Erimyzon sucetta - (Lacepède, 1803)
Lake Chubsucker
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Erimyzon sucetta (Lacepède, 1803) (TSN 163922)
French Common Names: sucet de lac
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.104017
Element Code: AFCJC05020
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Fishes - Bony Fishes - Suckers
Image 47

© Noel Burkhead & Virginia Dept of Game and Inland Fisheries (Fishes of Virginia)

 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Actinopterygii Cypriniformes Catostomidae Erimyzon
Genus Size: B - Very small genus (2-5 species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B91ROB01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Erimyzon sucetta
Taxonomic Comments: Two subspecies formerly were recognized, but most authors have regarded this species as monotypic (Lee et al. 1980).

Harris and Mayden (2001) used molecular data to examine phylogenetic relationships of major clades of Catostomidae. In all trees, SCARTOMYZON was paraphyletic and embedded in MOXOSTOMA, and CATOSTOMUS was never recovered as monophyletic (XYRAUCHEN was embedded within CATOSTOMUS). They concluded that the phylogenetic relationships and taxonomic composition of taxa presently included in MOXOSTOMA and SCARTOMYZON are in need of further study, as are the relationships and composition of the genera CATOSTOMUS, CHASMISTES, DELTISTES, and XYRAUCHEN, and the phylogenetic affinites of ERIMYZON and MINYTREMA.

See also Smith (1992) for a study of the phylogeny and biogeography of the Catostomidae.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 01Dec2011
Global Status Last Changed: 17Aug2001
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Fairly large range primarily in the southeastern U.S. and southern Great Lakes states; populations have been reduced or eliminated in some areas due to habitat alteration (e.g., siltation) caused by agricultural practices; secure throughout at least 50% of the range.
Nation: United States
National Status: N5 (05Dec1996)
Nation: Canada
National Status: N2 (21Dec2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (S5), Arkansas (S2?), Florida (SNR), Georgia (S5), Illinois (S2S3), Indiana (S3), Iowa (SX), Kentucky (S2), Louisiana (S5), Michigan (S2S3), Mississippi (S5), Missouri (S2), Nebraska (SNA), New York (SH), North Carolina (S3), North Dakota (SNR), Ohio (S2), Oklahoma (S3), Pennsylvania (SX), South Carolina (SNR), Tennessee (S3), Texas (S3), Virginia (S2), Wisconsin (S3)
Canada Ontario (S2)

Other Statuses

Canadian Species at Risk Act (SARA) Schedule 1/Annexe 1 Status: E (05Jun2003)
Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC): Endangered (28Nov2008)
Comments on COSEWIC: Reason for designation: A species with a restricted geographic Canadian range with small extant populations having very specific and narrow habitat preferences, which are under continued stress. It is extremely susceptible to habitat change driven by urban, industrial and agricultural practices resulting in increased turbidity. Two populations have been lost, and of the 11 extant populations, 3 are in serious decline as a result of the continuing and increasing threats posed by agricultural, industrial and urban development that are expected to impact the remaining populations of Lakes Erie and St. Clair.

Status history: Designated Special Concern in April 1994. Status re-examined and designated Threatened in November 2001. Status re-examined and designated Endangered in November 2008. Last assessment based on an update status report.

IUCN Red List Category: LC - Least concern

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent: 200,000-2,500,000 square km (about 80,000-1,000,000 square miles)
Range Extent Comments: Range includes the North American Atlantic Slope from southeastern Virginia to southern Florida, and Gulf Slope drainages from southern Florida (Charlotte Harbor) to the Brazos River, Texas; Great Lakes and Mississippi River basin lowlands from southern Ontario to Wisconsin and south to the Gulf; sporadic in the north, common on the lower Coastal Plain (Page and Burr 2011).

