Echium vulgare - L.
Common Viper's-bugloss
Other Common Names: common viper's bugloss
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Echium vulgare L. (TSN 31899)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.157743
Element Code: PDBOR0D060
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Borage Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Lamiales Boraginaceae Echium
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Echium vulgare
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: GNR
Global Status Last Changed: 22Mar1994
Rounded Global Status: GNR - Not Yet Ranked
Nation: United States
National Status: NNA
Nation: Canada
National Status: NNA (12Oct2016)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Arkansas (SNA), Colorado (SNA), Connecticut (SNA), Delaware (SNA), District of Columbia (SNA), Georgia (SNR), Idaho (SNA), Illinois (SNA), Indiana (SNA), Iowa (SNA), Kansas (SNA), Kentucky (SNA), Maine (SNA), Maryland (SNA), Massachusetts (SNR), Michigan (SNA), Minnesota (SNA), Missouri (SNA), Montana (SNA), Nebraska (SNA), New Hampshire (SNA), New Jersey (SNA), New Mexico (SNA), New York (SNA), North Carolina (SNA), Ohio (SNA), Oklahoma (SNA), Oregon (SNA), Pennsylvania (SNA), Rhode Island (SNA), South Carolina (SNA), South Dakota (SNA), Tennessee (SNA), Texas (SNA), Utah (SNA), Vermont (SNA), Virginia (SNA), Washington (SNA), West Virginia (SNA), Wisconsin (SNA), Wyoming (SNA)
Canada Alberta (SNA), British Columbia (SNA), Manitoba (SNA), New Brunswick (SNA), Newfoundland Island (SNA), Nova Scotia (SNA), Ontario (SNA), Prince Edward Island (SNA), Quebec (SNA), Saskatchewan (SNA)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map
NOTE: The distribution shown may be incomplete, particularly for some rapidly spreading exotic species.

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States ARexotic, COexotic, CTexotic, DCexotic, DEexotic, GA, IAexotic, IDexotic, ILexotic, INexotic, KSexotic, KYexotic, MA, MDexotic, MEexotic, MIexotic, MNexotic, MOexotic, MTexotic, NCexotic, NEexotic, NHexotic, NJexotic, NMexotic, NYexotic, OHexotic, OKexotic, ORexotic, PAexotic, RIexotic, SCexotic, SDexotic, TNexotic, TXexotic, UTexotic, VAexotic, VTexotic, WAexotic, WIexotic, WVexotic, WYexotic
Canada ABexotic, BCexotic, MBexotic, NBexotic, NFexotic, NSexotic, ONexotic, PEexotic, QCexotic, SKexotic

Range Map
No map available.

Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
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Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank)
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Disclaimer: While I-Rank information is available over NatureServe Explorer, NatureServe is not actively developing or maintaining these data. Species with I-RANKs do not represent a random sample of species exotic in the United States; available assessments may be biased toward those species with higher-than-average impact.

I-Rank: Unknown
Rounded I-Rank: Unknown
I-Rank Reasons Summary: There is very little information about this plant other than it's widespread abundance. The conspicuousness of the flower probably attributes to it's recognized range - however, there is no information on what this non-native plant may be doing the ecosystems/communities it is in.
Subrank I - Ecological Impact: Medium/Insignificant
Subrank II - Current Distribution/Abundance: High
Subrank III - Trend in Distribution/Abundance: Medium/Insignificant
Subrank IV - Management Difficulty: Unknown
I-Rank Review Date: 18May2004
Evaluator: Fellows, M.
Native anywhere in the U.S?
Native Range: Temperate Asia (Turkey to China) and Europe (Portugal to Finland and Ukraine) (GRIN 2001)

Download "An Invasive Species Assessment Protocol: Evaluating Non-Native Plants for their Impact on Biodiversity". (PDF, 1.03MB)
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Screening Questions

S-1. Established outside cultivation as a non-native? YES
Comments: (Kartesz 1999).

S-2. Present in conservation areas or other native species habitat? Yes
Comments: Implied (Pusateri and Blackwell 1979).

