Etheostoma asprigene - (Forbes, 1878)
Mud Darter
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Etheostoma asprigene (Forbes in Jordan, 1878) (TSN 168372)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.106307
Element Code: AFCQC02020
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Fishes - Bony Fishes - Perches and Darters
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Actinopterygii Perciformes Percidae Etheostoma
Genus Size: D - Medium to large genus (21+ species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B91ROB01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Etheostoma asprigene
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4
Global Status Last Reviewed: 02Dec2011
Global Status Last Changed: 02Dec2011
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N4 (02Dec2011)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Arkansas (S3), Illinois (S3), Indiana (S4), Iowa (S3), Kentucky (S4S5), Louisiana (S3S4), Minnesota (SNR), Mississippi (S3), Missouri (SNR), Oklahoma (S3), Tennessee (S4), Texas (S2S3), Wisconsin (S3)

Other Statuses

IUCN Red List Category: LC - Least concern

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent: 200,000-2,500,000 square km (about 80,000-1,000,000 square miles)
Range Extent Comments: Range includes Mississippi River basin lowlands from Louisiana and eastern Texas to Wisconsin and Minnesota; also the Gulf Slope in the Sabine-Neches drainage in Texas and Louisiana (Page and Burr 2011).

Number of Occurrences: 81 - 300
Number of Occurrences Comments: This species is represented by a large number of occurrences (subpopulations).

Population Size: 100,000 to >1,000,000 individuals
Population Size Comments: Total adult population size is unknown but apparently large (likely greater than 100,000). This species is locally common in Arkansas (Robison and Buchanan 1988).

Overall Threat Impact Comments: This species is at least moderately tolerant of silt and turbidity (Robison and Buchanan 1988) and organic matter (Smith 1979). Smith (1979) speculated that the decline of this species in Illinois "must be due to the presently smaller sizes of streams during drought periods."

Short-term Trend: Decline of 10-30%
Short-term Trend Comments: Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain, but distribution and abundance probably are slowly declining.

Long-term Trend:  
Long-term Trend Comments: Smith (1979) indicated this this species has been decimated over most of Illinois. Ross (2001) reported that recent efforts to collect this darter in Mississippi generally have been unsuccessful.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: (200,000-2,500,000 square km (about 80,000-1,000,000 square miles)) Range includes Mississippi River basin lowlands from Louisiana and eastern Texas to Wisconsin and Minnesota; also the Gulf Slope in the Sabine-Neches drainage in Texas and Louisiana (Page and Burr 2011).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
Endemism: endemic to a single nation

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AR, IA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MN, MO, MS, OK, TN, TX, WI

