Carex sartwellii - Dewey
Sartwell's Sedge
Other Common Names: Sartwell's sedge
Taxonomic Status: Accepted
Related ITIS Name(s): Carex sartwellii Dewey (TSN 39793)
French Common Names: carex de Sartwell
Unique Identifier: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.150840
Element Code: PMCYP03C00
Informal Taxonomy: Plants, Vascular - Flowering Plants - Sedge Family
 
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Plantae Anthophyta Monocotyledoneae Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex
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Concept Reference
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Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.
Concept Reference Code: B94KAR01HQUS
Name Used in Concept Reference: Carex sartwellii
Taxonomic Comments: FNA (vol. 23, 2002) does not recognize distinct varieties in Carex sartwellii.
Conservation Status
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NatureServe Status

Global Status: G5
Global Status Last Reviewed: 13May2016
Global Status Last Changed: 13May2016
Ranking Methodology Used: Ranked by inspection
Rounded Global Status: G5 - Secure
Nation: United States
National Status: N3N5
Nation: Canada
National Status: N5 (13May2016)

U.S. & Canada State/Province Status
United States Alaska (S1), Arkansas (SNR), Colorado (S1), Illinois (S2S3), Indiana (SNR), Iowa (S3), Kansas (SNR), Maryland (SH), Michigan (SNR), Minnesota (SNR), Missouri (S1), Montana (S3S4), Nebraska (S4), New York (S1S2), North Dakota (SNR), Ohio (S3), Oregon (SNR), Pennsylvania (SX), South Dakota (SNR), Wisconsin (SNR), Wyoming (S2)
Canada Alberta (S4), British Columbia (SNR), Manitoba (S4), Northwest Territories (SNR), Nunavut (S2), Ontario (S4), Quebec (S2), Saskatchewan (S4), Yukon Territory (SH)

Other Statuses

NatureServe Global Conservation Status Factors

Range Extent Comments: Northern Alberta to western New York, south to the northern Great Plains and in the Rocky Mountains to Colorado (Hitchcock et al. 1969).

Other NatureServe Conservation Status Information

Distribution
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Global Range: Northern Alberta to western New York, south to the northern Great Plains and in the Rocky Mountains to Colorado (Hitchcock et al. 1969).

U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
Color legend for Distribution Map

U.S. & Canada State/Province Distribution
United States AK, AR, CO, IA, IL, IN, KS, MD, MI, MN, MO, MT, ND, NE, NY, OH, OR, PAextirpated, SD, WI, WY
Canada AB, BC, MB, NT, NU, ON, QC, SK, YT

Range Map
No map available.


U.S. Distribution by County Help
State County Name (FIPS Code)
AK Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) (02290)
MO Clay (29047)*, Holt (29087), Jackson (29095)*, Nodaway (29147), Schuyler (29197)
NY Cayuga (36011)*, Erie (36029)*, Madison (36053)*, Monroe (36055), Seneca (36099), St. Lawrence (36089), Wayne (36117)*
OH Champaign (39021), Clark (39023), Crawford (39033), Erie (39043), Greene (39057), Henry (39069), Logan (39091), Lucas (39095), Madison (39097), Portage (39133), Ross (39141), Sandusky (39143), Shelby (39149), Wood (39173)
PA Crawford (42039)*, Erie (42049)*, Warren (42123)*
WY Albany (56001)*, Converse (56009), Johnson (56019), Park (56029), Sheridan (56033)*, Teton (56039)
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
U.S. Distribution by Watershed Help
Watershed Region Help Watershed Name (Watershed Code)
04 Ottawa-Stony (04100001)+, Lower Maumee (04100009)+, Cedar-Portage (04100010)+, Sandusky (04100011)+, Cuyahoga (04110002)+, Buffalo-Eighteenmile (04120103)+*, Niagara (04120104)+*, Lake Erie (04120200)+*, Irondequoit-Ninemile (04140101)+, Seneca (04140201)+, Oneida (04140202)+*, Upper St. Lawrence (04150301)+
05 Conewango (05010002)+*, Shenango (05030102)+*, Mahoning (05030103)+*, Upper Scioto (05060001)+, Lower Scioto (05060002)+, Paint (05060003)+, Upper Great Miami (05080001)+, Little Miami (05090202)+
10 Yellowstone Headwaters (10070001)+, Upper Tongue (10090101)+*, Clear (10090206)+, Antelope (10120101)+, Horse (10180012)+*, Upper Lodgepole (10190015)+*, Tarkio-Wolf (10240005)+, One Hundred and Two (10240013)+, Lower Kansas (10270104)+*, Upper Chariton (10280201)+, Lower Missouri-Crooked (10300101)+*
17 Snake headwaters (17040101)+*, Greys-Hobock (17040103)+
19 Christian River (19040303)+
+ Natural heritage record(s) exist for this watershed
* Extirpated/possibly extirpated
Ecology & Life History
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General Description: Sartwell's sedge is a tall grass-like perennial that grows in large patches. Stems 30-120 cm or slightly taller occur singly along the rhizomes. Leaves occur along these stems and are 2.5-4.6 mm wide. Many of these stems do not develop flowers. At the top 2.5-9.0 cm of some of the stems are flower/fruit clusters (spikes). The spikes are numerous and densely arranged. Each spike is composed of either all male flowers, all female flowers, or have male flowers above and female flowers below. Fruits (perigynia) are 2.5-4.6 mm long (Reznicek and Catling 2002).