Subrank I - Ecological Impact: Medium/Insignificant

1. Impact on Ecosystem Processes and System-wide Parameters:Low significance/Insignificant
Comments: There are no reports of ecosystem effects, assumed to be low or insignificant.

2. Impact on Ecological Community Structure:Unknown

3. Impact on Ecological Community Composition:Unknown

4. Impact on Individual Native Plant or Animal Species:Unknown

5. Conservation Significance of the Communities and Native Species Threatened:Low significance/Insignificant
Comments: Fields, borders and waste places (2bnthewild Undated). dry meadows and limestone regions (Pusateri and Blackwell 1979).

Subrank II. Current Distribution and Abundance: High

6. Current Range Size in Nation:High significance
Comments: Throughout most of US accept for far southwest (including CA) and far southeast (including AL, GA and FL), also absent from ND (Kartesz 1999).

7. Proportion of Current Range Where the Species is Negatively Impacting Biodiversity:High/Moderate significance
Comments: Noxious weed in WA and NC (Kartesz 1999). Seeds prohibited from sale in WA (WSDA 2003). May have been a pest since 1863 (Pusateri and Blackwell 1979). "Often an obnoxious weed" (Fernald 1950).

8. Proportion of Nation's Biogeographic Units Invaded:High significance
Comments: Probably in more than 50% of ecoregions - inferred from Kartesz (1999) and TNC (2001).

9. Diversity of Habitats or Ecological Systems Invaded in Nation:Low significance
Comments: Fields, borders and waste places (2bnthewild Undated). dry meadows and limestone regions (Pusateri and Blackwell 1979).

Subrank III. Trend in Distribution and Abundance: Medium/Insignificant

10. Current Trend in Total Range within Nation:Medium/Low significance
Comments: Follows disturbance, therefore inferred to be spreading.

11. Proportion of Potential Range Currently Occupied:Low significance/Insignificant
Comments: USDA Zones 3a-8b.

12. Long-distance Dispersal Potential within Nation:High significance
Comments: Sold as a component of 'wildflower mixes' (WSDA 2003). Available for purchase on the internet (5/2004).

13. Local Range Expansion or Change in Abundance:Unknown

14. Inherent Ability to Invade Conservation Areas and Other Native Species Habitats:Low significance/Insignificant
Comments: Found in disturbed sites inferred: fields, borders and waste places (2bnthewild Undated), dry meadows and limestone regions (Pusateri and Blackwell 1979).

15. Similar Habitats Invaded Elsewhere:High/Low significance
Comments: Present in southern Canada (Kartesz 1999).

16. Reproductive Characteristics:Insignificant
Comments: Will produce seed, no other method of reproduction reported.

Subrank IV. General Management Difficulty: Unknown

17. General Management Difficulty:Unknown

18. Minimum Time Commitment:Unknown

19. Impacts of Management on Native Species:Unknown

20. Accessibility of Invaded Areas:Unknown
Authors/Contributors
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Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • 2bnthewild.com. Undated. Wildflowers of the southeastern U.S. ONLINE. http://2bnthewild.com/plants. Accessed 2004, February.

  • Fernald, M. L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. 8th edition. Corrected printing (1970). D. Van Nostrand Company, New York. 1632 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.

  • Meades, S.J. & Hay, S.G; Brouillet, L. 2000. Annotated Checklist of Vascular Plants of Newfoundland and Labrador. Memorial University Botanical Gardens, St John's NF. 237pp.

  • Pusateri, William P., and Will H. Blackwell, Jr. 1979. The Echium vulgare complex in eastern North America. Castanea. 49:223-229.

  • The Nature Conservancy. 2001. Map: TNC Ecoregions of the United States. Modification of Bailey Ecoregions. Online . Accessed May 2003.

  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. 2001. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/var/apache/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?6438. (Accessed 2004)

  • Washington State Department of Agriculture Plant Protection Division (WSDA). 2003. Plants and seeds whoose sales are prohibited in Washington State. A summary of current regulations on sales of noxious weeds and other invasive exotic plants. Washington State Department of Agriculture, Olympia, WA 98504-2560.

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