Cymopterus goodrichii - Welsh & Neese
Toiyabe Spring-parsley
Other English Common Names: Goodrich Biscuitroot
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Cymopterus goodrichii Welsh & Neese (TSN 501880)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.158933
Element Code: PDAPI0U0Z0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Carrot Family
Image 12146

© James D. Morefield

 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Apiales Apiaceae Cymopterus
Check this box to expand all report sections:
Concept Reference
Help
Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Cymopterus goodrichii
Conservation Status
Help

NatureServe Status

Global Status: G1
Global Status Last Reviewed: 19Aug2009
Global Status Last Changed: 26Feb1988
Rounded Global Status: G1 - Critically Imperiled
Reasons: Known from only 5 sites along the crest of the Toiyabe Range and 2 in the West Humboldt Range in central and westcentral Nevada. Known sites are on moderate to steep, slate or limestone scree and talus slopes in the subalpine and lower alpine zones. All known occurrences are on Federal lands managed by the U.S. Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management, both of which consider it a Sensitive Species. Threats are unknown.
Nation: United States
National Status: N1

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Nevada (S1)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Endemic to Nevada, where known only from the Toiyabe and West Humboldt Ranges in Lander, Nye, and Pershing counties (Morefield 2001).

Area of Occupancy: 3-500 4-km2 grid cells
Area of Occupancy Comments: Using a 2 x 2 km grid, approximately 7 grid cells are occupied.

Number of Occurrences: 1 - 20
Number of Occurrences Comments: Seven occurrences have been mapped. Although none are considered historical, some have not be visited recently and would benefit from re-confirmation. Some targeted surveys for this species have been conducted, but the survey effort has not been comprehensive (Morefield 2001).

Population Size Comments: The species is described as "rare" (Kartesz 1988), but the total number of individuals is unknown (Morefield 2001).

Viability/Integrity Comments: At least one occurrence is believed to have excellent viability; the others have not yet been assessed.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Threats are largely unknown. There are mines in the vicinity of at least some occurrences and at least three occurrences appear to be within grazing allotments, but it is unknown whether either of these factors is actually impacting the species; grazing at least seems unlikely given the steepness and instability of many of the talus slopes on which it occurs. The species occurs over a relatively broad elevation range compared to other rare Nevada endemics and occurs in both the subalpine and alpine zones; therefore, researchers have suggested that it may be less vulnerable to climate change than more specialized Great Basin plants (Caicco et al. 2008).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
Help
Global Range: Endemic to Nevada, where known only from the Toiyabe and West Humboldt Ranges in Lander, Nye, and Pershing counties (Morefield 2001).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States NV

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
NV Lander (32015), Nye (32023), Pershing (32027)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
16 Reese (16040107)+, Lower Humboldt (16040108)+, Dixie Valley (16060001)+, Northern Big Smoky Valley (16060004)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
Help
Basic Description: A small slender perennial herb, 4-15 cm tall, from a buried root crown. Plants have finely divided leaves and a long, purplish flower stalk arising directly from the ground. White or purple flowers bloom June-July. Fruits are winged.
Technical Description: From Cronquist et al. (1997): "Glabrous and glaucous perennial from a long, slender taproot with a subterranean, simple or few-branched crown, the crown or each of its branches producing a slender, flexuous, elongate pseudoscape up to 15 or even 20+ cm long; peduncles 1 or 2, short, only 1-6 cm long; leaves forming a close rosette at the surface of the substrate, small, the blade mostly 1-2 cm long, from a little longer to a little shorter than the petiole, about 3 times ternate or ternate-pinnate into crowded, oblanceolate to elliptic or obovate, somewhat thickish and succulent segments mostly 2-4(-7) mm long and (0.5-)1-2(-3) mm wide; umbel small, scarcely 1 cm wide in flower, the rays several, mostly 1-2 mm long in flower and 2-3 mm in fruit; involucre wanting, the involucel dimidiate, of 3 to several thickened, chlorophyllous and anthocyanic, basally connate bractlets somewhat resembling the ultimate segments of the leaves; flowers white or purplish, the pedicels becoming 2-5 mm long in fruit; carpophore present, bifid, tending to persist after the mericarps have fallen; fruit 5-8 mm long, the lateral wings mostly 1-1.5 mm wide, the dorsal similar or a little narrower."
Diagnostic Characteristics: Differs from other species of Cymopterus in its elongated, flexuous, narrow pseudoscape, small leaves, and short rays (Kartesz 1988, Weixelman and Atwood 1990).
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Alpine, Bare rock/talus/scree, Shrubland/chaparral
Habitat Comments: Moderate to steep, often unstable scree and talus slopes of dark angular slate or limestone. Found in the subalpine and lower alpine zones; surrounding community is often shrub-forb (e.g., Cercocarpus-Holodiscus dumosus-Agropyron spicatum). Other associated species include Agropyron scribneri, Artemisia michauxiana, Astragalus platytropis, Chrysothamnus sp., Crepis nana, Draba arida, Erigeron compositus, Haplopappus macronema, Ipomopsis congesta , Leptodactylon pungens, Leucopoa kingii, Polemonium viscosum, Poa rupicola, Ribes cereum, and Ribes montigenum. 2000-3400 m.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Help
Management Summary
Help
Stewardship Overview: Revisting known sites and surveying other suitable habitat in the region would be a reasonable first step; currently, there is little information available regarding population status and threats (if any) at known sites.
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Viability
Help
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
Help
Authors/Contributors
Help
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 19Aug2009
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Morefield, J./Maybury, K., rev. K. Gravuer (2009)
Management Information Edition Date: 19Aug2009
Management Information Edition Author: Gravuer, K.

