Catharanthus roseus - (L.) G. Don
Madagascar Periwinkle
Other Common Names: Madagascar periwinkle
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don (TSN 30168)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.132922
Element Code: PDAPO08010
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Dogbane Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Gentianales Apocynaceae Catharanthus
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Catharanthus roseus
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: GNR
Global Status Last Changed: 22Mar1994
Rounded Global Status: GNR - Not Yet Ranked
Reasons: Native to Madagascar, introduced into many temperate and tropical areas worldwide, including Panama, North America, Caribbean Islands, and Africa.
Nation: United States
National Status: NNA

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Florida (SNA), Hawaii (SNA), Louisiana (SNA), Mississippi (SNA), North Carolina (SNA), South Carolina (SNA), Texas (SNA)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Native to Madagascar; introduced into many temperate and tropical areas on various continents and islands worldwide. 0-1000 m elevation.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Native to Madagascar; introduced into many temperate and tropical areas on various continents and islands worldwide. 0-1000 m elevation.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map
NOTE: The distribution shown may be incomplete, particularly for some rapidly spreading exotic species.

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States FLexotic, HIexotic, LAexotic, MSexotic, NCexotic, SCexotic, TXexotic

Range Map
No map available.

Ecology & Life History Not yet assessed
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Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank)
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Disclaimer: While I-Rank information is available over NatureServe Explorer, NatureServe is not actively developing or maintaining these data. Species with I-RANKs do not represent a random sample of species exotic in the United States; available assessments may be biased toward those species with higher-than-average impact.

I-Rank: Insignificant
Rounded I-Rank: Insignificant
I-Rank Reasons Summary: This ornamental plant doesn't seem to have any ecological impacts in the US, even though it is toxic to wallabies in Australia. It occurs in beaches and sand dunes, but doesn't seem to spreading locally or expanding its total range in the US.
Subrank I - Ecological Impact: Insignificant
Subrank II - Current Distribution/Abundance: Low
Subrank III - Trend in Distribution/Abundance: Low/Insignificant
Subrank IV - Management Difficulty: Insignificant
I-Rank Review Date: 26Feb2004
Evaluator: Lu, S.
Native anywhere in the U.S?
Native Range: Endemic to Madagascar (Wagner et al. 1990).

Download "An Invasive Species Assessment Protocol: Evaluating Non-Native Plants for their Impact on Biodiversity". (PDF, 1.03MB)
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Screening Questions

S-1. Established outside cultivation as a non-native? YES
Comments: This species is a non-native that is established outside of cultivation (Kartesz 1999). It frequently escapes in Hawaii (PIER 2003).

S-2. Present in conservation areas or other native species habitat? Yes
Comments: Demonstrated ability to escape from cultivation and establishes in on beaches, sand dunes, and vacant lots in the coastal areas of Southwest Florida (Fleming 2003).

Subrank I - Ecological Impact: Insignificant

1. Impact on Ecosystem Processes and System-wide Parameters:Insignificant
Comments: No reported impacts.

2. Impact on Ecological Community Structure:Insignificant
Comments: No reported impacts.

3. Impact on Ecological Community Composition:Insignificant
Comments: No reported impacts.

4. Impact on Individual Native Plant or Animal Species:Insignificant
Comments: No reported impacts.

5. Conservation Significance of the Communities and Native Species Threatened:Insignificant
Comments: No reported impacts on communities or species in the U.S. However, this plant threatens the Proserpine rock wallaby (Petrogale persephone) in Queensland, Australia, especially the population on the small island of Gloucester. The plant is closely related to the wallabies' natural food plants, and when eaten, is toxic to the wallabies. (Vidler 2003)

Subrank II. Current Distribution and Abundance: Low

6. Current Range Size in Nation:Moderate significance
Comments: Established in 8 coastal states in the southern half of the US - California, Hawaii, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina (Kartesz 1999).

7. Proportion of Current Range Where the Species is Negatively Impacting Biodiversity:Insignificant
Comments: No reported negative impacts.

