Coccothrinax argentata - (Jacq.) Bailey
Silver Palm
Other English Common Names: Florida Silver Palm
Other Common Names: Florida silver palm
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Coccothrinax argentata (Jacq.) Bailey (TSN 42448)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.152156
Element Code: PMARE05020
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Palm Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Arecales Arecaceae Coccothrinax
Check this box to expand all report sections:
Concept Reference
Help
Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Coccothrinax argentata
Taxonomic Comments: Throughout their Caribbean and continental America range, the silver palms are considered to be locally endemic species, but current experts lump them together. If separated out, then those of Florida and the Bahamas remain as the original C. argentata. C. argentata is not to be confused with C. argentea of Hispaniola, nor with C. barbadensis of Puerto Rico and Lesser Antilles, both of which had formerly been classified as part of C. argentata.
Conservation Status
Help

NatureServe Status

Global Status: G4
Global Status Last Reviewed: 14Aug1999
Global Status Last Changed: 28Sep1999
Rounded Global Status: G4 - Apparently Secure
Reasons: Widespread range. Spotty distribution within range. Populations relatively stable except locally. At least in Florida, the mayority of occurrences consist of only a few plants. Threats operate long-term. Even if one were to take a restricted taxonomic view of this species, it would occupy south Florida and most of the Bahamas, and therefore rank about G3; it would be of some conservation concern in Florida and on a few Bahamian islands.
Nation: United States
National Status: N3

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Florida (S3)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Coccothrinax argentata occurs spottily over extreme south Florida and the western Caribbean region. Florida: Broward, Dade, Monroe, and Palm Beach Counties, including several keys; Bahamas: throughout; Cuba: locally on the Atlantic coast; Cayman Islands; Jamaica: mostly southern coast; Mexico: Yucatan peninsula; Honduras: Bay Islands; Colombia: San Andres Islands.

Most of these areas considered their silver palms to be locally endemic species, but current experts lump them together. If one wants to split them out, then those of Florida and the Bahamas remain as true C. argentata.

Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300
Number of Occurrences Comments: Florida has 95 (!) current and historical occurrences, but their EOs appear to be too finely split (several on a small key, for example) and can be distilled into about 50-60 EOs. Coccothrinax argentata is not tracked elsewhere.

Population Size Comments: In Florida, many EOs consist of only a few plants; few consist of 50 or more.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Generally threatened by loss of habitat via coastal development, suburban sprawl (eliminated many EOs in Miami area) clearing for grazing, local subsistence farming. The trunks are used in construction and leaves for thatching, creating local threats from overharvest. Now very rare north of Miami.

Short-term Trend Comments: Probably slowly declining, but trend operates over long-term. Those within parks and refuges probably are stable.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
Help
Global Range: Coccothrinax argentata occurs spottily over extreme south Florida and the western Caribbean region. Florida: Broward, Dade, Monroe, and Palm Beach Counties, including several keys; Bahamas: throughout; Cuba: locally on the Atlantic coast; Cayman Islands; Jamaica: mostly southern coast; Mexico: Yucatan peninsula; Honduras: Bay Islands; Colombia: San Andres Islands.

Most of these areas considered their silver palms to be locally endemic species, but current experts lump them together. If one wants to split them out, then those of Florida and the Bahamas remain as true C. argentata.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States FL

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
FL Broward (12011), Miami-Dade (12086), Monroe (12087), Palm Beach (12099)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Everglades (03090202)+, Florida Bay-Florida Keys (03090203)+, Florida Southeast Coast (03090206)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
Help
Basic Description: A small slender palm up to 10 m tall, trunk up to 9 inches wide and free of old leafstalks, leaves clustered at the top of trunk, fan-shaped to circular, composed of 40-55 narrow leaflets radiating from the center, green above and with a silvery or metallic gray-green sheen beneath. Flowers abundant but very small, on long branches from among the leaves, later producing dark reddish berries.
Habitat Comments: Pine-palmetto rocklands on oolite, hardwood-palmetto scrub and coppice, hardwood-palmetto-cactus coastal scrub, open shrubby coastal scrub on oolite, and near-coastal hillside woodlands up to 400 m. The relatively wide range of this species, plus its habitat tolerance, means that a diverse assemblage of species are associated with it. In southern Florida, some of these are gumbo- limbo, cacti, poisonwood, slash pine, thatch palm, cabbage palm, wild tamarind (Lysiloma sabicu), fiddlewood (Citharexylum), joewood, blolly (Guapira discolor), buttonwood, Jamaican dogwood, Spanish stopper, etc.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
Help
Management Summary Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
Help
Population/Occurrence Viability
Help
U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
Help
Authors/Contributors
Help
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 14Aug1999
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Bruce A. Sorrie.

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Henderson, A. et al. 1995. Field Guide to the Palms of the Americas. Princeton Univ. Press, New Jersey.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Little, E.L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees (native and naturalized). Agriculture Handbook No. 541. U.S. Forest Service, Washington, D.C. 375 pp.

Use Guidelines & Citation

Use Guidelines and Citation

The Small Print: Trademark, Copyright, Citation Guidelines, Restrictions on Use, and Information Disclaimer.

Note: All species and ecological community data presented in NatureServe Explorer at http://explorer.natureserve.org were updated to be current with NatureServe's central databases as of March 2019.
Note: This report was printed on

Trademark Notice: "NatureServe", NatureServe Explorer, The NatureServe logo, and all other names of NatureServe programs referenced herein are trademarks of NatureServe. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 2019 NatureServe, 2511 Richmond (Jefferson Davis) Highway, Suite 930, Arlington, VA 22202, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation for data on website including State Distribution, Watershed, and Reptile Range maps:
NatureServe. 2019. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org. (Accessed:

Citation for Bird Range Maps of North America:
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Bird Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE."

Citation for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
Patterson, B.D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M.F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B.E. Young. 2003. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Mammal Range Maps of North America:
"Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy-Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International-CABS, World Wildlife Fund-US, and Environment Canada-WILDSPACE."

Citation for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2004. Global Amphibian Assessment. IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Washington, DC and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Acknowledgement Statement for Amphibian Range Maps of the Western Hemisphere:
"Data developed as part of the Global Amphibian Assessment and provided by IUCN-World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe."

NOTE: Full metadata for the Bird Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/birdDistributionmapsmetadatav1.pdf.

Full metadata for the Mammal Range Maps of North America is available at:
http://www.natureserve.org/library/mammalsDistributionmetadatav1.pdf.

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:
  1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;
  2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;
  3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;
  4. No graphics available from this server can be used, copied or distributed separate from the accompanying text. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by NatureServe. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel, or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of NatureServe. No trademark owned by NatureServe may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from NatureServe. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any NatureServe copyright.
Information Warranty Disclaimer: All documents and related graphics provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. NatureServe hereby disclaims all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. NatureServe makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall NatureServe be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. NatureServe may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, NatureServe makes no commitment to update the information contained herein. Since the data in the central databases are continually being updated, it is advisable to refresh data retrieved at least once a year after its receipt. The data provided is for planning, assessment, and informational purposes. Site specific projects or activities should be reviewed for potential environmental impacts with appropriate regulatory agencies. If ground-disturbing activities are proposed on a site, the appropriate state natural heritage program(s) or conservation data center can be contacted for a site-specific review of the project area (see Visit Local Programs).

Feedback Request: NatureServe encourages users to let us know of any errors or significant omissions that you find in the data through (see Contact Us). Your comments will be very valuable in improving the overall quality of our databases for the benefit of all users.