Lampetra aepyptera - (Abbott, 1860)
Least Brook Lamprey
Synonym(s): Lampetra meridionale Vladykov, Kott and Pharand-Coad, 1975
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Lampetra aepyptera (Abbott, 1860) (TSN 159705)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.103442
Element Code: AFBAA02010
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Fishes - Lampreys
Image 19

© Noel Burkhead

 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Petromyzontida Petromyzontiformes Petromyzontidae Lampetra
Genus Size: D - Medium to large genus (21+ species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B91ROB01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Lampetra aepyptera
Taxonomic Comments: This species has been placed in genus Okkelbergia by some authors; usually Okkelbergia is recognized as a subgenus of Lampetra. Lampetra aepyptera includes L. meridionale, which was treated as a questionably distinct species by Lee et al. (1980), but which was not recognized by Page and Burr (1991) nor in the 1980 and 1991 AFS checklists (Robins et al. 1980, 1991).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 21Feb2012
Global Status Last Changed: 05Sep1996
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N5 (05Dec1996)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (S5), Arkansas (S2?), Delaware (S2), Georgia (S2), Illinois (S1), Indiana (S2), Kentucky (S4S5), Maryland (S4), Mississippi (S4), Missouri (S4), North Carolina (S2), Ohio (S5), Pennsylvania (S4), Tennessee (S5), Virginia (S3), West Virginia (S4)

Other Statuses

IUCN Red List Category: LC - Least concern

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent: 200,000-2,500,000 square km (about 80,000-1,000,000 square miles)
Range Extent Comments: Range includes the North American Atlantic Slope from the Susquehanna River drainage, southeastern Pennsylvania to James River, Virginia; Neuse and Tar river drainage, North Carolina; Mississippi River basin from western Pennsylvania to south-central Missouri and northern Arkansas, south to southern Mississippi; Gulf Slope drainages from Mobile Bay basin, Georgia, to the Pearl River, Mississippi (Page and Burr 2011).

Number of Occurrences: 81 - 300
Number of Occurrences Comments: This species is represented by a large number of occurrences (subpopulations).

Population Size: 10,000 to >1,000,000 individuals
Population Size Comments: Total adult population size is unknown but presumably exceeds 10,000. This species is locally common.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: No major threats are known.

Short-term Trend: Relatively Stable (<=10% change)
Short-term Trend Comments: Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain but likely relatively stable.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: (200,000-2,500,000 square km (about 80,000-1,000,000 square miles)) Range includes the North American Atlantic Slope from the Susquehanna River drainage, southeastern Pennsylvania to James River, Virginia; Neuse and Tar river drainage, North Carolina; Mississippi River basin from western Pennsylvania to south-central Missouri and northern Arkansas, south to southern Mississippi; Gulf Slope drainages from Mobile Bay basin, Georgia, to the Pearl River, Mississippi (Page and Burr 2011).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
Endemism: endemic to a single nation

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, DE, GA, IL, IN, KY, MD, MO, MS, NC, OH, PA, TN, VA, WV