8. Proportion of Nation's Biogeographic Units Invaded:Medium/Low significance
Comments: At least in 4 TNC ecoregion, and at most in 30 ecoregions (Inference using data from Kartesz 1999 and TNC Ecoregion 2001 map).

9. Diversity of Habitats or Ecological Systems Invaded in Nation:Low significance
Comments: Occurs on beaches, sand dunes, and vacant lots in the coastal areas of Southwest Florida (Fleming 2003).

Subrank III. Trend in Distribution and Abundance: Low/Insignificant

10. Current Trend in Total Range within Nation:Insignificant
Comments: No reports of total range expansion.

11. Proportion of Potential Range Currently Occupied:Unknown
Comments: Can tolerate high temperatures and very little water (Fleming 2003). Hardiness ranges from 9A-11. See potential range map (Gilman and Howe 1999).

12. Long-distance Dispersal Potential within Nation:Moderate significance
Comments: It is thought that the seeds were blown by wind into Queensland, Australia from the mainland (Vidler 2003).

13. Local Range Expansion or Change in Abundance:Insignificant
Comments: No reports of local range expansion.

14. Inherent Ability to Invade Conservation Areas and Other Native Species Habitats:Low significance
Comments: Occurs on beaches, sand dunes, and vacant lots in the coastal areas of Southwest Florida (Fleming 2003).

15. Similar Habitats Invaded Elsewhere:High/Low significance
Comments: Also in Puerto Rico (Kartesz 1999), and many Pacific Islands (PIER 2003).

16. Reproductive Characteristics:Insignificant
Comments: Propagates by seed and has many small seeds (PIER 2003). May self-seed each year (Gilman and Howe 1999).

Subrank IV. General Management Difficulty: Insignificant

17. General Management Difficulty:Insignificant
Comments: Doesn't seem to need any control.

18. Minimum Time Commitment:Insignificant
Comments: Doesn't seem to need any control.

19. Impacts of Management on Native Species:Insignificant
Comments: Doesn't seem to need any control.

20. Accessibility of Invaded Areas:Insignificant
Comments: Doesn't seem to invade any areas.
Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 03Apr1995
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: RAKER, C. (TNC-LASP, 1995), rev. L. Morse (1998)

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • D'Arcy, W.G. 1987. Flora of Panama: Checklist and Index. Part I: The Introduction and Checklist. Missouri Botanical Garden. Saint Louis, Missouri.

  • Fleming, L. 2003. In the know: a difference exists between exotic plants and invasive exotics. Naples Daily News, November 3, 2003. Available: http://www.naplesnews.com/npdn/ne_columnists/article/0,2071,NPDN_14929_2396862,00.html. (Accessed 2004).

  • Gilman, E. and T. Howe. 1999. Catharanthus roseus. University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Fact Sheet FPS-112. Available: http://hort.ifas.ufl.edu/shrubs/CATROSA.PDF. (Accessed 2004).

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1991. Accepted taxonomic names from November 1991 checklist, as extracted by Ken Wright, The Nature Conservancy, December 1992-January 1993.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. First edition. In: Kartesz, J.T., and C.A. Meacham. Synthesis of the North American Flora, Version 1.0. North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, N.C.

  • Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk Project (PIER). 2003. Plant threats to Pacific ecosystems - species of environmental concern. Last updated 20 December 2003. Online. Available: http://www.hear.org/pier/threats.htm. (Accessed 2004).

  • The Nature Conservancy. 2001. Map: TNC Ecoregions of the United States. Modification of Bailey Ecoregions. Online . Accessed May 2003.

  • Vidler, S. 2003. Australian flora and fauna threatened by invasive plants. Cooperative Research Center for Australian Weeds Management (Weeds CRC). Available: http://www.weeds.crc.org.au/documents/threatened_species_table.pdf. (Accessed 2004).

  • Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, and S.H. Sohmer. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawaii. Univ. Hawaii Press and Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu. 1853 pp.

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