Festuca hallii - (Vasey) Piper
Rough Fescue
Other English Common Names: Hall's Fescue, Plains Rough Fescue
Other Common Names: plains rough fescue
Synonym(s): Festuca altaica ssp. hallii (Vasey) V.L. Harms
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Festuca hallii (Vasey) Piper (TSN 502604)
French Common Names: fétuque de Hall
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.156140
Element Code: PMPOA2V1A0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Grass Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Cyperales Poaceae Festuca
Check this box to expand all report sections:
Concept Reference
Help
Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Festuca hallii
Taxonomic Comments: There are competing taxonomic treatments of the Rough Fescue complex. Pavlick and Looman (1984) treat taxa within the complex (Festuca altaica, F. campestris, F. hallii) at a species level. Harms (1985) treats the taxa as subspecies of F. altaica.
Conservation Status
Help

NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 30Aug2016
Global Status Last Changed: 30Aug2016
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Reasons: Although Festuca hallii has >100 occurrences across a large geographic range, there has been significant decline and disappearance of fescue prairie with low potential for recovery.
Nation: United States
National Status: N2N4
Nation: Canada
National Status: N4 (03Feb2016)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Colorado (S1), Montana (SNR), North Dakota (SNR), Wyoming (S2)
Canada Alberta (S3), Manitoba (S3), Ontario (S1), Saskatchewan (S4)

Other Statuses

Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC): Candidate (Medium) (26Jan2015)

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Alberta to southeastern Manitoba and northern North Dakota, extending south along the eastern foothills of the Rocky Mountains in Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado. Plus disjunct occurrences in Ontario (Thunder Bay District).

Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300
Number of Occurrences Comments: 20-50 occurrences in Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba, 3 in Ontario; 5-10 in Wyoming, Montana, and North Dakota, and 1 in Colorado.

Population Size Comments: Many occurrences contain hundreds or thousands of plants. There are occurrences over a wide geographic range.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Threatened by grazing, competition from exotic species, and habitat disturbance.

Short-term Trend: Decline of <30% to relatively stable
Short-term Trend Comments: May be declining in response to heavy grazing.

Intrinsic Vulnerability Comments: Although not a preferred species by livestock, F. hallii tends to decrease under heavy grazing.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
Help
Global Range: Alberta to southeastern Manitoba and northern North Dakota, extending south along the eastern foothills of the Rocky Mountains in Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado. Plus disjunct occurrences in Ontario (Thunder Bay District).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States CO, MT, ND, WY
Canada AB, MB, ON, SK

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
CO Huerfano (08055), Larimer (08069), Las Animas (08071)
WY Albany (56001), Johnson (56019)*, Park (56029), Washakie (56043)*
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
10 Clarks Fork Yellowstone (10070006)+, Nowood (10080008)+*, North Fork Shoshone (10080012)+, Shoshone (10080014)+, Middle Fork Powder (10090201)+*, Crazy Woman (10090205)+*, Clear (10090206)+*, Upper North Platte (10180002)+, Upper Laramie (10180010)+, Cache La Poudre (10190007)+
11 Huerfano (11020006)+, Apishapa (11020007)+, Purgatoire (11020010)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
Help
Basic Description: Plant, monocot, Poaceae; Plains Rough Fescue. A perennial, tufted bunchgrass with creeping rhizomes, 3-5 dm tall. Leaf blades gray-green and folded, spikelets seldom exceeding glumes in length.
Habitat Comments: Alpine tundra, subalpine grasslands, meadows, grassy slopes, woodland margins.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Help
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Viability
Help
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
Help
Authors/Contributors
Help
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: S.L.Neid, MRO

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Aiken, S. G., and S. J. Darbyshire. 1990. Fescue grasses of Canada. Agriculture Canada Publication 1844/E.

  • Aiken, S.G. and J.L. Riley. 1984. Festuca hallii (Vasey) Piper. In: Atlas of the rare vascular plant of Ontario. Eds. Argus and D.E. White. National Museum of Natural History, Ottawa.

  • Aiken, S.G. and L.P. Lefkovitch. 1984. The taxonomic value of using epidermal characteristcs in the Canadian rough fescue complex (Festuca altaica, F. campestris, F. hallii, "F. scabrella"). Can. J. Botany 62:1864-1870.

  • Andersen, M.D. and B. Heidel. 2011. HUC-based species range maps. Prepared by Wyoming Natural Diversity Database for use in the pilot WISDOM application operational from inception to yet-to-be-determined date of update of tool.

  • Anderson, D. G. 2006. Festuca hallii (Vasey) Piper (Hall?s fescue): A Technical Conservation Assessment. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Region. http://www.fs.fed.us/r2/projects/scp/assessments/Festucahallii.pdf.

  • Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren, J. L. Reveal, and P. K. Holmgren. 1977. Intermountain Flora; Vascular Plants of the Intermountain West, U.S.A. Volume 6: The Monocotyledons. Columbia University Press, New York, NY.