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AR Fulton (05049), Izard (05065), Lawrence (05075)*, Marion (05089)*, Newton (05101), Randolph (05121), Sharp (05135), Stone (05137)
DE Kent (10001), Sussex (10005)
GA Chattooga (13055), Floyd (13115), Murray (13213)*, Walker (13295), Whitfield (13313)*
IL Hardin (17069), Johnson (17087), Pope (17151), Williamson (17199)
NC Edgecombe (37065), Franklin (37069), Halifax (37083), Johnston (37101), Jones (37103)*, Lenoir (37107), Pitt (37147)*, Wake (37183), Warren (37185)
PA Butler (42019), Fayette (42051), Indiana (42063), Westmoreland (42129)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
02 Broadkill-Smyrna (02040207)+, Lower Susquehanna (02050306), Chester-Sassafras (02060002)+, Gunpowder-Patapsco (02060003), Choptank (02060005)+, Patuxent (02060006), Nanticoke (02060008), Middle Potomac-Anacostia-Occoquan (02070010), Lower Potomac (02070011), Great Wicomico-Piankatank (02080102), Lower Rappahannock (02080104), Mattaponi (02080105), Pamunkey (02080106), Western Lower Delmarva (02080109)+, Eastern Lower Delmarva (02080110), Rivanna (02080204), Lower James (02080206)
03 Upper Tar (03020101)+, Fishing (03020102)+, Lower Tar (03020103)+*, Upper Neuse (03020201)+, Middle Neuse (03020202)+, Lower Neuse (03020204)+*, Patsaliga (03140302), Conasauga (03150101)+, Coosawattee (03150102), Oostanaula (03150103)+, Etowah (03150104)+, Upper Coosa (03150105)+, Middle Coosa (03150106), Lower Coosa (03150107), Middle Tallapoosa (03150109), Lower Tallapoosa (03150110), Upper Alabama (03150201), Cahaba (03150202), Middle Alabama (03150203), Lower Alabama (03150204), Upper Tombigbee (03160101), Buttahatchee (03160103), Luxapallila (03160105), Middle Tombigbee-Lubbub (03160106), Sipsey (03160107), Noxubee (03160108), Mulberry (03160109), Locust (03160111), Upper Black Warrior (03160112), Lower Black Warrior (03160113), Middle Tombigbee-Chickasaw (03160201), Sucarnoochee (03160202), Lower Tambigbee (03160203), Mobile - Tensaw (03160204), Pascagoula (03170006)*, Black (03170007), Middle Pearl-Strong (03180002)*, Middle Pearl-Silver (03180003), Lower Pearl. Mississippi (03180004)
05 Middle Allegheny-Redbank (05010006)+, Conemaugh (05010007)+, Kiskiminetas (05010008)+, Lower Allegheny (05010009)+, West Fork (05020002), Upper Monongahela (05020003), Lower Monongahela (05020005)+, Upper Ohio (05030101)*, Little Muskingum-Middle Island (05030201), Upper Ohio-Shade (05030202), Little Kanawha (05030203), Hocking (05030204), Tuscarawas (05040001), Mohican (05040002), Walhonding (05040003), Muskingum (05040004), Wills (05040005), Licking (05040006), Elk (05050007), Lower Kanawha (05050008), Upper Scioto (05060001), Lower Scioto (05060002), Paint (05060003)*, Lower Guyandotte (05070102), Tug (05070201), Lower Levisa (05070203), Big Sandy (05070204), Raccoon-Symmes (05090101), Twelvepole (05090102), Little Scioto-Tygarts (05090103), Little Sandy (05090104), Ohio Brush-Whiteoak (05090201), Little Miami (05090202)*, Licking (05100101), South Fork Kentucky (05100203), Upper Kentucky (05100204), Upper Green (05110001), Barren (05110002), Middle Green (05110003), Rough (05110004), Pond (05110006), Middle Wabash-Busseron (05120111), Lower White (05120202), Lower East Fork White (05120208), Upper Cumberland (05130101), Rockcastle (05130102), Upper Cumberland-Lake Cumberland (05130103), Upper Cumberland-Cordell Hull (05130106), Collins (05130107), Caney (05130108), Lower Cumberland (05130205), Red (05130206), Silver-Little Kentucky (05140101)*, Salt (05140102), Blue-Sinking (05140104), Lower Ohio-Bay (05140203)+, Saline (05140204)+
06 Lower Little Tennessee (06010204), Middle Tennessee-Chickamauga (06020001)+*, Wheeler Lake (06030002), Upper Elk (06030003), Pickwick Lake (06030005), Bear (06030006), Lower Tennessee-Beech (06040001), Lower Duck (06040003), Buffalo (06040004), Kentucky Lake (06040005), Lower Tennessee (06040006)
07 Meramec (07140102), Bourbeuse (07140103), Upper Mississippi-Cape Girardeau (07140105)
08 Obion (08010202), South Fork Obion (08010203), North Fork Forked Deer (08010204), South Fork Forked Deer (08010205), Upper Hatchie (08010207), Lower Hatchie (08010208), Upper St. Francis (08020202), Little Tallahatchie (08030201), Yocona (08030203), Upper Big Black (08060201), Homochitto (08060205), Buffalo (08060206)
11 Bull Shoals Lake (11010003), Middle White (11010004)+, Buffalo (11010005)+, North Fork White (11010006), Current (11010008), Spring (11010010)+, Eleven Point (11010011)+, Strawberry (11010012)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed (based on multiple information sources) Help
Ecology & Life History
Help
Reproduction Comments: Spawns in late winter or spring. Eggs hatch in 3-4 weeks. Larval stage lasts about 5-6 years. Larvae metamorphose in late summer. Adults overwinter, spawn, then die. Coastal Plain population of western Kentucky and Tennessee exhibits characteristics of neoteny (Page and Burr 1991).
Habitat Type: Freshwater
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Riverine Habitat(s): CREEK, MEDIUM RIVER, Moderate gradient, Pool, Riffle
Special Habitat Factors: Benthic
Habitat Comments: Habitat includes clean, clear gravel riffles and runs of creeks and small rivers; larvae burrow in bottom of quiet water (e.g., spring-fed wetlands, pools and backwaters of small, sand- or mud-bottomed streams) (Page and Burr 2011). Adults usually are found in breeding areas. Eggs are laid in nests in gravelly riffles.
Adult Food Habits: Herbivore
Immature Food Habits: Herbivore
Food Comments: Adults do not feed. Larvae feed on minute drifting microscopic organic material.
Length: 18 centimeters
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Help
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Nonanadromous Lampreys

Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Occurrences are based on evidence of historical presence, or current and likely recurring presence, at a given location. Such evidence minimally includes collection or reliable observation and documentation of one or more individuals (including eggs and larvae) in appropriate habitat.
Mapping Guidance: Occupied locations that are separated by a gap of 10 km or more of any aquatic habitat that is not known to be occupied represent different occurrences. However, it is important to evaluate migrations and seasonal changes in habitat to ensure that spawning areas and nonspawning areas for a single population are not artificially segregated as different occurrences simply because there have been no collections/observations in an intervening area that may exceed the separation distance.
Separation Barriers: Dam lacking a suitable fishway; high waterfall; upland habitat.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Justification: Separation distance is arbitrary. Because of the difficulty in defining suitable versus unsuitable habitat, especially with respect to dispersal, and to simplify the delineation of occurrences, a single separation distance is used regardless of habitat quality.
Date: 28Nov2001
Author: Hammerson, G.
Population/Occurrence Viability
Help
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
Help
Authors/Contributors
Help
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 21Feb2012
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Hammerson, G.
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 21Feb2012
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Hammerson, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Boschung, H. T., and R. L. Mayden. 2004. Fishes of Alabama. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 736 pages.

