Deeringothamnus pulchellus - Small
Beautiful Pawpaw
Other English Common Names: Royal False Pawpaw
Other Common Names: royal false pawpaw
Synonym(s): Asimina pulchella (Small) G.A. Zimmerman
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Deeringothamnus pulchellus Small (TSN 18119)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.139820
Element Code: PDANN03010
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Other flowering plants
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Magnoliales Annonaceae Deeringothamnus
Check this box to expand all report sections:
Concept Reference
Help
Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Deeringothamnus pulchellus
Taxonomic Comments: Distinct, one of two species in the genus
Conservation Status
Help

NatureServe Status

Global Status: G1
Global Status Last Reviewed: 28Mar2000
Global Status Last Changed: 07Jan1987
Rounded Global Status: G1 - Critically Imperiled
Reasons: A Florida endemic that is known only from 2 small disjunct areas: Charlotte and Lee counties (19 occurrences), and Orange County (4 occurrences). The rate of residential and agricultural development is very high where this species occurs.
Nation: United States
National Status: N1

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Florida (S1)

Other Statuses

U.S. Endangered Species Act (USESA): LE: Listed endangered (26Sep1986)
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Lead Region: R4 - Southeast

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Lee, Orange, Charlotte counties, Florida.

Number of Occurrences: 1 - 5
Number of Occurrences Comments: Known from two disjunct areas: SW FL in Lee and Charlotte counties and E-central FL, in Orange County. 30 occurrences recorded as of 3/2000.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Both populations have been threatened by habitat destruction and modification for residential, commercial, and agricultural purposes.

Intrinsic Vulnerability Comments: Persists along roadsides.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
Help
Global Range: Lee, Orange, Charlotte counties, Florida.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States FL

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
FL Charlotte (12015), Lee (12071), Orange (12095)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Upper St. Johns (03080101)+, Caloosahatchee (03090205)+, Peace (03100101)+, Charlotte Harbor (03100103)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
Help
Basic Description: A low, sparingly branched shrub, close to 1 m in height, emerging from a stout taproot. Stems are arching to decumbent or occasionally erect. Leaves are 1-7 cm long, oblong to oval or obovate in shape. Flowers are solitary in leaf axils. Petals are white to pale pink, fragrant, and strongly recurved.
General Description: Deeringothamnus pulchellus is a low shrub with arching to decumbent shoots; roots fusiform; leaves bright green, persistent, aromatic with usually scattered hairs on the midrib below; flowers faintly fragrant, petals slightly recurved, white to pale pink in color; fruits yellow-green when ripe and often constricted between the seeds.
Technical Description: "Root fusiform, 3-6 dm long. Stems 3 dm tall or less, those bearing flowers stouter than the leafy ones, all early glabrous. Leaves bright-green; blades cuneate to spatulate, 3-11 cm long, obtuse or rounded at the apex, sharply reticulate above, glabrous at maturity or with persistent scattered fuscus hairs on the midrib beneath. Bracts of the flowering stems foliaceous, ovate, oval, or elliptic, sessile or nearly so. Pedicels curved, 1-2.5 cm long. Sepals coriaceous, triangular to lanceolate, 4-8 mm long, acute, glabrous or obscurely pubescent. Petals linear, varying to broadest above the middle or below it, 11-22 mm long, the outer finely pubescent. Stamens 2.5-3 mm long; apical glands of the connective knob-like. Berry obovoid, or cylindric-ellipsoid, often somewhat constricted between the seeds, 2-4.5 cm long. Seeds very turgid, subglobose or flattened on one side" (Small, 1933).
Diagnostic Characteristics: Deeringothamnus pulchellus is readily distinguished from Deeringothamnus rugelii by its petals which are narrower and more recurved.
Duration: DECIDUOUS
Reproduction Comments: The family is appears to be pollinated habitually by beetles (cantharophilous). The fleshy fruits in this family are dispersed mainly by birds, often aided by mammals.
Ecology Comments: Deeringothamnus pulchella is always found in open stands of slash pine (Pinus elliottii) with an understory mostly of Serenoa repens, Lyonia lucida, Vaccinium myrsinites, Quercus minima, and Befaria racemosa.
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Forest/Woodland, Old field, Savanna, Shrubland/chaparral, Woodland - Mixed
Habitat Comments: Grassy pine flatwoods with saw palmetto and wiregrass on Immokalee sand and Punta fine sand soils. Can be relatively abundant on road edges and partly developed subdivision lots that were occasionally mowed or lightly disturbed.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Help
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Viability
Help
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
Help
Authors/Contributors
Help
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 01Jun1991
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: L. Morse & D.L. White
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 21Jun1990

