Cypripedium passerinum - Richards.
Sparrow's-egg Lady's-slipper
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Cypripedium passerinum Richards. (TSN 43545)
French Common Names: cypripède oeuf-de-passereau
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.136292
Element Code: PMORC0Q0A0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Orchid Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Orchidales Orchidaceae Cypripedium
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Cypripedium passerinum
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 16May2016
Global Status Last Changed: 06Mar2012
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR
Nation: Canada
National Status: N5 (06Mar2012)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alaska (SNR), Montana (S3)
Canada Alberta (S4), British Columbia (S3S4), Manitoba (S4), Northwest Territories (SNR), Nunavut (S2), Ontario (S4), Quebec (S1), Saskatchewan (S2), Yukon Territory (S4)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: AK and Yukon to Hudson Bay and Quebec, south to se. B.C., n. MT, and to the region of Lake Superior. Peripheral.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: AK and Yukon to Hudson Bay and Quebec, south to se. B.C., n. MT, and to the region of Lake Superior. Peripheral.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AK, MT
Canada AB, BC, MB, NT, NU, ON, QC, SK, YT

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
MT Flathead (30029), Glacier (30035), Lake (30047), Lewis and Clark (30049), Lincoln (30053), Pondera (30073), Powell (30077), Teton (30099)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
09 St. Marys (09040001)+
10 Sun (10030104)+, Two Medicine (10030201)+, Teton (10030205)+
17 Upper Kootenai (17010101)+, North Fork Flathead (17010206)+, Middle Fork Flathead (17010207)+, South Fork Flathead (17010209)+, Stillwater (17010210)+, Swan (17010211)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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General Description: Sparrow's-egg Lady's-slipper is a perennial with leafy stems reaching up to 35 cm high and arising from slender, creeping rhizomes. The 3-5 broadly lance-shaped leaves reach up to 15 cm long and clasp the stem; the herbage is covered with long, soft hairs and is usually somewhat sticky. The one or two flowers are subtended by a leafy bract which is longer than the inflorescence. The sepals are green and 10-16 mm long, and the upper is longer than the lower two. The petals are white; the lower is pouch-like with purple spots on the inside, and the other two resemble the sepals but are shorter. The erect capsule is ovoid and bears thousands of tiny seeds.
Diagnostic Characteristics: This species can be distinguished from our other white lady's slipper (C. MONTANUM) by the sepals that are shorter than the slipper-like petal and not wavy or twisted.
Economic Attributes
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Economically Important Genus: Y
Economic Uses: Ritualistic, OTHER USES/PRODUCTS
Economic Comments: tselli nadi- firl medicine from root. Root smoked? Love charm(?)- youth carries stem of plant with piece of girl's hair tied around it
Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 16Feb1995
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): DAP

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Arditti, J., J. D. Michaud and P. L. Healey. 1979. Morphometry of orchid seeds. I. PAPHIOPEDILUM and native California and related species of CYPRIPEDIUM. American Journal of Botany 66(10):1128-1137.

  • Arditti, J., J. D. Michaud and P. L. Healey. 1979. Morphometry of orchid seeds. I. PAPHIOPEDILUM and native California and related species of CYPRIPEDIUM. American Journal of Botany. 66(10):1128-1137.

  • Bouchard, A., D. Barabé, M. Dumais et S. Hay 1983. Les plantes vasculaires rares du Québec. Syllogeus no 48. Musées nationaux du Canada. Ottawa. 75 p.

  • Bouchard, A., D. Barabé, Y. Bergeron, M. Dumais et S. Hay. 1985. La phytogéographie des plantes vasculaires rares du Québec. Le Naturaliste canadien 112 : 283-300.

  • Catling, P. M. 1983. Autogamy in eastern Canadian Orchidaceae: a review of current knowledge and some new observations. Naturaliste Canada 110:37-53.

