Datura stramonium - L.
Jimsonweed
Other Common Names: jimsonweed
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Datura stramonium L. (TSN 30520)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.133730
Element Code: PDSOL09060
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Potato Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Solanales Solanaceae Datura
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Datura stramonium
Taxonomic Comments: Of unknown origin (Gleason, 1952), but widespread as a weed in most warm-temperate parts of the world.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: GU
Global Status Last Reviewed: 08Nov1994
Global Status Last Changed: 08Nov1994
Rounded Global Status: GU - Unrankable
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR
Nation: Canada
National Status: NNA (11Oct2016)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alabama (SNA), Arizona (SNA), Arkansas (SNA), California (SNA), Colorado (SNA), Connecticut (SNA), Delaware (SNA), District of Columbia (SNA), Florida (SNR), Georgia (SNA), Hawaii (SNA), Idaho (SNA), Illinois (SNA), Indiana (SNA), Iowa (SNA), Kansas (SNA), Kentucky (SNA), Louisiana (SNA), Maine (SNA), Maryland (SNA), Massachusetts (SNR), Michigan (SNA), Minnesota (SNA), Mississippi (SNA), Missouri (SNA), Montana (SNA), Nebraska (SNA), Nevada (SNA), New Hampshire (SNA), New Jersey (SNA), New Mexico (SNA), New York (SNA), North Carolina (SNA), North Dakota (SNA), Ohio (SNA), Oklahoma (SNA), Oregon (SNA), Pennsylvania (SNA), Rhode Island (SNA), South Carolina (SNA), South Dakota (SNA), Tennessee (SNA), Texas (SNA), Utah (SNA), Vermont (SNA), Virginia (SNA), Washington (SNA), West Virginia (SNA), Wisconsin (SNA)
Canada Alberta (SNA), British Columbia (SNA), New Brunswick (SNA), Nova Scotia (SNA), Ontario (SNA), Prince Edward Island (SNA), Quebec (SNA), Saskatchewan (SNA)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map
NOTE: The distribution shown may be incomplete, particularly for some rapidly spreading exotic species.

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States ALexotic, ARexotic, AZexotic, CAexotic, COexotic, CTexotic, DCexotic, DEexotic, FL, GAexotic, HIexotic, IAexotic, IDexotic, ILexotic, INexotic, KSexotic, KYexotic, LAexotic, MA, MDexotic, MEexotic, MIexotic, MNexotic, MOexotic, MSexotic, MTexotic, NCexotic, NDexotic, NEexotic, NHexotic, NJexotic, NMexotic, NVexotic, NYexotic, OHexotic, OKexotic, ORexotic, PAexotic, RIexotic, SCexotic, SDexotic, TNexotic, TXexotic, UTexotic, VAexotic, VTexotic, WAexotic, WIexotic, WVexotic
Canada ABexotic, BCexotic, NBexotic, NSexotic, ONexotic, PEexotic, QCexotic, SKexotic

Range Map
No map available.

Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
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Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank)
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Disclaimer: While I-Rank information is available over NatureServe Explorer, NatureServe is not actively developing or maintaining these data. Species with I-RANKs do not represent a random sample of species exotic in the United States; available assessments may be biased toward those species with higher-than-average impact.

I-Rank: High/Low
Rounded I-Rank: Unknown
I-Rank Reasons Summary: Sometimes used as a hallucinogen, the species appears to be widespread throughout the U.S. in disturbed habitats and nearby natural areas. Little information is available regarding reproduction, dispersal, trends or ecological effects, although all appear to be relatively minor. Problems associated with Datura stramonium poisonings (livestock and human) compose a greater portion of the available literature. In addition, there is some confusion over the native range of the species and how it may have first gotten to the U.S.
Subrank I - Ecological Impact: Medium/Low
Subrank II - Current Distribution/Abundance: High/Medium
Subrank III - Trend in Distribution/Abundance: Unknown
Subrank IV - Management Difficulty: Unknown
I-Rank Review Date: 02Sep2004
Evaluator: Fellows, M.
Native anywhere in the U.S?
Native Range: Mexico and tropical South America (Weber 2003), however the exact native range is unknown (GRIN 2001).

Download "An Invasive Species Assessment Protocol: Evaluating Non-Native Plants for their Impact on Biodiversity". (PDF, 1.03MB)
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Screening Questions

S-1. Established outside cultivation as a non-native? YES
Comments: (Kartesz 1999).

