Dasychira pinicola - (Dyar, 1911)
Pine Tussock Moth
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.107040
Element Code: IILEY3V140
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Invertebrates - Insects - Butterflies and Moths - Other Moths
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Mandibulata Insecta Lepidoptera Erebidae Dasychira
Genus Size: C - Small genus (6-20 species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Hodges, R.W. et al., eds. 1983. Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico. E.W. Classey Limited and The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, London. 284 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B83HOD01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Dasychira pinicola
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4
Global Status Last Reviewed: 29May1998
Global Status Last Changed: 29May1998
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR
Nation: Canada
National Status: NU (25Oct2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Massachusetts (S4), New York (SU), Virginia (S1S3)
Canada Ontario (SNR)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.

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Distribution data for U.S. states and Canadian provinces is known to be incomplete or has not been reviewed for this taxon.

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States MA, NY, VA
Canada ON

Range Map
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U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
NY Suffolk (36103)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
02 Southern Long Island (02030202)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
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Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Dasychira

Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: A forest, woodland, shrubby wetland or other habitat where the species occurs, and where there is potential for persistence or regular recurrence. Minimally an adult or larva verified in association with sufficient suitable habitat to sustain a population. Specimens are highly recommended and usually essential as the basis for EOs, but occasionally a photograph of an adult or last instar larva might suffice.
Mapping Guidance: Always apply the suitable distance across marginal habitats. For example while D. CINNAMOMEA outside of southern New Jersey is primarily a species of bogs, shrub swamps, and fens it does occur regularly in surrounding forests. The pine feeders do routinely occur sparsely in mixed primarily deciduous woods with only scattered pine, although in both cases such marginal habitats probably cannot sustain populations on their own. Generally unsuitable habitats will usually be urban, suburban, agricultural or nearly treeless marshes or prairies.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 2 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 10 km
Separation Justification: Species of this group are not extreme habitat specialists and either feed on dominant trees or on a variety of woody species. Both sexes fly and populations are usually dispersed over large areas. Males are powerful fliers although short lived. There is almost no chance two collections 10 kilometers apart would be separate occurrences if the intervening area contains much suitable or marginal habitat. However while both sexes are commonly seen and larvae turn up in marginal habitats, adults are very seldom seen in really unsuitable places--generally including suburban areas. The forest species are very rarely collected in open fields etc. suggesting the adults respond to vegetation structure. Females must be rather poor dispersers until they have laid most of their eggs. Therefore short separation distances seem appropriate in unsuitable habitat.
Inferred Minimum Extent of Habitat Use (when actual extent is unknown): 2 km
Inferred Minimum Extent Justification: For the forest and woodland species habitats are normally large (thousands of hectares or greater). These moths seldom are confined to small habitats and few occurrences are under 100 hectares and most are well over 1000. However at least D. CINNAMOMEA apparently can persist in under 100 hectares, although it is possible such bog and fen "occurrences" are merely demes in metapopulations or that they extend substantially into adjacent forests. D. PINICOLA and D. OBLIQUATA in southern New Jersey appear to be ubiquitous over more than 500,000 hectares of virtually contiguous Pinelands and some occurrences of D. MANTO are probably larger than that. Obviously presence should be inferred only over contiguous or nearly contiguous high quality habitat, but for most species a 2 km radius defines a small to moderate habitat.
Date: 30Oct2001
Author: Schweitzer, Dale F.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Forbes, William T. M. 1948. Lepidoptera of New York and neighboring states part II. Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station Memoir 274.

  • Hodges, R.W. et al., eds. 1983. Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico. E.W. Classey Limited and The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, London. 284 pp.

  • Jordan, M. J., W. A. Patterson III, A. G. Windisch. 2003. Conceptual ecological models for the Long Island pitch pine barrens: implications for managing rare plant communities. Forest Ecology and Management 185, 151-168.

  • Lafontaine, J.D. and B. C. Schmidt. 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico. ZooKeys 40:1-239.

  • Little, S. 1979. Fire and plant succession in the New Jersey pine barrens. P. 297-313 in R. T. T. Forman, ed. Pine Barrens: Ecosystem and Landscape. Academic Press, Inc. Orlando, FL.

  • McGuinness, Hugh D. 2009. Moths of fire: a study of the macro-lepidoptera in burned and unburned plots at the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation's Sarnoff Preserve in Flanders, Suffolk County, New York. 2006-2008. Report for the Long Island Chapter of The Nature Conservancy.

  • McGuinness, Hugh. 2006. Overview of the 2005 Dwarf Pine Plains data.

  • NatureServe. 2010. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://www.natureserve.org/explorer. (Data last updated August 2010)

  • North American Moth Photographers Group at the Mississippi Entomological Museum. No date. Mississippi State University, Mississippi. http://mothphotographersgroup.msstate.edu/MainMenu.shtml

  • Opler, Paul A., Kelly Lotts, and Thomas Naberhaus, coordinators. 2010. Butterflies and Moths of North America. Bozeman, MT: Big Sky Institute. (accessed May 2010).

  • Schweitzer, Dale F. 1998. Rare, potentially rare, and historic macrolepidoptera for Long Island, New York: A suggested inventory list.

  • Wagner, D.L., V. Giles, R.C. Reardon, and M.L. McManus. 1997. Caterpillars of eastern forests. USDA, Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, FHTET-96-34, Washington, DC. 113 pp.

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