Dicentra eximia - (Ker-Gawl.) Torr.
Wild Bleedinghearts
Other English Common Names: Appalachian Bleedinghearts
Other Common Names: turkey corn
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Dicentra eximia (Ker-Gawl.) Torr. (TSN 18946)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.149128
Element Code: PDFUM04040
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Fumitory Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Papaverales Fumariaceae Dicentra
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Dicentra eximia
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4
Global Status Last Reviewed: 23Apr1992
Global Status Last Changed: 23Apr1992
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N4

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Georgia (S1), Illinois (SNA), Maryland (S2), Massachusetts (SNR), Michigan (SNA), New Jersey (SH.1), New York (SNA), North Carolina (S3), Pennsylvania (S1), South Carolina (S1), Tennessee (SNR), Vermont (SNR), Virginia (S4), West Virginia (S4)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: GA, IL, MD, MI, MN, NC, NJ, NY, PA, TN, VA, VT, WV

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Dicentra eximia is restricted to an uncommon rocky habitat and is threatened by over-harvest (undoubtedly exploited by collectors) (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: GA, IL, MD, MI, MN, NC, NJ, NY, PA, TN, VA, VT, WV

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States GA, ILexotic, MA, MD, MIexotic, NC, NJ, NYexotic, PA, SC, TN, VA, VT, WV

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
MD Allegany (24001), Garrett (24023)
NC Buncombe (37021), Burke (37023), Graham (37075), Haywood (37087), Henderson (37089), Macon (37113), Madison (37115), McDowell (37111), Mitchell (37121), Rutherford (37161), Swain (37173), Transylvania (37175), Watauga (37189)*, Yancey (37199)
NJ Warren (34041)*
PA Adams (42001), Bedford (42009), Carbon (42025)*, Northampton (42095)
SC Oconee (45073)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
02 Middle Delaware-Mongaup-Brodhead (02040104)+*, Middle Delaware-Musconetcong (02040105)+, Lehigh (02040106)+*, Raystown (02050303)+, North Branch Potomac (02070002)+, Cacapon-Town (02070003)+, Conococheague-Opequon (02070004)+
03 Upper Catawba (03050101)+, South Fork Catawba (03050102)+, Upper Broad (03050105)+, Seneca (03060101)+, Tugaloo (03060102)+
06 Watauga (06010103)+*, Upper French Broad (06010105)+, Pigeon (06010106)+, Nolichucky (06010108)+, Upper Little Tennessee (06010202)+, Tuckasegee (06010203)+*, Lower Little Tennessee (06010204)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: A perennial herb with clusters of drooping red to pink, heart shaped flowers on a leafless stalk and finely cut basal leaves.
Technical Description: Rhizome and scape short, stout, scaly. Leaves from rhizome, up to 4 dm long, ternately dissected into lanceolate to broadly oblong, coarsely toothed segments. Scape 2-5 dm tall, terminated in a thyrse of many flowers borne in lateral clusters of nodding pink to purplish flowers, cordate at the base, narrowed into a long neck, spurs short and rounded, the tips of the outer petals acuminate or divergent, 5-6 mm long. Fruit a capsule.
Diagnostic Characteristics: Plant acaulescent, leaves all basal. Corolla bilateral, the two outer petals spurred or saccate at the base. Flowers paniculate, scape 2.5-5 dm tall from a stout crown.
Duration: PERENNIAL, Long-lived, DECIDUOUS
Reproduction Comments: n=8, Ants disperse some species of Dicentra.
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Forest - Hardwood, Forest/Woodland
Habitat Comments: Dry to moist, rocky mountain woods, crevices of rocks at bases of cliffs.
Economic Attributes
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Economic Uses: LANDSCAPING, Cultivated ornamental
Production Method: Cultivated
Economic Comments: Cultivated in US, Canada and Europe.
Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 30Apr1991
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): ISAAC, J.

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Berg, R.Y. 1969. Adaptation and Evolution in Dicentra ( Fumareaceae) with Special Reference to Seed, Fruit, and Dispersal Mechanism. Nytt Mag. Bot. 16:49-75. A69BER01PAUS

  • Berg, R.Y. 1969. Adaptation and evolution in Dicentra (Fumariaceae), with special reference to seed, fruit, and dispersal mechanism. Nytt Magazine Botanical. 16:49.

  • Fernald, M.L. 1949. Gray's Manual of Botany, Eighth edition. American Book Co. New York. B49FER01PAUS

  • Fernald, M.L. 1950 Gray's Manual of Botany, 8th ed. American Book Company, New York. 1632 pp.

  • Gleason, H.A. 1952. New Britton & Brown. Illustrated Flora. Lancaster Press Inc. Lancaster, Pa. B52GLE01PAUS

  • Gleason, H.A. 1952. The new Britton and Brown illustrated flora of the northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 3 volumes. Hafner Press, New York. 1732 pp.

  • House, Homer D. 1924. Annotated list of the ferns and flowering plants of New York State. New York State Museum Bulletin 254:1-758.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Mitchell, R. S. 1983. Berberodaceae through Fumariaceae of New York State. New York State Museum Bull. 451: 1-66.

  • Smith, Gerald A. No date. Bird breeding season survey at El Dorado Beach Preserve 1981-.

  • Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project. 2002. A partnership between the U.S. Forest Service-Region 8, Natural Heritage Programs in the Southeast, NatureServe, and independent scientists to develop and review data on 1300+ regionally and locally rare species in the Southern Appalachian and Alabama region. Database (Access 97) provided to the U.S. Forest Service by NatureServe, Durham, North Carolina.

  • Stern, K.R. 1961 Revision of Dicentra (Fumariaceae). Brittonia 13:1-57. A61STE01PAUS

  • Stern, K.R. 1975. Cytogeography of Dicentra eximia (KER) TORR. Phytologia 32:213-218.

  • Stern, K.R. 1975. Cytogeography of Dicentra eximia (KER) TORR. Phytologia 32:213-218. A75STE01PAUS

  • Torrey, J. 1843. Flora of New York. Carroll and Cook, Printers to the Assembly, Albany, N.Y. B43TOR01PAUS.

  • Torrey, J. 1843. Flora of New York. Carroll and Cook, Printers to the Assembly, Albany, NY.

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