S-2. Present in conservation areas or other native species habitat? Yes
Comments: Inferred because of it's preference for dry sites and it's ubiquitousness.

Subrank I - Ecological Impact: Medium/Low

1. Impact on Ecosystem Processes and System-wide Parameters:Medium significance/Insignificant
Comments: A strong competitor for water (UC IPM Online 2004).

2. Impact on Ecological Community Structure:Moderate significance
Comments: Large infestions can shade out native vegetation because of large leaves (Weber 2003).

3. Impact on Ecological Community Composition:Moderate significance
Comments: Large infestions can shade out native vegetation because of large leaves (Weber 2003). May be allelopathic (PIER 2004).

4. Impact on Individual Native Plant or Animal Species:Not ranked

5. Conservation Significance of the Communities and Native Species Threatened:Low significance
Comments: Sandy places and disturbed sites (Weber 2003).

Subrank II. Current Distribution and Abundance: High/Medium

6. Current Range Size in Nation:High significance
Comments: Plant occurs in most of the contiguous US (Kartesz 1999) and HI (Wagner et al. 1999; NRCS 2004).

7. Proportion of Current Range Where the Species is Negatively Impacting Biodiversity:Not ranked

8. Proportion of Nation's Biogeographic Units Invaded:High significance
Comments: This taxon could potentially occur in over 75% of U.S. ecoregions (inferred from Kartesz 1999, TNC 2001 and NRCS 2004).

9. Diversity of Habitats or Ecological Systems Invaded in Nation:Medium/Low significance
Comments: Sandy places and disturbed sites (Weber 2003).

Subrank III. Trend in Distribution and Abundance: Unknown

10. Current Trend in Total Range within Nation:High/Low significance
Comments: Inferred from habitat preference of disturbed sites (Weber 2003).

11. Proportion of Potential Range Currently Occupied:Low significance
Comments: Inferred from current distribution (Kartesz 1999; NRCS 2004).

12. Long-distance Dispersal Potential within Nation:Not ranked
Comments: Long distance dispersal is likely to be unintentional (PIER 2004).

13. Local Range Expansion or Change in Abundance:Not ranked

14. Inherent Ability to Invade Conservation Areas and Other Native Species Habitats:Low significance
Comments: Disturbed sites (Weber 2003).

15. Similar Habitats Invaded Elsewhere:Low significance
Comments: A nearly cosmopolitan weed in similar habitats as that found in the US (Weber 2003).

16. Reproductive Characteristics:Medium/Low significance
Comments: Prolific seed production (Weber 2003). There are some Internet reports of a long-lived seedbank, although this does not appear to be a generally recognized trait.

Subrank IV. General Management Difficulty: Unknown

17. General Management Difficulty:Moderate significance
Comments: Prevention of seed production should be a priority (Weber 2003). Plants can be hand pulled or herbicided (Weber 2003) although a herbicide resistant biotype has appeared in Indiana (Childs 2003).

18. Minimum Time Commitment:Not ranked

19. Impacts of Management on Native Species:Not ranked

20. Accessibility of Invaded Areas:Not ranked
Authors/Contributors
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Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Childs, D. 2003. Group C1/5 Resistant Jimsonweed (Datura stramonium) USA: Indiana. for Weedscience.org. ONLINE. http://www.weedscience.org/Case/Case.asp?ResistID=407. Accessed 2004.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.

  • Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER). 2004. Datura stramonium. United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Institute of Pacific Island Forestry. Available ONLINE: http://www.hear.org/pier/species/datura_stramonium.htm (accessed 2004).

  • The Nature Conservancy. 2001. Map: TNC Ecoregions of the United States. Modification of Bailey Ecoregions. Online . Accessed May 2003.

  • UC IPM Online. 2004. How to Manage Pests Identification: Weed Photo Gallery Jimsonweed. for Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California. Available ONLINE: http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/WEEDS/jimsonweed.html. Accessed 2004.

  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. 2001. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/var/apache/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?6438. (Accessed 2004)

  • USDA, NRCS. 2004. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov) . National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

  • Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, and S.H. Sohmer. 1999. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawaii. Revised edition. Volumes 1 and 2. Univ. Hawaii Press and Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu. 1919 pp.

  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. CABI Publishing, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 548 pp.

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