Eleutherodactylus martinicensis - (Tschudi, 1838)
Martinique Robber Frog
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Eleutherodactylus martinicensis (Tschudi, 1838) (TSN 183783)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.102186
Element Code: AAABD04240
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Amphibians - Frogs and Toads
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Amphibia Anura Leptodactylidae Eleutherodactylus
Genus Size: D - Medium to large genus (21+ species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Schwartz, A., and R. W. Henderson. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies: Descriptions, Distributions, and Natural History. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, Florida. xvi + 720 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B91SCH01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Eleutherodactylus martinicensis
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4
Global Status Last Reviewed: 10Apr2002
Global Status Last Changed: 09Mar2000
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: NNA (26Feb2010)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Hawaii (SNA)

Other Statuses

IUCN Red List Category: NT - Near threatened

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique; sea level to 2500 feet (Schwartz and Henderson 1991). Reported from Antigua but apparently the species does not actually occur there; records from Venezuela and Tobago also are erroneous (Kaiser and Hardy 1994). Introduced and established in St. Barthelemy and Hawaii (Maui) (Kraus et al. 1999).

Number of Occurrences: 1 - 20

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Introduced Eleutherodactylus johnstonei apparently is a threat (see trend comments).

Short-term Trend Comments: Range has expanded through human-mediated introductions, but the range on Guadeloupe and Martinique has contracted since the introduction of Eleutherodactylus johnstonei, which appears to be displacing E. martinicensis in many localities on both islands (Kaiser and Hardy 1994).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique; sea level to 2500 feet (Schwartz and Henderson 1991). Reported from Antigua but apparently the species does not actually occur there; records from Venezuela and Tobago also are erroneous (Kaiser and Hardy 1994). Introduced and established in St. Barthelemy and Hawaii (Maui) (Kraus et al. 1999).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
Endemism: occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States HIexotic

Range Map
Note: Range depicted for New World only. The scale of the maps may cause narrow coastal ranges or ranges on small islands not to appear. Not all vagrant or small disjunct occurrences are depicted. For migratory birds, some individuals occur outside of the passage migrant range depicted. For information on how to obtain shapefiles of species ranges see our Species Mapping pages at www.natureserve.org/conservation-tools/data-maps-tools.

Range Map Compilers: IUCN, Conservation International, NatureServe, and collaborators, 2004

Ecology & Life History
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Non-Migrant: N
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Forest - Hardwood, Woodland - Hardwood
Special Habitat Factors: Fallen log/debris
Habitat Comments: Primarily in moist or wet upland wooded habitats; also in coastal dry woods or dry scrub, and edificarian; daytime retreats include various ground covers and burrows, and plants (including banana petiole bases and bromeliads, to 11 m) (Schwartz and Henderson 1991).
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Leptodactylid Frogs

Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Occurrences are based on evidence of historical presence, or current and likely recurring presence, at a given location. Such evidence minimally includes collection or reliable observation and documentation of one or more individuals (including immature stages) in or near appropriate habitat where the species is presumed to be established and breeding.
Separation Barriers: Busy major highway such that frogs rarely if ever cross successfully; major lake or fast-flowing river; intensive development dominated by buildings and pavement.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 1 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 5 km
Separation Justification: Movements of these frogs are poorly known. During wet weather at night, leptodactylids undoubtedly can traverse most natural and seminatural upland habitats. Because these frogs are not tied to permanent aquatic habitats for breeding, likely they range fairly widely in upland habitats, though certain habitat specialists may be less likely to do so. Total nightly movements of individual Eleutherodactylus coqui averaged 3-4.5 m (Woolbright 1985), but annual home range size is unknown. Until further information on home range and dispersal is available, the default minimum separation distance of 1 km should be used for unsuitable habitat. Because these frogs are certainly capable of long moves, it seems unlikely that locations separated by a gap of less than a several kilometers of suitable habitat would represent independent occurrences over the long term.
Inferred Minimum Extent of Habitat Use (when actual extent is unknown): .5 km
Date: 21Sep2004
Author: Hammerson, G.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 10Apr2002
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Hammerson, G.
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 03Jan2002
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): HAMMERSON, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Breuil, M. 2002. Histoire naturelle des amphibiens et reptiles terrestres de l'archipel Guadeloupeen. Guadeloupe, Saint-Martin, Saint-Barthelemy. Patrimoines Naturels. 54:1-339.

  • Breuil, M. 2004. Amphibiens et Reptiles des Antilles. PLB Editions. Guadeloupe.

  • Hedges, S.B. 1993. Global amphibian declines: a perspective from the Caribbean. Biodiversity and Conservation. 2:290-303.

  • Hedges, S.B. 1999. Distribution of amphibians in the West Indies. Patterns of Distribution of Amphibians. A Global Perspective. Duellman, W.E.,editor. The Johns Hopkins Press. Baltimore, Maryland.

  • Hedges, S.B. 2001. Caribherp: database of West Indian amphibians and reptiles (http://www.caribherp.net). Pennsylvania State University. University Park, PA.

  • Henderson, R.W. and Powell, R 1999. West Indian herpetoecology. Caribbean Amphibians and Reptiles. Crother, B.I.,editor. 223-226. Academic Press. San Diego, California.

  • Henderson, R.W. and Powell, R. 2001. Responses by the West Indian herpetofauna to human-influenced resources. Caribbean Journal of Science. 37:41-54.

  • Kaiser, H. and Henderson, R.W. 1994. The conservation status of Lesser Antillean frogs. Herpetological Natural History. 2(2):41-56.

  • Kaiser, H. and J.D. Hardy, Jr. 1994a. Eleutherodactylus johnstonei. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 581:1-5.

  • Kaiser, H. and J.D. Hardy, Jr. 1994b. Eleutherodactylus martinicensis. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 582:1-4.

  • Kaiser, H., Green, D.M. and Schmid, M. 1994a. Systematics and biogeography of eastern Caribbean Eleutherodactylus (Anura: Leptodactylidae) with the description of a new species of Dominica. Canadian Journal of Zoology 72:2217-2237.

  • Kraus, F., E. W. Campbell, A. Allison, and T. Pratt. 1999. ELEUTHERODACTYLUS frog introductions to Hawaii. Herpetological Review 30:21-25.

  • Schwartz, A. 1967. Frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus in the Lesser Antilles. Studies on the Fauna of Curacao and Other Caribbean Islands. 23(91):1-62.

  • Schwartz, A., and R. W. Henderson. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies: Descriptions, Distributions, and Natural History. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, Florida. xvi + 720 pp.

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