Cyanea grimesiana - Gaud.
Grimes' Cyanea
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Cyanea grimesiana Gaud. (TSN 34702)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.140039
Element Code: PDCAM040X0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Other flowering plants
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Campanulales Campanulaceae Cyanea
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Cyanea grimesiana
Taxonomic Comments: Cyanea grimesiana was revised and the circumscription narrowed in 1998; several more taxa are recognized, resulting in three segregate species (Wagner and Herbst 1999; Kartesz 1999). Some plants of Waipio Valley are now considered to be the distinct species Cyanea cylindrocalyx; this entity was formerly treated as a subspecies of C. grimesiana. In addition, two taxa that were considered synonyms of Cyanea grimesiana subsp. grimesiana in Wagner et al. (1990) are now recognized as the distinct species Cyanea mauiensis and Cyanea munroi.

Cyanea grimesiana in this recent narrow sense (sensu stricto) is composed of a Cyanea grimesiana subsp. grimesiana that is thus geographically more limited and more at risk, and the taxonomically and geographically unchanged Cyanea grimesiana subsp. obatae.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G1
Global Status Last Reviewed: 22Feb2000
Global Status Last Changed: 17Dec1998
Rounded Global Status: G1 - Critically Imperiled
Reasons: Cyanea grimesiana occurs on the Hawaiian islands of Oahu and Molokai. Subspecies grimesiana occurs in both the Waianae and Koolau Mountains, as well as on Molokai. Subspecies obatae is restricted to the Waianae Mountains on Oahu. The species is currently known from only 12 occurrences, with a total of fewer than 50 individuals. Threats to the species include feral pigs, goats, deer, rats, slugs, and invasive alien plants.
Nation: United States
National Status: N1

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Hawaii (S1)

Other Statuses

Implied Status under the U.S. Endangered Species Act (USESA): LE
Comments on USESA: Cyanea grimesiana, in the narrow sense as treated here, is composed of Cyanea grimesiana subsp. grimesiana in the narrow sense and Cyanea grimesiana subsp. obatae. Both of these taxa are listed Endangered. Therefore, the global interpreted USESA status of Cyanea grimesisiana is listed Endangered.

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Endemic to the Hawaiian islands of Oahu and Molokai. Current on both islands.

Number of Occurrences:  
Number of Occurrences Comments: Currently known from only 12 occurrences.

Population Size Comments: A total of fewer than 50 individuals known.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Threats: feral pigs, goats, deer, rats, slugs, and invasive alien plants.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Endemic to the Hawaiian islands of Oahu and Molokai. Current on both islands.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States HI

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
HI Honolulu (15003), Maui (15009)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
20 Maui (20020000)+, Lanai (20040000)+, Molokai (20050000)+, Oahu (20060000)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: Shrubs 1-3.2 m tall. Stems unbranched or sparingly branched. Leaf blades pinnately divided, 27-58 cm long and 14-32 cm wide. Inflorescences axillary, 6-12-flowered. Corollas tubular, purplish or greenish to yellowish white, often suffused or striped with magenta, 55-80 mm long and 5-10 mm wide. Berries orange.
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Forest - Hardwood, Forest/Woodland
Habitat Comments: Moist forests in gulch bottoms or on gulch slopes.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 22Feb2000
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Lau,J.Q.C.

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

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