Dryopteris goldiana - (Hook. ex Goldie) Gray
Goldie's Woodfern
Other Common Names: Goldie's woodfern
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Dryopteris goldiana (Hook. ex Goldie) Gray (TSN 17537)
French Common Names: dryoptère de Goldie
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.139876
Element Code: PPDRY0A0F0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Ferns and relatives
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Filicinophyta Filicopsida Filicales Dryopteridaceae Dryopteris
Check this box to expand all report sections:
Concept Reference
Help
Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Dryopteris goldiana
Conservation Status
Help

NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 01Nov2011
Global Status Last Changed: 01Nov2011
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Reasons: Populations of Dryopteris goldiana are scattered across a fairly broad geographic range. The principal threat to this species is the loss of forest habitat to logging, development, and agriculture.
Nation: United States
National Status: N4
Nation: Canada
National Status: N4N5 (05Dec2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (S1), Arkansas (S1), Connecticut (S3), Delaware (S1), District of Columbia (SNR), Georgia (S3), Illinois (S3S4), Indiana (SNR), Iowa (S2), Kentucky (S4), Maine (S2), Maryland (S2), Massachusetts (S3), Michigan (SNR), Minnesota (S3), Missouri (S2), New Hampshire (S3), New Jersey (S3), New York (S4), North Carolina (S3), Ohio (SNR), Pennsylvania (S4), Rhode Island (SNR), South Carolina (S1), Tennessee (SNR), Vermont (S4), Virginia (S4), West Virginia (S4), Wisconsin (SNR)
Canada New Brunswick (S3), Ontario (S4), Quebec (S3)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: D. goldiana ranges from New Brunswick southeast to Tennessee and west to Minnesota. It occurs in New Brunswick, Ontario, Quebec, AL, CT, DE, GA, IL, IN, IA, KY, ME, MD, MA, MI, MN, MO, NH, NJ, NY, NC, OH, PA, RI, TN, VT, VA, WV, and WI.

Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300

Population Size Comments: Although D. goldiana is fairly common in some parts of its range, population sizes are relatively small.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Garlic mustard (Allaria petiolata) is a threat to this species; however, the greatest threat to Dryopteris goldiana is the loss of woodland habitat through logging and subsequent development or agriculture.

Short-term Trend: Decline of <30% to relatively stable
Short-term Trend Comments: Declining slightly due to loss of woodland habitat.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
Help
Global Range: D. goldiana ranges from New Brunswick southeast to Tennessee and west to Minnesota. It occurs in New Brunswick, Ontario, Quebec, AL, CT, DE, GA, IL, IN, IA, KY, ME, MD, MA, MI, MN, MO, NH, NJ, NY, NC, OH, PA, RI, TN, VT, VA, WV, and WI.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV
Canada NB, ON, QC

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AL Lawrence (01079)*
AR Baxter (05005)
CT Fairfield (09001), Hartford (09003), Litchfield (09005), New Haven (09009), Windham (09015)
DE New Castle (10003)
GA Towns (13281)
IA Jackson (19097)
MA Berkshire (25003), Franklin (25011), Hampden (25013), Hampshire (25015), Middlesex (25017), Worcester (25027)
MD Garrett (24023)
ME Aroostook (23003), Franklin (23007)*, Kennebec (23011), Oxford (23017), Penobscot (23019), Piscataquis (23021), Somerset (23025)
MN Beltrami (27007), Blue Earth (27013)*, Cass (27021), Fillmore (27045), Goodhue (27049), Hennepin (27053)*, Houston (27055), Itasca (27061), Le Sueur (27079)*, Olmsted (27109), Wabasha (27157), Waseca (27161)*, Washington (27163), Winona (27169)
MO Bollinger (29017)*, Camden (29029), Clay (29047), Madison (29123), Perry (29157)*, Texas (29215), Warren (29219), Wright (29229)
NH Carroll (33003), Cheshire (33005), Coos (33007), Grafton (33009), Sullivan (33019)
NJ Sussex (34037), Warren (34041)
SC Oconee (45073)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
01 Aroostook (01010004)+, Meduxnekeag (01010005)+, West Branch Penobscot (01020001)+, East Branch Penobscot (01020002)+, Mattawamkeag (01020003)+, Lower Penobscot (01020005)+*, Lower Kennebec (01030003)+, Upper Androscoggin (01040001)+, Lower Androscoggin (01040002)+, Saco (01060002)+, Pemigewasset (01070001)+, Contoocook (01070003)+, Nashua (01070004)+, Upper Connecticut (01080101)+, Waits (01080103)+, Upper Connecticut-Mascoma (01080104)+, Black-Ottauquechee (01080106)+, West (01080107)+*, Middle Connecticut (01080201)+, Deerfield (01080203)+, Lower Connecticut (01080205)+, Westfield (01080206)+, Farmington (01080207)+, Shetucket (01100002)+, Quinnipiac (01100004)+*, Housatonic (01100005)+, Saugatuck (01100006)+
02 Hudson-Hoosic (02020003)+, Middle Hudson (02020006)+, Middle Delaware-Mongaup-Brodhead (02040104)+, Middle Delaware-Musconetcong (02040105)+, Brandywine-Christina (02040205)+, North Branch Potomac (02070002)+
03 Seneca (03060101)+, Tugaloo (03060102)+*, Sipsey Fork (03160110)+*
06 Hiwassee (06020002)+
07 Mississippi Headwaters (07010101)+, Leech Lake (07010102)+, Crow (07010204)+*, Middle Minnesota (07020007)+*, Blue Earth (07020009)+*, Le Sueur (07020011)+*, Lower St. Croix (07030005)+, Rush-Vermillion (07040001)+, Cannon (07040002)+*, Buffalo-Whitewater (07040003)+, Zumbro (07040004)+, La Crosse-Pine (07040006)+, Root (07040008)+, Coon-Yellow (07060001)+, Apple-Plum (07060005)+, Upper Mississippi-Cape Girardeau (07140105)+*, Whitewater (07140107)+
09 Big Fork (09030006)+
10 Niangua (10290110)+, Upper Gasconade (10290201)+, Big Piney (10290202)+, Lower Missouri-Crooked (10300101)+, Lower Missouri (10300200)+
11 Middle White (11010004)+, Current (11010008)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
Help
Basic Description: Goldie's wood fern; Wood Fern family (Dryopteridaceae). A large, striking, perennial, deciduous fern that grows in crown-like clusters, approximately 1 m high. The fronds are broad and taper abruptly at their tips.
Habitat Comments: Dryopteris goldiana occurs primarily in dense, moist woods, often under hardwoods, as in the maple-basswood forests of Wisconsin and Minnesota. It especially occurs in ravines, limey seeps, or at the edges of streams or swamps.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Help
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Viability
Help
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
Help
Authors/Contributors
Help
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 15May1995
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: K. Crowley, MRO

