Etheostoma sp. 5
Longhunt Darter
Taxonomic Status: Provisionally accepted
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.105031
Element Code: AFCQC02D20
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Fishes - Bony Fishes - Perches and Darters
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Actinopterygii Perciformes Percidae Etheostoma
Genus Size: D - Medium to large genus (21+ species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Layman, S. R. 1994. Phylogenetic systematics and biogeography of darters of the subgenus DORATION (Percidae: ETHEOSTOMA). Ph.D. dissertation, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama.
Concept Reference Code: U94LAY01EHUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Etheostoma sp. 5
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 25Mar1999
Global Status Last Changed: 25Mar1999
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Reasons: Cumberland River drainage below Cumberland Falls, from Rockcastle River in Kentucky to Red River in Kentucky and Tennessee.
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Kentucky (S4)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Cumberland River drainage below Cumberland Falls, from Rockcastle River in Kentucky to Red River in Kentucky and Tennessee; appears to be absent from Caney Fork River, but specimens of E. STIGMAEUM reported from lower Caney Fork River probably represented this species rather than the bluemask darter; formerly thought to be sympatric with an undescribed E. JESSIAE-like form, but the single record of the latter is invalid (Layman 1994).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Cumberland River drainage below Cumberland Falls, from Rockcastle River in Kentucky to Red River in Kentucky and Tennessee; appears to be absent from Caney Fork River, but specimens of E. STIGMAEUM reported from lower Caney Fork River probably represented this species rather than the bluemask darter; formerly thought to be sympatric with an undescribed E. JESSIAE-like form, but the single record of the latter is invalid (Layman 1994).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
Endemism: endemic to a single nation

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States KY

Range Map
No map available.

U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
05 Rockcastle (05130102), Upper Cumberland-Lake Cumberland (05130103), South Fork Cumberland (05130104), Obey (05130105), Upper Cumberland-Cordell Hull (05130106), Stones (05130203), Harpeth (05130204), Lower Cumberland (05130205), Red (05130206)
06 Emory (06010208)
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed (based on multiple information sources) Help
Ecology & Life History
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Habitat Type: Freshwater
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Riverine Habitat(s): MEDIUM RIVER
Special Habitat Factors: Benthic
Habitat Comments: A benthic, riverine species.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Darters

Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Occurrences are based on evidence of historical presence, or current and likely recurring presence, at a given location. Such evidence minimally includes collection or reliable observation and documentation of one or more individuals (including eggs and larvae) in appropriate habitat.
Separation Barriers: Dam lacking a suitable fishway; high waterfall; upland habitat.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Justification: Data on dispersal and other movements generally are not available. Though larvae of some species may drift with the current, Turner (2001) found no significant relationship between a larval transport index and gene flow among several different darter species.

Separation distances are arbitrary but reflect the likely low probability that two occupied locations separated by less than several kilometers of aquatic habitat would represent truly independent populations.

Because of the difficulty in defining suitable versus unsuitable habitat, especially with respect to dispersal, and to simplify the delineation of occurrences, a single separation distance is used regardless of habitat quality.

Occupied locations that are separated by a gap of 10 km or more of any aquatic habitat that is not known to be occupied generally represent different occurrences. However, it is important to evaluate seasonal changes in habitat to ensure that an occupied habitat occurrence for a particular population does not artificially separate spawning areas and nonspawning areas as different occurrences simply because there have been no collections/observations in an intervening area that may exceed the separation distance.

Date: 21Sep2004
Author: Hammerson, G.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 03May2001

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Layman, S. R. 1994. Phylogenetic systematics and biogeography of darters of the subgenus DORATION (Percidae: ETHEOSTOMA). Ph.D. dissertation, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama.

References for Watershed Distribution Map
  • Burr, B. M., and M. L. Warren, Jr. 1986a. Distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Kentucky Nature Preserves Commission, Scientific and Technical Series No. 4, Frankfort, Kentucky. 398 pp.

  • Etnier, D. A., and W. C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, Tennessee. xiv + 681 pp.

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