Graptemys pseudogeographica kohnii - (Baur, 1890)
Mississippi Map Turtle
Synonym(s): Graptemys kohnii Baur, 1890 ;Graptemys pseudogeographica kohni (Baur, 1890)
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Graptemys pseudogeographica kohnii (Baur, 1890) (TSN 668678)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.104282
Element Code: ARAAD05083
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Turtles
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Chelonia Cryptodeira Emydidae Graptemys
Genus Size: C - Small genus (6-20 species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Vogt, R. C. 1993. Systematics of the false map turtles (Graptemys pseudogeographica complex: Reptilia, Testudines, Emydidae). Annals of Carnegie Museum 62(1):1-46.
Concept Reference Code: A93VOG01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Graptemys pseudogeographica kohnii
Taxonomic Comments: Ernst and Barbour (1989) and Conant and Collins (1991) treated Graptemys kohnii as a full species but noted the need for further study of the relationships among G. kohnii, G. ouachitensis, and G. pseudographica. Vogt (1993) reviewed the systematics of the G. pseudographica complex and determined that G. ouachitensis is a distinct species and that kohnii is best regarded as a subspecies of G. pseudographica.

McDowell (1964) concluded that the genus Graptemys should be included in the genus Malaclemys, but this arrangement generally has been rejected (e.g., see Dobie 1981 for information on osteological differences between the two genera).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5T4
Global Status Last Reviewed: 20Feb2002
Global Status Last Changed: 21Oct1996
Rounded Global Status: T4 - Apparently Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N4 (21Oct1996)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Arkansas (S4), Kansas (S2), Kentucky (SNR), Louisiana (S4?), Mississippi (S4?), Missouri (S4), New York (SNA), Oklahoma (SNR), Texas (S4), Virginia (SNA)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Eastern Kansas, Arkansas, eastern Oklahoma, central and eastern Texas, Louisiana, and western Mississippi; intergrades with subspecies PSEUDOGEOGRAPHICA in eastern Kansas, southern Illinois, southern Missouri, northeastern Arkansas, western Kentucky, and western Tennessee (Vogt 1993). In Mississippi, may disperse from Mississippi River to the Pearl River during floods (see McCoy and Vogt, 1992, Herpetol. Rev. 23:28). Introduced and established in southeastern Virginia (Savitzky and Mitchell 2001).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Eastern Kansas, Arkansas, eastern Oklahoma, central and eastern Texas, Louisiana, and western Mississippi; intergrades with subspecies PSEUDOGEOGRAPHICA in eastern Kansas, southern Illinois, southern Missouri, northeastern Arkansas, western Kentucky, and western Tennessee (Vogt 1993). In Mississippi, may disperse from Mississippi River to the Pearl River during floods (see McCoy and Vogt, 1992, Herpetol. Rev. 23:28). Introduced and established in southeastern Virginia (Savitzky and Mitchell 2001).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.

Map unavailable!:
Distribution data for U.S. states and Canadian provinces is known to be incomplete or has not been reviewed for this taxon.
Endemism: endemic to a single nation

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AR, KS, KY, LA, MO, MS, NYexotic, OK, TX, VAexotic

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
MS Claiborne (28021)*, DeSoto (28033)*, Hinds (28049), Holmes (28051)*, Humphreys (28053)*, Lafayette (28071)*, Leflore (28083)*, Lincoln (28085), Madison (28089), Noxubee (28103), Tallahatchie (28135)*, Warren (28149), Yazoo (28163)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Noxubee (03160108)+
08 Horn Lake-Nonconnah (08010211)+*, Little Tallahatchie (08030201)+*, Tallahatchie (08030202)+*, Coldwater (08030204)+*, Yalobusha (08030205)+*, Upper Yazoo (08030206)+*, Lower Mississippi-Natchez (08060100)+*, Lower Big Black (08060202)+, Bayou Pierre (08060203)+*, Homochitto (08060205)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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General Description: Males attain lengths of about 13 cm.
Reproduction Comments: Little known; record of nesting on 1 June in Mississippi (Ernst and Barbour 1972).
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Riverine Habitat(s): BIG RIVER, Low gradient, MEDIUM RIVER, Moderate gradient, Pool
Lacustrine Habitat(s): Shallow water
Palustrine Habitat(s): Riparian
Special Habitat Factors: Benthic, Burrowing in or using soil, Fallen log/debris
Habitat Comments: Rivers, lakes, and sloughs with soft bottom and abundant aquatic vegetation. Eggs are laid probably in shallow nest on land near water.
Adult Food Habits: Carnivore, Herbivore, Invertivore, Piscivore
Immature Food Habits: Carnivore, Herbivore, Invertivore, Piscivore
Food Comments: Eats aquatic plants, clams, snails, insect larvae, fish, and amphibian larvae (Ernst and Barbour 1972, Collins 1982).
Adult Phenology: Diurnal
Immature Phenology: Diurnal
Phenology Comments: Most active April to September in north (Collins 1982).
Length: 25 centimeters
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 20Feb2002
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Hammerson, G.
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 29Aug1995
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Hammerson, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Allen, C. R., S. Demarais, and R. S. Lutz. 1994. Red imported fire ant impact on wildlife: an overview. The Texas Journal of Science 46(1):51-59.

  • Behler, J. L., and F. W. King. 1979. The Audubon Society field guide to North American reptiles and amphibians. Alfred A. Knopf, New York. 719 pp.

