Cryptantha fendleri - (Gray) Greene
Fendler's Cat's-eye
Other English Common Names: Sand-dune Cat's-eye
Other Common Names: sanddune cryptantha
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Cryptantha fendleri (Gray) Greene (TSN 31807)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.135153
Element Code: PDBOR0A0X0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Borage Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Lamiales Boraginaceae Cryptantha
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Cryptantha fendleri
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 23Nov2009
Global Status Last Changed: 23Nov2009
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR
Nation: Canada
National Status: N4 (08Mar2014)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alaska (SU), Arizona (SNR), California (S1), Colorado (SNR), Idaho (SNR), Montana (S2), Nebraska (S2S4), Nevada (SNR), New Mexico (SNR), Oregon (SNR), South Dakota (SNR), Utah (SNR), Washington (SNR), Wyoming (S2S3)
Canada Alberta (S4), Saskatchewan (S4)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: B.C. to Sask., south to OR, AZ, NM, and NE. Sparse.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: B.C. to Sask., south to OR, AZ, NM, and NE. Sparse.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AK, AZ, CA, CO, ID, MT, NE, NM, NV, OR, SD, UT, WA, WY
Canada AB, SK

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
CA Inyo (06027), Mono (06051)
MT Beaverhead (30001), Sheridan (30091)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
10 Red Rock (10020001)+, Big Muddy (10060006)+
18 Mono Lake (18090101)+, Eureka-Saline Valleys (18090201)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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General Description: Fendler Cat's-eye is an annual herb with simple or branched stems that are 5-20 cm high. The alternate, narrow, strap-shaped leaves may be up to 3 cm long; those at the base are usually brown by the time the plant is fruiting. The foliage is sparsely covered with spreading hairs. Tiny, white flowers are borne on coiled stalks that unwind and elongate as flowering progresses from the base upward. The corolla is ca. 1 mm high and has a small, united portion below and 5 spreading petals above. The calyx is covered with stiff, straight hairs and becomes 4-6 mm long in fruit. Within each fruiting calyx are 4 smooth, shiny, narrowly lance-shaped nutlets that are ca. 1.5 mm long and 1/3 as wide; 1 or more of these may be missing.
Diagnostic Characteristics: Annual species of CRYPTANTHA are distinguished by characters of the seeds, so a hand lens or microscope is essential. C. FENDLERI is distinguished by having 4 smooth, shiny nutlets that are lance-shaped and 1/3 as wide as they are long.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 16Oct1994
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): JM

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Culver, D. R. 1993. Sensitive plant species inventory in the Centennial Valley, Beaverhead County, Montana. Unpublished report to the Butte District, Bureau of Land Management. Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena, 42 pp. plus appendices.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

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