From CNHP Wetland Guide 2012: Description: Growth Habit: rhizomatous from long rhizomes. Culms: taller than or equal to basal leaves, erect, aphyllopodic. Leaves: basal sheaths brown, sheaths glabrous, inner band green, veined, apex hyaline, prolonged, 2.5-4 mm wide. Ligule conspicuously tubular and hyaline. Blades: Sheaths: upper leaf sheaths green-nerved. Bracts: none or scale-like Spikes: 10-20, terminal spike androgynous or staminate, lowest spike androgynous. Upper and lower spikes appear the same, lowest spike sessile, spikes with 10-30 pistillate flowers. Pistillate Scales: pale brown to straw colored at maturity, hyaline margins, ovate, apex acute to acuminate. Perigynia: ovate-ovoid or elliptic-oblong, plano-convex, tip concave with short taper, 2.5-4 mm long and 1.5-2 mm wide Nerves: nerved Beaks: 0.4-1 mm, serrulate Stigmas: 2

Diagnostic Characteristics: From CNHP Wetland Guide 2012: Main Characteristics:
·Upper leaf sheaths green-striate ventrally
·Ligule conspicuously tubular and hyaline
·Perigynia: ovate-ovoid or elliptic-oblong, plano-convex, tip concave with short taper, 2.5-4 mm long and 1.5-2 mm wide
·Pistillate Scales: pale brown to straw colored at maturity, hyaline margins, ovate, apex acute to acuminate

Economic Attributes Not yet assessed
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Management Summary Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Delineation Not yet assessed
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Population/Occurrence Viability
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U.S. Invasive Species Impact Rank (I-Rank) Not yet assessed
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Authors/Contributors
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Botanical data developed by NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs (see Local Programs), The North Carolina Botanical Garden, and other contributors and cooperators (see Sources).

References
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  • Ball, P. W. and A. A. Reznicek. 2002. Carex. Pages 254-572 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, editor. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 23. Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Cyperaceae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.

  • Boivin, B. 1981. Lettre in Bouchard, A., D. Barabé, M. Dumais et S. Hay. 1983. Les plantes vasculaires rares du Québec. Syllogeus no 48. Musées nationaux du Canada.

  • Boivin, B. 1992. Les Cypéracées de l'est du Canada. Provancheria 25. 230 p.

  • Bouchard, A., D. Barabé, M. Dumais et S. Hay 1983. Les plantes vasculaires rares du Québec. Syllogeus no 48. Musées nationaux du Canada. Ottawa. 75 p.

  • Catling, P. M., A. A. Reznicek et B. S. Brookes. 1988. The separation of Carex disticha and Carex sartwellii and the status of Carex disticha in North America. Canadian Journal of Botany 66 2323-2330

  • Catling, P.M. 1981. Lettre in Bouchard, A., D. Barabé, M. Dumais et S. Hay. 1983. Les plantes vasculaires rares du Québec. Syllogeus no 48. Musées nationaux du Canada.

  • Catling, P.M., A.A. Reznicek and B.S. Brookes. 1988. The separation of Carex disticha and Carex sartwellii and the status of Carex disticha on North America. Canadian Journal of Botany 66:2323-2330.

  • Dorn, R. D. 1992. Vascular Plants of Wyoming, second edition. Mountain West Publishing, Cheyenne, WY.

  • Dorn, R. D. 2001. Vascular Plants of Wyoming, third edition. Mountain West Publishing, Cheyenne, WY.

  • Evert, E. F. 2010. Vascular Plants of the Greater Yellowstone Area: Annotated Catalog and Atlas. Park Ridge, IL.

  • Fernald, M.L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. 8th edition. D. Van Nostrand, New York. 1632 pp.

