Cicuta bulbifera - L.
Bulb-bearing Water-hemlock
Other English Common Names: Bulblet-bearing Water-hemlock, Bulbous Water-hemlock
Other Common Names: bulblet-bearing water hemlock
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Cicuta bulbifera L. (TSN 29459)
French Common Names: cicutaire bulbifère
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.132897
Element Code: PDAPI0M020
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Carrot Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Apiales Apiaceae Cicuta
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Cicuta bulbifera
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 16May2016
Global Status Last Changed: 06Sep1985
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Cicuta bulbifera is known from most of Canada south to Washington, Idaho, Wyoming, Nebraska, and the mid-Atlantic states. It is rare along the fringes of its very broad range.
Nation: United States
National Status: NNR
Nation: Canada
National Status: N5 (17Sep2014)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alaska (S2), Connecticut (SNR), Delaware (S1), District of Columbia (SH), Florida (SNR), Idaho (S2), Illinois (SNR), Indiana (SNR), Iowa (S4), Maine (SNR), Maryland (S1), Massachusetts (SNR), Michigan (SNR), Minnesota (SNR), Montana (S3S4), Nebraska (S3S5), New Hampshire (SNR), New Jersey (S4), New York (S5), North Carolina (S1?), North Dakota (SNR), Ohio (SNR), Oregon (SH), Pennsylvania (S5), Rhode Island (SNR), South Dakota (SNR), Vermont (SNR), Virginia (SH), Washington (S2), West Virginia (S1), Wisconsin (SNR), Wyoming (S1)
Canada Alberta (S4), British Columbia (S3S4), Labrador (S3), Manitoba (S5), New Brunswick (S5), Newfoundland Island (S3S5), Northwest Territories (SNR), Nova Scotia (S5), Nunavut (SU), Ontario (S5), Prince Edward Island (S5), Quebec (S4S5), Saskatchewan (S5?), Yukon Territory (S2)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: In New Jersey (Hough, 1983). Is known from sixteen counties in Illinois (Mohlenbrock, 1978). In the Great Plains, from northeastern North Dakota to northcentral Nebraska (Great Plains Flora Association, 1986). Ranging from Newfoundland west to Alaska, south to Maryland, northern Virginia (?), Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Idaho, and Oregon; disjunct (perhaps introduced only) in North Carolina and Florida (Weakley, 1997).

Number of Occurrences:  
Number of Occurrences Comments: Known from more than fifty occurrences in Minnesota (Ownbey, 1991). One occurrence in West Virginia (Strausbaugh, No Date).

Population Size Comments: In New Jersey, statewide outside the Pine Barrens, decreasing and rare on the Coastal Plain (Hough, 1983). Rare in Virginia and North Carolina (Weakley, 1997). Frequent in British Columbia north of fifty degrees north and east of the Coast-Cascade Mountains (Douglas, 1989).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: In New Jersey (Hough, 1983). Is known from sixteen counties in Illinois (Mohlenbrock, 1978). In the Great Plains, from northeastern North Dakota to northcentral Nebraska (Great Plains Flora Association, 1986). Ranging from Newfoundland west to Alaska, south to Maryland, northern Virginia (?), Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Idaho, and Oregon; disjunct (perhaps introduced only) in North Carolina and Florida (Weakley, 1997).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AK, CT, DC, DE, FL, IA, ID, IL, IN, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OR, PA, RI, SD, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY
Canada AB, BC, LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, NU, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AK Fairbanks North Star (02090)*, Matanuska-Susitna (02170), Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) (02290)
DE New Castle (10003)
ID Bonner (16017), Boundary (16021), Fremont (16043), Valley (16085)
MD Cecil (24015), Kent (24029)
NE Antelope (31003)*, Blaine (31009), Brown (31017), Cherry (31031), Custer (31041), Grant (31075)*, Greeley (31077), Howard (31093), Loup (31115), Sherman (31163), Stanton (31167), Wheeler (31183)
OR Klamath (41035)*
WA Chelan (53007), Island (53029)*, Pend Oreille (53051), Stevens (53065), Thurston (53067), Whatcom (53073)
WV Wetzel (54103)
WY Teton (56039)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
02 Brandywine-Christina (02040205)+, Chester-Sassafras (02060002)+
05 Little Muskingum-Middle Island (05030201)+
10 Middle Niobrara (10150004)+, Snake (10150005)+, Upper Middle Loup (10210001)+*, Dismal (10210002)+*, Lower Middle Loup (10210003)+, Upper North Loup (10210006)+, Lower North Loup (10210007)+*, Calamus (10210008)+, Loup (10210009)+*, Cedar (10210010)+, Upper Elkhorn (10220001)+*, North Fork Elkhorn (10220002)+*, Lower Elkhorn (10220003)+
17 Lower Kootenai (17010104)+, Moyie (17010105)+, Pend Oreille Lake (17010214)+, Priest (17010215)+, Pend Oreille (17010216)+, Little Spokane (17010308)+, Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake (17020001)+, Colville (17020003)+, Wenatchee (17020011)+, Upper Henrys (17040202)+, Lower Henrys (17040203)+, South Fork Salmon (17060208)+, Strait of Georgia (17110002)+, Nooksack (17110004)+, Nisqually (17110015)+, Puget Sound (17110019)+*
18 Williamson (18010201)+*, Upper Klamath Lake (18010203)+*, Lost (18010204)+*
19 Lower Susitna River (19020505)+, Chena River (19040506)+*, Tanana River (19040507)+*, Ramparts to Ruby (19040704)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
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Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 13May1998
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: GRIES, D

