Cornus canadensis - L.
Dwarf Dogwood
Other English Common Names: Bunchberry, Bunchberry Dogwood, Canadian Bunchberry
Other Common Names: bunchberry dogwood
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Cornus canadensis L. (TSN 27816)
French Common Names: quatre-temps
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.136853
Element Code: PDCOR01040
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Dogwood Family
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Cornales Cornaceae Cornus
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Concept Reference
Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Cornus canadensis
Conservation Status

NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 16May2016
Global Status Last Changed: 06Sep1983
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N5?
Nation: Canada
National Status: N5 (05Mar2012)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alaska (SNR), California (S2), Colorado (S3), Connecticut (SNR), Idaho (SNR), Illinois (S1), Indiana (S1), Iowa (S1), Kentucky (SU), Maine (SNR), Maryland (S1), Massachusetts (SNR), Michigan (SNR), Minnesota (SNR), Montana (S4S5), New Hampshire (SNR), New Jersey (S1S2), New Mexico (S1), New York (S4S5), North Dakota (S4), Ohio (S1), Oregon (SNR), Pennsylvania (SNR), Rhode Island (S2), South Dakota (SNR), Vermont (SNR), Virginia (S1), Washington (SNR), West Virginia (S3), Wisconsin (SNR), Wyoming (S2)
Canada Alberta (S5), British Columbia (S5), Labrador (S5), Manitoba (S5), New Brunswick (S5), Newfoundland Island (S5), Northwest Territories (SNR), Nova Scotia (S5), Nunavut (SU), Ontario (S5), Prince Edward Island (S5), Quebec (S5), Saskatchewan (S5), Yukon Territory (S5)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Land-use conversion, habitat fragmentation, and forest management practices are low-level threats to this species (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AK, CA, CO, CT, IA, ID, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MT, ND, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OR, PA, RI, SD, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY
Canada AB, BC, LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, NU, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT

Range Map
No map available.

U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
CA Del Norte (06015), Humboldt (06023), Mendocino (06045), Siskiyou (06093)
IA Allamakee (19005), Clayton (19043), Delaware (19055), Winneshiek (19191)
IL La Salle (17099)*, Mchenry (17111)*, Ogle (17141)*
IN Kosciusko (18085)*, Lake (18089)*, Porter (18127), Steuben (18151)
MD Garrett (24023)
ND Bottineau (38009), Cavalier (38019), Rolette (38079)*, Towner (38095)*
NJ Bergen (34003)*, Hudson (34017)*, Morris (34027)*, Passaic (34031)*, Sussex (34037), Warren (34041)
OH Ashtabula (39007), Geauga (39055), Portage (39133), Summit (39153)*, Williams (39171)
VA Albemarle (51003), Bath (51017), Highland (51091), Rockingham (51165)
WV Grant (54023), Hampshire (54027), Pendleton (54071), Pocahontas (54075), Randolph (54083), Tucker (54093)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
02 Rondout (02020007)+, Lower Hudson (02030101)+*, Hackensack-Passaic (02030103)+*, Raritan (02030105)+*, Middle Delaware-Mongaup-Brodhead (02040104)+, Middle Delaware-Musconetcong (02040105)+*, South Branch Potomac (02070001)+, North Branch Potomac (02070002)+, Cacapon-Town (02070003)+, South Fork Shenandoah (02070005)+, Upper James (02080201)+, Rivanna (02080204)+
04 Little Calumet-Galien (04040001)+, St. Joseph (04050001)+*, St. Joseph (04100003)+, Cuyahoga (04110002)+, Ashtabula-Chagrin (04110003)+, Grand (04110004)+
05 Cheat (05020004)+, Youghiogheny (05020006)+, Shenango (05030102)+, Greenbrier (05050003)+, Tippecanoe (05120106)+*
07 Coon-Yellow (07060001)+, Upper Iowa (07060002)+, Grant-Little Maquoketa (07060003)+, Turkey (07060004)+, Lower Rock (07090005)+*, Chicago (07120003)+*, Upper Fox (07120006)+*, Lower Illinois-Senachwine Lake (07130001)+*
09 Lower Souris (09010003)+, Willow (09010004)+, Devils Lake (09020201)+*, Upper Pembina River (09020315)+*, Lower Pembina River (09020316)+
17 Illinois (17100311)+
18 Smith (18010101)+, Mad-Redwood (18010102)+, Big-Navarro-Garcia (18010108)+, Scott (18010208)+*, Lower Klamath (18010209)+, Salmon (18010210)+*, Trinity (18010211)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
Economic Attributes
Economically Important Genus: Y
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Population/Occurrence Viability
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Meades, S.J. & Hay, S.G; Brouillet, L. 2000. Annotated Checklist of Vascular Plants of Newfoundland and Labrador. Memorial University Botanical Gardens, St John's NF. 237pp.

  • Murrell, Z. E. 1994. Dwarf dogwoods: Intermediacy in the morphological landscape. Systematic Botany 19(4): 539-556.


  • Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project. 2002. A partnership between the U.S. Forest Service-Region 8, Natural Heritage Programs in the Southeast, NatureServe, and independent scientists to develop and review data on 1300+ regionally and locally rare species in the Southern Appalachian and Alabama region. Database (Access 97) provided to the U.S. Forest Service by NatureServe, Durham, North Carolina.

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