  • Darbyshire, S. J. and L. E. Pavlick. 2007. Festuca. Pages 389-443 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, editor. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 24. Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.

  • Dorn, R. D. 2001. Vascular Plants of Wyoming, third edition. Mountain West Publishing, Cheyenne, WY.

  • ERO Resources Corporation. 2000. Final report: plant species of concern - portions of U.S. 212 (FH 4). The Beartooth Highway. Park County, Wyoming and Park County, Montana. Unpublished report prepared for the Federal Highway Administration by the ERO Resources Corporation, Denver, CO.

  • Evert, E. F. 1991. Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of the North Fork Shoshone River Drainage, Northwestern Wyoming. Unpublished report. 64 pp.

  • Evert, E. F. 2010. Vascular Plants of the Greater Yellowstone Area: Annotated Catalog and Atlas. Park Ridge, IL.

  • Fertig, W. 2000. State Species Abstract: Festuca hallii. Wyoming Natural Diversity Database. Available on the internet at www.uwyo.edu/wyndd.

  • Fertig, W. 1994. Guide to Sensitive Wyoming plants of US Forest Service Region 2 (with emphasis on plants of Bighorn, Medicine Bow, and Shoshone National Forests). Unpublished report prepared as a handout for the TES species identification workshop conducted for US Forest Service Region 2 in Laramie, WY, 11 May 1994.

  • Fertig, W. 1995. Report on the potential vulnerability of Shoshone National Forest Candidate and Sensitive plant species to livestock grazing. Unpublished report prepared for the Shoshone National Forest by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, Laramie, WY.

  • Fertig, W. 1997. Plant species of special concern on Shoshone National Forest: 1996 survey results. Unpublished report prepared by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, Laramie, WY.

  • Fertig, W. 1998. The status of rare plants on Shoshone National Forest: 1995-97 survey results. Unpublished report prepared for the Shoshone National Forest by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, Laramie, WY.

  • Fertig, W. 1999. The status of rare plants in the Bighorn Landscape. Report prepared for The Nature Conservancy Wyoming Field Office by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, Laramie, Wyoming.

  • Fertig, W. 2000. Rare vascular plant species in the Wyoming portion of the Utah-Wyoming Rocky Mountains Ecoregion. Prepared for the Wyoming Nature Conservancy by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, Laramie, WY.

  • Fertig, W. 2002. Field survey and modeling of Hall?s fescue (Festuca hallii) on Bighorn National Forest. Unpublished report prepared for the Bighorn National Forest by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, Laramie, WY.

  • Fertig, W., C. Refsdal, and J. Whipple. 1994. Wyoming Rare Plant Field Guide. Wyoming Rare Plant Technical Committee, Cheyenne, WY.

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2007a. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 24. Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 1. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxviii + 911 pp.

  • Girard, M. 1992. Sensitive and Watch Plant Species of the Bighorn National Forest. Bighorn National Forest, 1969 S. Sheridan Ave., Sheridan, WY.

  • Harms, V. L. 1985. A reconsideration of the nomenclature and taxonomy of the Festuca altaica complex (Poaceae) in North America. Madroño 32:1-10.

  • Harms, V.L. 1985. A reconsideration of the nomenclature and taxonomy of the Festuca altaica complex (Poaceae) in North America. Madrono 32:1-10.

  • Hitchcock, C. L., A. Cronquist and M. Ownbey. 1969. Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest, Part 1: Vascular Cryptograms, Gymnosperms and Monocotyledons. University of Washington Press, Seattle, WA.

  • Houston, K.E., W.J. Hartung and C.J. Hartung. 2001. A field guide for forest indicator plants, sensitive plants, and noxious weeds of the Shoshone National Forest, Wyoming. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-84, Ogden, UT: USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station.

  • Jones, G. P. 1992. Review of research and recommendation for boundaries and management for the Cinnabar Park Special Management Area. Unpublished report prepared for Medicine Bow National Forest by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, Laramie, WY.

  • Jones, G. P. and W. Fertig. 1999. Ecological evaluation of the potential Pat O?Hara Mountain Research Natural Area within the Shoshone National Forest, Park County, Wyoming. Unpublished report prepared for the Shoshone National Forest, USDA Forest Service by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, Laramie, WY.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Mills, S. and M. Neighbours. 1995. Intensive data gathering project (fine-filter analysis) for occurrences of rare, threatened, endangered and sensitive species in sections M331H and M331I, north central highlands and northern parks and ranges, in Wyoming. Unpublished report prepared for Medicine Bow National Forest by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, Laramie, WY. 294 pp.

  • Mills, S. and W. Fertig. 1996. Field guide to rare and Sensitive plants of the Shoshone National Forest. Report prepared by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, Laramie, WY.

  • Mills, S. and W. Fertig. 1996. Survey of plant species of special concern on the Shoshone National Forest, 1995. Unpublished report prepared for Shoshone National Forest by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, Laramie, WY.

  • O'Kane, S. L. 1988. Colorado's Rare Flora. Great Basin Naturalist. 48(4):434-484.