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
IA Allamakee (19005)*, Benton (19011), Boone (19015)*, Clayton (19043)*, Linn (19113), Muscatine (19139)*, Polk (19153)*, Scott (19163), Story (19169)*
MS Adams (28001), Benton (28009)*, Bolivar (28011), Choctaw (28019), Coahoma (28027)*, Copiah (28029)*, Lafayette (28071)*, Madison (28089)*, Tishomingo (28141)*, Warren (28149), Webster (28155), Wilkinson (28157), Yazoo (28163)*
WI Buffalo (55011), Columbia (55021), Crawford (55023), Dane (55025), Eau Claire (55035)*, Grant (55043), Iowa (55049), Jackson (55053), La Crosse (55063), Monroe (55081), Pepin (55091), Pierce (55093), Polk (55095), Richland (55103), Rock (55105)*, Sauk (55111), St. Croix (55109)*, Trempealeau (55121), Vernon (55123)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
05 Middle Green (05110003), Rough (05110004), Lower Green (05110005), Pond (05110006), Wildcat (05120107), Middle Wabash-Busseron (05120111), Embarras (05120112), Lower Wabash (05120113), Little Wabash (05120114), Skillet (05120115), Lower Cumberland (05130205), Lower Ohio-Bay (05140203), Saline (05140204), Tradewater (05140205), Lower Ohio (05140206)
06 Pickwick Lake (06030005)+*, Kentucky Lake (06040005), Lower Tennessee (06040006)
07 Lower St. Croix (07030005)+, Rush-Vermillion (07040001)+, Buffalo-Whitewater (07040003)+, Trempealeau (07040005)+, La Crosse-Pine (07040006)+, Black (07040007)+, Lower Chippewa (07050005)+, Coon-Yellow (07060001)+, Upper Iowa (07060002)+*, Grant-Little Maquoketa (07060003)+, Turkey (07060004)+*, Apple-Plum (07060005)+, Lower Wisconsin (07070005)+, Kickapoo (07070006)+, Copperas-Duck (07080101)+, Lower Wapsipinicon (07080103)+, South Skunk (07080105)+*, Middle Cedar (07080205)+, Lower Cedar (07080206)+, Middle Iowa (07080208)+*, Sugar (07090004)+*, Middle Des Moines (07100004)+*, North Raccoon (07100006)+*, Lake Red Rock (07100008)+*, The Sny (07110004), Peruque-Piasa (07110009)*, Lower Illinois-Senachwine Lake (07130001)*, Lower Illinois-Lake Chautauqua (07130003), Upper Sangamon (07130006), South Fork Sangamon (07130007), Lower Sangamon (07130008)*, Lower Illinois (07130011)*, Meramec (07140102), Upper Mississippi-Cape Girardeau (07140105), Big Muddy (07140106), Cache (07140108), Upper Kaskaskia (07140201), Middle Kaskaskia (07140202)*, Shoal (07140203)
08 Lower Mississippi-Memphis (08010100), Bayou De Chien-Mayfield (08010201), Lower Hatchie (08010208), Wolf (08010210)+*, Lower Mississippi-Helena (08020100)+, New Madrid-St. Johns (08020201), Lower St. Francis (08020203), Little River Ditches (08020204), L'anguille (08020205), Lower White-Bayou Des Arc (08020301)*, Cache (08020302), Lower White (08020303), Big (08020304), Lower Arkansas (08020401), Lower Mississippi-Greenville (08030100)+, Little Tallahatchie (08030201)+, Tallahatchie (08030202), Yocona (08030203), Coldwater (08030204)+, Yalobusha (08030205), Upper Yazoo (08030206), Lower Yazoo (08030208)*, Deer-Steele (08030209), Lower Ouachita-Smackover (08040201), Lower Ouachita-Bayou De Loutre (08040202), Lower Saline (08040204), Bayou Bartholomew (08040205), Bayou D'arbonne (08040206), Lower Ouachita (08040207), Castor (08040302)*, Little (08040304)*, Boeuf (08050001), Lower Mississippi-Natchez (08060100)+, Upper Big Black (08060201)+, Lower Big Black (08060202)+, Bayou Pierre (08060203)+, Homochitto (08060205)+, Buffalo (08060206)+, Upper Calcasieu (08080203)*
11 Upper Black (11010007), Upper White-Village (11010013), Dardanelle Reservoir (11110202), Lake Conway-Point Remove (11110203), Cadron (11110205), Pecan-Waterhole (11140106), Upper Little (11140107), Mountain Fork (11140108), Mckinney-Posten Bayous (11140201), Loggy Bayou (11140203), Lower Red-Lake Iatt (11140207), Lower Sulphur (11140302), White Oak Bayou (11140303), Caddo Lake (11140306), Little Cypress (11140307)
12 Middle Sabine (12010002), Lower Sabine (12010005)*, Middle Neches (12020002), Lower Angelina (12020005)
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed (based on multiple information sources) Help
Ecology & Life History
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Reproduction Comments: Spawns in April and May in Illinois (Smith 1979), reproductive females were recorded mid-February to late March in eastern Texas (Hubbs 1985). Age range of breeding females is 1-3 years (Bart and Page 1992).
Habitat Type: Freshwater
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Riverine Habitat(s): BIG RIVER, Low gradient, MEDIUM RIVER, Pool
Lacustrine Habitat(s): Shallow water
Special Habitat Factors: Benthic
Habitat Comments: Habitat includes sloughs, bottomland lakes, and low-gradient small to large rivers; in areas of sluggish to moderate current with substrates of mud, sand, and detritus; sluggish riffles over rocks or debris; persists in reservoirs in mouths of tributaries; also found in pools of clear streams (Smith 1979, Lee et al. 1980, Page and Burr 2011).
Adult Food Habits: Invertivore
Immature Food Habits: Invertivore
Food Comments: Eats mayfly and midge larvae.
Length: 7 centimeters
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Darters

Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Occurrences are based on evidence of historical presence, or current and likely recurring presence, at a given location. Such evidence minimally includes collection or reliable observation and documentation of one or more individuals (including eggs and larvae) in appropriate habitat.
Separation Barriers: Dam lacking a suitable fishway; high waterfall; upland habitat.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Justification: Data on dispersal and other movements generally are not available. Though larvae of some species may drift with the current, Turner (2001) found no significant relationship between a larval transport index and gene flow among several different darter species.

Separation distances are arbitrary but reflect the likely low probability that two occupied locations separated by less than several kilometers of aquatic habitat would represent truly independent populations.

Because of the difficulty in defining suitable versus unsuitable habitat, especially with respect to dispersal, and to simplify the delineation of occurrences, a single separation distance is used regardless of habitat quality.