Area of Occupancy: Unknown 4-km2 grid cells
Area of Occupancy Comments:  

Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300
Number of Occurrences Comments: Lee et al. (1980) mapped hundreds of collection sites that represent at least 100 distinct occurrences. Likely there are at least 100 extant occurrences. Trautman (1981) mapped 6 collection sites in Ohio for the period 1955-1980. Smith (1979) mapped about two dozen post-1950 collection sites in Illinois; these encompassed about 6 distinct clusters of sites. Burr and Warren (1986) mapped 16 collection sites in Kentucky; these represent perhaps 14 distinct occurrences.

Population Size: 10,000 to >1,000,000 individuals
Population Size Comments: Common on the lower Coastal Plain, less abundant in inland portions of the range (Lee et al. 1980). Occasionally abundant in lakes in Alabama and the Mobile basin; abundance may be overlooked because individuals generally do not bite a hook (Mettee et al. 1996). In Wisconsin, collections generally produce only 1-2 individuals per site (Becker 1983). Sporadic and rare in Kentucky (Burr and Warren 1986).

Number of Occurrences with Good Viability/Integrity: Unknown

Overall Threat Impact: Very high - high
Overall Threat Impact Comments: Populations apparently have declined in areas subject to siltation (Lee et al. 1980). In Tennessee, this species is perhaps extirpated from many habitats altered by agricultural practices (Etnier and Starnes 1993). Almost certainly it was more abundant in the Lowlands region of southeastern Missouri before that region was ditched and drained (Pflieger 1997). A decline in abundance in Arkansas likely has occurred due to large-scale clearing of land throughout the Delta region (Robison and Buchanan 1988). Threats in Canada include siltation and drainage of limited habitat (Mandrak and Crossman 1996). Burr and Warren (1986) recommended a status of "threatened" in Kentucky and implied that water acidification from mining was a threat (Burr and Warren 1986:366).

Short-term Trend: Decline of 10-30%
Short-term Trend Comments: Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain, but distribution and abundance probably are slowly declining.

Long-term Trend: Decline of 50-70%
Long-term Trend Comments: This species has declined in many parts of the range (Mandrak and Crossman 1996), but Warren et al. (2000) ranked it as currently stable in the southern United States (Warren et al. 2000) and Jelks et al. (2008) did not regard it as endangered, threatened, or vulnerable. The species is becoming increasingly rare and localized in Missouri and could disappear there if trends continue (Pflieger 1997). Abundance likely has declined in Arkansas in recent decades (Robison and Buchanan 1988), and populations likely have declined throughout the Tennessee range (Etnier and Starnes 1993). In Ohio, several populations greatly decreased in abundance or disappeared during 1925-1950, and several populations were extirpated during 1955-1980 (Trautman 1981). Smith (1979) indicated that this fish is apparently extirpated from various localities in southern Illinois. The species is extirpated in Iowa (Roosa 1977). It is known in Pennsylvania from only an old record from the Erie Basin (Cooper 1983).

Environmental Specificity: Narrow. Specialist or community with key requirements common.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: (200,000-2,500,000 square km (about 80,000-1,000,000 square miles)) Range includes the North American Atlantic Slope from southeastern Virginia to southern Florida, and Gulf Slope drainages from southern Florida (Charlotte Harbor) to the Brazos River, Texas; Great Lakes and Mississippi River basin lowlands from southern Ontario to Wisconsin and south to the Gulf; sporadic in the north, common on the lower Coastal Plain (Page and Burr 2011).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
Endemism: occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, FL, GA, IAextirpated, IL, IN, KY, LA, MI, MO, MS, NC, ND, NEexotic, NY, OH, OK, PAextirpated, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI
Canada ON