  • Dutilly, A. et E. Lepage. 1963. Contribution à la flore du versant sud de la Baie-James, Québec-Ontario. Contributions of the Artic Institute, Catholic University of America no 12 F. 199

  • Fleurbec / G. Lamoureux, S. Lamoureux, A. Tousignant, L. Cournoyer et R.F. Gauthier / 1994. Plantes susceptibles d'être désignées menacées ou vulnérables. Noms français de 229 espèces. Rapport non publié, préparé pour le gouvernement du Québec, ministère

  • Grondin, P. et M. Melançon. 1980. Étude phyto-écologique de la Grosse île au Marteau et de l'île à Samuel, archipel de Mingan, Québec. Études écologiques 2, Laboratoire d'écologie forestière, Université Laval, Québec. 227 p. + tableaux.

  • Hoitsma, T. 1992. Sensitive plant survey, Fortine Ranger District, Kootenai National Forest. Unpublished report. 65 pp. plus appendices.

  • Hoitsma, T. 1992. Sensitive plant survey, Fortine Ranger District, Kootenai National Forest. Unpublished report. 65 pp. plus appendices.

  • Horn, G. 1980. Report on inventory of threatened or endangered, rare, or sensitive plants-Headwaters Resource Area, Butte District, Bureau of Land Management, Montana. Unpublished report. 54 pp.

  • Horn, G. 1980. Report on inventory of threatened or endangered, rare, or sensitive plants-Headwaters Resource Area, Butte District, Bureau of Land Management, Montana. Unpublished report. 54 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Keddy, C. J., Keddy, P. A. and R. J. Planck. 1983. An ecological study of Cypripedium passerinum Rich. (sparrow's egg lady-slipper, Orchidaceae) on the north shore of Lake Superior. Canadian Field Naturalist 97(3):268-274.

  • Linden, B. 1980. Aseptic germination of seeds of northern terrestrial orchids. Ann. Bot. Fennici 17:174-182.

  • Linden, B. 1980. Aseptic germination of seeds of northern terrestrial orchids. Ann. Bot. Fennici 17:174-182.

  • Marie-Victorin, Fr. 1928. Deux épibiotes remarquables de la Minganie. Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada, Série 3, 22 (Section V) 163-76

  • Marie-Victorin, Fr. et Fr. Rolland-Germain. 1969. Flore de l'Anticosti-Minganie. Les presses de l'Université de Montréal, Montréal. 527 p.

  • Nantel, P. et D. Cantin 1998b. La situation du cypripède ?uf-de-passereau au Québec. Rapport préparé pour le gouvernement du Québec, ministère de l'Environnement et de la Faune, Direction de la conservation et du patrimoine écologique, Québec. 40 p.

  • Nantel, P. et D. Cantin. 1995. Étude de la viabilité démographique d'espèces floristiques d'intérêt à la réserve de parc national de l'archipel-de-Mingan (RPNAM), premier rapport d'étape. Gouvernement du Québec, ministère de l'Environnement et de la Faune

  • Porsild, A.E. et W.J. Cody. 1980. Vascular plants of Continental Northwest Territories. Musées nationaux du Canada. 667 p.

  • Raup, H.M. 1947. The botany of southwestern MacKenzie. Sargentia 6 1-275.

  • Rousseau, C. 1974. Géographie floristique du Québec-Labrador : Distribution des principales espèces vasculaires. Presses de l'Université Laval, Québec. 798 p.

  • Shelly, J. S. 1988e. Status review of Cypripedium passerinum. U.S. Forest Service, Region 1, Flathead and Lewis and Clark National Forests. Unpublished report. Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena, MT. 52 pp.

  • St-Arnaud, M. and D. Barabe. 1989. Comparative analysis of the flower vascularization of some CYPRIPEDIUM species (Orchidaceae). Lindleyana 4(3):146-153.

  • St.-Arnaud, M. and D. Barabe. 1989. Comparative analysis of the flower vascularization of some CYPRIPEDIUM species (Orchidaceae). Lindleyana 4(3):146-153.

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