied locations separated by less than several kilometers of aquatic habitat would represent truly independent populations over the long term.

Because of the difficulty in defining suitable versus unsuitable habitat, especially with respect to dispersal, and to simplify the delineation of occurrences, a single separation distance is used regardless of habitat quality.

Occupied locations that are separated by a gap of 10 km or more of any aquatic habitat that is not known to be occupied represent different occurrences. However, it is important to evaluate seasonal changes in habitat to ensure that an occupied habitat occurrence for a particular population does not artificially separate spawning areas and nonspawning areas as different occurrences simply because there have been no collections/observations in an intervening area that may exceed the separation distance.

Date: 21Sep2004
Author: Hammerson, G.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 07Jan1997

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Coburn, M. M., and T. M. Cavender. 1992. Interrelationships of North American cyprinid fishes. Pages 328-373 in R.L. Mayden, editor. Systematics, historical ecology, and North American freshwater fishes. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. xxvi + 969 pp.

  • DINKINS, Gerald. 1994. SURVEY IN SOUTH CHICKAMAUGA, CHAPPEL, MILL, AND HOLLY CREEKS FOR ENDANGERED FISH AND MUSSELS. PREPARED FOR GEORGIA DEPT. OF TRANSPORTATION. 7PP+ATTACHMENTS.

  • Dimmick, W. W., K. L. Fiorino, and B. M. Burr. 1996. Reevaluation of the Lythrurus ardens (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) complex with recognition of three evolutionary species. Copeia 1996:813-823.

  • Mayden, R. L. 1989. Phylogenetic studies of North American minnows, with emphasis on the genus Cyprinella (Teleostei: Cypriniformes). University of Kansas Museum of Natural History Miscellaneous Publication (80):1-189.

  • Nelson, J. S., E. J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Perez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, and J. D. Williams. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. 386 pp.

  • Page, L. M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, N. E. Mandrak, R. L. Mayden, and J. S. Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Seventh edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. 432 pp.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 2011. Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Second edition. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston. xix + 663 pp.

  • Page, LM, H.Espinoza-Perez, L.Findley, C.Gilbert, R. Lea, N. Mandrak, R.Mayden and J.Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, 7th edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.

  • ROSS, STEPHEN T. 1996. INLAND FISHES OF MISSISSIPPI. SELECTED SPECIES ACCOUNTS. COAUTHORED WITH W.M. BRENNEMAM, W.T. SLACK, M.T. O'CONNELL, AND T.L. PETERSON. ILLUSTRATED BY D.G. ROSS. DRAFT COPY.

  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.

  • Simon, Thomas P. 2011. Fishes of Indiana. Indiana University Press. Bloomington, 345 pp.

  • Snelson, F. F., Jr. 1990. Redescription, geographic variation, and subspecies of the minnow, Notropis ardens, (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Copeia 1990:966-984.

References for Watershed Distribution Map
  • Boschung, H. T., and R. L. Mayden. 2004. Fishes of Alabama. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 960 pp.

  • Burr, B. M., and M. L. Warren, Jr. 1986a. Distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Kentucky Nature Preserves Commission, Scientific and Technical Series No. 4, Frankfort, Kentucky. 398 pp.

  • Etnier, D. A., and W. C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, Tennessee. xiv + 681 pp.

  • Lee, D. S., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister, and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina. i-x + 854 pp.

  • Master, L. L. and A. L. Stock. 1998. Synoptic national assessment of comparative risks to biological diversity and landscape types: species distributions. Summary Report submitted to Environmental Protection Agency. The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, VA. 36 pp.

  • Mettee, M. F., P. E. O'Neil, and J. M. Pierson. 1996. Fishes of Alabama and the Mobile Basin. Oxmoor House, Birmingham, Alabama. 820 pp.

  • Smith, P. W. 1979. The fishes of Illinois. University of Illinois Press, Urbana. 314 pp.

  • Trautman, M. B. 1981. The fishes of Ohio. Second edition. Ohio State University Press, Columbus, Ohio. 782 pp.

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