Cirsium vinaceum - Woot. & Standl.
Sacramento Mountains Thistle
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Cirsium vinaceum Woot. & Standl. (TSN 36426)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.130056
Element Code: PDAST2E320
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Aster Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Asterales Asteraceae Cirsium
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Cirsium vinaceum
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G1
Global Status Last Reviewed: 20Apr2016
Global Status Last Changed: 20Apr2016
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by calculator
Rounded Global Status: G1 - Critically Imperiled
Reasons: Endemic to the Sacramento Mountains of south-central New Mexico, where it is confined to springs and streams. The plants were historically known to occur in wet areas throughout the mountain range, but are now mostly restricted places too steep for livestock. The species is threatened by destruction of its habitat by livestock and water development, competition with exotic species, road construction, logging, suppression of natural disturbance regimes (fire) and recreational activities. Water loss by both anthropogenic and natural causes is the reason for the extirpation of some populations since 1995.
Nation: United States
National Status: N1

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States New Mexico (S1)

Other Statuses

U.S. Endangered Species Act (USESA): LT: Listed threatened (16Jun1987)
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Lead Region: R2 - Southwest

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Endemic to the Sacramento Mountains of south-central New Mexico (Otero County).

Area of Occupancy: 26-125 4-km2 grid cells
Area of Occupancy Comments:  

Number of Occurrences: 6 - 20

Overall Threat Impact: Very high
Overall Threat Impact Comments: Habitat destruction by livestock and water development, competition with exotic species, road construction, logging, recreational activities, and suppression of natural disturbance regimes (fire) . Water loss by both anthropogenic and natural causes is the reason for the extirpation of some populations since 1995.

Short-term Trend: Decline of 30-50%
Short-term Trend Comments: Five populations were extirpated between 1995 and 2007.

Long-term Trend: Decline of 50-70%

Environmental Specificity: Very narrow. Specialist or community with key requirements scarce.
Environmental Specificity Comments: Obligate wetland species that is dependent on streams or springs.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Endemic to the Sacramento Mountains of south-central New Mexico (Otero County).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States NM

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
NM Otero (35035)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
13 Tularosa Valley (13050003)+, Salt Basin (13050004)+, Rio Penasco (13060010)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: A robust perennial herb with a purple stem that grows up to 2 m tall. The deeply lobed, spine-tipped leaves can be as long as 5 dm. Many nodding, white to purple flower heads appear in late summer. The plant's nectar is highly attractive to hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies.
Duration: PERENNIAL, Short-lived
Riverine Habitat(s): SPRING/SPRING BROOK
Palustrine Habitat(s): FORESTED WETLAND, HERBACEOUS WETLAND, Riparian
Terrestrial Habitat(s): Grassland/herbaceous
Habitat Comments: Moist banks of streams, wet meadows, and other moist areas above 2300 m. Remaining populations are mostly in the vicinity of springs flowing out of limestone, where steep calcium carbonate deposits have formed. These receive less grazing and trampling than the surrounding flat areas and have provided a refuge for the species.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 20Nov2012
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Roth, E., rev. DeBruin/Maybury (1996), A. Treher (2012), rev. A. Tomaino (2016)

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Fletcher, R. 1978. Status report: Cirsium vinaceum. U.S. Forest Service, Region 3, Albuquerque, NM. 5 pp.

  • Huenneke, L., and J. Thomson. 1994. Potential interference between a threatened endemic thistle and an invasive nonnative plant. Conservation Biology 9: 416-425.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • New Mexico Native Plant Protection Advisory Committee. 1984. A handbook of rare and endemic plants of New Mexico. Univ. New Mexico Press, Albuquerque. 291 pp.

  • Sivinski, R., and K. Lightfoot. 1993. Sacramento Mountains thistle (Cirsium vinaceum) recovery plan. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1987. Final rule to determine Cirsium vinaceum (Sacramento Mountains thistle) to be a threatened species. Federal Register 52(115): 22933-22936.

  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services (USFWS). 2010. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 12-Month Finding on a Petition to Delist Cirsium vinaceum (Sacramento Mountains thistle). Federal Register 75(105):30757-30769.

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