  • Fertig, W. 1998. Plant species of special concern and vascular plant flora of the National Elk Refuge. Unpublished report prepared for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, Laramie, WY.

  • Fertig, W. 1999. The status of rare plants in the Bighorn Landscape. Report prepared for The Nature Conservancy Wyoming Field Office by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, Laramie, Wyoming.

  • Fleurbec / G. Lamoureux, S. Lamoureux, A. Tousignant, L. Cournoyer et R.F. Gauthier / 1994. Plantes susceptibles d'être désignées menacées ou vulnérables. Noms français de 229 espèces. Rapport non publié, préparé pour le gouvernement du Québec, ministère

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2002b. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Vol. 23. Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Cyperaceae. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. xxiv + 608 pp.

  • Gillett, J.M. et D.J. White. 1978. Liste des plantes vasculaires de la région d'Ottawa-Hull, Canada. Musée national des Sciences naturelles, Ottawa. 165 p.

  • Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York. 910 pp.

  • Handley, J. 2008. State Species Abstract: Carex sartwellii. Wyoming Natural Diversity Database. Available on the internet at www.uwyo.edu/wyndd.

  • Heidel, B. 2011. Status report on sensitive plant species of fen habitats, Big Horn Mountains, north-central Wyoming. Unpublished report prepared for the Bighorn National Forest by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, Laramie, WY.

  • Hitchcock, C. L., A. Cronquist and M. Ownbey. 1969. Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest, Part 1: Vascular Cryptograms, Gymnosperms and Monocotyledons. University of Washington Press, Seattle, WA.

  • Holmgren, Noel. 1998. The Illustrated Companion to Gleason and Cronquist's Manual. Illustrations of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York.

  • Johnston, B. C. 2001. Field guide to sedge species of the Rocky Mountain Region: The genus Carex in Colorado, Wyoming, western South Dakota, western Nebraska, and western Kansas. US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Region, Renewable Resources, Denver, CO.

  • Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

  • New York Natural Heritage Program. 2010. Biotics database. New York Natural Heritage Program. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Albany, NY.

  • Oldham, M.J., and W.J. Crins. 1998. Atlas of the Vascular Flora of southern Ontario. Draft 2. Natural Heritage Information Centre, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Peterborough, Ontario. 378 pp.

  • Porsild, A.E. et W.J. Cody. 1980. Vascular plants of Continental Northwest Territories. Musées nationaux du Canada. 667 p.

  • Porter, C.L. 1965. A Flora of Wyoming: Part IV. Bulletin 434:1-88. Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Wyoming.

  • Raup, H.M. 1930. The distribution and affinities of the vegetation of the Athabasca-Great Slave Lake region. Rhodora 32 187-208.

  • Raymond, M. 1951. Sedges as Material for Phytogeographical Studies. Mémoires du Jardin Botanique de Montréal. 20 2-23

  • Reschke, Carol. 1990. Ecological communities of New York State. New York Natural Heritage Program, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Latham, NY. 96 pp. plus xi.

  • Reznicek, A.A. and P.M. Catling. 2002. Carex Linnaeus sect. Holarrhenae Döll) Pax. Pages 301-302 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 23, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Cyperaceae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA. 608pp + xxiv.

  • Voss, E.G. 1972. Michigan Flora, Part I. Gymnosperms and Monocots. Cranbrook Institute of Science Bulletin 55 and the University of Michigan Herbarium. Ann Arbor. 488 pp.

  • Voss, E.G. 1972. Michigan Flora: A Guide to the Identification and Occurrence of the Native and Naturalized Seed-Plants of the State. Part I: Gymnosperms and Monocots. Cranbrook Institute of Science and University of Michigan Herbarium, Ann Arbor, Michigan. 488 pp.

  • Weldy, T. and D. Werier. 2010. New York flora atlas. [S.M. Landry, K.N. Campbell, and L.D. Mabe (original application development), Florida Center for Community Design and Research http://www.fccdr.usf.edu/. University of South Florida http://www.usf.edu/]. New York Flora Association http://wwws.nyflora.org/, Albany, New York

  • Wiegand, K.M. and A.J. Eames. 1926. The flora of the Cayuga Lake Basin, New York. Cornell University, Agricultural Experiment Station, Memoir 92, Ithaca, NY. 491 pp + map.

  • von Ahlefeldt, J. 1993. Medicine Bow National Forest Sensitive plant species (Region 2 list) and species of special concern (Nature Conservancy). Unpublished report prepared by Medicine Bow National Forest. 35 pp.

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