Lachnocaulon beyrichianum - Sporleder ex Koern.
Southern Bogbutton
Other Common Names: southern bogbutton
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Lachnocaulon beyrichianum Sporleder ex Koern. (TSN 503304)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.134292
Element Code: PMERI02020
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Pipewort Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Eriocaulales Eriocaulaceae Lachnocaulon
Check this box to expand all report sections:
Concept Reference
Help
Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Lachnocaulon beyrichianum
Conservation Status
Help

NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4
Global Status Last Reviewed: 12Dec2006
Global Status Last Changed: 12Dec2006
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Reasons: Known throughout the Coastal Plain from southeastern North Carolina to central Florida. Much of this species' habitat has been converted to pine plantations, where the plants are eventually shaded out of heavily-stocked young stands of pine.
Nation: United States
National Status: N4

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (SNR), Florida (S2S3), Georgia (S1?), North Carolina (S4), South Carolina (S2)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Found in the Coastal Plain from southeastern North Carolina to central Florida. Also reported from Alabama (unconfirmed). Found in inland situations as well as near the coast.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
Help
Global Range: Found in the Coastal Plain from southeastern North Carolina to central Florida. Also reported from Alabama (unconfirmed). Found in inland situations as well as near the coast.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, FL, GA, NC, SC

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
GA Candler (13043), Charlton (13049)*, Echols (13101), Effingham (13103)*, Emanuel (13107)*, Lowndes (13185), Ware (13299)*
SC Clarendon (45027), Dillon (45033), Georgetown (45043), Horry (45051), Marion (45067), Williamsburg (45089)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Little Pee Dee (03040204)+, Black (03040205)+, Waccamaw (03040206)+, Carolina Coastal-Sampit (03040207)+, Coastal Carolina (03040208)+, Santee (03050112)+, Lower Savannah (03060109)+*, Canoochee (03060203)+, Ohoopee (03070107)+*, St. Marys (03070204)+*, Upper Suwannee (03110201)+*, Alapaha (03110202)+, withlacoochee (03110203)+*
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
Help
Basic Description: A clump-forming perennial herb with twisted flowering stalks, 1.5-2.4 dm tall, that arise from dense rosettes of grass-like new leaves. The stalks terminate in globe-shaped, pale gray heads. Flowering scapes are usually hairy with translucent hairs. Produces small (0.5 mm), reddish-brown, smooth seeds. Blooms May - frost.

Diagnostic Characteristics: Plants in the genus Lacnocaulon are distinguished from those in a similar genus, Ericaulon, by their slender, finely branched root systems, comparatively hairy scapes, and by having 3, rather than 2-parted perianth parts (Kral 1983). Lachnocaulon beyrichinanum is distinguished from most other southeastern Lachnocaulon species by the pale gray cast of the flower heads (vs. brownish); distinguished from L. anceps (which also has grayish heads) by its comparatively smooth (vs. striated), lustrous seeds (Godfrey and Wooten 1981). L. anceps is often found in the same areas as L. beyrichianum.

Palustrine Habitat(s): Bog/fen
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Forest/Woodland, Savanna, Woodland - Conifer, Woodland - Mixed
Habitat Comments: Clearings in pine flatwoods, pine-palmetto flatwoods, bogs, moist pineland savannas, dry oak-pine barrens. Often in acidic situations. Tolerant of a wide variety of soil moisture conditions, including dryer sites with sandy soils. Typical habitat for it is in dryish acidic white sands or sandy peats of clearings in longleaf or slash pinelands (Kral 1983).

Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Help
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Viability
Help
Excellent Viability: An A-ranked occurrence of Lachnocaulon beyrichiananum should have 10000+ plants occurring in excellent to good quality wet pine flatwoods, pocosin ecotone, low areas of xeric sandhill scrub, depression pond basins or other similar sandhills communities. The element may be domininant to codominant in areas.
Good Viability: A B-ranked occurrence of Lachnocaulon beyrichiananum should have 3000-10000 plants occurring in excellent to fair quality wet pine flatwoods, pocosin ecotone, low areas of xeric sandhill scrub, depression pond basins or other similar sandhills communities. An occurrence with more plants in a fair quality community which may have ditching, plowing or other ground disturbances but otherwise has an intact herbaceaous layer is ranked as B.
Fair Viability: A C-ranked occurrence of Lachnocaulon beyrichiananum should have 100-3000 plants occurring in excellent to fair quality wet pine flatwoods, pocosin ecotone, low areas of xeric sandhill scrub, depression pond basins or other similar sandhills communities. An occurrence with more plants in a poor quality community that has been extensively bedded, is fire suppressed with the element confined to powerline right-of-ways, roadbeds or borrow ponds is ranked as C.
Poor Viability: A D-ranked occurrence of Lachnocaulon beyrichianum should have fewer than 100 plants occurring in poor quality wet pine flatwoods, pocosin ecotone, low areas of xeric sandhill scrub, depression pond basins or other similar sandhills communities. A poor quality community has been extensively bedded, and /or is fire suppressed with the element confined to the plowlines, roadbeds, or borrow ponds or other man-made habitats.
Justification: Specifications are based on current populations and expert opinion. The C/D rank threshold is established with the assumption that an occurrence of fewer than 100 plants or one in a poor quality community is inherently unstable and has a poor probability of persistence.
Key for Ranking Species Element Occurrences Using the Generic Approach (2008).
Date: 03Mar2005
Author: Amoroso
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
Help
Authors/Contributors
Help
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 11Apr1994
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Weakley (1987), rev. Patrick/Allison/Maybury (1996), rev. Maybury 2003
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 24Mar2003
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): K. Maybury

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2000. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Vol. 22. Magnoliophyta: Alismatidae, Arecidae, Commelinidae (in part), and Zingiberidae. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxiii + 352 pp.

  • Godfrey, R.K., and J.W. Wooten. 1981. Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States: Dicotyledons. Univ. Georgia Press, Athens. 933 pp.

  • Jones, S.B., Jr., and N.C. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Dept. Botany, Univ. Georgia, Athens. 230 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kral, R. 1966b. Eriocaulaceae of continental North America north of Mexico. Sida 2:285-332.

  • Kral, R. 1983c. A report on some rare, threatened, or endangered forest-related vascular plants of the South. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service Technical Publication R8-TP2, Athens, GA. 1305 pp.

  • Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Univ. North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC. 1183 pp.

  • Wunderlin, R.P. 1982. Guide to the vascular plants of central Florida. Univ. Presses Florida, Gainesville. 472 pp.

Use Guidelines & Citation

Use Guidelines and Citation

The Small Print: Trademark, Copyright, Citation Guidelines, Restrictions on Use, and Information Disclaimer.

Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of March 2019.
Note: This report was printed on

Trademark Notice: "NatureServe", NatureServe Explorer, The NatureServe logo, and all other names of NatureServe programs referenced herein are trademarks of NatureServe. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 2019 NatureServe, 2511 Richmond (Jefferson Davis) Highway, Suite 930, Arlington, VA 22202, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation for data on website including State Distribution, Watershed, and Reptile Range maps:
NatureServe. 2019. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE."

Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/birdDistributionmapsmetadatav1.pdf.

Full metadata for the Mammal Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/mammalsDistributionmetadatav1.pdf.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:
  1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
  2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
  3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
  4. No graphics available from this server can be used, copied or distributed separate from the accompanying text. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel, or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of NatureServe. No trademark owned by NatureServe may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from NatureServe. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any NatureServe copyright.
Information Warranty Disclaimer: All documents and related graphics provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. NatureServe hereby disclaims all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. NatureServe makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. NatureServe may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, NatureServe makes no commitment to update the information contained herein. Since the data in the central databases are continually being updated, it is advisable to refresh data retrieved at least once a year after its receipt. The data provided is for planning, assessment, and informational purposes. Site specific projects or activities should be reviewed for potential environmental impacts with appropriate regulatory agencies. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program(s) or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area (see Visit Local Programs).

Feedback Request: NatureServe encourages users to let us know of any errors or significant omissions that you find in the data through (see Contact Us). Your comments will be very valuable in improving the overall quality of our databases for the benefit of all users.