Satyrium favonius ontario - (W. H. Edwards, 1868)
Northern Oak Hairstreak
Synonym(s): Euristrymon favonius ontario ;Fixsenia favonius ontario ;Fixsenia ontario ontario ;Fixsenia ontario
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Satyrium favonius ontario (W. H. Edwards, 1868) (TSN 778714)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.115135
Element Code: IILEPE9012
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Invertebrates - Insects - Butterflies and Moths - Butterflies and Skippers
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Mandibulata Insecta Lepidoptera Lycaenidae Satyrium
Genus Size: C - Small genus (6-20 species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Pelham, J. P. 2008. A catalogue of the butterflies of the United States and Canada with a complete bibliography of the descriptive and systematic literature. The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera. Volume 40. 658 pp. Revised 14 February, 2012.
Concept Reference Code: B08PEL01EHUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Fixsenia favonius ontario
Taxonomic Comments: Opler and Warren (2002) state, "Species previously places in Fixsenia Tutt, 1907 and Harkenclenus dos Passos, 1970, are now placed in Satyrium by Robbins (in press)." Intergrades in SC to subspecies favonius. The two were formerly treated as separate species. S. favonius is sometimes placed in the genus Euristrymon.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4G5T4
Global Status Last Reviewed: 14Sep2015
Global Status Last Changed: 01Sep1998
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: T4 - Apparently Secure
Reasons: Rare in most of range, but widespread and no specific pervasive threats.
Nation: United States
National Status: N4 (01Sep1998)
Nation: Canada
National Status: N1 (14Sep2015)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Arkansas (S3), Colorado (S1), Connecticut (SU), District of Columbia (SNR), Florida (SU), Georgia (S2S4), Illinois (S1S3), Indiana (S1S2), Kansas (S2S3), Kentucky (S2), Louisiana (SU), Maryland (S1S2), Michigan (S1), Mississippi (SNR), Missouri (S4?), New Jersey (S3S4), New York (S2S4), North Carolina (S2S3), Oklahoma (S3), Pennsylvania (SU), Rhode Island (SNR), South Carolina (SNR), Virginia (S3), West Virginia (S1)
Canada Ontario (S1)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent: 250-20,000 square km (about 100-8000 square miles)
Range Extent Comments: Ontario (formerly), Massachusetts south spottily to Georgia; west to Michigan, Kansas, Colorado, and Arizona. Widespread but very local.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Very vulnerable to gypsy moth spraying.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: (250-20,000 square km (about 100-8000 square miles)) Ontario (formerly), Massachusetts south spottily to Georgia; west to Michigan, Kansas, Colorado, and Arizona. Widespread but very local.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.

Map unavailable!:
Distribution data for U.S. states and Canadian provinces is known to be incomplete or has not been reviewed for this taxon.
Endemism: occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AR, CO, CT, DC, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OK, PA, RI, SC, VA, WV
Canada ON

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
CO Las Animas (08071)*
KY Christian (21047), Fayette (21067)*, Hardin (21093), Harrison (21097), Hart (21099), Hopkins (21107), Jefferson (21111)*, Lewis (21135), McCracken (21145)*, Meade (21163), Oldham (21185)*, Pulaski (21199), Rowan (21205), Trigg (21221)
MD Allegany (24001), Baltimore County (24005)
MI Lenawee (26091)*, Wayne (26163)
NC Brunswick (37019), Caswell (37033), Cleveland (37045), Dare (37055)*, Hoke (37093), Iredell (37097), Mecklenburg (37119), Montgomery (37123), Moore (37125), New Hanover (37129), Orange (37135), Richmond (37153)
NY Orange (36071), Rockland (36087), Ulster (36111), Westchester (36119)
RI Washington (44009)
WV Grant (54023), Pendleton (54071)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 Pawcatuck-Wood (01090005)+
02 Middle Hudson (02020006)+, Hudson-Wappinger (02020008)+, Lower Hudson (02030101)+, Gunpowder-Patapsco (02060003)+, South Branch Potomac (02070001)+, Cacapon-Town (02070003)+, South Fork Shenandoah (02070005)+
03 Lower Dan (03010104)+, Albemarle (03010205)+*, Pamlico Sound (03020105)+*, Upper Neuse (03020201)+, New River (03020302)+, Upper Cape Fear (03030004)+, Lower Cape Fear (03030005)+, Upper Pee Dee (03040104)+, Rocky, North Carolina, (03040105)+, Lower Pee Dee (03040201)+, Lumber (03040203)+, Coastal Carolina (03040208)+, Upper Catawba (03050101)+, Upper Broad (03050105)+
04 Detroit (04090004)+, Tiffin (04100006)+*
05 Ohio Brush-Whiteoak (05090201)+, Licking (05100101)+, Lower Kentucky (05100205)+*, Upper Green (05110001)+, Rough (05110004)+, Rockcastle (05130102)+, Lower Cumberland (05130205)+, Silver-Little Kentucky (05140101)+*, Salt (05140102)+*, Blue-Sinking (05140104)+, Tradewater (05140205)+, Lower Ohio (05140206)+*
06 Lower Tennessee (06040006)+*
11 Purgatoire (11020010)+*, Cimarron headwaters (11040001)+*
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: Butterfly, Lycaenidae.
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Habitat Comments: Open woodlands, oak groves, coastal barrens. Hosts are in genus QUERCUS. CRATAEGUS also reported (probably in error).
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 27Aug1992
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Opler, P.A. & D. Schweitzer
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 15May2001

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Allen, T.J. 1997. The butterflies of West Virginia and their caterpillars. Pittsburgh, PA. University of Pittsburgh Press.

