Cicindela scutellaris - Say, 1823
Festive Tiger Beetle
Synonym(s): Cicindela scutelaris Say, 1823
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Cicindela scutellaris Say, 1823 (TSN 697735)
French Common Names: cicindèle à taches latérales
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.115273
Element Code: IICOL02290
Informal Taxonomy: Animals, Invertebrates - Insects - Beetles - Other Beetles
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Mandibulata Insecta Coleoptera Carabidae Cicindela
Genus Size: D - Medium to large genus (21+ species)
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Freitag, R. P. 1999. Catalogue of the tiger beetles of Canada and the United States. National Research Council Research Press, Ottawa, Canada. 195 pp.
Concept Reference Code: B99FRE01EHUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Cicindela scutellaris
Taxonomic Comments: An attempt to replace this otherwise stable species name with an older but unused name is invalid under the ICZN Code. See brief review by Boyd (2000) in Entomological News. The established junior name scutellaris is retained in place of the rare senior name scutelaris, for reasons of nomenclatural stability (Freitag, 1999).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 01Oct2018
Global Status Last Changed: 01Sep1997
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N5 (01Sep1997)
Nation: Canada
National Status: N5 (07Jul2017)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Alabama (SNR), Arkansas (S4), Colorado (S5), Connecticut (S4), Delaware (S1), Florida (S5), Georgia (SNR), Illinois (S5), Indiana (S5), Iowa (S5), Kansas (S5), Kentucky (S1S2), Louisiana (SNR), Maryland (S3), Massachusetts (S5), Michigan (S5), Minnesota (S5), Mississippi (S5), Missouri (S5), Montana (S4), Nebraska (SNR), New Hampshire (S5), New Jersey (S5), New Mexico (SNR), New York (S5), North Carolina (S5), North Dakota (S5), Ohio (S4), Oklahoma (S4?), Pennsylvania (SH), Rhode Island (S5), South Carolina (S5), South Dakota (S5), Tennessee (S4), Texas (S5), Vermont (S5), Virginia (S4), West Virginia (S1), Wisconsin (S4), Wyoming (SNR)
Canada Alberta (S2S3), Manitoba (S5), Ontario (S5), Quebec (SNR), Saskatchewan (SU)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.

Map unavailable!:
Distribution data for U.S. states and Canadian provinces is known to be incomplete or has not been reviewed for this taxon.
Endemism: occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AL, AR, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV, WY
Canada AB, MB, ON, QC, SK

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
CO Moffat (08081)*
DE Kent (10001), Sussex (10005)
WV Mason (54053), Wayne (54099)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
02 Chincoteague (02040303)+, Choptank (02060005)+, Western Lower Delmarva (02080109)+, Pokomoke-Western Lower Delmarva (02080111)+
05 Upper Ohio-Shade (05030202)+, Big Sandy (05070204)+, Raccoon-Symmes (05090101)+, Little Scioto-Tygarts (05090103)+
14 Upper Yampa (14050001)+*, Lower Yampa (14050002)+*, Little Snake (14050003)+*
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
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Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation
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Group Name: Cicindelidae: Generalized Sand Inhabiting Taxa

Use Class: Not applicable
Minimum Criteria for an Occurrence: A natural or artificial open sparsely vegetated sand area where a colony or cluster of colonies occurs or has occurred where there is potential for persistence or regular recurrence. Minimally a collection or photograph of an adult in association with suitable habitat. When these species occur in a wooded context eastward the habitat will often be disturbed areas such as sand roads, right of ways roadsides, old pits etc. and not the woodland or forest community. High quality occurrences are metapopulations or large (not less than 20 hectares) and otherwise defensible.
Mapping Guidance: Cluster colonies into metapopulation occurrences where reasonable. This will result in EOs of much greater potential conservation value. Occurrences will usually not coincide well with natural communities. Adults and sometimes larvae of species in this group sometimes occur with more specialized taxa including occasionally riparian ones and in the coastal plain with the pine barrens or scrub taxa. Note the occurrence boundaries for these species will usually differ considerably and they will typically be exploiting roads and disturbances. See the literature (especially Larochelle and Lariviere, 2001; Freitag, 1999; Knisley and Schultz, 1997; Leonard and Bell, 1999) or habitat comments fields for more species-specific details on habitats.
Separation Distance for Unsuitable Habitat: 2 km
Separation Distance for Suitable Habitat: 10 km
Alternate Separation Procedure: In generally wooded areas on sandy soils consider it one occurrence when there are scattered colonies in disturbed areas that are more or less connected by sand roads. While the sand roads may or may not provide suitable breeding habitat they certainly are often used by adults of species such as C. TRANQUEBARICA, SCUTELLARIS and less often FORMOSA.
Separation Justification: While quantitative information on tiger beetle movements are few and mostly anecdotal, it is well known that these beetles are good colonizers that obviously do often fly a few kilometers (apparently sometimes at night). Several taxa in this group routinely colonize disturbed sites such as gravel pits, scrapes etc. The best studied taxon is probably C. D.DORSALIS (see Leonard and Bell, 1999; Knisley and Schultz, 1997 or the original sources cited there in) and recaptures were made up to 15 miles (25 kilometers) from the original site. Given the difficulties inherent in getting long distance recaptures there can be no doubt that larger movements occur. While that species is not part of the present Specs Group, there is no real reason to assume its dispersal ability is greatly different from other taxa of the genus. It is likely though that the C. DORSALIS individuals did move largely along shore line. C. OLIVACEA another shore species is thought by some to have recently colonized the Florida Keys from Cuba. C. TRIFASCIATA, SEVERA, TOGATA and HEAMORRHAGICA have also shown up a few hundred kilometers out of range (Knisley and Schultz, 1997; Pearson et al, 1997). Individuals of some possibly sedentary species do turn up a few hundred meters out of habitat occasionally--some examples known to Schweitzer include both C. MARGINATA (in an old field) and C. LEPIDA (at a forest/lawn interface) at blacklight in southern New Jersey. It is not rare to see C. SEXGUTTATA and C. PUNCTULATA individuals on driveways.
These distances are arbitrary. While habitats (at least eastward) do not often extend for kilometers where they do these beetles should be widespread. Two kilometers should be sufficient to provide some degree of separation over unsuitable, especially forested, habitats unless connected by sand roads. As with most tiger beetles it makes no sense to treat every little colony as a separate occurrence and create habitat.. These should be clustered into more defensible metapopulations. Some local extirpation and colonization is probably normal.