  • O'Kane, S.L. 1988. Colorado's rare flora. Great Basin Naturalist 48 (4):434-484.

  • Pavlick, L. E. and J. Looman. 1984. Taxonomy and nomenclature of rough fescues, Festuca altaica, F. campestris (F. scabrella var. major), and F. hallii, in Canada and the adjacent part of United States. Canadian Journal of Botany 62:1739-1749.

  • Pavlick, L.E. and J. Looman. 1984. Taxonomy and nomenclature of rough fescues, Festuca altaica, F. campestris (P. scabrella var. major), and F. hallii, in Canada and the adjacent part of United States. Can J. Botany 62:1739-1749.

  • Porter, C.L. 1964. A Flora of Wyoming, Part III. Bulletin 418:1-80. Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Wyoming.

  • Romo, J.T. 1996. Seed age-germination relationships in plains rough fescue, Festuca altaica subspecies hallii. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 110:294-297.

  • Ryke, N., D. Winters, L. McMartin and S. Vest. 1994. Threatened, Endangered and Sensitive Species of the Pike and San Isabel National Forests and Comanche and Cimarron National Grasslands. May 25, 1994.

  • Skinner, Q. D. 2010. A Field Guide to Wyoming Grasses. Education Resources Publishing, Cumming, GA.

  • Spackman, S., B. Jennings, J. Coles, C. Dawson, M. Minton, A. Kratz, and C. Spurrier. 1997. Colorado Rare Plant Field Guide. Prepared for the Bureau of Land Management, the U.S. Forest Service and the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service by the Colorado Natural Heritage Program, Fort Collins, CO.

  • Spackman, S., B. Jennings, J. Coles, C. Dawson, M. Minton, A. Kratz, and C. Spurrier. 1997. Colorado rare plant field guide. Prepared for Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service by Colorado Natural Heritage Program.

  • Toynbee, K. 1987. Prolific flowering year for Plains Rough Fescue at the Kernen Prairie. Blue Jay 45:142-143.

  • Trottier, G.C. 1986. Disruption of rough fescue, Festuca hallii, grassland by livestock grazing in Riding Mountain National Park, Manitoba. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 100(4):488-495.

  • Tweit, S. J. 1980. Grassland and shrubland habitat types of the Shoshone National Forest. US Forest Service, Shoshone National Forest.

  • Tweit, S. and K. Houston. 1980. Grassland and shrubland types of the Shoshone National Forest. USDA Forest Service, Shoshone National Forest.

  • USDA, NRCS. 2013. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.

  • Weber, W. A. and R. C. Wittmann. 2012. Colorado Flora, Eastern Slope, A Field Guide to the Vascular Plants, Fourth Edition. Boulder, Colorado. 555 pp.

  • Weber, W. A. and R. C. Wittmann. 2012. Colorado Flora, Western Slope, A Field Guide to the Vascular Plants, Fourth Edition. Boulder, Colorado. 532 pp.

  • Welp, L., W.F. Fertig, G.P. Jones, G.P. Beauvais, and S.M. Ogle. 2000. Fine filter analysis of the Bighorn, Medicine Bow, and Shoshone National Forests in Wyoming. Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, Laramie, WY.

  • von Ahlefeldt, J. 1993. Medicine Bow National Forest Sensitive plant species (Region 2 list) and species of special concern (Nature Conservancy). Unpublished report prepared by Medicine Bow National Forest. 35 pp.

Use Guidelines & Citation

Use Guidelines and Citation

The Small Print: Trademark, Copyright, Citation Guidelines, Restrictions on Use, and Information Disclaimer.

Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of November 2016.
Note: This report was printed on

Trademark Notice: "NatureServe", NatureServe Explorer, The NatureServe logo, and all other names of NatureServe programs referenced herein are trademarks of NatureServe. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 2017 NatureServe, 4600 N. Fairfax Dr., 7th Floor, Arlington Virginia 22203, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation for data on website including State Distribution, Watershed, and Reptile Range maps:
NatureServe. 2017. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE."

Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/birdDistributionmapsmetadatav1.pdf.

Full metadata for the Mammal Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/mammalsDistributionmetadatav1.pdf.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:
  1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
  2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
  3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
  4. No graphics available from this server can be used, copied or distributed separate from the accompanying text. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel, or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of NatureServe. No trademark owned by NatureServe may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from NatureServe. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any NatureServe copyright.
Information Warranty Disclaimer: All documents and related graphics provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. NatureServe hereby disclaims all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. NatureServe makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. NatureServe may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, NatureServe makes no commitment to update the information contained herein. Since the data in the central databases are continually being updated, it is advisable to refresh data retrieved at least once a year after its receipt. The data provided is for planning, assessment, and informational purposes. Site specific projects or activities should be reviewed for potential environmental impacts with appropriate regulatory agencies. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program(s) or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area (see Visit Local Programs).

Feedback Request: NatureServe encourages users to let us know of any errors or significant omissions that you find in the data through (see Contact Us). Your comments will be very valuable in improving the overall quality of our databases for the benefit of all users.