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Caicco, S., F. Edwards, and J. Bair. 2008. Vulnerability of the rarest plants in the Great Basin of Nevada to climate change. Poster at "Effects of Climate Change on Fish, Wildlife, and Habitats in the Arid and Semiarid Southwestern United States: Putting Knowledge and Science into Action" Workshop, Tucson, Arizona, August 19-20, 2008. Online. Available: http://www.fws.gov/southwest/Climatechange/poster%20pdfs/GreatBasinRarePlantPoster_Caiccoetal.pdf

  • Cronquist, A., A.H. Holmgren, N.H. Holmgren, J.L. Reveal, P.K. Holmgren. 1997. Intermountain Flora, Volume 3, Part A Subclass Rosidae (except Fabales). The New York Botanical Gardens. Bronx, New York. 446 pp.

  • Cronquist, A., N.H. Holmgren, and P.K. Holmgren. 1997. Intermountain flora vol. 3, part A. Subclass Rosidae (except Fabales). Bronx: The New York Botanical Garden. 446 pages.

  • Goodrich, S. 1981. A floristic study of central Nevada. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University, M.S. thesis. 400 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. Ph.D. dissertation. Univ. of Nevada, Reno. 3 volumes. 1729 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Morefield, J.D., editor. 2001. Nevada rare plant atlas [with rare plant fact sheets]. Available as a pdf file at: http://heritage.nv.gov/atlas/atlas.html. Compiled by the Nevada Natural Heritage Program, Carson City, for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Reno, Nevada.

  • Nevada Natural Heritage Program. 1986-present. Slide collection files. Carson City.

  • Nevada Natural Heritage Program. 1998-present. Index to available images (web page). Carson City: Nevada Natural Heritage Program public web site, http://heritage.nv.gov/images.htm.

  • Tiehm, A. 1989. Proposed threatened and endangered plants of the Humboldt Range, Pershing County, Nevada. Carson City: Nevada Natural Heritage Program.

  • Weixelman, D., and D. Atwood. 1990. Toiyabe National Forest sensitive plants field guide. U.S. Forest Service, Intermountain Region, Ogden, UT. 123 pp.

  • Welsh, S. and E. Neese. 1980. A new species of Cymopterus (Umbelliferae) from the Toiyabe Range, Lander County, Nevada. Madrono 27: 97-100.

Use Guidelines & Citation

Use Guidelines and Citation

The Small Print: Trademark, Copyright, Citation Guidelines, Restrictions on Use, and Information Disclaimer.

Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of March 2018.
Note: This report was printed on

Trademark Notice: "NatureServe", NatureServe Explorer, The NatureServe logo, and all other names of NatureServe programs referenced herein are trademarks of NatureServe. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 2018 NatureServe, 4600 N. Fairfax Dr., 7th Floor, Arlington Virginia 22203, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation for data on website including State Distribution, Watershed, and Reptile Range maps:
NatureServe. 2018. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE."

Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/birdDistributionmapsmetadatav1.pdf.

Full metadata for the Mammal Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/mammalsDistributionmetadatav1.pdf.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:
  1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
  2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
  3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
  4. No graphics available from this server can be used, copied or distributed separate from the accompanying text. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel, or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of NatureServe. No trademark owned by NatureServe may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from NatureServe. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any NatureServe copyright.
Information Warranty Disclaimer: All documents and related graphics provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. NatureServe hereby disclaims all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. NatureServe makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. NatureServe may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, NatureServe makes no commitment to update the information contained herein. Since the data in the central databases are continually being updated, it is advisable to refresh data retrieved at least once a year after its receipt. The data provided is for planning, assessment, and informational purposes. Site specific projects or activities should be reviewed for potential environmental impacts with appropriate regulatory agencies. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program(s) or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area (see Visit Local Programs).

Feedback Request: NatureServe encourages users to let us know of any errors or significant omissions that you find in the data through (see Contact Us). Your comments will be very valuable in improving the overall quality of our databases for the benefit of all users.