Fuirena squarrosa - Michx.
Hairy Umbrella-sedge
Other Common Names: hairy umbrella-sedge
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Fuirena squarrosa Michx. (TSN 40132)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.150452
Element Code: PMCYP0C070
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Sedge Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Cyperales Cyperaceae Fuirena
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Fuirena squarrosa
Taxonomic Comments: Excludes plants sometimes called Fuirena squarrosa var. pumila, which Kartesz (1999) treats as a distinct species, F. pumila.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 06Sep2002
Global Status Last Changed: 05Apr1985
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Reasons: Fuirena squarrosa occurs in marshes, bogs, and shores and is widespread from New York and New Jersey throughout the southeast to Texas and Oklahoma. It seems to be common in the central portion of its range including Virginia and the Carolinas (Weakley 2000), is occasional in the Florida panhandle (Wunderlin 1998), and only becomes rare at the edge of its range in Tennessee, Delaware, and New Jersey.
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (SNR), Arkansas (SNR), Delaware (S3), District of Columbia (SNR), Florida (SNR), Georgia (S4S5), Kentucky (SU), Louisiana (SNR), Maryland (SNR), Massachusetts (SH), Michigan (S2), Mississippi (S5), New Jersey (S3), North Carolina (SNR), Oklahoma (SNR), South Carolina (SNR), Tennessee (S1), Texas (SNR), Virginia (S4)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Fuirena squarrosa ranges from New York and New Jersey throughout the southeastern United States to Texas and Oklahoma (Karesz 1999). This species also occurs in Cuba (Godfrey and Wooten 1979).

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Drainage and conversion of wetlands and natural succession of boggy habitats are threats to this species (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Fuirena squarrosa ranges from New York and New Jersey throughout the southeastern United States to Texas and Oklahoma (Karesz 1999). This species also occurs in Cuba (Godfrey and Wooten 1979).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, DC, DE, FL, GA, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MS, NC, NJ, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AR Union (05139)
DE Sussex (10005)
MI Allegan (26005)*, Barry (26015)*, Cass (26027), Kalamazoo (26077), Kent (26081)*, Muskegon (26121), Oakland (26125), St. Joseph (26149), Van Buren (26159), Washtenaw (26161)
NJ Cape May (34009), Ocean (34029)
TN Benton (47005), Carroll (47017), Henderson (47077), Lewis (47101), McNairy (47109), Polk (47139), White (47185)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
02 Cohansey-Maurice (02040206)+, Broadkill-Smyrna (02040207)+, Mullica-Toms (02040301)+, Great Egg Harbor (02040302)+, Chincoteague (02040303)+
04 St. Joseph (04050001)+, Black-Macatawa (04050002)+*, Kalamazoo (04050003)+, Lower Grand (04050006)+*, Thornapple (04050007)+*, Pere Marquette-White (04060101)+, Muskegon (04060102)+, Clinton (04090003)+, Huron (04090005)+
05 Caney (05130108)+
06 Hiwassee (06020002)+, Lower Tennessee-Beech (06040001)+, Buffalo (06040004)+, Kentucky Lake (06040005)+
08 South Fork Obion (08010203)+, Upper Hatchie (08010207)+, Lower Ouachita-Smackover (08040201)+, Lower Ouachita-Bayou De Loutre (08040202)+, Bayou D'arbonne (08040206)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: Perennial herb to 1 meter tall, but usually less.
Riverine Habitat(s): SPRING/SPRING BROOK
Palustrine Habitat(s): Bog/fen, Riparian
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Savanna, Woodland - Conifer
Habitat Comments: Wet acidic substrates, bogs, seeps, ditches, pond and lakeshores, savanna, and flatwoods; 0-500 m (FNA 2002b).
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 25Aug2000
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: MacBryde, B., rev. A. Olivero

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Bryson, Charles T. 2002. Preliminary abundance and range estimates for Cyperaceae species of Mississippi. Handwritten notes provided to Mississippi Natural Heritage Program, Jackson, MS. 100 pp.

  • Correll, D.S., and H.B. Correll. 1972. Aquatic and wetland plants of southwestern United States. 2 volumes. Stanford Univ. Press, Stanford, California. 1777 pp.

  • Diggs, G.M., Jr., B.L. Lipscomb, and R.J. O'Kennon. 1999. Shinners and Mahler's Illustrated flora of north central Texas. Sida Botanical Miscellany No. 16. Botanical Research Institute of Texas, Ft. Worth. 1626 pp.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2002b. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Vol. 23. Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Cyperaceae. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxiv + 608 pp.

  • Godfrey, R.K., and J.W. Wooten. 1979. Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States: Monocotyledons. Univ. Georgia Press, Athens. 712 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.

  • Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project. 2002. A partnership between the U.S. Forest Service-Region 8, Natural Heritage Programs in the Southeast, NatureServe, and independent scientists to develop and review data on 1300+ regionally and locally rare species in the Southern Appalachian and Alabama region. Database (Access 97) provided to the U.S. Forest Service by NatureServe, Durham, North Carolina.

  • Weakley, A.S. 2000. Flora of the Carolinas and Virginia: working draft of May 15, 2000. Unpublished draft, The Nature Conservancy, Southern Resource Office.

  • Wunderlin, R.P. 1998. Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida. University Press of Florida: Gainesville, Florida. 806 pp.

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