Geranium bicknellii - Britt.
Bicknell's Northern Crane's-bill
Other English Common Names: Northern Crane's-bill
Other Common Names: Bicknell's cranesbill
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Geranium bicknellii Britt. (TSN 29129)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.153265
Element Code: PDGER02040
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Geranium Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Geraniales Geraniaceae Geranium
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Geranium bicknellii
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 13May2016
Global Status Last Changed: 16Apr1984
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR
Nation: Canada
National Status: N5 (16Apr2014)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alaska (SNR), California (SNR), Colorado (S2), Connecticut (SH), Idaho (SNR), Illinois (S1), Indiana (S1), Iowa (SH), Maine (SNR), Massachusetts (S2S3), Michigan (SNR), Minnesota (SNR), Montana (S4), New Hampshire (SNR), New York (S4), North Dakota (SNR), Ohio (S1), Oregon (SNR), Pennsylvania (S1), Rhode Island (S1), South Dakota (S4), Tennessee (SNR), Utah (S1S2), Vermont (S3), Virginia (SU), Washington (SNR), West Virginia (S4), Wisconsin (SNR), Wyoming (S2)
Canada Alberta (S5), British Columbia (S5), Manitoba (S5), New Brunswick (S3), Newfoundland Island (SNR), Northwest Territories (SNR), Nova Scotia (S3), Ontario (S4), Quebec (S4), Saskatchewan (S5), Yukon Territory (SNR)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: AK, CA, CO, CT, IA, IN, KS, MA, ME, MI, MN, MO, MT, ND, NH, NY, OH, PA, SD, TX, UT, VT, WA, WV, WY.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: AK, CA, CO, CT, IA, IN, KS, MA, ME, MI, MN, MO, MT, ND, NH, NY, OH, PA, SD, TX, UT, VT, WA, WV, WY.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AK, CA, CO, CT, IA, ID, IL, IN, MA, ME, MI, MN, MT, ND, NH, NY, OH, OR, PA, RI, SD, TN, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY
Canada AB, BC, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, ON, QC, SK, YT

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
CO Jefferson (08059)
IA Emmet (19063)*, Fayette (19065)*, Webster (19187)*
IL Cook (17031), Kankakee (17091), Lake (17097)
IN Fulton (18049), Jasper (18073)*, Lake (18089), Marshall (18099)*, Noble (18113)*, Porter (18127), Pulaski (18131)*, Starke (18149)*
MA Berkshire (25003)*, Hampden (25013), Hampshire (25015), Middlesex (25017)*, Norfolk (25021)*, Suffolk (25025)*, Worcester (25027)
OH Ashtabula (39007), Lucas (39095)
PA Carbon (42025)*, Centre (42027)*, Clearfield (42033)*, Clinton (42035), Erie (42049), Huntingdon (42061)*, Lackawanna (42069)*, Lebanon (42075)*, Monroe (42089)*, Potter (42105), Tioga (42117)
RI Providence (44007)
SD Custer (46033)*, Lawrence (46081), Pennington (46103)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 Nashua (01070004)+, Miller (01080202)+, Chicopee (01080204)+, Westfield (01080206)+, Charles (01090001)+*, Blackstone (01090003)+
02 Middle Delaware-Mongaup-Brodhead (02040104)+*, Lehigh (02040106)+*, Upper Susquehanna-Lackawanna (02050107)+*, Upper West Branch Susquehanna (02050201)+*, Middle West Branch Susquehanna (02050203)+, Pine (02050205)+, Upper Juniata (02050302)+*, Lower Susquehanna-Swatara (02050305)+*
04 Little Calumet-Galien (04040001)+, Pike-Root (04040002)+, St. Joseph (04050001)+*, Ottawa-Stony (04100001)+, Lower Maumee (04100009)+, Chautauqua-Conneaut (04120101)+, Lake Erie (04120200)+
05 Upper Allegheny (05010001)+, Tippecanoe (05120106)+
07 Turkey (07060004)+*, Upper Des Moines (07100002)+*, Middle Des Moines (07100004)+*, Kankakee (07120001)+*, Iroquois (07120002)+, Chicago (07120003)+, Des Plaines (07120004)+
10 Middle Cheyenne-Spring (10120109)+, Rapid (10120110)+*, Middle Cheyenne-Elk (10120111)+*, Lower Belle Fourche (10120202)+, Redwater (10120203)+*, Upper South Platte (10190002)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: A simple or branched herb with palmate leaves and small clusters of white or pale pink flowers.
Technical Description: Rootstock: a slender taproot. Stems: erect, diffusely branched, spreading hirsute, 1-8 dm tall. Leaves: pentagonal in general outline, deeply and palmately 5 lobed, 2.5-7.5 cm wide. Inflorescence: slender, 2 flowered peduncles arising from the forks in the stem. Pedicels: distinctly longer than the calyx with mixed long eglandular and short glandular hairs. Flowers: hypogynous, bisporangiate, 8-12 mm broad, crowded into compact clusters, pale white or pink. Sepals: ovate, 4.5-8 mm long (nearly equalling the petals), white, awn tipped. Petals: roseate, 7-9 mm long, obcordate. Stamens: 10 (5), all with perfect anthers, 5 long with basal glands and alternating with the petals. Filaments: persistent longer than the ovary carpels. Ovary: with 5 carpels, hispid pubescent. Style column: 1.5-2.3 cm at maturity, beaked. Fruit: a capsule, 20-25 mm long (including the persistent calyx). Seeds: black-brown, thick cylindric, reticulate.
Diagnostic Characteristics: Taproot slender, leaves cleft nearly (but not completely) to the base; pedicels glandular villous, more than twice as long as the calyx at maturity, sepals with 2-4 mm long subulate tips, petals relatively small, anthers 1 mm or less, stylar beak of fruit 3-5 mm long.
Duration: ANNUAL, BIENNIAL
Ecology Comments: Prefers open sites, woodlands, roadsides, fields, and waste places; does especially well in recently burned areas.
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Forest - Hardwood, Forest/Woodland
Habitat Comments: Open woods, fields, lake shores, roadsides, old campfire sites, disturbed soils, and recent burns.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 31Jan1992
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): ISAAC, J.