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • CRANE, F.W. 1960. A KEY TO AMERICAN DRYPOTERIS SPECIES BASED ON CHARACTERS OF THE PERISPORE. AMERICAN FERN JOURNAL 50:270-275.

  • Catling, P.M. 2003. Dryopteris goldiana x D. intermedia, a natural fern hybrid new to Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 117(4):649-651.

  • DARLING, T., JR. 1959. RECENT FIELD NOTES. AMERICAN FERN JOURNAL 49:117-122.

  • Deam, C. C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Division of Forestry, Dept. of Conservation, Indianapolis, Indiana. 1236 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1996. Species distribution data at state and province level for vascular plant taxa of the United States, Canada, and Greenland (accepted records), from unpublished data files at the North Carolina Botanical Garden, December, 1996.

  • Montgomery, J. D., and W. H. Wagner, Jr. 1993. Dryopteris. Pages 280-288 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, editors. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Oxford University Press, New York, New York.

  • Moye, William S. 2006. Highly Ranked Plants of the South Mountain Region. Unpublished notes sent via email to Misty Franklin in February 2006.

  • Swink, F., and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region. Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

  • USDA, Natural Resources Conservation Service, PLANTS Database [USDA PLANTS]. http://plants.usda.gov/. Accessed 2017.

  • WHERRY, E.T. 1940-1941. A WOODFERN HYBRID DESERVES A NAME. BARTONIA 21:1-2.

Use Guidelines & Citation

Use Guidelines and Citation

The Small Print: Trademark, Copyright, Citation Guidelines, Restrictions on Use, and Information Disclaimer.

Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of March 2019.
Note: This report was printed on

Trademark Notice: "NatureServe", NatureServe Explorer, The NatureServe logo, and all other names of NatureServe programs referenced herein are trademarks of NatureServe. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 2019 NatureServe, 2511 Richmond (Jefferson Davis) Highway, Suite 930, Arlington, VA 22202, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation for data on website including State Distribution, Watershed, and Reptile Range maps:
NatureServe. 2019. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE."

Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/birdDistributionmapsmetadatav1.pdf.

Full metadata for the Mammal Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/mammalsDistributionmetadatav1.pdf.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:
  1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
  2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
  3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
  4. No graphics available from this server can be used, copied or distributed separate from the accompanying text. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel, or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of NatureServe. No trademark owned by NatureServe may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from NatureServe. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any NatureServe copyright.
Information Warranty Disclaimer: All documents and related graphics provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. NatureServe hereby disclaims all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. NatureServe makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. NatureServe may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, NatureServe makes no commitment to update the information contained herein. Since the data in the central databases are continually being updated, it is advisable to refresh data retrieved at least once a year after its receipt. The data provided is for planning, assessment, and informational purposes. Site specific projects or activities should be reviewed for potential environmental impacts with appropriate regulatory agencies. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program(s) or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area (see Visit Local Programs).

Feedback Request: NatureServe encourages users to let us know of any errors or significant omissions that you find in the data through (see Contact Us). Your comments will be very valuable in improving the overall quality of our databases for the benefit of all users.