Festuca ovina - L.
Sheep Fescue
Other English Common Names: Sheep Fescue
Other Common Names: sheep fescue
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Festuca ovina L. (TSN 40804)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.148944
Element Code: PMPOA2V0N0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Grass Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Cyperales Poaceae Festuca
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Festuca ovina
Taxonomic Comments: Excludes Festuca airoides, sometimes treated as F. ovina ssp. supina.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: GNR
Global Status Last Changed: 22Mar1994
Rounded Global Status: GNR - Not Yet Ranked
Nation: United States
National Status: NNA
Nation: Canada
National Status: NNA (22Mar1994)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alabama (SNA), Connecticut (SNA), Delaware (SNA), District of Columbia (SNA), Georgia (SNR), Illinois (SNA), Indiana (SNA), Iowa (SNA), Kentucky (SNA), Louisiana (SNA), Maine (SNA), Maryland (SNA), Massachusetts (SNR), Michigan (SNA), Minnesota (SNA), Missouri (SNA), Montana (SNA), New Hampshire (SNA), New Jersey (SNA), New York (SNA), North Carolina (SNA), North Dakota (SNA), Ohio (SNA), Oklahoma (SNA), Pennsylvania (SNA), Rhode Island (SNA), South Carolina (SNA), Tennessee (SNA), Vermont (SNA), Virginia (SNR), West Virginia (SNR), Wisconsin (SNA)
Canada Alberta (SNA), Manitoba (SNA), Ontario (SNA)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map
NOTE: The distribution shown may be incomplete, particularly for some rapidly spreading exotic species.

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States ALexotic, CTexotic, DCexotic, DEexotic, GA, IAexotic, ILexotic, INexotic, KYexotic, LAexotic, MA, MDexotic, MEexotic, MIexotic, MNexotic, MOexotic, MTexotic, NCexotic, NDexotic, NHexotic, NJexotic, NYexotic, OHexotic, OKexotic, PAexotic, RIexotic, SCexotic, TNexotic, VA, VTexotic, WIexotic, WV
Canada ABexotic, MBexotic, ONexotic

Range Map
No map available.

Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
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Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank)
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Disclaimer: While I-Rank information is available over NatureServe Explorer, NatureServe is not actively developing or maintaining these data. Species with I-RANKs do not represent a random sample of species exotic in the United States; available assessments may be biased toward those species with higher-than-average impact.

I-Rank: Insignificant
Rounded I-Rank: Insignificant
I-Rank Reasons Summary: Uncertain whether this taxon establishes without human intervention. Provisionally ranked "Insignificant."
I-Rank Review Date: 08Dec2005
Evaluator: Killeffer, T., rev. Maybury (2005)
Native anywhere in the U.S?
Native Range: As treated in the narrow sense here, including only the typical material, the native range is Europe (Cronquist et al. 1977, Welsh et al. 2003).

Download "An Invasive Species Assessment Protocol: Evaluating Non-Native Plants for their Impact on Biodiversity". (PDF, 1.03MB)
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Screening Questions

S-1. Established outside cultivation as a non-native? YES

S-2. Present in conservation areas or other native species habitat? Unknown
Comments: Although Kartesz (1999) indicates that this species occurs without cultivation in several scattered states, including California, Utah, and Missouri, floras from those areas do not include it as part of the state's flora (Hickman et al. 1993, Welsh 2003) or, in one case, indicate that it is "rare" (Cronquist et al. 1977). The Missouri record is from a single, doubfully identified specimen (Styermark 1963). Provisionally ranked "Insignificant" on this basis.

Other Considerations: Kartesz (1999), which is followed here, treats native material sometimes treated as varieties of F. ovina elsewhere. This treatment reflects the typical material only, which is native to Europe, and from which commercial strains used for forage and erosion control have been developed (Welsh 2003). The name F. ovina was misapplied to some material of the Eastern U.S.., treated as F. trachyphylla here (see Darbyshire and Pavlick 1997, Weakley 2005).
Authors/Contributors
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Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Aiken, S. G. and S. J. Darbyshire. 1990. Fescue grasses of Canada. Agriculture Canada, Publication 1844/E.

  • Cronquist, A., A.H. Holmgren, N.H. Holmgren, J.L. Reveal, and P.K. Holmgren. 1977. Intermountain flora: vascular plants of the intermountain West, U.S.A. Vol. Six. Monocotyledons. Columbia Univ. Press, New York. 584 pp.

  • Darbyshire, S.J. and L.E. Pavlick. 1997. Nomenclature notes on North American grasses. Phytologia 82(2):73-78.

  • Herbarium, Department of Botany, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

  • Herbarium, Museum of Man and Nature, 190 Rupert Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba.

  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: Higher plants of California. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA. 1400 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1996. Species distribution data at state and province level for vascular plant taxa of the United States, Canada, and Greenland (accepted records), from unpublished data files at the North Carolina Botanical Garden, December, 1996.

  • Scoggan, H.J. 1978. The Flora of Canada. National Museum of Natural Sciences, National Museum of Canada, Publ. in Botany 7(4).

  • Steyermark, J.A. 1963. Flora of Missouri. Iowa State Univ. Press, Ames. 1728 pp.

  • Weakley, A. S. 2005. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia. Draft as of June 10, 2005. UNC Herbarium, North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill. Available online: http://www.herbarium.unc.edu/flora.htm. Accessed 2005.

  • Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, S. Goodrich and L.C. Higgins. (Eds.) 2003. A Utah Flora. 3rd edition. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, U.S.A. 912 pp.

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