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AR Arkansas (05001)*, Ashley (05003), Bradley (05011)*, Calhoun (05013)*, Clark (05019)*, Columbia (05027)*, Desha (05041)*, Drew (05043)*, Hempstead (05057)*, Lee (05077), Little River (05081), Monroe (05095), Ouachita (05103)*, Phillips (05107)*, Pope (05115)*, Union (05139)
IL Massac (17127)*
KY Ballard (21007), Caldwell (21033), Fulton (21075), Graves (21083), Henderson (21101), Hickman (21105), Hopkins (21107), Livingston (21139)*, McCracken (21145)*, McLean (21149)*, Muhlenberg (21177)*, Ohio (21183)
MO Bollinger (29017), Cape Girardeau (29031), Carter (29035)*, Crawford (29055)*, Douglas (29067)*, Dunklin (29069), Madison (29123)*, Mississippi (29133), New Madrid (29143), Pemiscot (29155)*, Perry (29157), Ripley (29181), Scott (29201), Stoddard (29207), Texas (29215), Wayne (29223)
NY Erie (36029)*, Monroe (36055)*, Wayne (36117)*
OH Ashland (39005), Champaign (39021), Gallia (39053), Geauga (39055), Holmes (39075), Jackson (39079), Licking (39089)*, Logan (39091), Pickaway (39129), Portage (39133), Summit (39153), Wayne (39169), Williams (39171)
VA Isle of Wight (51093)*, Southampton (51175)*, Suffolk (City) (51800)*, Surry (51181)*, Sussex (51183)*
WI Columbia (55021), Crawford (55023), Dane (55025)*, Fond Du Lac (55039), Grant (55043), Green Lake (55047), Iowa (55049), Jefferson (55055), Kenosha (55059), Manitowoc (55071)*, Marquette (55077), Milwaukee (55079), Racine (55101), Richland (55103), Sauk (55111), Sawyer (55113), Shawano (55115)*, Sheboygan (55117), Walworth (55127), Washington (55131), Waukesha (55133), Waupaca (55135), Waushara (55137), Winnebago (55139)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
02 Hampton Roads (02080208)
03 Nottoway (03010201)+, Blackwater (03010202)+, Ghowan (03010203), Albemarle (03010205)+, Pamlico (03020104), Bogue-Core Sounds (03020106), Upper Neuse (03020201), Middle Neuse (03020202), Lower Neuse (03020204), Upper Cape Fear (03030004), Lower Cape Fear (03030005), Black (03030006), Northeast Cape Fear (03030007), Lower Pee Dee (03040201), Lynches (03040202), Lumber (03040203), Little Pee Dee (03040204), Black (03040205), Waccamaw (03040206), Carolina Coastal-Sampit (03040207), Lower Catawba (03050103), Wateree (03050104), Lower Broad (03050106), Saluda (03050109), Congaree (03050110), Lake Marion (03050111), Santee (03050112), Cooper (03050201), South Carolina Coastal (03050202), North Fork Edisto (03050203), South Fork Edisto (03050204), Edisto (03050205), Four Hole Swamp (03050206), Salkehatchie (03050207), Broad-St. Helena (03050208), Upper Savannah (03060103), Middle Savannah (03060106), Brier (03060108), Lower Savannah (03060109), Lower Ogeechee (03060202), Canoochee (03060203), Ogeechee Coastal (03060204), Upper Ocmulgee (03070103), Lower Ocmulgee (03070104), Altamaha (03070106), Ohoopee (03070107), Satilla (03070201), Little Satilla (03070202), Cumberland-St. Simons (03070203), St. Marys (03070204), Nassau (03070205), Upper St. Johns (03080101), Oklawaha (03080102), Lower St. Johns (03080103), Vero Beach (03080203), Kissimmee (03090101), Northern Okeechobee Inflow (03090102), Western Okeechobee Inflow (03090103), Lake Okeechobee (03090201), Everglades (03090202), Big Cypress Swamp (03090204), Caloosahatchee (03090205), Peace (03100101), Myakka (03100102), Charlotte Harbor (03100103), Manatee (03100202), Little Manatee (03100203), Alafia (03100204), Hillsborough (03100205), Tampa Bay (03100206), Crystal-Pithlachascotee (03100207), Withlacoochee (03100208), Waccasassa (03110101), Econfina-Steinhatchee (03110102), Aucilla (03110103), Upper Suwannee (03110201), Alapaha (03110202), withlacoochee (03110203), Little (03110204), Lower Suwannee (03110205), Santa Fe (03110206), Apalachee Bay-St. Marks (03120001), Upper Ochlockonee (03120002), Lower Ochlockonee (03120003), Middle Chattahoochee-Walter F. George