Forestiera godfreyi - L.C. Anders.
Godfrey's Swamp-privet
Other Common Names: Godfrey's swampprivet
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Forestiera godfreyi L.C. Anders. (TSN 502637)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.149792
Element Code: PDOLE020C0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Olive Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Scrophulariales Oleaceae Forestiera
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Forestiera godfreyi
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G2
Global Status Last Reviewed: 09Mar2009
Global Status Last Changed: 23Jun2000
Rounded Global Status: G2 - Imperiled
Reasons: Forestiera godfreyi is known from a fairly limited range: nine counties in northern Florida and north along the coast to southeastern Georgia and extreme southeastern South Carolina. Approximately 18 occurrences are believed extant, mostly in Florida. Plants appear to be locally abundant at at least a few sites, but sparse at at least a few others; number of individuals can be difficult to estimate due to the species' propensity to form thickets. At least half of the occurrences are protected on parks or preserves. Threatened by competition with exotic plants such as Chinese privet and Nandina at some protected sites; unprotected sites may be impacted by logging and residential development.
Nation: United States
National Status: N2

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Florida (S2), Georgia (S1), South Carolina (S1)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Known from nine counties in northern Florida, adjacent Camden County in southeastern Georgia, and Colleton, Charleston, and Beaufort Counties in extreme southeastern South Carolina.

Area of Occupancy: 26-500 4-km2 grid cells
Area of Occupancy Comments: Estimated area of occupancy is 68 square km based on 18 separate grid cells, each 4 square km.

Number of Occurrences: 6 - 20
Number of Occurrences Comments: Approximately 18 occurrences are believed extant, 12 in Florida, 1 in Georgia, and 5 in South Carolina. Two additional Florida occurrences are considered historical and two additional South Carolina occurrences have been extirpated.

Population Size Comments: Of the occurrences for which abundance has been estimated, about half of the descriptions have noted the species as "common" or "locally abundant" at the site, while half have noted few individual plants (< 10). It appears that counting individuals is difficult where the species is abundant, as it tends to form thickets.

Overall Threat Impact: High - medium
Overall Threat Impact Comments: Godfrey's privet is threatened by invasion of Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense) and Nandina (Nandina domestica) at some managed areas. Its habitat is subject to logging and conversion to residential development.

Short-term Trend: Decline of 30-70%
Short-term Trend Comments: Estimated decline of at least 30%, and possibly more than 50%, over the short-term.

Long-term Trend: Decline of 30-70%
Long-term Trend Comments: Estimated decline of at least 30%, and likely more than 50%, over the long-term.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Known from nine counties in northern Florida, adjacent Camden County in southeastern Georgia, and Colleton, Charleston, and Beaufort Counties in extreme southeastern South Carolina.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States FL, GA, SC

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
FL Alachua (12001), Dixie (12029), Duval (12031), Gadsden (12039), Gilchrist (12041)*, Jackson (12063), Jefferson (12065), Levy (12075)*, Liberty (12077), Marion (12083)
SC Beaufort (45013), Charleston (45019), Colleton (45029)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Four Hole Swamp (03050206)+, Salkehatchie (03050207)+, Broad-St. Helena (03050208)+, Calibogue Sound-Wright River (03060110)+*, Cumberland-St. Simons (03070203)+, Nassau (03070205)+, Oklawaha (03080102)+, Lower St. Johns (03080103)+, Waccasassa (03110101)+*, Econfina-Steinhatchee (03110102)+, Lower Suwannee (03110205)+*, Santa Fe (03110206)+, Apalachee Bay-St. Marks (03120001)+, Apalachicola (03130011)+, Chipola (03130012)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: Deciduous shrub or small tree with leaning or arching main stems. Leaves are opposite, oval to egg-shaped, and toothed above the middle. Male and female flowers occur on separate plants. Flowers are in clusters that appear to be a single flower with numerous, bushy, golden stamens or pistils and 4-6 small, pale yellow "petals" (actually bracts). Flowers mid-January to mid-February.
General Description: From Chafin (2000): A deciduous shrub or small tree 2.5-5 m tall, with leaning or arching main stems. Leaves opposite, 5-8 cm long, simple, oval to egg-shaped, toothed above the middle, uniformly hairy on under surface. Leaf stalks and twigs hairy. Male and female flowers on separate plants. Both male and female flowers are clustered into inflorescences that appear to be a single flower with numerous, bushy, golden stamens or pistils and 4-6 small, pale yellow "petals" that are actually bracts; the individual flowers themselves have no petals. Male inflorescences have 12-15 flowers per cluster, each flower with 3-5 showy stamens and 4 -5 tiny sepals; four small and two tiny bracts subtend the inflorescence. Female inflorescences have 5-10 flowers each flower with a pistil and 2-4 non-functional stamens, and 6 small yellowish-green bracts. Flower clusters are held close to the stem. Fruits are dark blue drupes with a smooth, waxy surface.
Diagnostic Characteristics: Godfrey's privet (Forestiera godfreyi) is found in upland sites, usually with limestone. The undersides of the leaves, leaf stalks and twigs are hairy and the leaves are toothed above the middle. Swamp privet (Forestiera acuminata) occurs in wetlands, and has pointed leaf tips, small teeth all along the leaf margins, and leaf blades hairless beneath except along the veins. Upland privet (Forestiera ligustrina), which occurs in similar habitats to Godfrey's privet, has small teeth all along the leaf margins, nearly hairless leaf stalks, and two lines of hairs on the twigs. All other native privets flower later than Godfrey's privet, which blooms from mid-January to mid-February (Chafin 2000).
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Forest - Hardwood, Forest/Woodland, Woodland - Hardwood
Habitat Comments: On wooded slopes of lake and river bluffs, rocky woodlands, high hammocks, usually underlain by limestone, sometimes on exposed limestone (Anderson 1985).
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary
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Stewardship Overview: Avoid logging or other mechanical clearing in upland hardwood forests. Control invasive exotic species (Chafin 2000).
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 09Mar2009
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Chafin, L.G. (1999), rev. C. Nordman (2009)
Management Information Edition Date: 09Mar2009
Management Information Edition Author: Linda Duever (for Clifton Eakes, SHTF)
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 09Mar2009
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): rev. C. Nordman (2009)

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Anderson, L. C. 1985b. Forestiera godfreyi (Oleaceae): A new species from Florida and South Carolina. Sida 11(1):1- 5.

  • Chafin, L. G. 2000. Field guide to the rare plants of Florida. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee. [http://www.fnai.org/FieldGuide/]

  • Herring, B.J., and A.E. Davis. 2004. Inventory of rare and endemic plants and rare land and riverine vertebrates of Silver River and Silver Springs - Final Report. Unpublished report submitted to the St. Johns River Water Management District. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee, FL.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T., and C. Meacham. 1998a. Unpublished review draft of Floristic Synthesis, 8 Jan. 1998. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, NC.

  • Nelson, G. 1996. The Shrubs and Woody Vines of Florida: A Reference and Field Guide. Pineapple Press Inc, Sarasota.

  • Weakley, A.S. 1996. Flora of the Carolinas and Virginia: working draft of 23 May 1996. The Nature Conservancy, Southeast Regional Office, Southern Conservation Science Dept., Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Unpaginated.

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