Occupied locations that are separated by a gap of 10 km or more of any aquatic habitat that is not known to be occupied generally represent different occurrences. However, it is important to evaluate seasonal changes in habitat to ensure that an occupied habitat occurrence for a particular population does not artificially separate spawning areas and nonspawning areas as different occurrences simply because there have been no collections/observations in an intervening area that may exceed the separation distance.

Date: 21Sep2004
Author: Hammerson, G.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 02Dec2011
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Hammerson, G.
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 02Dec2011
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Hammerson, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Allen, C. R., S. Demarais, and R. S. Lutz. 1994. Red imported fire ant impact on wildlife: an overview. The Texas Journal of Science 46(1):51-59.

  • Anderson, Allison A., C. Hubbs, K. O. Winemiller, and R. J. Edwards. 1995. Texas freshwater fish assemblages following three decades of environmental change. The Southwest Naturalist 40(3):314-321.

  • Bandoli, James H. 1998. Status and Distribution of Darters in Southwestern Indiana, with Special Emphasis on the Spottail Darter, an Indiana Endangered Species. Submitted to the Indiana Department of Natural Resources Nongame and Endangered Wildlife Program. 22 pp.

  • Bart, H. L., Jr., and L. M. Page. 1992. The influence of size and phylogeny on life history variation in North American percids. Pages 553-572 in R.L. Mayden, editor. Systematics, historical ecology, and North American freshwater fishes. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. xxvi + 969 pp.

  • Becker, G. C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. Univ. Wisconsin Press, Madison. 1052 pp.

  • Douglas, Neil H. 1974. Freshwater fishes of Louisiana. Claitor's publ. div. Baton Rouge, Louisiana. 443 pp.

  • Etnier, David A. and Wayne C. Starnes. 1993. The Fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville. 681 pp.

  • HUBBS, CLARK. 1985. DARTER REPRODUCTIVE SEASONS. COPEIA 1985(1): 56-68.

  • Hubbs, C. 1985. Darter reproductive seasons. Copeia 1985:56-68.

  • Kuehne, R. A., and R. W. Barbour. 1983. The American Darters. University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky. 177 pp.

  • Lee, D. S., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister, and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina. i-x + 854 pp.

  • Nelson, J. S., E. J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Perez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, and J. D. Williams. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. 386 pp.

  • Page, L. M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, N. E. Mandrak, R. L. Mayden, and J. S. Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Seventh edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. 432 pp.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 2011. Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Second edition. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston. xix + 663 pp.

  • ROSS, STEPHEN T. 1996. INLAND FISHES OF MISSISSIPPI. SELECTED SPECIES ACCOUNTS. COAUTHORED WITH W.M. BRENNEMAM, W.T. SLACK, M.T. O'CONNELL, AND T.L. PETERSON. ILLUSTRATED BY D.G. ROSS. DRAFT COPY.

  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.

  • Ross, S. T. (with W. M. Brennaman, W. T. Slack, M. T. O'Connell, and T. L. Peterson). 2001a. The Inland Fishes of Mississippi. University Press of Mississippi: Mississippi. xx + 624 pp.

  • Simon, Thomas P. 2011. Fishes of Indiana. Indiana University Press. Bloomington, 345 pp.

References for Watershed Distribution Map
  • Becker, G. C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. 1,052 pp.

  • Burr, B. M., and M. L. Warren, Jr. 1986a. Distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Kentucky Nature Preserves Commission, Scientific and Technical Series No. 4, Frankfort, Kentucky. 398 pp.

  • Douglas, N. H. 1974. Freshwater fishes of Louisiana. Claitor's Publishing Division, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. 443 pp.

  • Etnier, D. A., and W. C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, Tennessee. xiv + 681 pp.

  • Fago, D. 2000. Relative abundance and distribution of fishes in Wisconsin. Fish Distribution Database to year 2000. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

  • Harlan, J. R., E. B. Speaker, and J. Mayhew. 1987. Iowa fish and fishing. Iowa Conservation Commission, Des Moines, Iowa. 323 pp.

  • Page, L. M. 1983a. Handbook of Darters. T. F. H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey. 271 pp.

  • Pflieger, W. L. 1975. The fishes of Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation. Columbia, Missouri. viii + 343 pp.

  • Robison, H. W. and T. M. Buchanan. 1988. Fishes of Arkansas. The University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, Arkansas. 536 pp.

  • Ross, S. T., and W. M. Brenneman. 1991. Distribution of freshwater fishes in Mississippi. Freshwater Fisheries Report No. 108. D-J Project Completion Report F-69. Mississippi Department of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries and Parks. Jackson, Mississippi. 548 pp.

  • Smith, P. W. 1979. The fishes of Illinois. University of Illinois Press, Urbana. 314 pp.

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