Reservoir (03130003), Lower Chattahoochee (03130004), Middle Flint (03130006), Kinchafoonee-Muckalee (03130007), Lower Flint (03130008), Ichawaynochaway (03130009), Apalachicola (03130011), Chipola (03130012), New (03130013), St. Andrew-St. Joseph Bays (03140101), Choctawhatchee Bay (03140102), Yellow (03140103), Blackwater (03140104), Pensacola Bay (03140105), Perdido (03140106), Perdido Bay (03140107), Upper Choctawhatchee (03140201), Pea (03140202), Lower Choctawhatchee (03140203), Upper Conecuh (03140301), Lower Conecuh (03140304), Escambia (03140305), Lower Coosa (03150107), Lower Tallapoosa (03150110), Cahaba (03150202), Middle Alabama (03150203), Lower Alabama (03150204), Upper Tombigbee (03160101), Buttahatchee (03160103), Tibbee (03160104)*, Middle Tombigbee-Lubbub (03160106), Sipsey (03160107), Noxubee (03160108), Upper Black Warrior (03160112), Lower Black Warrior (03160113), Middle Tombigbee-Chickasaw (03160201), Sucarnoochee (03160202), Lower Tambigbee (03160203), Mobile - Tensaw (03160204), Mobile Bay (03160205), Chunky-Okatibbee (03170001), Upper Chickasawhay (03170002)*, Upper Leaf (03170004), Lower Leaf (03170005), Pascagoula (03170006), Black (03170007), Escatawpa (03170008), Mississippi Coastal (03170009), Upper Pearl (03180001), Middle Pearl-Strong (03180002), Middle Pearl-Silver (03180003), Lower Pearl. Mississippi (03180004), Bogue Chitto (03180005)
04 Manitowoc-Sheboygan (04030101)+, Upper Fox (04030201)+, Wolf (04030202)+, Little Calumet-Galien (04040001), Pike-Root (04040002)+, Milwaukee (04040003)+, St. Joseph (04050001), Kalamazoo (04050003), Upper Grand (04050004), Maple (04050005), Lower Grand (04050006), Pere Marquette-White (04060101), Muskegon (04060102), Pigeon-Wiscoggin (04080103), Pine (04080202), Shiawassee (04080203), Flint (04080204), Clinton (04090003), Detroit (04090004), Huron (04090005), Ottawa-Stony (04100001), Raisin (04100002), St. Joseph (04100003)+, Tiffin (04100006), Lower Maumee (04100009)*, Cedar-Portage (04100010)*, Sandusky (04100011)*, Huron-Vermilion (04100012)*, Black-Rocky (04110001)*, Cuyahoga (04110002)+, Ashtabula-Chagrin (04110003)*, Grand (04110004)*, Chautauqua-Conneaut (04120101)*, Buffalo-Eighteenmile (04120103)+*, Lake Erie (04120200)*, Oak Orchard-Twelvemile (04130001)+*, Irondequoit-Ninemile (04140101)+*
05 Upper Ohio (05030101)*, Mahoning (05030103)*, Upper Ohio-Wheeling (05030106)*, Tuscarawas (05040001)+, Mohican (05040002)+, Walhonding (05040003)+, Licking (05040006)+, Upper Scioto (05060001)+, Lower Scioto (05060002)+, Lower Guyandotte (05070102), Big Sandy (05070204), Upper Great Miami (05080001)+, Raccoon-Symmes (05090101)+, Twelvepole (05090102), Little Scioto-Tygarts (05090103)*, Little Miami (05090202)*, Middle Ohio-Laughery (05090203)*, Middle Green (05110003), Rough (05110004)+, Lower Green (05110005)+, Pond (05110006)+, Eel (05120104), Tippecanoe (05120106), Vermilion (05120109), Middle Wabash-Busseron (05120111), Lower Ohio-Bay (05140203)+*, Tradewater (05140205)+, Lower Ohio (05140206)+
06 Pickwick Lake (06030005), Lower Tennessee-Beech (06040001)*, Kentucky Lake (06040005), Lower Tennessee (06040006)+
07 Upper Chippewa (07050001)+, Coon-Yellow (07060001)+, Grant-Little Maquoketa (07060003)+, Lower Wisconsin (07070005)+, Upper Rock (07090001)+, Crawfish (07090002)+, Kishwaukee (07090006)*, Kankakee (07120001), Iroquois (07120002), Des Plaines (07120004)+, Upper Fox (07120006)+, Lower Illinois-Lake Chautauqua (07130003), Mackinaw (07130004)*, Lower Sangamon (07130008), Lower Illinois (07130011)*, Cahokia-Joachim (07140101)*, Meramec (07140102)+, Upper Mississippi-Cape Girardeau (07140105)+, Big Muddy (07140106), Whitewater (07140107)+
