Columbina inca - (Lesson, 1847)
Inca Dove
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Columbina inca (Lesson, 1847) (TSN 177162)
French Common Names: Colombe inca
Spanish Common Names: Tórtola Cola Larga
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.105243
Element Code: ABNPB06010
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Vertebrates - Birds - Other Birds
Image 11556

© Larry Master

 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Craniata Aves Columbiformes Columbidae Columbina
Genus Size: C - Small genus (6-20 species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1998. Check-list of North American birds. Seventh edition. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C. [as modified by subsequent supplements and corrections published in The Auk]. Also available online: http://www.aou.org/.
Concept Reference Code: B98AOU01NAUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Columbina inca
Taxonomic Comments: Often placed in the genus scardafella. C. inca and C. squammata considered conspecific by some authors (AOU 1983).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 27Nov1996
Global Status Last Changed: 27Nov1996
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N5 (05Jan1997)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Arizona (S5), California (SNR), Louisiana (S3), Mississippi (SNA), Navajo Nation (S1S2N), Nevada (S4), New Mexico (S4B,S4N), Texas (S5B), Utah (S2?)

Other Statuses

IUCN Red List Category: LC - Least concern

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: RESIDENT: from extreme southeastern California, central Arizona, southern New Mexico, and central Texas south through Mexico to northwestern Costa Rica and Nicaragua, formerly in Florida Keys (now apparently extirpated). May wander north of breeding range.

Short-term Trend Comments: Has been expanding range southward in Costa Rica in 1900s (Stiles and Skutch 1989).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: RESIDENT: from extreme southeastern California, central Arizona, southern New Mexico, and central Texas south through Mexico to northwestern Costa Rica and Nicaragua, formerly in Florida Keys (now apparently extirpated). May wander north of breeding range.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
NOTE: The maps for birds represent the breeding status by state and province. In some jurisdictions, the subnational statuses for common species have not been assessed and the status is shown as not-assessed (SNR). In some jurisdictions, the subnational status refers to the status as a non-breeder; these errors will be corrected in future versions of these maps. A species is not shown in a jurisdiction if it is not known to breed in the jurisdiction or if it occurs only accidentally or casually in the jurisdiction. Thus, the species may occur in a jurisdiction as a seasonal non-breeding resident or as a migratory transient but this will not be indicated on these maps. See other maps on this web site that depict the Western Hemisphere ranges of these species at all seasons of the year.
Endemism: occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AZ, CA, LA, MS, NM, NN, NV, TX, UT

Range Map
Note: Range depicted for New World only. The scale of the maps may cause narrow coastal ranges or ranges on small islands not to appear. Not all vagrant or small disjunct occurrences are depicted. For migratory birds, some individuals occur outside of the passage migrant range depicted. For information on how to obtain shapefiles of species ranges see our Species Mapping pages at www.natureserve.org/conservation-tools/data-maps-tools.

Range Map Compilers: NatureServe, 2002


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
UT Washington (49053)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
15 Upper Virgin (15010008)+, Fort Pierce Wash (15010009)+, Lower Virgin (15010010)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Reproduction Comments: Clutch size 2. Incubation by both sexes, 13-14 days. Young fledge in 14-16 days. Parents may raise 4-5 broods/year.
Ecology Comments: Gathers into flocks of up to 50 individuals in fall and winter; seen singly or in pairs during summer (Terres 1980). Groups may huddle together on cold days in winter in north. In Mexico, had linear breeding territories in riparian area of 0.2-0.5 hectares (Johnson 1960).
Non-Migrant: Y
Locally Migrant: N
Long Distance Migrant: N
Palustrine Habitat(s): Riparian
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Cropland/hedgerow, Old field, Shrubland/chaparral, Suburban/orchard
Habitat Comments: ALL SEASONS: Open country with scattered trees or scrubby growth, most frequently in arid or semi-arid situations, and around cultivated areas, farmlands, parks and gardens (Tropical, less frequently Subtropical zones) (AOU 1983). BREEDING: Usually nests in a tree or shrub; may also nest on a cactus or on a beam of a building. Constructs a small platform nest of twigs, roots, stems, etc. May use the old nest of another species.
Adult Food Habits: Granivore
Immature Food Habits: Granivore
Food Comments: Feeds on the ground on small seeds and waste grains.
Adult Phenology: Diurnal
Immature Phenology: Diurnal
Length: 21 centimeters
Weight: 48 grams
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Small Doves

Use Class: Breeding
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Evidence of historical breeding, or current and likely recurring breeding, at a given location, minimally a reliable observation of one or more breeding pairs in appropriate habitat. Be cautious about creating EOs for observations that may represent single breeding events outside the normal breeding distribution.
Separation Barriers: None.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 5 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 5 km
Separation Justification: Separation distance somewhat arbitrary. In Mexico, Inca Doves had linear breeding territories along a river ranging from 0.2-0.5 hectares (Johnson 1960). However, these doves form flocks in the nonbreeding season, so annual home ranges are probably considerably larger.
Date: 05Dec2001
Author: Cannings, S.
Notes: Contains species of the genus COLUMBINA.

