Lepomis peltastes - Cope, 1870
Northern Longear Sunfish
Synonym(s): Lepomis megalotis peltastes Cope, 1870
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.883965
Element Code: AFCQB11130
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Fishes - Bony Fishes - Sunfishes and Freshwater Basses
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Actinopterygii Perciformes Centrarchidae Lepomis
Genus Size: C - Small genus (6-20 species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Eschmeyer, W. N. and R. Fricke (editors). 2012. Catalog of Fishes electronic version (2 October 2012). http://research.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp
Concept Reference Code: W12ESC03NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Lepomis peltastes
Taxonomic Comments: Page et al. (2013) recognize L. peltastes as a distinct species. Formerly it was included in L. megalotis.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 18Jan2013
Global Status Last Changed: 18Jan2013
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N5 (18Jan2013)
Nation: Canada
National Status: N3 (12Jan2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Illinois (SNR), Indiana (SNR), Michigan (S5), Minnesota (S3), New York (S1), Ohio (SNR), Pennsylvania (SX)
Canada Ontario (SNR), Quebec (SNR)

Other Statuses

Implied Status under the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC):SC,NAR

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Range includes the St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River), and upper Mississippi River basins from Ontario to Minnesota, and south to Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa (where extirpated) (Page and Burr 2011).

Population Size Comments: Total adult population size is unknown, but this species is common (Page and Burr 2011).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Range includes the St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River), and upper Mississippi River basins from Ontario to Minnesota, and south to Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa (where extirpated) (Page and Burr 2011).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States IL, IN, MI, MN, NY, OH, PAextirpated
Canada ON, QC

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
MN Becker (27005), Beltrami (27007), Cass (27021), Crow Wing (27035), Hubbard (27057), Itasca (27061), Lake (27075), Ramsey (27123)*, St. Louis (27137)
NY Clinton (36019), Erie (36029), Monroe (36055)*, Niagara (36063), Onondaga (36067)*, Orleans (36073), Oswego (36075)*
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
04 Niagara (04120104)+, Oak Orchard-Twelvemile (04130001)+, Oneida (04140202)+*, Lake Champlain (04150408)+
07 Mississippi Headwaters (07010101)+, Leech Lake (07010102)+, Prairie-Willow (07010103)+, Pine (07010105)+, Crow Wing (07010106)+, Twin Cities (07010206)+*
09 Otter Tail (09020103)+, Rainy Headwaters (09030001)+, Big Fork (09030006)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Habitat Type: Freshwater
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Riverine Habitat(s): CREEK, MEDIUM RIVER, Pool
Habitat Comments: Habitat includes rocky and sandy pools of headwaters, creeks, and small to medium rivers; usually this fish occurs near vegetation (Page and Burr 2011).
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Sunfishes (Centrarchids)

Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Occurrences are based on evidence of historical presence, or current and likely recurring presence, at a given location. Such evidence minimally includes collection or reliable observation and documentation of one or more individuals (including eggs and larvae) in appropriate habitat.
Separation Barriers: Dam lacking a suitable fishway; high waterfall; upland habitat.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Justification: Separation distance is arbitrary. Although members of this group vary in size and probably in typical movement distances, it is likely that even the smallest centrarchids occasionally disperse as far as do large centrarchids. Hence a single separation distance is used for all members of the family. Because of the difficulty in defining suitable versus unsuitable habitat, especially with respect to dispersal, and to simplify the delineation of occurrences, a single separation distance is used regardless of habitat quality.
Date: 25Jun2001
Author: Hammerson, G.
Notes: Note that some species some species may at time be hard to detect. For example, nowhere is the Carolina pygmy sunfish known to be abundant. In addition, it is essentially an annual species, with adults dying soon after spawning, at an age of 12-15 months. In addition, young are so small that, for a several months, documentation of the species' presence at a particular locality might be almost impossible, at least without preserving specimens. Therefore, negative data at a known locality should be carefully interpreted (P. Shute).
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 18Jan2013
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Hammerson, G.
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 18Jan2013
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Hammerson, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Bailey, R. M., W. C. Latta, and G. R. Smith. 2004. An atlas of Michigan fishes with keys and illustrations for their identification. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology Miscellaneous Publications No. 192. iv + 215 pp.

  • Becker, G. C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. 1,052 pp.

  • Becker, G. C. 1983. The fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin. 1052 pp.

