Conradina etonia - Kral & McCartney
Etonia Rosemary
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Conradina etonia Kral & McCartney (TSN 506909)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.140528
Element Code: PDLAM0D060
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Mint Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Lamiales Lamiaceae Conradina
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Conradina etonia
Taxonomic Comments: Conradina etonia could be the best marked species in a genus whose species differ mostly in very fine characters (Kral and McCartney, 1991).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G1
Global Status Last Reviewed: 19Oct2005
Global Status Last Changed: 01Jun1993
Rounded Global Status: G1 - Critically Imperiled
Reasons: This species, endemic to Putnam Co. in northeastern Florida, has a limited geographic distribution and small population sizes. Fire suppression, and imminent development threatens the habitat.
Nation: United States
National Status: N1

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Florida (S1)

Other Statuses

U.S. Endangered Species Act (USESA): LE: Listed endangered (12Jul1993)
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Lead Region: R4 - Southeast

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Six sites near Etonia Creek, northeast of Florahome, Putnam County, northeastern Florida.

Number of Occurrences: 6 - 20
Number of Occurrences Comments: 2005: Known from 6 sites at Etoniah Creek State Forest and Dunn's Creek State Park (Jenkins, A.M.).

Population Size Comments: 2005: At least 2276 plants within the 6 populations (Jenkins, A.M.). Most abundant in natural or artificial clearings, appears to respond to disturbance such as fire (A91KRA01).

Number of Occurrences with Good Viability/Integrity: Few (4-12)
Viability/Integrity Comments: 2005: 5 populations ranked either A or B (Jenkins, A.M.).

Overall Threat Impact: Very high - high
Overall Threat Impact Comments: One site is in a subdivision where houses are being built, and another is in an area where the landowner has obtained all necessary permits to create a residential development.

Short-term Trend: Relatively Stable (<=10% change)

Long-term Trend: Unknown

Intrinsic Vulnerability Comments: Shaded out by mature scrub?

Environmental Specificity: Very narrow. Specialist or community with key requirements scarce.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Six sites near Etonia Creek, northeast of Florahome, Putnam County, northeastern Florida.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States FL

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
FL Putnam (12107)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Lower St. Johns (03080103)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: A perennial, aromatic shrub, reaching 1.5 m tall, with slender, arching branches. Leaves are 1.5-3 centimeters long with rolled margins. Both sides of the leaves are hairy; mid-rib and veins are strongly raised on the lower surface. Flowers appear in clusters of 3-7 bent flowers, lavender in color, the lip marked with streaks and dots.
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Forest Edge, Forest/Woodland, Savanna, Shrubland/chaparral, Woodland - Conifer
Habitat Comments: Florida scrub vegetation with sand pine, shrubby evergreen oaks; in openings, edges, and disturbed areas.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 28Dec1992
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Russell, C., and J. L. Amoroso (1992), rev. A.M. Jenkins (2005)

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Johnson, Ann F. 1998. A survey for the Etoniah rosemary (Conradina etonia) on Etoniah Creek State Forest, Putnam County, Florida: an FNAI ecological inventory. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee, FL 32303.

  • KRAL, R. 1983.A REPORT ON SOME RARE,THREATENED,OR ENDANGEREDFOREST-RELATED VASCULAR PLANTS OF THE SOUTH.VOL I ISOETACEAETHROUGH EUPHORBIACEAE;VOL II AQUIFOLIACEA THROUGH ASTERACEAE& GLOSSARY.USDA FOREST SERV,SE REG.,ATL,GA. TECH PUBL R8-TP2

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kral, R. 1983c. A report on some rare, threatened, or endangered forest-related vascular plants of the South. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service Technical Publication R8-TP2, Athens, GA. 1305 pp.

  • Kral, R. and R. McCartney. 1991. A new species of Conradina (Lamiaceae) from northeastern peninsular Florida. Sida 14(3): 391-398.

  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 1992. Proposed endangered status for three Florida plants of the genus Conradina. Federal Register 57(98): 21369-21374.

  • WUNDERLIN, RICHARD P. 1982. GUIDE TO THE VASCULAR PLANTS OF CENTRAL FLORIDA. UNIV. PRESSES OF FLA., TAMPA, ST. PETERSBURG, FT. MEYERS, SARASOTA

  • Wunderlin, R.P. 1982. Guide to the vascular plants of central Florida. Univ. Presses Florida, Gainesville. 472 pp.

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