Leptotila verreauxi - Bonaparte, 1855
White-tipped Dove
Other English Common Names: white-tipped dove
Other Common Names: Juriti-Pupu
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Leptotila verreauxi (Bonaparte, 1855) (TSN 177166)
French Common Names: Colombe de Verreaux
Spanish Common Names: Paloma Arroyera, Jeruti, Paloma Motaraz Común
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.101994
Element Code: ABNPB08010
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Birds - Other Birds
Image 11317

© Larry Master

 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Aves Columbiformes Columbidae Leptotila
Genus Size: C - Small genus (6-20 species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1998. Check-list of North American birds. Seventh edition. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C. [as modified by subsequent supplements and corrections published in The Auk]. Also available online: http://www.aou.org/.
Concept Reference Code: B98AOU01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Leptotila verreauxi
Taxonomic Comments: Includes L. brasiliensis (Brazilian Dove), regarded by some as a separate species (AOU 1983). Appears to constitute a superspecies with L. megalura of South America (AOU 1998).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 27Nov1996
Global Status Last Changed: 27Nov1996
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N4 (19Mar1997)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Texas (S4B)

Other Statuses

IUCN Red List Category: LC - Least concern

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: RESIDENT: northern Mexico and southern Texas (lower Rio Grande Valley; common in Cameron, Hidalgo, Starr, and Willacy counties) south to southern Brazil, Uruguay, and eastern Argentina.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: RESIDENT: northern Mexico and southern Texas (lower Rio Grande Valley; common in Cameron, Hidalgo, Starr, and Willacy counties) south to southern Brazil, Uruguay, and eastern Argentina.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
NOTE: The maps for birds represent the breeding status by state and province. In some jurisdictions, the subnational statuses for common species have not been assessed and the status is shown as not-assessed (SNR). In some jurisdictions, the subnational status refers to the status as a non-breeder; these errors will be corrected in future versions of these maps. A species is not shown in a jurisdiction if it is not known to breed in the jurisdiction or if it occurs only accidentally or casually in the jurisdiction. Thus, the species may occur in a jurisdiction as a seasonal non-breeding resident or as a migratory transient but this will not be indicated on these maps. See other maps on this web site that depict the Western Hemisphere ranges of these species at all seasons of the year.
Endemism: occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States TX

Range Map
Note: Range depicted for New World only. The scale of the maps may cause narrow coastal ranges or ranges on small islands not to appear. Not all vagrant or small disjunct occurrences are depicted. For migratory birds, some individuals occur outside of the passage migrant range depicted. For information on how to obtain shapefiles of species ranges see our Species Mapping pages at www.natureserve.org/conservation-tools/data-maps-tools.

Range Map Compilers: NatureServe, 2002; WWF-US, 2000

Ecology & Life History
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Reproduction Comments: Lays clutch of 2 eggs, late March-July (mostly May) in north (Texas). Incubation 14 days, by both sexes. Young tended by both parents, leave nest at 15-16 days, begin to feed themselves at about 4 weeks.
Ecology Comments: Relatively sedentary in Texas; moves over area of generally less than 10 ha (Boydstun and DeYoung 1988).
Non-Migrant: Y
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Palustrine Habitat(s): Riparian
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Cropland/hedgerow, Old field, Shrubland/chaparral, Suburban/orchard, Woodland - Hardwood
Habitat Comments: ALL SEASONS: Open woodland, forest edge, second growth, dense moist woodlands and thickets, citrus groves, clearings, and less often, cultivated areas around human habitation, primarily in arid and semiarid regions. See Boydstun and DeYoung (1985) for Texas habitats. BREEDING: Nests in tree, shrub, or vine tangle, up to about 3-4 m above ground; often low, sometimes on ground.
Adult Food Habits: Granivore
Immature Food Habits: Granivore
Food Comments: Eats mainly seeds, also small fruits and some insects; forages on ground or low branches under or near shrubby cover (Terres 1980).
Adult Phenology: Diurnal
Immature Phenology: Diurnal
Length: 29 centimeters
Weight: 153 grams
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Large Doves