Use Class: Nonbreeding
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: Evidence of recurring presence of wintering flocks (including historical); and potential recurring presence at a given location, minimally a reliable observation of 20 birds in appropriate habitat. Occurrences should be locations where the species is resident for some time during the appropriate season; it is preferable to have observations documenting presence over at least 20 days annually. Be cautious about creating EOs for observations that may represent single events.
Separation Barriers: None.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 5 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 5 km
Separation Justification: Separation distance arbitrary; set at 5 kilometers to create occurrences that are manageable for conservation purposes.
Date: 22Apr2002
Author: Cannings, S.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 18Mar1994
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): Hammerson, G.

Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Allen, C. R., S. Demarais, and R. S. Lutz. 1994. Red imported fire ant impact on wildlife: an overview. The Texas Journal of Science 46(1):51-59.

  • American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1983. Check-list of North American Birds, 6th edition. Allen Press, Inc., Lawrence, Kansas. 877 pp.

  • American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1998. Check-list of North American birds. Seventh edition. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C. [as modified by subsequent supplements and corrections published in The Auk]. Also available online: http://www.aou.org/.

  • Behle, W. H. 1966. Noteworthy records of Utah birds. Condor 68: 396-397.

  • Behle, W. H. 1976. Mohave desert avifauna in the Virgin River valley of Utah, Nevada, and Arizona. Condor 78: 40-48.

  • Behle, W. H., E. D. Sorensen, and C. M. White. 1985. Utah birds: a revised checklist. Occas. Publ. No. 4, Utah Museum of Natural History, Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah. xv + 108 pp.

  • Behle, W. H., and M. L. Perry. 1975. Utah birds: check-list, seasonal and ecological occurrence charts and guides to bird finding. Utah Museum of Natural History, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah. vii + 144 pp.

  • BirdLife International. 2004b. Threatened birds of the world 2004. CD ROM. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK.

  • Goodwin, D. 1983. Pigeons and doves of the world. Third edition. British Museum (Natural History), London, and Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca. 363 pp. [496 pp.?]

  • Harrison, C. 1978. A Field Guide to the Nests, Eggs and Nestlings of North American Birds. Collins, Cleveland, Ohio.

  • Hedges, S. P. 1996. Status of the Inca dove in Utah. Utah Birds 12: 51-52.

  • Johnson, R. F. 1960. Behavior of the Inca Dove. Condor 62:7-24.

  • Kreitzer, J. 1996. The Inca doves of Washington. Utah Birds 12: 48-50.

  • Lowery, George H. 1974. The Birds of Louisiana. LSU Press. 651pp.

  • Mueller, A. J. 1992. Inca dove. Birds North Amer. 28: 1-12.

  • Parker III, T. A., D. F. Stotz, and J. W. Fitzpatrick. 1996. Ecological and distributional databases for neotropical birds. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

  • Poole, A. F. and F. B. Gill. 1992. The birds of North America. The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C. and The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA.

  • Sorenson, E. D., Dixon, K. L., Hedges, S. P., Kneedy, C., White, C. M. 1996. Eighth report of the Utah Ornithological Society Bird Records Committee. Utah Birds 12: 1-17.

  • Stiles, F. G. and A. F. Skutch. 1989. A guide to the birds of Costa Rica. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA. 511 pp.

  • Terres, J. K. 1980. The Audubon Society encyclopedia of North American birds. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

  • Utah Ornithological Society Bird Records Committee. 1994. Field checklist of the birds of Utah[:] 1994. U. S. Government Printing Office: 1994--576-305.

  • Utah Ornithological Society Bird Records Committee. 1998. Field checklist of the birds of Utah[:] 1998. BLM-UT-GI-97-003-6500.

  • Zook, J. L. 2002. Distribution maps of the birds of Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. Unpublished.

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NatureServe. 2018. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

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Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

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