  • Cliburn, J.W. 1976. A key to the amphibians and reptiles of Mississippi. Fourth edition. Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Jackson, Mississippi. 71 pp.

  • Collins, J. T. 1982. Amphibians and reptiles in Kansas. Second edition. Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist., Pub. Ed. Ser. 8. xiii + 356 pp.

  • Collins, J. T. 1990. Standard common and current scientific names for North American amphibians and reptiles. 3rd ed. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. Herpetological Circular No. 19. 41 pp.

  • Conant, R. and J. T. Collins. 1991. A field guide to reptiles and amphibians: eastern and central North America. Third edition. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, Massachusetts. 450 pp.

  • Crother, B. I. (editor). 2008. Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding. Sixth edition. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles Herpetological Circular 37:1-84. Online with updates at: http://www.ssarherps.org/pages/comm_names/Index.php

  • DIXON, JAMES R. 1987. AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF TEXAS, WITH KEYS, TAXONOMIC SYNOPSES, BIBLIOGRAPHY, AND DISTRIBUTION MAPS. TEXAS A& M UNIV. PRESS, COLLEGE STATION. xii + 434 pp.

  • Dobie, J. L. 1981. The taxonomic relationship between MALACLEMYS Gray, 1844 and GRAPTEMYS Agassiz, 1857 (Testudines: Emydidae). Tulane Stud. Zool. Bot. 23:85-102.

  • Dundee, H.E., and D.A. Rossman. 1989. The amphibians and reptiles of Louisiana. Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge. 300 pp.

  • Ernst, C. H., and R. W. Barbour. 1972. Turtles of the United States. Univ. Press of Kentucky, Lexington. x + 347 pp.

  • Ernst, C. H., and R. W. Barbour. 1989a. Turtles of the world. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. xii + 313 pp.

  • GARRETT, JUDITH M. AND DAVID G. BARKER. 1987. A FIELD GUIDE TO REPTILES AND AMPHIBIANS OF TEXAS. TEXAS MONTHLY PRESS, AUSTIN. xi + 225 pp.

  • GEHLBACH, FREDERICK R. 1991. THE EAST-WEST TRANSITION ZONE OF TERRESTRIAL VERTEBRATES IN CENTRAL TEXAS: A BIOGEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS. TEXAS J. SCI. 43(4):415-427.

  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B. 1992. THE DISTRIBUTION OF GRAPTEMYS PSEUDOGEOGRAPHICA ON THE UPPER SABINE RIVER. TEXAS J. SCI. 44(2):257-258.

  • King, F. W., and R. L. Burke, editors. 1989. Crocodilian, tuatara, and turtle species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Association of Systematics Collections, Washington, D.C. 216 pp.

  • LAMB, TRIP, CHARLES LYDEARD, ROBERT B. WALKER, AND J. WHITFIELD GIBBONS. 1994. MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS OF MAP TURTLES (GRAPTEMYS): A COMPARISON OF MITOCHONDRIAL RESTRICTION SITE VERSUS SEQUENCE DATA. SYST. BIOL. 43(4):543-559.

  • Lamb, T., C. Lydeard, R. B. Walker, and J. W. Gibbons. 1994. Molecular systematics of map turtles (GRAPTEMYS): a comparison of mitochondrial restriction site versus sequence data. Systematic Biology 43:543-559.

  • Lohoefener, R. and R. Altig. 1983. Mississippi herpetology. Mississippi State University Research Center, NSTL Station, Mississippi. 66 pp.

  • Portofee, M.C., M.A. Child, and D.R. Edds. 2017. Semiaquatic turtles of Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve, Chase County, Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 120(1?2):68-72.

  • Savitzky, B. A., and J. C. Mitchell. 2001. Geographic distribution: Graptemys pseudogeographica kohnii. Herpetological Review 32:191-192.

  • Turtle Taxonomy Working Group [van Dijk, P.P., Iverson, J.B., Shaffer, H.B., Bour, R., and Rhodin, A.G.J.]. 2012. Turtles of the world, 2012 update: annotated checklist of taxonomy, synonymy, distribution, and conservation status. In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Pritchard, P.C.H., van Dijk, P.P., Saumure, R.A., Buhlmann, K.A., Iverson, J.B., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises: A Compilation Project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5:000.243-000.328. Online. Available: www.iucn-tftsg.org/cbftt/.

  • VOGT, RICHARD C. 1993. SYSTEMATICS OF THE FALSE MAP TURTLES (GRAPTEMYS PSEUDOGEOGRAPHICA COMPLEX: REPTILIA, TESTUDINES, EMYDIDAE). ANN. CARNEGIE MUS. 62(1):1-46.

  • VOGT, RICHARD C. 1995. GRAPTEMYS PSEUDOGEOGRAPHICA. CAT. AMER. AMPHIB. REPT.:604.1-604.6.

  • Vogt, R. C. 1993. Systematics of the false map turtles (Graptemys pseudogeographica complex: Reptilia, Testudines, Emydidae). Annals of Carnegie Museum 62(1):1-46.

  • WARD, ROCKY, EARL G. ZIMMERMAN, AND TIM L. KING. 1994. ENVIRONMENTAL CORRELATES TO TERRESTRIAL REPTILIAN DISTRIBUTIONS IN TEXAS. TEXAS J. SCI. 46(1):21-26.

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