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Andersen, M.D. and B. Heidel. 2011. HUC-based species range maps. Prepared by Wyoming Natural Diversity Database for use in the pilot WISDOM application operational from inception to yet-to-be-determined date of update of tool.

  • Dorn, R. D. 2001. Vascular Plants of Wyoming, third edition. Mountain West Publishing, Cheyenne, WY.

  • Douglas, G.W., G.B. Straley, and D. Meidinger. 1989. The vascular plants of British Columbia. Part 1. Gymnosperms and Dicotyledons (Asteraceae through Cucurbitaceae). Crown Publications Incorporated. Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. 208 pp.

  • Evert, E. F. 2010. Vascular Plants of the Greater Yellowstone Area: Annotated Catalog and Atlas. Park Ridge, IL.

  • Fertig, W. 2000. Rare vascular plant species in the Wyoming portion of the Utah-Wyoming Rocky Mountains Ecoregion. Prepared for the Wyoming Nature Conservancy by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, Laramie, WY.

  • Great Plains Flora Association (R.L. McGregor, coordinator; T.M. Barkley, ed., R.E. Brooks and E.K. Schofield, associate eds.). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas. 1392 pp.

  • Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, KS.

  • Hough, M.Y. 1983. New Jersey wild plants. Harmony Press, Harmony, NJ. 414 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kesonie, D. T. 2009. A floristic inventory of Grand Teton National Park and the Pinyon Peak Highlands, Wyoming. Masters Thesis. Department of Botany, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY.

  • Kesonie, D. T. and R. L. Hartman. 2011. A floristic inventory of Grand Teton National Park, Pinyon Peak Highlands, and Vicinity, Wyoming, U.S.A. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5:357-388.

  • Markow, S. and W. Fertig. 1993. Report on a general floristic survey of vascular plants of Targhee National Forest and vicinity. Unpublished report prepared for Targhee National Forest by the Rocky Mountain Herbarium and the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, Laramie, WY.

  • Meades, S.J. & Hay, S.G; Brouillet, L. 2000. Annotated Checklist of Vascular Plants of Newfoundland and Labrador. Memorial University Botanical Gardens, St John's NF. 237pp.

  • Mohlenbrock, R.H., and D.M. Ladd. 1978. Distribution of Illinois vascular plants. Southern Illinois Univ. Press, Carbondale, IL. 282 pp.

  • Moseley, R.K., R. Bursik, and M. Mancuso. 1991. Floristic inventory of wetlands in Fremont and Teton Counties, Idaho. Unpublished report prepared for Targhee National Forest by the Conservation Data Center, Idaho Department of Fish and Game, Boise, ID. November 1991.

  • Ownbey, G.B. and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. 307 pp.

  • Strausbaugh, P.D., and E. L. Core. [1978]. Flora of West Virginia, Parts I-IV. West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia. 2753 pp. [Book undated, date '1978' from Castanea review (fide L. Morse), correct TNC source code is 'B78STR01HQUS'.]

  • Washington Natural Heritage Program. 2000. Field Guide to Washington's Rare Plants. Washington Dept. of Natural Resources and Spokane District, USDI Bureau of Land Management.

  • Weakley, A.S. 1997. Flora of the Carolinas and Virginia: working draft of 21 July 1997. The Nature Conservancy, Southeast Regional Office, Southern Conservation Science Dept., Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

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