Gliricidia sepium - (Jacq.) Kunth ex Walp.
Mata Raton
Other English Common Names: Mexican Lilac, Quickstick
Other Common Names: quickstick
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Kunth ex Walp. (TSN 502803)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.152657
Element Code: PDFAB1U010
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Pea Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Fabales Fabaceae Gliricidia
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Gliricidia sepium
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 19Apr1994
Global Status Last Changed: 22Mar1994
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Native from Mexico to Colombia, Venezuela, and Guianas. Introduced and becoming naturalized in West Indies from Cuba and Jamaica to Lesser Antilles, Trinidad, and Curacao. Planted also in southern Florida and in South America south to Brazil. In Puerto Rico this species is common along roads, in fence rows and as an ornamental in the moist and dry coastal regions. It may be naturalized locally (Little, 1964). Found along dry to wet hillsides and thickets or in forests of the plains; often in pastures or along roadsides; frequent in second growth or in fields or pastures, 1600 m or less (Standley and Steyermark in Mills, 1957).
Nation: United States
National Status: NNA

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Florida (SNA)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Native from Mexico to Colombia, Venezuela, and Guianas. Introduced and becoming naturalized in West Indies from Cuba and Jamaica to Lesser Antilles, Trinidad, and Curacao. Planted also in southern Florida and in South America south to Brazil. In Puerto Rico this species is common (Little, 1964).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Native from Mexico to Colombia, Venezuela, and Guianas. Introduced and becoming naturalized in West Indies from Cuba and Jamaica to Lesser Antilles, Trinidad, and Curacao. Planted also in southern Florida and in South America south to Brazil. In Puerto Rico this species is common (Little, 1964).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
NOTE: The distribution shown may be incomplete, particularly for some rapidly spreading exotic species.

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States FLexotic

Range Map
No map available.

Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: A small deciduous tree or shrub, becoming 25 feet tall and 8 inches in trunk diameter.
Habitat Comments: Dry to wet hillsides and thickets or in forests of the plains; often in pastures or along roadsides; frequent in second growth or in fields or pastures (Standley and Steyermark in Mills, 1957).
Economic Attributes
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Economic Uses: Honey, FORAGE/BROWSE, Building materials/timber, INDUSTRIAL/CHEMICAL USE/PRODUCT, Useful poisons, Cultivated ornamental, OTHER USES/PRODUCTS
Economic Comments: This fast-growing tree produces good fuelwood, fixes nitrogen efficiently and grows well in, and enriches, poor soils. The wood is suitable for furniture, small articles, agricultural implements, and tool handles. Highly resistant to termites and decay, it is also used for posts and heavy construction. Can be easily propagated by cuttings for live fence posts and trimming provides ample foliage for green manure or ruminant feed. Leaves contain over 20 percent crude protein and are nutritious for cattle. The flowers are a good source of forage for bees. This species is also used widely to shade cash crops such as cacao, coffee, vanilla and tea. The roots, bark, and seeds are poisonous. The leaves may also be toxic to humans, although they are eaten in some parts of the tropics. Perhaps cooking inactivates the toxin (NRC, 1980). Listed as a timber species exploited in Costa Rica (Alvarez, 1991). The bark or leaves mixed with corn are poisonous to rats (Miranda in Mills, 1957).
Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 19Apr1994
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Blythe, K. (TNC-LASP)
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 24Apr1995
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): JASTER, T. (TNC-LASP)

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Alvarez, Luis and Jorge Poveda. 1991. Arboles Maderables Nativos de Costa Rica. Museo Nacional de Costa Rica. San José, Costa Rica.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Little, E., Jr. & Wadsworth, F. 1964. Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. 548 páges.

  • Mills, T.H. 1957. Timber Trees of Northern Chiapas. Mexico, D.F.

  • National Research Council. 1980. Firewood Crops: Shrub and Tree Species For Energy Production. National Academy of Sciences. Washington, D.C. 236 Págs.

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