Catesbaea parviflora - Sw.
Small-flower Lily-thorn
Other Common Names: smallflower lilythorn
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Catesbaea parviflora Sw. (TSN 34955)
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.151264
Element Code: PDRUB08020
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Madder Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Dicotyledoneae Rubiales Rubiaceae Catesbaea
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Catesbaea parviflora
Taxonomic Comments: Distinct species (=var. septentrionalis).
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G3?
Global Status Last Reviewed: 09Oct2002
Global Status Last Changed: 09Oct2002
Rounded Global Status: G3 - Vulnerable
Reasons: Known from the Florida Keys, Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and a number of other Caribbean islands, but there are few known occurences, low abundance at each occurrence, and the species is subject to overcollection and habitat destruction.
Nation: United States
National Status: N1

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
United States Florida (S1)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Native to islands of the Antilles. Occurs in the Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and Antigua. In Florida, it occurs only on Big Pine and Bahia Honda Keys, Monroe County.

Number of Occurrences:  
Number of Occurrences Comments: Five EORs in Florida on 2 managed areas as of June 2000; also reported as "rare" from Jamaica (No data for Cuba, Puerto Rico and other Caribbean islands.)

Population Size Comments: Few individuals reported per population.

Overall Threat Impact Comments: Over collection, destruction of habitat for development, clearing of dunes, fires and storms.

Short-term Trend: Decline of 10-30%
Short-term Trend Comments: Habitat is subject to development.

Intrinsic Vulnerability Comments: Adversely affected by disturbance.

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Native to islands of the Antilles. Occurs in the Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and Antigua. In Florida, it occurs only on Big Pine and Bahia Honda Keys, Monroe County.

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces

Due to latency between updates made in state, provincial or other NatureServe Network databases and when they appear on NatureServe Explorer, for state or provincial information you may wish to contact the data steward in your jurisdiction to obtain the most current data. Please refer to our Distribution Data Sources to find contact information for your jurisdiction.
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States FL

Range Map
No map available.

National Distribution Outside of U.S. & Canada: Jamaica, Puerto Rico

U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
FL Monroe (12087)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
03 Florida Bay-Florida Keys (03090203)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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Basic Description: An irregularly-branched, spiny shrub, less than 2 m tall. Twigs and upper stems are stiff and little-branched and are densely clothed with small leaves through which sharp spines protrude. Leaves are yelow-green, glossy, and 5-12 mm long including the very short leaf-stem. Spines are green with dark tips. Flowers are borne singly on short axillary spur shoots. Flowers are white, about 4 mm long, with a tube and spreading lobes.
Habitat Comments: Rocky pinelands, sandy pinelands, brushy thickets, vegetated coastal dunes, back dunes, beach coppices, coastal rocks, salina margins, pineland flats, maritime hammocks and thickets.
Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Edition Date: 09Oct2002
NatureServe Conservation Status Factors Author: Hardin, E.D., rev. D.L. White (1991), rev. L. Morse (1997), rev. L. Chafin (1997)

Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
Help
  • Adams, C. D. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica. University of the West Indies. Mona, Jamaica. 848 pp.

  • CORRELL, D.S. & H.B. CORRELL. 1982. FLORA OF THE BAHAMA ARCHIPELAGO (INCLUDING THE TURKS & CAICOS ISLANDS). J. CRAMER, GERMANY. 1692 + 50 PAGES

  • Correll, D.S., and H.B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama Archipelago (including the Turks and Caicos Islands). J. Cramer, Vaduz. 1692 pp.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • Nelson, G. 1996. The Shrubs and Woody Vines of Florida: A Reference and Field Guide. Pineapple Press Inc, Sarasota.

  • Nelson, G. 1996. The Shrubs and Woody Vines of Florida: A Reference and Field Guide. Pineapple Press Inc, Sarasota.

  • RADFORD, A., H. AHLES AND C. BELL. 1968 MANUAL OF THE VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS. THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS CHAPEL HILL. 1183 PP + LXI.

  • Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Univ. North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC. 1183 pp.

  • Small, J.K. 1933. Manual of the southeastern flora. Two volumes. Hafner Publishing Company, New York.

  • WARD, D.B. (ED). 1979. RARE AND ENDANGERED BIOTA OF FLORIDA, VOLUME 5: PLANTS. UNIVERSITY PRESSES OF FLORIDA, GAINESVILLE.

  • Ward, D.B., ed. 1979. Rare and endangered biota of Florida. Vol. 5: Plants. Univ. Presses of Florida, Gainesville.

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