Lilaea scilloides - (Poir.) Hauman
Flowering Quillwort
Other English Common Names: Awl-leaf Lilaea
Other Common Names: awl-leaf lilaea
Synonym(s): Triglochin scilloides (Poir.) Mering & Kadereit
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Lilaea scilloides (Poir.) Hauman (TSN 38993)
French Common Names: liléa fausse-scille
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.133759
Element Code: PMJCG01010
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Other flowering plants
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Najadales Juncaginaceae Lilaea
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Lilaea scilloides
Taxonomic Comments: Meering and Kadereit (2014) transfer Lilaea scilloides to Triglochin scilloides.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5?
Global Status Last Reviewed: 12Jun1998
Global Status Last Changed: 12Jun1998
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Widespread (Canada to South America), although scattered in distribution, at least in the U.S. and Canada.
Nation: United States
National Status: N4N5
Nation: Canada
National Status: N2N3 (17Sep2010)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States California (SNR), Idaho (SNR), Montana (SH), Nevada (SNR), Oregon (S3?), Washington (SNR)
Canada Alberta (S1S2), British Columbia (S2S3), Saskatchewan (S1)

Other Statuses

Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC): Candidate (Low) (26Jan2015)

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Western North America south to South America; introduced in Australia.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Western North America south to South America; introduced in Australia.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States CA, ID, MT, NV, OR, WA
Canada AB, BC, SK

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
MT Lake (30047)*
OR Clatsop (41007), Deschutes (41017)*, Douglas (41019), Harney (41025), Klamath (41035)*, Lake (41037)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
17 Lower Flathead (17010212)+*, Beaver-South Fork (17070303)+, Lower Columbia (17080006)+, Necanicum (17100201)+, Umpqua (17100303)+, Silvies (17120002)+*, Donner Und Blitzen (17120003)+*, Silver (17120004)+*, Guano (17120008)+
18 Sprague (18010202)+*, Upper Klamath Lake (18010203)+*, Lost (18010204)+*, Goose Lake (18020001)+*
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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General Description: Flowering Quillwort is a tufted annual with leafless stems that are 3-20 cm high. The linear basal leaves are 2-25 cm long, are round in cross-section, and have a broad base that sheaths each flower stem. Male, female, or bisexual flowers are borne in an open spike that is 5-40 mm long and at the tops of stems, which are shorter than the leaves. Additional female flowers may be found partly enclosed by the leaf sheaths. Male and bisexual flowers consist of a green elliptic bract that is 2-3 mm long and of a single stamen and/or a single ovary. Female flowers consist of a solitary ovary. The narrowly lance-shaped fruits of the spike are 3-5 mm long, flattened, and wing-margined. Fruits borne in the leaf sheaths are cylindrical, 3-angled, and have 3 small horns at the tip.
Diagnostic Characteristics: The flower spikes of TRIGLOCHIN are longer than the leaves. Flowering Quillwort could be mistaken for a wetland grass, but the flowers are very different.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 12Jun1998
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Russo, Mary (1989), rev. L. Morse (1998)
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 02Nov1994
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): JM

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2000. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Vol. 22. Magnoliophyta: Alismatidae, Arecidae, Commelinidae (in part), and Zingiberidae. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxiii + 352 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T., and C. Meacham. 1998a. Unpublished review draft of Floristic Synthesis, 8 Jan. 1998. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, NC.

  • Munz, P.A., and D.D. Keck. 1973. A California Flora and Supplement. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA. 1905 pp.

  • Von Mering, S., and J.W. Kadereit. 2010. Phylogeny, systematics, and recircumscription of Juncaginaceae ? a cosmopolitan wetland family, pp. 55-78. In O. Seberg, G. Petersen, A.S. Barfod, and J.I. Davis, (eds.). Diversity, phylogeny, and evolution in the monocotyledons. Aarhus University Press, Denmark.

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