  • Cooper, E.L. 1983. Fishes of Pennsylvania. Penn State Univ. Press, University Park, PA.

  • Etnier, David A. and Wayne C. Starnes. 1993. The Fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville. 681 pp.

  • Gunning, G.E. and W.M. Lewis. 1956. The fish population of Sugar Creek, Illinois. Trans. Ill. State Acad. Sci. 49:21-24.

  • Hardisty, M. W. and I. C. Potter, eds. 1971. The Biology of Lampreys. Academic Press, London and New York. pp. 1-65.

  • Mirarchi, R.E., editor. 2004. Alabama Wildlife. Volume 1. A checklist of vertebrates and selected invertebrates: aquatic mollusks, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 209 pages.

  • Nelson, J. S., E. J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Perez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, and J. D. Williams. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. 386 pp.

  • Nelson, J. S., E. J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, and J. D. Williams. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Sixth edition. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 29. 386 pages.

  • Okkelberg, P. 1922. Notes on the life history of the brook lamprey, Ichthyomyzon unicolor. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan. No. 125. 14 pp.

  • Page, L. M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, N. E. Mandrak, R. L. Mayden, and J. S. Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Seventh edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. 432 pp.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 2011. Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Second edition. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston. xix + 663 pp.

  • Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes, North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, MA. 432pp.

  • ROSS, STEPHEN T. 1996. INLAND FISHES OF MISSISSIPPI. SELECTED SPECIES ACCOUNTS. COAUTHORED WITH W.M. BRENNEMAM, W.T. SLACK, M.T. O'CONNELL, AND T.L. PETERSON. ILLUSTRATED BY D.G. ROSS. DRAFT COPY.

  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.

  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lackner, R.N. Lea, and W.K. Scott. 1980. A List of Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the US and Canada. 4th edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication No. 12, Bethesda, Maryland. 174 pp.

  • Rohde, F.C., R.G. Arndt, and J.C.S. Wang. 1976. Life history of the freshwater lampreys Okkelbergia aepyptera and Lampetra lamottenii, on the Delmarva Peninsula (East Coast, United States). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Science 75(2):99-111.

  • Simon, Thomas P. 2011. Fishes of Indiana. Indiana University Press. Bloomington, 345 pp.

  • Vladykov, V. D. , E. Kott, and S. Pharand-Coad 1975. A new non-parasitic species of lamprey, genus Lethenteron (Petromyzonidae), from eastern tributaries of the Gulf of Mexico, U.S.A. Publications in Zoology, National Museum of Natural Sciences (Canada) No. 12:1-36.

References for Watershed Distribution Map
  • Boschung, H. T., and R. L. Mayden. 2004. Fishes of Alabama. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 960 pp.

  • Burr, B. M., and M. L. Warren, Jr. 1986a. Distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Kentucky Nature Preserves Commission, Scientific and Technical Series No. 4, Frankfort, Kentucky. 398 pp.

  • Cooper, E. L. 1983. Fishes of Pennsylvania and the northeastern United States. Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park. 243 pp.

  • Etnier, D. A., and W. C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, Tennessee. xiv + 681 pp.

  • Jenkins, R. E., and N. M. Burkhead. 1994. Freshwater fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. xxiii + 1079 pp.

  • Lee, D. S., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister, and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina. i-x + 854 pp.

  • Menhinick, E. F. 1991. The freshwater fishes of North Carolina. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission. 227 pp.

  • Mettee, M. F., P. E. O'Neil, and J. M. Pierson. 1996. Fishes of Alabama and the Mobile Basin. Oxmoor House, Birmingham, Alabama. 820 pp.

  • Pflieger, W. L. 1975. The fishes of Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation. Columbia, Missouri. viii + 343 pp.

  • Ross, S. T., and W. M. Brenneman. 1991. Distribution of freshwater fishes in Mississippi. Freshwater Fisheries Report No. 108. D-J Project Completion Report F-69. Mississippi Department of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries and Parks. Jackson, Mississippi. 548 pp.

  • Smith, P. W. 1979. The fishes of Illinois. University of Illinois Press, Urbana. 314 pp.

  • Stauffer, J. R., Jr., J. M. Boltz, and L. R. White. 1995. The fishes of West Virginia. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 146:1-389.

  • Trautman, M. B. 1981. The fishes of Ohio. Second edition. Ohio State University Press, Columbus, Ohio. 782 pp.

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