Justicia angusta - (Chapman) Small
Pineland Water-willow
Other Common Names: pineland water-willow
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Justicia angusta (Chapman) Small (TSN 182329)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.138125
Element Code: PDACA0E020
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Acanthus Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Scrophulariales Acanthaceae Justicia
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Justicia angusta
Taxonomic Comments: Godfrey and Wooten (1981) have not been able to discern the the attributes by which authors distinguish Justica angusta, either at the species or varietal level. Kartesz (June 1999 draft data set) considers a good species.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G3Q
Global Status Last Reviewed: 14Jun1999
Global Status Last Changed: 14Jun1999
Rounded Global Status: G3 - Vulnerable
Reasons: Restricted in range to Florida and southeastern Georgia. Development acts as a prominent threat.
Nation: United States
National Status: N3

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Florida (S3), Georgia (S1)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Restricted to Florida and southeastern Georgia (Camden County).

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Threatened by drainage of wetland areas and development that affect the hydrology of the habitat.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Restricted to Florida and southeastern Georgia (Camden County).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States FL, GA

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
GA Baker (13007), Camden (13039)*, Charlton (13049)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Satilla (03070201)+*, St. Marys (03070204)+, Ichawaynochaway (03130009)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: A perennial herb, growing 20-50 cm tall. Leaves are opposite, narrow (2-7 cm long, and up to 0.5 cm wide). Flowers are borne in spikes, growing to 20 cm long. Petals are up to 3 cm long, 2-lipped, pale-purple with whitish, purple-spotted centers. (Based on Hall 1993.)
Technical Description: Stem 2-5 dm tall; leaf-blades linear or narrowly linear-lanceolate, 2-7 cm long, or elliptic-spatulate at the base of the stem, more or less reflexed; peduncles bearing 2-few flowers near the end; calyx-lobes linear, 5-7 mm long; corolla pale-purple about 10 mm long; capsule about 1.2 cm long. (Small 1933)
Diagnostic Characteristics: Godfrey and Wooten (1981) state that they have not yet been able to discern the attributes by which authors distinguish Justicia angusta, whether at the species or varietal level.
Duration: PERENNIAL
Reproduction Comments: Self-dispersed. Seeds are sticky when moistened and may be secondarily animal-dispersed or stationary. (Ridley 1930)
Palustrine Habitat(s): FORESTED WETLAND, HERBACEOUS WETLAND
Habitat Comments: Pineland ponds and marshes. Also floodplains, cypress swamps, calcareous woods, and coastal hammocks. (Based on Small 1933, Clewell 1985.) Often in disturbed areas.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 02Dec1994
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: A. Wildman, TNC-HO, minor rev. K. Gravuer (2008)
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 29Nov1994
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): A. WILDMAN, TNC-HO; REV. M. STOVER, TNC-HO

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Clewell, A.F. 1985. Guide to vascular plants of the Florida panhandle. Florida State Univ. Press, Tallahassee, Florida. 605 pp.

  • Cronquist, A. 1981. An integrated system of classification of flowering plants. Columbia Univ. Press, New York. 1262 pp.

  • Fernald, M. L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. 8th edition. Corrected printing (1970). D. Van Nostrand Company, New York. 1632 pp.

  • Fryxell, P.A. 1957. Mode of reproduction of higher plants. Botanical Review 23(3): 135-233.

  • Godfrey, R.K., and J.W. Wooten. 1981. Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States: Dicotyledons. Univ. Georgia Press, Athens. 933 pp.

  • Hall, D.W. 1993. Illustrated plants of Florida and the Coastal Plain. Maupin House, Gainesville, Florida. 431 pp.

  • Hall, David W. 1993. Illustrated plants of Florida and the coastal plain. Maupin House, Gainesville, FL. pp. 431.

  • KRAL, R. 1983.A REPORT ON SOME RARE,THREATENED,OR ENDANGEREDFOREST-RELATED VASCULAR PLANTS OF THE SOUTH.VOL I ISOETACEAETHROUGH EUPHORBIACEAE;VOL II AQUIFOLIACEA THROUGH ASTERACEAE& GLOSSARY.USDA FOREST SERV,SE REG.,ATL,GA. TECH PUBL R8-TP2

  • Kartesz, J. T. 1987. Unpublished plant characterization database information on vascular plant species of the U.S., Canada, and Greenland.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kral, R. 1983c. A report on some rare, threatened, or endangered forest-related vascular plants of the South. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service Technical Publication R8-TP2, Athens, GA. 1305 pp.

  • Ridley, H.N. 1930. The dispersal of plants throughout the world. L. Reeve & Co., Ltd., Ashford, Kent, United Kingdom. 744 pp.

  • Small, J.K. 1933. Manual of the southeastern flora. Two volumes. Hafner Publishing Company, New York.

  • Taylor, W.K. 1992. The guide to Florida wildflowers. Taylor Publishing, Dallas, Texas. 320 pp.

  • Taylor, Walter Kingsley. 1992. The Guide to Florida Wildflowers. Taylor Publishing Company, Dallas, Texas. 320 pp.

  • WUNDERLIN, RICHARD P. 1982. GUIDE TO THE VASCULAR PLANTS OF CENTRAL FLORIDA. UNIV. PRESSES OF FLA., TAMPA, ST. PETERSBURG, FT. MEYERS, SARASOTA

  • Wunderlin, R.P. 1982. Guide to the vascular plants of central Florida. Univ. Presses Florida, Gainesville. 472 pp.

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