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 1997. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Vol. 3. Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxiii + 590 pp.

  • KRAL, R. 1983.A REPORT ON SOME RARE,THREATENED,OR ENDANGEREDFOREST-RELATED VASCULAR PLANTS OF THE SOUTH.VOL I ISOETACEAETHROUGH EUPHORBIACEAE;VOL II AQUIFOLIACEA THROUGH ASTERACEAE& GLOSSARY.USDA FOREST SERV,SE REG.,ATL,GA. TECH PUBL R8-TP2

  • Kartesz, J. T. 1991. Synonym names from 1991 checklist, as extracted by Larry Morse, TNC, June 1991.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kral, R. 1983c. A report on some rare, threatened, or endangered forest-related vascular plants of the South. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service Technical Publication R8-TP2, Athens, GA. 1305 pp.

  • Small, J.K. 1933. Manual of the southeastern flora. Two volumes. Hafner Publishing Company, New York.

  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 1998. Multi-Species Recovery Plan for the Threatened and Endangered Species of South Florida, Vol.1 (The Species), Vol.2 (Natural Communities). Technical/Agency Draft. Vero Beach, Florida.

  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1986. Endangered status for three Florida shrubs. Federal Register 51(187): 34415-34420.

  • WUNDERLIN, RICHARD P. 1982. GUIDE TO THE VASCULAR PLANTS OF CENTRAL FLORIDA. UNIV. PRESSES OF FLA., TAMPA, ST. PETERSBURG, FT. MEYERS, SARASOTA

  • Wunderlin, R.P. 1982. Guide to the vascular plants of central Florida. Univ. Presses Florida, Gainesville. 472 pp.

Use Guidelines & Citation

Use Guidelines and Citation

The Small Print: Trademark, Copyright, Citation Guidelines, Restrictions on Use, and Information Disclaimer.

Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of March 2018.
Note: This report was printed on

Trademark Notice: "NatureServe", NatureServe Explorer, The NatureServe logo, and all other names of NatureServe programs referenced herein are trademarks of NatureServe. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 2018 NatureServe, 4600 N. Fairfax Dr., 7th Floor, Arlington Virginia 22203, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation for data on website including State Distribution, Watershed, and Reptile Range maps:
NatureServe. 2018. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE."

Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/birdDistributionmapsmetadatav1.pdf.

Full metadata for the Mammal Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/mammalsDistributionmetadatav1.pdf.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:
  1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
  2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
  3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
  4. No graphics available from this server can be used, copied or distributed separate from the accompanying text. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel, or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of NatureServe. No trademark owned by NatureServe may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from NatureServe. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any NatureServe copyright.
Information Warranty Disclaimer: All documents and related graphics provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. NatureServe hereby disclaims all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. NatureServe makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. NatureServe may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, NatureServe makes no commitment to update the information contained herein. Since the data in the central databases are continually being updated, it is advisable to refresh data retrieved at least once a year after its receipt. The data provided is for planning, assessment, and informational purposes. Site specific projects or activities should be reviewed for potential environmental impacts with appropriate regulatory agencies. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program(s) or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area (see Visit Local Programs).

Feedback Request: NatureServe encourages users to let us know of any errors or significant omissions that you find in the data through (see Contact Us). Your comments will be very valuable in improving the overall quality of our databases for the benefit of all users.