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Alexander, E.J. 1933. Geranium bicknellii. Addisonia 18 (4):57-58.

  • Alexander, E.J. 1933. Geranium bicknellii. Addisonia 18 (4):57-58. A33ALE01PAUS.

  • Britton, N. L. and A. B. Brown. 1913. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada, and the British Possessions. 2nd Edition in 3 Volumes. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. B13BRI01PAUS.

  • Britton, N. L. and A. Brown. 1913. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada. 3 vol. Dover Publications, Inc., N. Y. 2052 pp.

  • Fernald, M. L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. 8th edition. Corrected printing (1970). D. Van Nostrand Company, New York. 1632 pp.

  • Fernald, M.L. 1949. Gray's Manual of Botany, Eighth edition. American Book Co. New York. B49FER01PAUS

  • Fernald, M.L. 1950 Gray's Manual of Botany, 8th ed. American Book Company, New York. 1632 pp.

  • Gleason, H.A. & Cronquist, A. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Edition. The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY 10458. U.S.A. B91GLE01PAUS.

  • Gleason, H.A. 1952. New Britton & Brown. Illustrated Flora. Lancaster Press Inc. Lancaster, Pa. B52GLE01PAUS

  • Gleason, H.A. 1952. The new Britton and Brown illustrated flora of the northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 3 volumes. Hafner Press, New York. 1732 pp.

  • Gleason, H.A., and A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. D. Van Nostrand Company, New York, NY. 810 pp.

  • Gleason, H.A., and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York. 910 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1996. Species distribution data at state and province level for vascular plant taxa of the United States, Canada, and Greenland (accepted records), from unpublished data files at the North Carolina Botanical Garden, December, 1996.

  • Meades, S.J. & Hay, S.G; Brouillet, L. 2000. Annotated Checklist of Vascular Plants of Newfoundland and Labrador. Memorial University Botanical Gardens, St John's NF. 237pp.

  • USDA, Natural Resources Conservation Service, PLANTS Database [USDA PLANTS]. http://plants.usda.gov/. Accessed 2011.

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