Hibiscus moscheutos - L.
Swamp Rosemallow
Other English Common Names: Crimson-eyed Rosemallow, Eastern Rosemallow
Other Common Names: crimson-eyed rosemallow
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Hibiscus moscheutos L. (TSN 21612)
French Common Names: ketmie des marais
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.156915
Element Code: PDMAL0H0R0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Mallow Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Malvales Malvaceae Hibiscus
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Hibiscus moscheutos
Taxonomic Comments: As treated by Kartesz (1999), includes Hibiscus palustris, sometimes considered a distinct species (as in Fernald, 1950).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 01Aug2016
Global Status Last Changed: 16May1984
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N5
Nation: Canada
National Status: N3 (04Oct2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (SNR), Arkansas (SNR), California (SNR), Connecticut (SNR), Delaware (SNR), District of Columbia (SNR), Florida (SNR), Georgia (SNR), Illinois (SNR), Indiana (SNR), Kansas (SNR), Kentucky (S5), Louisiana (SNR), Maryland (SNR), Massachusetts (SNR), Michigan (S3S4), Mississippi (SNR), Missouri (SNR), New Hampshire (S1), New Jersey (SNR), New Mexico (SNR), New York (SNR), North Carolina (S5), Ohio (SNR), Oklahoma (SNR), Pennsylvania (SNR), Rhode Island (SNR), South Carolina (SNR), Tennessee (SNR), Texas (SNR), Utah (SNR), Virginia (S5), West Virginia (S5), Wisconsin (SNA)
Canada Ontario (S3)

Other Statuses

Canadian Species at Risk Act (SARA) Schedule 1/Annexe 1 Status: SC (15Aug2006)
Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC): Special Concern (01Nov2004)
Comments on COSEWIC: A robust, perennial herb of shoreline marshes of the Great Lakes present in Ontario at many localities, in very small areas, and generally in low numbers. The total Canadian population is estimated to consist of fewer than 10,000 plants with some, including two of the largest populations, in protected sites. The species has been subjected historically to habitat loss and several populations have been lost recently. Populations are also at risk from habitat degradation and impact due especially to invasive exotic plants. Evidence of the spread of plants through rafting of floating clumps indicates that recolonization of extirpated sites may be possible.

Designated Special Concern in April 1987. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2004.

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, CA, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, UT, VA, WIexotic, WV
Canada ON

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
CA Butte (06007), Colusa (06011), Contra Costa (06013), Glenn (06021), Sacramento (06067), San Joaquin (06077), Solano (06095), Sutter (06101), Yolo (06113)
IN Gibson (18051), Knox (18083)
KS Bourbon (20011), Chautauqua (20019), Cherokee (20021), Crawford (20037), Montgomery (20125), Neosho (20133), Wilson (20205)
NH Rockingham (33015)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 Piscataqua-Salmon Falls (01060003)+
05 Lower Wabash (05120113)+, Lower White (05120202)+, Patoka (05120209)+
10 Marmaton (10290104)+
11 Upper Verdigris (11070101)+, Fall (11070102)+, Middle Verdigris (11070103)+, Caney (11070106)+, Middle Neosho (11070205)+, Lake O' the Cherokees (11070206)+*, Spring (11070207)+
18 Sacramento-Stone Corral (18020104)+, Big Chico Creek-Sacramento River (18020157)+, Butte Creek (18020158)+, Honcut Headwaters-Lower Feather (18020159)+, Upper Coon-Upper Auburn (18020161)+, Lower Sacramento (18020163)+, San Joaquin Delta (18040003)+, Upper Calaveras (18040011)+, Upper Mokelumne (18040012)+, Upper Cosumnes (18040013)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
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Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Allen, G.M. and B.A. Ford. 2003. Sensitive Information Associated with the update Status Report on the Swamp rose-mallow, Hibiscus moscheutos (Appendix 1). Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. 9 pp.

  • Allen, G.M. and B.A. Ford. 2003. Status Report Update on Swamp Rose Mallow (Hibiscus moscheutos) (April 2003). Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. 69 pp.

  • Argus, G.W., K.M. Pryer, D.J. White and C.J. Keddy (eds.). 1982-1987. Atlas of the Rare Vascular Plants of Ontario.. Botany Division, National Museum of National Sciences, Ottawa.

  • Blanchard, O.J. 1976. A revision of the species segregated from Hibiscus sect. Trionum (Medicus) De Candolle sensu lato (Malvaceae). Ph.D. dissertation, Cornell University.

  • COSEWIC 2004. COSEWIC assessment and update status report on the swamp rose-mallow Hibiscus moscheutos in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. vii + 43 pp. (www.sararegistry.gc.ca/status/status_e.cfm).

  • Fernald, M.L. 1942. Hibiscus moscheutos and H. palustris. Rhodora 44: 266-278.

  • Ford, B.A. 1985. Status report on swamp rose mallow HIBISCUS MOSCHEUTOS ssp. MOSCHEUTOS a rare species in Canada. COSEWIC. 25 pp.

  • Ford, B.A. 1986. Status Report on Swamp Rose Mallow, Hibiscus moscheutos subsp. moscheutos: A Rare Species in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa. 25 pp.

  • Ford, B.A. 1989. Status of the Swamp Rose Mallow, Hibiscus moscheutos L. (Malvaceae), in Canada. Michigan Botanist 28:81-88.

  • Ford, B.A. n.d. Status report on Swamp Rose Mallow, Hibiscus moscheutos. COSEWIC report.

  • G.M. Allen and B.A. Ford. 2003. Status Report Update on Swamp Rose-mallow (Hibiscus moscheutos). Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. 48 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Klips, R.A. 1999. Pollen competition as a reproductive isolating mechanism between two sympatric Hibiscus species (Malvaceae). American Journal of Botany 86(2):269-272.

  • Kudoh, H., and D.F. Whigham. 2001. A genetic analysis of hydrologically dispersed seeds of Hibiscus moscheutos (Malvaceae). American Journal of Botany 88(4): 588-593.

  • Lin, H., and T.P. Spira. 2001. Influence of seed age and inbreeding on germination and seedling growth in Hibiscus moscheutos (Malvacea). Journal of the Torrey Botanical Club 128(1):16-24.

  • Oldham, M.J. 1999. 1998 botanical highlights. Ontario Natural Heritage Information Centre Newsletter 5(1):9-11. (Reprinted in Field Botanists of Ontario (FBO) Newsletter 12(2):6-10.)

  • Oldham, M.J. 2004. COSSARO Candidate Species at Risk Evaluation Form for Swamp Rose Mallow (Hibiscus moscheutos). Natural Heritage Information Centre, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Peterborough, Ontario. 12 pp.

  • Snow, A.A., Spira, T.P., Liu, H. 2000. Effects of Sequential Pollination on the Success of "Fast" and "Slow" Pollen Donors in Hibiscus moscheutos (Malvaceae). American Journal of Botany 87(11): 1656-1659.

  • Soper, J.H. 1962. Some genera of restricted range in the Carolinian flora of Canada. Transactions of the Royal Canadian Institute 34(1):3-56.

  • Sutherland, D.A. 1987. The Vascular Plants of Haldimand-Norfolk. Pages 1-52 in The Natural Areas Inventory of the Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk - Volume II: Annotated Checklists. Norfolk Field Naturalists, Simcoe, Ontario.

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