Use Class: Breeding
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Evidence of historical breeding, or current and likely recurring breeding, at a given location, minimally a reliable observation of one or more breeding pairs in appropriate habitat. Be cautious about creating EOs for observations that may represent single breeding events outside the normal breeding distribution.
Separation Barriers: None.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Justification: Based on movement patterns of Mourning Doves. Although Mourning Doves had home ranges averaging 3200 hectares in Missouri, most activity was within 1.6 kilometers, or within a circle with a diameter of 3.2 kilometers (Tomlinson et al. 1960).
Inferred Minimum Extent of Habitat Use (when actual extent is unknown): .35 km
Inferred Minimum Extent Justification: Based on small home ranges of the relatively sedentary (in Texas) White-tipped Dove (Boydstun and de Young 1988); longer movements of other species may represent commuting trips that are not well-suited to the application of Inferred Extent.
Date: 05Dec2001
Author: Cannings, S.
Notes: Contains members of the genera ZENAIDA and LEPTOTILA.

Use Class: Nonbreeding
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Evidence of recurring presence of nonbreeding flocks (including historical); and potential recurring presence at a given location, minimally a reliable observation of 50 birds in appropriate habitat. Occurrences should be locations where the species is resident for some time during the appropriate season; it is preferable to have observations documenting presence over at least 20 days annually. Be cautious about creating EOs for observations that may represent single events.
Separation Barriers: None.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Justification: Separation distance arbitrary; set at 10 kilometers to create occurrences that are manageable for conservation purposes.
Date: 22Apr2002
Author: Cannings, S.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 24Mar1994
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): HAMMERSON, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Allen, C. R., S. Demarais, and R. S. Lutz. 1994. Red imported fire ant impact on wildlife: an overview. The Texas Journal of Science 46(1):51-59.

  • American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1983. Check-list of North American Birds, 6th edition. Allen Press, Inc., Lawrence, Kansas. 877 pp.

  • American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1998. Check-list of North American birds. Seventh edition. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C. [as modified by subsequent supplements and corrections published in The Auk]. Also available online: http://www.aou.org/.

  • Bent, A.C. 1932. Life histories of North American gallinaceous birds. U.S. National Museum Bulletin 162. Washington, DC.

  • BirdLife International. 2004b. Threatened birds of the world 2004. CD ROM. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK.

  • Boydstun, C. P., and C. A. DeYoung. 1985. Distribution andrelative abundance of white-tipped doves in south Texas. Southwest. Nat. 30:567-571.

  • Boydstun, C. P., and C. A. DeYoung. 1988. Movements of white-tipped doves in southern Texas. Southwest. Nat. 33:365-367.

  • Braun, M. J., D. W. Finch, M. B. Robbins, and B. K. Schmidt. 2000. A field checklist of the birds of Guyana. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

  • Goodwin, D. 1983. Pigeons and doves of the world. Third edition. British Museum (Natural History), London, and Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca. 363 pp. [496 pp.?]

  • Harrison, C. 1978. A Field Guide to the Nests, Eggs and Nestlings of North American Birds. Collins, Cleveland, Ohio.

  • Harrison, H. H. 1979. A field guide to western birds' nests. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 279 pp.

  • Howell, S. N. G., and S. Webb. 1995. A guide to the birds of Mexico and northern Central America. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

  • Parker III, T. A., D. F. Stotz, and J. W. Fitzpatrick. 1996. Ecological and distributional databases for neotropical birds. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

  • Ridgely, R. S. 2002. Distribution maps of South American birds. Unpublished.

  • Ridgely, R. S. and J. A. Gwynne, Jr. 1989. A Guide to the Birds of Panama. 2nd edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, USA.

  • Sibley, D. A. 2000a. The Sibley guide to birds. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

  • Stiles, F. G. and A. F. Skutch. 1989. A guide to the birds of Costa Rica. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA. 511 pp.

  • Terres, J. K. 1980. The Audubon Society encyclopedia of North American birds. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

  • Tomlinson, R. E., H. M. Wight, and T. S. Baskett. 1960. Migratonal homing, local movement, and mortality of mourning doves in Missouri. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resource Conference 25:253-267.

  • Zook, J. L. 2002. Distribution maps of the birds of Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. Unpublished.

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Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

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Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

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"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

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