Geocaulon lividum - (Richards.) Fern.
Northern Comandra
Other English Common Names: False Toadflax
Other Common Names: false toadflax
Synonym(s): Comandra lividum Richards.
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Geocaulon lividum (Richards.) Fern. (TSN 502755)
French Common Names: comandre livide
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.153775
Element Code: PDSAN04010
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Sandalwood Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Santalales Santalaceae Geocaulon
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Geocaulon lividum
Taxonomic Comments: When recognized in the genus Commandra, Kartesz (1999) spells the synonym C. lividum. However, the Harvard Herbarium Gray Card Index (web version, April 2000) spells it C. livida.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 13May2016
Global Status Last Changed: 13Mar1990
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Widespread and abundant thoroughout much of boreal North America, with tens of thousands of occurrences.
Nation: United States
National Status: N5
Nation: Canada
National Status: N5 (13Mar2012)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alaska (S5), Idaho (S3), Maine (S3), Michigan (SNR), Minnesota (S4), Montana (S3), New Hampshire (S1), New York (S1), Vermont (SX), Washington (SNR), Wisconsin (S1)
Canada Alberta (S5), British Columbia (S5), Labrador (S5), Manitoba (S5), New Brunswick (S3), Newfoundland Island (S5), Northwest Territories (SNR), Nova Scotia (S3), Nunavut (SU), Ontario (S5), Quebec (S4), Saskatchewan (S5), Yukon Territory (S5)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Widespread across boreal North America.

Population Size Comments: Abundant through most of its range.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Widespread across boreal North America.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AK, ID, ME, MI, MN, MT, NH, NY, VTextirpated, WA, WI
Canada AB, BC, LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, NU, ON, QC, SK, YT

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AK Juneau (02110)*, Kenai Peninsula (02122), Ketchikan Gateway (02130), Skagway-Hoonah-Angoon (CA) (02232)
ME Aroostook (23003), Franklin (23007), Oxford (23017), Piscataquis (23021), Washington (23029)
MN Cook (27031), Itasca (27061), Lake (27075), Lake of the Woods (27077), Roseau (27135), St. Louis (27137)
NH Carroll (33003), Coos (33007), Grafton (33009)
NY Essex (36031)
VT Lamoille (50015)*
WI Door (55029)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 Upper St. John (01010001)+, Allagash (01010002)+, Aroostook (01010004)+, West Branch Penobscot (01020001)+, East Branch Penobscot (01020002)+*, Dead (01030002)+, Lower Kennebec (01030003)+, Upper Androscoggin (01040001)+, Lower Androscoggin (01040002)+, Maine Coastal (01050002)+, Saco (01060002)+, Upper Connecticut (01080101)+*
02 Upper Hudson (02020001)+
04 Baptism-Brule (04010101)+, St. Louis (04010201)+, Lake Superior (04020300)+*, Door-Kewaunee (04030102)+, Raquette (04150305)+, Winooski River (04150403)+*, Ausable River (04150404)+, Lamoille River (04150405)+*
07 Prairie-Willow (07010103)+
09 Roseau (09020314)+, Rainy Headwaters (09030001)+, Little Fork (09030005)+, Big Fork (09030006)+, Rapid (09030007)+, Lower Rainy (09030008)+, Lake of the Woods (09030009)+
19 Ketchikan (19010102)+, Baranof-Chichagof Islands (19010203)+, Lynn Canal (19010301)+*, Lower Kenai Peninsula (19020301)+*, Upper Kenai Peninsula (19020302)+, Cook Inlet (19020800)+*
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Habitat Comments: Open lowland woods to alpine and arctic tundra.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Fernald, M.L. 1928. Contributions from the gray herbarium of Harvard University, No. LXXIX. Rhodora 30: 21-30.

  • Fernald, M.L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. 8th edition. D. Van Nostrand, New York. 1632 pp.

  • Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York. 910 pp.

  • Haines, A. and T.F. Vining. 1998. Flora of Maine, A Manual for Identification of Native and Naturalized Vascular Plants of Maine. V.F.Thomas Co., Bar Harbor, Maine.

  • Harvard University Herbaria. No Date. Gray Herbarium Card Index (1892 to present). Cambridge, Mass. Internet Database: http://herbaria.harvard.edu:80/Data/Gray/gray.html.

  • Holmgren, Noel. 1998. The Illustrated Companion to Gleason and Cronquist's Manual. Illustrations of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.

  • Meades, S.J. & Hay, S.G; Brouillet, L. 2000. Annotated Checklist of Vascular Plants of Newfoundland and Labrador. Memorial University Botanical Gardens, St John's NF. 237pp.

  • Mitchell, Richard S. and Gordon C. Tucker. 1997. Revised Checklist of New York State Plants. Contributions to a Flora of New York State. Checklist IV. Bulletin No. 490. New York State Museum. Albany, NY. 400 pp.

  • New York Natural Heritage Program. 2010. Biotics database. New York Natural Heritage Program. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Albany, NY.

  • Reschke, Carol. 1990. Ecological communities of New York State. New York Natural Heritage Program, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Latham, NY. 96 pp. plus xi.

  • Weldy, T. and D. Werier. 2010. New York flora atlas. [S.M. Landry, K.N. Campbell, and L.D. Mabe (original application development), Florida Center for Community Design and Research http://www.fccdr.usf.edu/. University of South Florida http://www.usf.edu/]. New York Flora Association http://wwws.nyflora.org/, Albany, New York

  • Zika, Peter F. and Jerry C. Jenkins. 1992. Contributions to the flora of the Adirondacks, New York. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 119(4): 442-445.

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