  • Allen, T.J., J.P. Brock, and J. Glassberg. 2005. Caterpillars in the field and garden. Oxford University Press, New York. 232 pp.

  • Belth, Jeffrey E. 2013. Butterflies of Indiana A Field Guide. Indiana University Press.Bloomington, IN.

  • Brock, J. P., and K. Kaufman. 2003. Butterflies of North America. Kaufman Focus Field Guides, Houghton Mifflin Company, New York, NY 284 pp.

  • COVELL, C.V., JR. 1999. THE BUTTERFLIES AND MOTHS (LEPIDOPTERA) OF KENTUCKY: AN ANNOTATED CHECKLIST. KENTUCKY STATE NATURE PRESERVES COMMISSION SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL SERIES 6:1-220.

  • Ferris, Clifford and F. M. Brown. 1981. Butterflies of the Rocky Mountain States. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman. 442 pp.

  • Glassberg, J. 1993. Butterflies through binoculars: A field guide to butterflies in the Boston-New York-Washington region. Oxford University Press: New York. 160 pp.

  • Glassberg, J. 1999. Butterflies Through Binoculars: The East. Oxford University Press, New York, New York. 400 pp.

  • Gochfeld, M. and J. Burger. 1997. Butterflies of New Jersey. Rutgers University Press: Rutgers, New Jersey. 327 pp.

  • Iftner, D. C., J. A. Shuey, and J. V. Calhoun. 1992. Butterflies and Skippers of Ohio. Ohio Biological Survey Bulletin. New Series, Vol. 9, no. 1, xii + 212 pp., 40 color plates.

  • Iftner, David C. and Wright, David M., 1996. Atlas of New Jersey Butterflies. Privately published by authors.

  • Natural Resources Commission. 2014. Roster of Indiana Animals, Insects, and Plants That Are Extirpated, Endangered, Threatened or Rare. Information Bulletin #2 (Sixth Amendment. 20pp.

  • O'Donnell, J.E., L.F. Gall., and D.L. Wagner, eds. 2007. The Connecticut Butterfly Atlas. State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Department of Environmental Protection, Hartford. 376 pp.

  • Opler, P. A., and A. D. Warren. 2002. Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico. C.P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. 79 pp.

  • Peacock, J. W., D. F. Schweitzer, J. L. Carter, and N. R. Dubois. 1998. Laboratory Assessment of the effects of Bacillus thuringiensis on native Lepidoptera. Environmental Entomology 27(2):450-457.

  • Pelham, J. P. 2008. A catalogue of the butterflies of the United States and Canada with a complete bibliography of the descriptive and systematic literature. The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera. Volume 40. 658 pp. Revised 14 February, 2012.

  • Pohl, G.R.  J-F. Landry, B.C. Schmidt, J.D. Lafontaine, J.T. Troubridge, A.D. Macaulay, E.van Nieukerken, J.R. deWaard, J.J. Dombroskie, J. Klymko, V. Nazari and K. Stead. 2018. Annotated checklist of the moths and butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Canada and Alaska. Pensoft Publishers. 580 pp.

  • Pyle, Robert Michael. 1981. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Butterflies. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York. 915 pp.

  • Schweitzer, Dale F. 2004. Gypsy Moth (Lymantria dispar): impacts and options for biodiversity-oriented land managers. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. NatureServe Explorer. Online. Available: http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/

  • Scott, J. A. 1986. The Butterflies of North America: A Natural History and Field Guide. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California.

  • Shapiro, A.M. 1974. Butterflies and Skippers of New York State. Search 4:1-60.

  • Shuey, John. 1995. Indiana S-Ranks for Butterflies. Memorandum to Cloyce Hedge. 10 pp.

  • Shull, Ernest M. 1987. The Butterflies of Indiana. Publ. by Indiana Acad. Science, distributed by Indiana Univ. Press, Bloomington/Indianapolis, 262 pp.

  • Stanford, Ray E. and Paul A. Opler. 1993. Atlas of Western USA Butterflies. Denver and Fort Collins, Colorado. 275 pp.

  • Wagner, D.L., J.W. Peacock, J.L. Carter, and S.E. Talley. 1996. Field assessment of Bacillus thuringiensis on nontarget Lepidoptera. Environmental Entomology 25(6):1444-1454.

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