Date: 05Dec2001
Author: Schweitzer, Dale F.
Notes: Some subspecies of species placed in this group may well be more specialized and either need their own Specs or should get those for one of the other groups. If Specs must be custom made an important point is to cluster colonies in the metapopulations which are likely the potential long-term viable conservation unit. If all populations are in one valley or dune system or similar they are probably all one occurrence.
Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Zoological data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs) and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Acciavatti, R. E, Allen, T. J., and Stuart, C. 1992. The West Virginia Tiger Beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae). Cicindela 24(3-4): 45-78.

  • Beaton, G. 2008. Notes on tiger beetle distributions in the state of Georgia, U.S.A., with new county records (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae). Coleoptera 40(3):37-45.

  • Bousquet, Y. 2012. Catalogue of Geadephaga (Coleoptera, Adephaga) of America, north of Mexico. ZooKeys 245:1-1722.

  • Bousquet, Y., P. Bouchard, A.E. Davies, and D.S. Sikes. 2013. Checklist of beetles (Coleoptera) of Canada and Alaska, second edition. Pensoft Series Faunistica No 109.

  • Brust, M.L. 2006. New tiger beetle observations and county records for Nebraska and a new state record for Cicindela tenuisignata LeConte. Cicindela 38(1-4):9-15.

  • Brust, M.L., W.W. Hoback, S.M. Spomer, W.J. Allgeier, and P.D. Nabity. 2005. New county records for Nebraska tiger beetles. Cicindela 37(3-4):37-58.

  • Brzoska, Dr. David W. 1998. Locality Information for G1-G3 Tiger Beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae) - Collected by D.W. Brzoska. Prepared for The Nature Conservancy. 3 pp. plus memorandum from Lara Minium.

  • E.H. Strickland Entomological Museum. of the Department of Biological Sciences
    at the University of Alberta.

  • Freitag, R. P. 1999. Catalogue of the tiger beetles of Canada and the United States. National Research Council Research Press, Ottawa, Canada. 195 pages.

  • Freitag, R. P. 1999. Catalogue of the tiger beetles of Canada and the United States. National Research Council Research Press, Ottawa, Canada. 195 pp.

  • Gordon, W.M. 1939. The Cicindelidae of New York with reference to their ecology. M.S. thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y. 136 pp.

  • Holmes, J.P. 2004. More new county records for Cicindelidae in South Carolina. Cicindela 36(3-4):47-51.

  • Knisley, C.B. and T.D. Schultz. 1997. The Biology of Tiger Beetles and a Guide to the Species of the South Atlantic States. Virginia Museum of Natural History Special Publication Number 5. Virginia Museum of Natural History: Martinsville, Virginia. 210 pp.

  • Kritsky, G., and J. Smith. 2005. Teddy's tigers: the Cicindelidae (Coleoptera) of Theodore Roosevelt National Park, North Dakota. Cicindela 37(1-2):1-16.

  • Leonard, J.G. and R.T. Bell, 1999. Northeastern Tiger Beetles: A Field Guide to Tiger Beetles of New England and Eastern Canada. CRC Press: Boca Raton, Florida. 176 pp.

  • Leonard, M. D. ed. 1928. A list of the insects of New York, with a list of the spiders and certain other allied groups. Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station Mem. 101. Ithaca, New York. 1121 pp.

  • Pearson, D. L., C. B. Knisley and C. J. Kazilek. 2006. A field guide to the tiger beetles of the United States and Canada: identification, natural history, and distribution of the Cicindelidae. Oxford University Press, New York, New York. 227 pp.

  • Pearson, D.L. 2004. A list of suggested common English names for species of tiger beetles occurring in Canada and the U.S. Cicindela 36(1-2):31-40.

  • Pearson, D.L. 2004. A list of suggested common English names for species of tiger beetles occurring in Canada and the U.S. Cicindela 36(1-2):31-40.

  • Pearson, D.L., C.B. Knisley, D.P. Duran, and C.J. Kazilek. 2015. A field guide to the tiger beetles of the United States and Canada: identification, natural history, and distribution of the Cicindelinae. Oxford University Press, New York, New York. 251 pp.

  • Pearson, D.L., T. G. Barraclough, and A.P. Vogler. 1997. Distributional range maps for North American species of tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae). Cicindela, 29(3-4): 33-84. Available online: http://www.bio.ic.ac.uk/research/tigerb/rangepaper.htm.

  • Valenti, M.A. 1986. Cicindelidae in the Museum at the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, New York. Cicindela 18(1):1-5.

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