08 Lower Mississippi-Memphis (08010100)+, Bayou De Chien-Mayfield (08010201)+, Obion (08010202)+, South Fork Obion (08010203), North Fork Forked Deer (08010204), South Fork Forked Deer (08010205), Horn Lake-Nonconnah (08010211)*, New Madrid-St. Johns (08020201)+, Upper St. Francis (08020202)+*, Lower St. Francis (08020203)+, Little River Ditches (08020204)+, Lower White (08020303)+, Big (08020304)+, Lower Arkansas (08020401)+, Lower Mississippi-Greenville (08030100), Little Tallahatchie (08030201), Tallahatchie (08030202)*, Yocona (08030203), Coldwater (08030204), Yalobusha (08030205)*, Upper Yazoo (08030206), Big Sunflower (08030207), Upper Ouachita (08040102)+*, Little Missouri (08040103)+*, Lower Ouachita-Smackover (08040201)+, Lower Ouachita-Bayou De Loutre (08040202), Lower Saline (08040204)+, Bayou Bartholomew (08040205)+, Bayou D'arbonne (08040206)+, Lower Ouachita (08040207), Lower Red (08040301), Castor (08040302), Dugdemona (08040303), Little (08040304), Black (08040305), Bayou Cocodrie (08040306), Boeuf (08050001), Bayou Macon (08050002), Tensas (08050003), Lower Mississippi-Natchez (08060100), Upper Big Black (08060201), Lower Big Black (08060202), Buffalo (08060206), Lower Mississippi-Baton Rouge (08070100), Bayou Sara-Thompson (08070201), Amite (08070202), Tickfaw (08070203), Lake Maurepas (08070204), Tangipahoa (08070205), Lower Grand (08070300), Atchafalaya (08080101), Bayou Teche (08080102), Vermilion (08080103), Mermentau Headwaters (08080201), Mermentau (08080202), Upper Calcasieu (08080203), Whisky Chitto (08080204), West Fork Calcasieu (08080205), Lower Calcasieu (08080206), Lower Mississippi-New Orleans (08090100), Liberty Bayou-Tchefuncta (08090201), Eastern Louisiana Coastal (08090203), East Central Louisiana Coastal (08090301), West Central Louisiana Coastal (08090302)
11 North Fork White (11010006)+*, Current (11010008)+, Dardanelle Reservoir (11110202)+*, Lower Arkansas-Maumelle (11110207), Pecan-Waterhole (11140106), Lower Little (11140109)+, Mckinney-Posten Bayous (11140201), Middle Red-Coushatta (11140202), Loggy Bayou (11140203)+, Red Chute (11140204), Bodcau Bayou (11140205)+, Bayou Pierre (11140206), Lower Red-Lake Iatt (11140207), Saline Bayou (11140208), Black Lake Bayou (11140209), Cross Bayou (11140304)
12 Middle Sabine (12010002), Toledo Bend Reservoir (12010004), Lower Sabine (12010005), Upper Neches (12020001), Lower Trinity-Tehuacana (12030201), Lower Trinity-Kickapoo (12030202), Spring (12040102), Buffalo-San Jacinto (12040104), Sabine Lake (12040201), West Galveston Bay (12040204), Lower Brazos-Little Brazos (12070101), Upper Guadalupe (12100201)
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed (based on multiple information sources) Help
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: A fish (chubsucker) that reaches a length of up to 41 cm.
Reproduction Comments: Spawns in spring and early summer; eggs hatch in about a week; sexually mature at age III (Becker 1983). Lives up to 5-6 years (Etnier and Starnes 1993).
Habitat Type: Freshwater
Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Riverine Habitat(s): Low gradient
Lacustrine Habitat(s): Shallow water
Palustrine Habitat(s): FORESTED WETLAND, SCRUB-SHRUB WETLAND
Special Habitat Factors: Benthic
Habitat Comments: Habitat includes ponds, lakes, oxbows, sloughs, swamps, impoundments, quiet pools of creeks and small rivers, and similar waters of little or no flow that are clear and have bottoms of sand or silt mixed with organic debris; aquatic vegetation usually is present (Lee et al. 1980, Page and Burr 1991). Eggs are broadcast over beds of vegetation or in gravelly area cleared by male (Scott and Crossman 1973). Spawning occurs usually over gravel in streams or in still water over vegetation (Etnier and Starnes 1993).
Adult Food Habits: Herbivore, Invertivore
Immature Food Habits: Herbivore, Invertivore
Food Comments: Eats small crustaceans, chironomid larvae, algae, and other small aquatic organisms (Becker 1983).
Length: 39 centimeters
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Medium suckers

Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Occurrences are based on evidence of historical presence, or current and likely recurring presence, at a given location. Such evidence minimally includes collection or reliable observation and documentation of one or more individuals (including eggs and larvae) in appropriate habitat.
Mapping Guidance: Occupied locations that are separated by a gap of 15 km or more of any aquatic habitat that is not known to be occupied represent different occurrences. However, it is important to evaluate migrations and seasonal changes in habitat to ensure that spawning areas and nonspawning areas for a single population are not artificially segregated as different occurrences simply because there have been no collections/observations in an intervening area that may exceed the separation distance.
Separation Barriers: Dam lacking a suitable fishway; high waterfall; upland habitat.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 15 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 15 km
Separation Justification: Data on dispersal and other movements generally are not available. In some species, individuals may migrate variable distances between spawning areas and nonspawning habitats.

Separation distances (in aquatic kilometers) for catostomids are arbitrary but reflect the presumption that movements and appropriate separation distances generally should increase with fish size. Hence small, medium, and large catostomids, respectively, have increasingly large separation distances. Separation distance reflects the likely low probability that two occupied locations separated by less than several kilometers of aquatic habitat would represent truly independent populations over the long term.

Because of the difficulty in defining suitable versus unsuitable habitat, especially with respect to dispersal, and to simplify the delineation of occurrences, a single separation distance is used regardless of habitat quality.

Occupied locations that are separated by a gap of 15 km or more of any aquatic habitat that is not known to be occupied represent different occurrences. However, it is important to evaluate seasonal changes in habitat to ensure that an occupied habitat occurrence for a particular population does not artificially separate spawning areas and nonspawning areas as different occurrences simply because there have been no collections/observations in an intervening area that may exceed the separation distance.

Date: 21Sep2004
Author: Hammerson, G.
Notes: This Specs Group includes catostomids that typically are 20-40 cm in adult standard length.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 01Dec2011
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Dirrigl, F., Jr., and G. Hammerson
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 01Dec2011
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Hammerson, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Allen, C. R., S. Demarais, and R. S. Lutz. 1994. Red imported fire ant impact on wildlife: an overview. The Texas Journal of Science 46(1):51-59.

