Clarkia rhomboidea - Dougl. ex Hook.
Tongue Clarkia
Other English Common Names: Diamond Fairyfan
Other Common Names: diamond clarkia
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Clarkia rhomboidea Dougl. ex Hook. (TSN 27621)
French Common Names: clarkie commune
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.154208
Element Code: PDONA050X0
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Evening-Primrose Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Myrtales Onagraceae Clarkia
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Clarkia rhomboidea
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 26Aug2016
Global Status Last Changed: 11Nov1999
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Widespread in several Western U.S. states, extending into Canada and Mexico.
Nation: United States
National Status: N5
Nation: Canada
National Status: N1 (17Sep2010)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Arizona (SNR), California (SNR), Idaho (SNR), Massachusetts (SNA), Montana (S2), Nevada (SNR), Oregon (SNR), Utah (SNR), Washington (SNR)
Canada British Columbia (S1)

Other Statuses

Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC): Candidate (Low) (26Jan2015)

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: S. B.C., south to s. CA, and east to ID, w. MT, UT, and AZ. Western North America, from southern British Columbia south to northern Baja California, Mexico, including Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, and Utah; escaped from cultivation in Massachusetts.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: S. B.C., south to s. CA, and east to ID, w. MT, UT, and AZ. Western North America, from southern British Columbia south to northern Baja California, Mexico, including Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, and Utah; escaped from cultivation in Massachusetts.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AZ, CA, ID, MAexotic, MT, NV, OR, UT, WA
Canada BC

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
MT Lincoln (30053), Ravalli (30081), Sanders (30089)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
17 Upper Kootenai (17010101)+, Bitterroot (17010205)+, Lower Clark Fork (17010213)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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General Description: Common Clarkia is an annual with mostly unbranched stems that are 15-50 cm tall. The few leaves are opposite and have 1-3 cm long petioles and lance-shaped to elliptic, entire-margined, 2-7 cm long blades. The herbage is sparsely covered with short hairs. The few flowers are borne in a loose, narrow, nodding inflorescence which terminates the stem; the 4 separate petals are spoon-shaped, 5-10 mm long, and rose-purple, often with purple dots. The ovary is club-shaped and below the point of attachment of the petals. The fruits are capsules which are 1.5-3 cm long; each has a short beak at its tip.
Diagnostic Characteristics: The species is most easily confused with EPILOBIUM, but can be distinguished by having seeds without a tuft of hairs at the tip.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 11Nov1999
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Morse, Larry E. (1999)
Element Ecology & Life History Edition Date: 15Oct1994
Element Ecology & Life History Author(s): JM

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: Higher plants of California. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA. 1400 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.

  • Lewis, Harlan, and Margaret Ensign Lewis. 1955. The genus Clarkia. University of California Publications in Botany 20(4): 241-392.

  • Munz, P.A., with D.D. Keck. 1959. A California flora. Univ. California Press, Berkeley. 1681 pp.

  • Smith-Huerta, N. L. 1984. Seed germination in related diploid and allotetraploid CLARKIA species. Bot. Gaz. 145(2):246-252.

  • Vanderhorst, J. 1997. Status review on CLARKIA RHOMBOIDEA in Montana. Unpublished report to the Kootenai National Forest. Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena, MT. 19 pp. plus appendices.

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