  • Berra, T.M., and G.E. Gunning. 1972. Seasonal movement and home range of the longear sunfish, Lepomis megalotis, (Rafinesque), in Louisiana. American Midland Naturalist 88(2):368-375.

  • Carlson, Douglas M. 1998. Species Accounts for the rare fishes of New York. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Fish, Wildlife and Marine Resources. Bureau of Fisheries, Endangered Fish Project. 95pp.

  • Carlson, Douglas M., Robert A. Daniels, and Jeremy J. Wright. 2016. Atlas of Inland Fishes of New York. New York State Museum Record 7. The New York State Education Department and Department of Environmental Conservation. Albany, New York.

  • Carlson, Douglas. 1998. Summary of activities relating to management of ETs Fishes (as listed in 1983) from 1995 to present. 5pp.

  • Eschmeyer, W. N. and R. Fricke (editors). 2012. Catalog of Fishes electronic version (2 October 2012). http://research.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp

  • Harlan, F. R., and E. B. Speaker.  1956.  Iowa fish and fishing.  Iowa Department of Natural Resources.  377 pp.

  • Holm, E., N. E. Mandrak, and M. E. Burridge.  2009.  The ROM field guide to freshwater fishes of Ontario.  Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto.  462 pp.

  • Hubbs, C.L. and G.P. Cooper. 1935. Age and growth of the long-eared and the green sunfishes in Michigan. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters 20(1934):669-696, pl. 104-107.

  • Lee, D. S., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister, and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina. i-x + 854 pp.

  • Lyons, J., P. A. Cochran, and D. Fago. 2000. Wisconsin fishes 2000: status and distribution. University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute, Madison, Wisconsin. 87 pp.

  • Lyons, J., P. C. Hanson, E. A. White.  2006.  A photo-based computer system for identifying Wisconsin fishes.  Fisheries  31(6):269-275.

  • Manooch, C. S., III. 1984. Fisherman's guide. Fishes of the southeastern United States. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh. 362 pp.

  • Maxwell, Eric and Doug Carlson. 2017. The first record of northern sunfish (Lepomis peltastes) in the Lake Champlain watershed.

  • NatureServe.  2009.  NatureServe Explorer:  an online encyclopedia of life [web application].  Version 7.1.  NatureServe, Arlington Virginia.  <http://www.natureserve.org/explorer>.  Accessed 07 August 2009.  

  • NatureServe.  2013.  NatureServe Explorer:  an online encyclopedia of life [web application].  Version 7.1.  NatureServe, Arlington Virginia.  <http://www.natureserve.org/explorer>.  Accessed 23 April 2013.  

  • Nelson, J. S., E. J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Perez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, and J. D. Williams. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. 386 pp.

  • Page, L. M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, N. E. Mandrak, R. L. Mayden, and J. S. Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Seventh edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. 432 pp.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 2011. Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Second edition. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston. xix + 663 pp.

  • Porterfield, J., and P. Ceas. 2008.  Distribution, abundance and genetic diversity of the longear sunfish (Lepomis megalotis) in Minnesota, with determination of important populations.  Final report submitted to the State Wildlife Grants Program, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 86 pp.

  • Porterfield, J., and P. Ceas. 2012. Life histories of the northern longear sunfish (Lepomis megalotis peltastes) and pugnose shiner (Notropis anogenus) in Minnesota, with examinations of other rare non-game fishes. Final report submitted to the State Wildlife Grants Program, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 63 pp.

  • Raney, E.C. 1965. Some pan fishes of New York - rock bass, crappies, and other sunfishes. Conservationist 19(6):21-29.

  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.

  • Schmidt, K. P., and N. Proulx. 2009. State Wildlife Grant final report; status and critical habitat of Special Concern and rare fish species in lakes within seven counties in Minnesota. 16 pp, including photos and maps. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Ecological Resources.

  • Smith, C.L. 1985. The Inland Fishes of New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Albany, NY. 522pp.

  • Smith, P. W. 1979. The fishes of Illinois. University of Illinois Press, Urbana. 314 pp.

  • Sublette, J. E., M. D Hatch, and M. Sublette. 1990. The fishes of New Mexico. University New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, New Mexico. 393 pp.

  • Werner, R.G. 1980. Freshwater fishes of New York State. N.Y.: Syracuse University Press. 186 pp.

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