  • Anderson, Allison A., C. Hubbs, K. O. Winemiller, and R. J. Edwards. 1995. Texas freshwater fish assemblages following three decades of environmental change. The Southwest Naturalist 40(3):314-321.

  • Becker, G. C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. Univ. Wisconsin Press, Madison. 1052 pp.

  • Carlson, Douglas M. 1998. Species Accounts for the rare fishes of New York. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Fish, Wildlife and Marine Resources. Bureau of Fisheries, Endangered Fish Project. 95pp.

  • Carlson, Douglas. 1998. Summary of activities relating to management of ETs Fishes (as listed in 1983) from 1995 to present. 5pp.

  • Cooper, E.L. 1983. Fishes of Pennsylvania. Penn State Univ. Press, University Park, PA.

  • Dextrase, A.J. 1997. COSSARO Candidate V,T,E Species Evaluation Form for Lake Chubsucker (Erimyzon sucetta). Unpublished report prepared for Committee on the Status of Species at Risk in Ontario (COSSARO), Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. 3 pp.

  • Dextrase, A.J. 2007. DRAFT COSSARO Candidate Species at Risk Evaluation Form for Lake Chubsucker (Erimyzon sucetta). DRAFT. Species At Risk Unit, Biodiversity Section, Fish and Wildlife Branch. Prepared for Committee on the Status of Species at Risk in Ontario (COSSARO), Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Peterborough. 11 April, 8 pp.

  • Douglas, Neil H. 1974. Freshwater fishes of Louisiana. Claitor's publ. div. Baton Rouge, Louisiana. 443 pp.

  • Etnier, David A. and Wayne C. Starnes. 1993. The Fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville. 681 pp.

  • Gerking, Shelby D. 1945. Distribution of Fishes of Indiana. In Investigations of Indiana Lakes and Streams. 3(1): 1-137. Indiana Department of Conservation, Division of Fish and Game, Indianapolis and Department of Zoology, Indiana University, Bloomington.

  • Harris, P. M., and R. L. Mayden. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of major clades of Catostomidae (Teleostei: Cypriniformes) as inferred from mitchondrial SSU and LSU rDNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 20:225-237.

  • Mandrak, N. E., and E. J. Crossman. 1996. The status of the lake chubsucker, ERIMYZON SUCETTA, in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 110:478-482.

  • Mandrak, N.E. and E.J. Crossman. 1994. Status Report on the Lake Chubsucker (Erimyzon sucetta) in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. 15 pp.

  • Mandrak, N.E., and E.J. Crossman. 1996. The Status of Lake Chubsucker, Erimyzon sucetta, in Canada. Canadian Field Naturalist. 110(3): 478-482.

  • Nelson, J. S., E. J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Perez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, and J. D. Williams. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. 386 pp.

  • Page, L. M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, N. E. Mandrak, R. L. Mayden, and J. S. Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Seventh edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. 432 pp.

  • Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 2011. Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Second edition. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston. xix + 663 pp.

  • Page, LM, H.Espinoza-Perez, L.Findley, C.Gilbert, R. Lea, N. Mandrak, R.Mayden and J.Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, 7th edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Pflieger, W. L. 1997a. The fishes of Missouri. Revised edition. Missouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City. vi + 372 pp.

  • ROSS, STEPHEN T. 1996. INLAND FISHES OF MISSISSIPPI. SELECTED SPECIES ACCOUNTS. COAUTHORED WITH W.M. BRENNEMAM, W.T. SLACK, M.T. O'CONNELL, AND T.L. PETERSON. ILLUSTRATED BY D.G. ROSS. DRAFT COPY.

  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20. 183 pp.

  • Roosa, D. M. 1977. Endangered and threatened fish of Iowa. Special Report No. 1, Iowa State Preserves Advisory Board, Des Moines. 25 pp. + append.

  • Scott, W. B., and E. J. Crossman. 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Bulletin 184. 966 pp.

  • Simon, Thomas P. 2011. Fishes of Indiana. Indiana University Press. Bloomington, 345 pp.

  • Smith, C.L. 1985. The Inland Fishes of New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Albany, NY. 522pp.

  • Smith, D.F. 1979. Proceedings of the New Hampshire Endangered Species Conference. NH Endangered Species Program, Audubon Society of NH. 109 pp.

  • Smith, G. R. 1992. Phylogeny and biogeography of the Catostomidae, freshwater fishes of North America and Asia. Pages 778-826 in R.L. Mayden, editor. Systematics, historical ecology, and North American freshwater fishes. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. xxvi + 969 pp.

  • WINEMILLER, KIRK O. 1991. ECOMORPHOLOGICAL DIVERSIFICATION IN LOWLAND FRESHWATER FISH ASSEMBLAGES FROM FIVE BIOTIC REGIONS. ECOL. MONOGR. 61(4):345-365.

  • Warren, M. L., Jr., B. M. Burr, S. J. Walsh, H. L. Bart, Jr., R. C. Cashner, D. A. Etnier, B. J. Freeman, B. R. Kuhajda, R. L. Mayden, H. W. Robison, S. T. Ross, and W. C. Starnes. 2000. Diversity, distribution, and conservation status of the native freshwater fishes of the southern United States. Fisheries 25(10):7-31.

  • Werner, R.G. 1980. Freshwater fishes of New York State. N.Y.: Syracuse University Press. 186 pp.

References for Watershed Distribution Map
  • Becker, G. C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. 1,052 pp.

  • Burr, B. M., and M. L. Warren, Jr. 1986a. Distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Kentucky Nature Preserves Commission, Scientific and Technical Series No. 4, Frankfort, Kentucky. 398 pp.

  • Cooper, E. L. 1983. Fishes of Pennsylvania and the northeastern United States. Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park. 243 pp.

  • Douglas, N. H. 1974. Freshwater fishes of Louisiana. Claitor's Publishing Division, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. 443 pp.

  • Etnier, D. A., and W. C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, Tennessee. xiv + 681 pp.

  • Fago, D. 2000. Relative abundance and distribution of fishes in Wisconsin. Fish Distribution Database to year 2000. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

  • Jenkins, R. E., and N. M. Burkhead. 1994. Freshwater fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. xxiii + 1079 pp.

  • Lee, D. S., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister, and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina. i-x + 854 pp.

  • Loftus, W.F. and Kushlan, J.A. 1987. Freshwater fishes of southern Florida. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 31(4): 147-344.

  • Marcy, B. C., Jr., D. E. Fletcher, F. D. Martin, M. H. Paller, and M.J.M. Reichert. 2005. Fishes of the middle Savannah River basin. University of Georgia Press, Athens. xiv + 460 pp.

  • Menhinick, E. F. 1991. The freshwater fishes of North Carolina. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission. 227 pp.

  • Mettee, M. F., P. E. O'Neil, and J. M. Pierson. 1996. Fishes of Alabama and the Mobile Basin. Oxmoor House, Birmingham, Alabama. 820 pp.

  • Pflieger, W. L. 1975. The fishes of Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation. Columbia, Missouri. viii + 343 pp.

  • Robison, H. W. and T. M. Buchanan. 1988. Fishes of Arkansas. The University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, Arkansas. 536 pp.

  • Ross, S. T., and W. M. Brenneman. 1991. Distribution of freshwater fishes in Mississippi. Freshwater Fisheries Report No. 108. D-J Project Completion Report F-69. Mississippi Department of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries and Parks. Jackson, Mississippi. 548 pp.

  • Smith, C. L. 1985. The inland fishes of New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Albany, New York, xi + 522 pp.

  • Smith, P. W. 1979. The fishes of Illinois. University of Illinois Press, Urbana. 314 pp.

  • Stauffer, J. R., Jr., J. M. Boltz, and L. R. White. 1995. The fishes of West Virginia. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 146:1-389.

  • Trautman, M. B. 1981. The fishes of Ohio. Second edition. Ohio State University Press, Columbus, Ohio. 782 pp.

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